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  • Marijuana, also known as weed or pot, refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the hemp plant Cannabis sativa

    大麻,英文又稱「weed」或 「pot」,指大麻株上的乾葉子、花、莖與種子,

  • which contains the psychoactive and mind-altering chemical, delta-9-tetra-hydro-cannabinol, or THC, as well as other related compounds.

    含有和會影響精神和使神經麻痺的化學物質─四氫大麻酚(簡稱 THC) 和其他相關成分。

  • Let's take a fun look at some interesting facts about the world's most beloved plant.

    讓我們來了解一下這備受世人喜愛的植物。

  • Researchers find that 42% of people surveyed in the U.S. have tried marijuana at least once.

    研究人員發現,在美國接受調查的人群中,有 42% 的人至少嘗試過一次大麻。

  • In contrast, only 20% of people surveyed in the Netherlands, where weed has been legal for 38 years, reported having tried pot.

    相比之下,在大麻已經合法化 38 年的荷蘭,只有 20% 的人曾嘗試過大麻。

  • Out of the estimated 22 million pounds of marijuana grown each year in the United States, nearly 80% comes from California, Tennessee, Kentucky, Hawaii and Washington.

    在美國每年估計種植的 2200 萬磅大麻中,近 80% 來自加州、田納西州、肯塔基州,夏威夷和華盛頓。

  • An estimated one-third of America's weed is grown indoors.

    估計有三分之一的美國大麻採室內種植。

  • An indoor grow module accommodating 4 plants sucks as much electricity as 29 refrigerators.

    室內種植 4 株大麻耗費約 29 台冰箱所需的電力。

  • In California, indoor marijuana grow modules account for about 9 percent of household electricity use.

    在加州,室內種植大麻所需用電量占約家戶用電的 9%。

  • In Colorado, where the recreational use of marijuana was recently legalized, only 9% of residents are regular pot smokers.

    在最近將大麻的娛樂用途合法化的科羅拉多州,大約只有 9% 的居民為大麻成癮者。

  • Denver has surpassed Amsterdam as the capital of the marijuana world.

    科羅拉多州首府丹佛已經超越荷蘭阿姆斯特丹,成為世界的大麻首都。

  • The city has more than 300 stores, called dispensaries, outnumbering pharmacies, liquor stores, public schools and even Starbucks.

    這個城市擁有超過 300 家配藥所,數量超過藥房、酒類商店、公共學校,甚至多於星巴克。

  • In Colorado, recreational pot has a hard time competing with medical marijuana, which has been legal since 2000 and whose tax rate is 78% lower.

    但在科羅拉多州,娛樂用大麻還是難以和醫療用大麻競爭,因為醫療用大麻從 2000 年就已合法,且稅率比娛樂用大麻低 78%。

  • Estimated pot sales are 55 tons of medical pot and 18.4 tons of recreational pot.