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  • Hi, I’m Mike and welcome to Oxford Online English!

  • In this lesson, you can learn how to talk about your job in English.

  • Where do you work?

  • What do you have to do in your job?

  • What kind of company do you work for?

  • In this class, you can learn how to answer questions like this in clear, detailed English.

  • Ready?

  • Let’s start!

  • Part one: introducing your job.

  • "I’m a ________": "I work in ________"; "I work for _________."

  • How would you complete these sentences?

  • You could say something like:

  • "I’m a writer.

  • I work in online education.

  • I work for a publishing company."

  • 'I work in...' is used with a field, meaning a type of work.

  • So, you can say things like:

  • "I work in finance."

  • "I work in digital marketing."

  • You can also use 'work in' with a place or a department of a company.

  • For example:

  • "I work in the HR department of a financial firm."

  • "I work in a school, teaching modern languages."

  • Confused?

  • You can see that if you use 'work in' to talk about the type of work you do, you don’t

  • use an article like 'a' or 'the'.

  • If you use an article 'a' or 'the' after 'work in', it means youre talking about the place

  • or department where you work.

  • 'I work for…' is used with a company.

  • So, you could say:

  • "I’m a salesman.

  • I work for a mobile phone company."

  • "I work for a law firm based in Frankfurt."

  • Or even: "I run my own business, so I work for myself."

  • What can you say?

  • Can you make sentences like this to say something about your job?

  • Pause the video and try to make a sentence.

  • Say it aloud!

  • Next, let’s add more details to your answer.

  • Part two: describing your company.

  • "I work for a _________ company which __________"

  • Look at this sentence.

  • We need one adjective, and the end of the sentence after 'which'.

  • Any ideas?

  • For the adjectives, think about these ideas: is your company big or small?

  • Local or multinational?

  • For the part after 'which', ask yourself: what does your company do?

  • Does it make things, sell things, organise things?

  • Does it provide products, services, or both?

  • So, you could say:

  • "I work for an international electronics company which makes tablet computers."

  • "I work for a German company which does market research for other companies."

  • What if you don’t work for a company?

  • Here are some things you could say:

  • "I’m a freelancer."

  • Meaning: I work independently, for different people and companies.

  • "I’m self-employed."

  • Meaning: I work for myself, either freelance or I have my own business.

  • "I’m a business owner."

  • If you don’t work, and people ask you what you do, what can you say?

  • Here are some useful phrases:

  • "I’m between jobs at the moment."

  • Meaning: I’ve left one job, and haven’t found another yet.

  • This sounds nicer than saying, “I’m unemployed.”

  • "I’m taking some time out to…(travel, spend time with my kids, write a book, recover

  • from an illness, etc.)" Meaning: I’m not working at the moment because I want to focus

  • on something else.

  • "I’m retired."

  • What about you?

  • Do you work for a company?

  • What can you say about it?

  • If you don’t work for a company, how would you describe your work situation?

  • Part three: how to describe your job in more detail.

  • So what do you actually do all day?

  • Let’s see how you can describe your job in more detail.

  • Look at these sentences:

  • "I have to _________"; "I’m responsible for _________"; "Most of my time is spent

  • _________".

  • Let’s do some examples together.

  • Well start with a simple example.

  • "I’m a nurse.

  • I have to look after patients, give them medicine and make sure theyre comfortable.

  • I’m responsible for about 20-30 patients.

  • Most of my time is spent talking to patients and checking that everything is okay."

  • Next, let’s do a more detailed example.

  • "I have to design websites to the client’s specifications.

  • I’m responsible for the whole design process, so I have to take the client’s ideas and

  • turn them into a finished product.

  • Most of my time is spent experimenting with different designs and ideas and seeing what

  • looks good, because attention to detail is important in this kind of work."

  • Can you say something like this about your job and what you do?

  • Try to add details if you can.

  • Part four: saying how you feel about your job.

  • Now, you can hopefully say something about your job and where you work.

  • But here’s another question: do you like your job?

  • Why or why not?

  • Hopefully, you enjoy your job!

  • How could you describe a job which you like?

  • Of course, you could use general adjectives like 'good' or 'interesting', but here are

  • some specific adjectives you could use:

  • Stimulating :something which is stimulating is exciting and gives you energy.

  • Satisfying: means that your job gives you a sense of achievement.

  • Creative: you can use your imagination when you work.

  • Rewarding: this means your job gives you very positive feelings.

  • It’s often used to talk about jobs in which you help other people.

  • For example, teachers or nurses might describe their jobs as rewarding.

  • Challenging: challenging can be positive or negative, but if you use it to talk about

  • your job, it would have a positive meaning.

  • It means that your job is difficult, but in an interesting way which makes you think and

  • learn.

  • What if you don’t like your job?

  • Again, you can use general words like 'boring' or 'difficult', which are fine but very basic.

  • If you want to be more creative with your vocabulary, here are some things you could

  • say:

  • Exhausting: describes work which makes you feel very tired, either physically or mentally.

  • Thankless:if your work is thankless, no one notices or appreciates what you do.

  • Mind-numbing: extremely boring.

  • Dead-end: describes a job which has no prospects for the future.

  • If you have a dead-end job, you will never get promoted and the job will always be the

  • same.

  • Soul-destroying: describes a job which is extremely unpleasant and boring, and which

  • you really, really hate.

  • Part five: how to make a longer answer.

  • At this point, you should be able to introduce your work, say where you work, give details

  • about what you do and say how you feel about your work.

  • Let’s make some longer sample answers together.

  • First one:

  • "I’m a pharmacist.

  • I started my own small pharmacy, so I’m also a business owner.

  • I have to work as a pharmacist, of course, giving advice to patients and making sure

  • they have the right medicine.

  • However, I’m also responsible for the pharmacy, so I have to manage my staff, do the accounts,

  • and so on.

  • It’s stimulating work because I have to do many different things every day, so I never

  • get bored."

  • Clear?

  • Could you make an answer like this?

  • Let’s do one more:

  • "I’m a writer.

  • I work in online education.

  • I work for a big publishing company, which produces different educational materials that

  • are used all around the world.

  • I have to write lesson plans and materials for teachers to use in the classroom.

  • I spend most of my time thinking about how I can make different things fit together into

  • a lesson.

  • It’s very challenging work and it can be exhausting, but it’s also very creative

  • and satisfying, because I know people all around the world are using lessons which I

  • wrote."

  • Okay, now it’s your turn!

  • Try to make a longer answer like this talking about your job.

  • Use the vocabulary and structure from this lesson to help you.

  • If you want, you can post your answer in the video comments on YouTube.

  • Well give you some feedback on your answer.

  • That’s the end of the lesson.

  • I hope you learned some new ways to talk about your job and what you do.

  • Thanks very much for watching.

  • See you next time!

Hi, I’m Mike and welcome to Oxford Online English!

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A2 初級 英國腔

談論你的工作--英語口語課程 (Talking About Your Job - Spoken English Lesson)

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    wanchia1208   發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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