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  • Yoshiyuki Tomino is a Japanese mecha anime creator, animator, songwriter,

  • artist, director, screenwriter and novelist. He was born in Odawara,

  • Kanagawa Prefecture, and studied at Nihon University's College of Art. He is

  • best known for creating the Gundam anime franchise.

  • Career Tomino, began his career in 1963 with

  • Osamu Tezuka's company, Mushi Productions, scripting the storyboards

  • and screenplay of the first Japanese anime television series, Tetsuwan Atomu.

  • He later became one of the most important members of the anime studio

  • Sunrise, going on to direct numerous anime through the 1970s, 1980s and

  • 1990s. Tomino is perhaps best known for his transformation of the "Super Robot"

  • mecha anime genre into the "Real Robot" genre with 1979's Mobile Suit Gundam,

  • the first in the Gundam franchise. He has also won numerous awards, including

  • the "Best Director" award at the recent 2006 Tokyo International Anime Fair. Two

  • anime series directed by Tomino won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award.

  • Tomino is known for using numerous pseudonyms for miscellaneous staffing

  • roles that he performs in his works, including Minami Asa and Minoru

  • Yokitani, which are used to credit himself for screenplays and storyboards

  • he creates, Rin Iogi, which he uses to credit himself for theme song lyrics he

  • writes. Tomino has collaborated with artists such as Yoko Kanno, Asei

  • Kobayashi, MIO and Neil Sedaka. Tomino is noted for directing several

  • well-known anime series throughout his career, such as his most notable work,

  • the Mobile Suit Gundam series, beginning in 1979, and which was later followed

  • onto numerous sequels, spinoffs and merchandising franchises, Aura Battler

  • Dunbine, Brave Raideen, and numerous others. His newer work includes Brain

  • Powerd, Turn A Gundam, Overman King Gainer and most recently, Gundam

  • Reconguista in G. = 1970s=

  • Tomino made his directorial debut with 1973's Triton of the Sea. This show,

  • loosely based on Osamu Tezuka's manga Blue Triton, showed a different

  • perspective than the traditional "good vs. evil" show. The star, Triton, a

  • 10-year-old boy, is the last survivor of the Tritons, a tribe from Atlantis that

  • was wiped out by the "evil" Poseidons. However the viewers learn later on that

  • the story was not so black and white after all.

  • In 1975, Tomino worked on Brave Raideen, his first mecha work, in which he

  • directed the first 26 episodes. Raideen was renowned and influential in its

  • innovative portrayal of a giant machine of mysterious and mystical origins, and

  • has gone on to inspire numerous other directors and series, including Yutaka

  • Izubuchi's 2002 series, RahXephon. Tomino also later worked on 1977's

  • Voltes V. While many of the series Tomino has

  • directed throughout his career contained an upbeat and positive tone, in which

  • the majority of the protagonists survive, a number of his shows during

  • the early years of his career contained endings in which a significant number of

  • characters and protagonists died. In 1977, Tomino directed Zambot 3; in its

  • final episode, a large number of the protagonists kill themselves to defeat

  • the main antagonists. By doing so, the main protagonist survives and the Earth

  • is saved. Certain sources cite this series as the origin of a nickname used

  • by some anime fans, "Kill 'Em All Tomino", although it should be noted

  • that Tomino had directed and worked in a number of series in which the vast

  • majority of the protagonists survive. In 1979, Tomino directed and wrote

  • Mobile Suit Gundam, which was highly influential in transforming the Super

  • Robot mecha genre into the Real Robot genre. Mark Simmons discusses the impact

  • of Gundam in his book, "Gundam Official Guide":

  • In an interview published in Animerica magazine, Tomino discusses what he was

  • trying to accomplish with Mobile Suit Gundam:

  • Although the last quarter of the show's original script was canceled and it had

  • to be completed in 43 episodes, its popularity grew after three compilation

  • movies were released in 1981 and 1982. Mobile Suit Gundam was followed by

  • numerous sequels, spin-offs and merchandising franchises, becoming one

  • of the longest-running and most influential, popular anime series in

  • history, being chosen as No. 1 on TV Asahi's "Top 100 Anime" listing in 2005.

  • = 1980s= In 1980, Tomino directed Space Runaway

  • Ideon, a series which like Mobile Suit Gundam was cancelled on its initial run,

  • but featured movie versions later on. The final Ideon movie, 1982's Be Invoked

  • ends with all of the characters dying and the home planets of both the heroes

  • and villains being destroyed. However, the series he immediately directed

  • afterwards, Xabungle, contained a much more lighthearted and upbeat theme, with

  • the vast majority of the characters surviving, in stark contrast to Ideon.

  • Tomino followed Xabungle with 1983's Aura Battler Dunbine which featured an

  • ending where a large number of characters were killed. Tomino's next

  • show, 1984's Heavy Metal L-Gaim was again a stark contrast to this theme,

  • with all of the heroes surviving. In 1985, Tomino directed the first

  • sequel to 1979's Mobile Suit Gundam, Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam. This show once

  • again featured Tomino's "Kill'em All" bent, particularly in the last few

  • episodes. Tomino's involvement in the following Gundam series, 1986's Mobile

  • Suit Gundam ZZ created an upbeat, comedic theme whereas the earlier

  • Gundam's are of a darker theme. In 1988, Tomino concluded the saga begun in

  • Mobile Suit Gundam with the Gundam motion picture Char's Counterattack.

  • This was another Tomino feature in which most of the heroes were killed.

  • = 1990s and 2000s= Tomino would direct an additional Gundam

  • motion picture, Mobile Suit Gundam F91 in 1991. This movie, which took place 30

  • years after Char's Counterattack, re-launched the Gundam saga in a new

  • direction by featuring a completely new cast.

  • In 1993, Tomino directed his next Gundam series, Victory Gundam, which attempted

  • to relaunch the Gundam saga with a completely new cast. Like Zeta Gundam

  • before it, this series featured the deaths of a large number of the

  • protagonists. However, this was to be the very last Tomino series in which

  • this was to happen. Each of the series he directed and created afterwards

  • contain much more upbeat and lighthearted themes in which the vast

  • majority of the protagonists survive. In 1996, Tomino wrote and directed

  • Garzey's Wing, and in 1998 wrote and directed Brain Powerd. In 1999, he

  • returned to Gundam with Turn A Gundam and in 2002, directed two compilations

  • movies for it entitled Turn A Gundam I: Earth Light and Turn A Gundam II:

  • Moonlight Butterfly. Also in 2002, he directed Overman King Gainer, and in

  • 2005, Tomino directed 3 compilation movies summarizing the events of 1985's

  • Zeta Gundam. His last major original work in the 2000s was the 6-episode OVA

  • The Wings of Rean, which first premiered on the Internet across Bandai Channel,

  • the broadcast beginning from December 12, 2005 with the final episode starting

  • on August 18, 2006. Also in 2006, Tomino made a special cameo appearance in

  • Shinji Higuchi's tokusatsu film Japan Sinks.

  • At the 2009 CESA Developers Conference, Yoshiyuki used his keynote speech to

  • criticize the gaming industry, citing that video games "bringing no

  • productivity at all" and that "consoles are just consuming electricity", while

  • stressing that game developers need to focus more on quality content rather

  • than advanced technology, comparing it to the modern animation industry. His

  • surprising remarks have sparked mass discussions online.

  • After working on the CGI short Ring of Gundam for Gundam's 30th anniversary in

  • 2009, Tomino returned to the franchise again for its 35th anniversary in 2014

  • in a new work in which he wrote and directed, Gundam Reconguista in G.

  • Filmography Astro Boy

  • Wandering Sun Triton of the Sea

  • Neo-Human Casshern La Seine no Hoshi

  • The Adventures of Pepero Brave Raideen)

  • Super Electromagnetic Machine Voltes V Invincible Super Man Zambot 3

  • Invincible Steel Man Daitarn 3 Mobile Suit Gundam

  • Space Runaway Ideon Mobile Suit Gundam: The Movie

  • Mobile Suit Gundam II: Soldiers of Sorrow

  • Mobile Suit Gundam III: Encounters in Space

  • The Ideon: A Contact The Ideon: Be Invoked

  • Combat Mecha Xabungle Aura Battler Dunbine

  • Xabungle Graffiti Round Vernian Vifam

  • Heavy Metal L-Gaim Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam

  • Mobile Suit Gundam ZZ Mobile Suit Gundam: Char's Counterattack

  • Mobile Suit Gundam F91 Mobile Suit Victory Gundam

  • Garzey's Wing Brain Powerd

  • Turn A Gundam Turn A Gundam I: Earth Light

  • Turn A Gundam II: Moonlight Butterfly Overman King Gainer

  • The Wings of Rean Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam: A New

  • Translation I - Heirs To The Stars Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam: A New

  • Translation II - Lovers Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam: A New

  • Translation III - Love is the Pulse of the Stars

  • Japan Sinks Ring of Gundam

  • Gundam Reconguista in G Discography

  • Mobile Suit Gundam "Tobe! Gandamu" by Koh Ikeda

  • "Eien ni Amuro" by Koh Ikeda "Char ga Kuru" by Koichiro Hori

  • "Kirameki no Lalah" by Keiko Toda "Ima wa O-Yasumi" by Keiko Toda

  • "Kaze ni Hitori de" by Inoue Daisuke "Ai Senshi" by Inoue Daisuke

  • "Beginning" by Inoue Daisuke "Meguriai" by Inoue Daisuke

  • Aura Battler Dunbine "Dunbine Tobu" by MIO

  • Heavy Metal L-Gaim "Time for L-Gaim" by MIO

  • Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam "Zeta - Toki wo Koete" by Maya Arukawa,

  • composed by Neil Sedaka as Better Days Are Coming

  • Mobile Suit Gundam ZZ "Issenman-Nen Ginga" by Jun Hiroe

  • Mobile Suit Gundam F91 "Eternal Wind" by Hiroko Moriguchi

  • Mobile Suit Victory Gundam "Stand up to Victory"

  • Brain Powerd, composed by Yoko Kanno "Ai no Field" by Kokia

  • Turn A Gundam, composed by Yoko Kanno "Turn A Turn" by Hideki Saijou, composed

  • by Asei Kobayashi "Century Color" by RAYS-GUNS

  • "Ojousan Naishobanashi desu" by Hideki Saijou

  • "Tsuki no Tama" by RRET Team "Tsuki no Mayu" by Aki Okui

  • Overman King Gainer "King Gainer Over!" by Yoshiki Fukuyama

  • References External links

  • Nippon Battling Society, in which Tomino is in charge

  • Animefood Magazine Yoshiyuki Tomino Interview

  • Entry in the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction

Yoshiyuki Tomino is a Japanese mecha anime creator, animator, songwriter,

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    許祐綸 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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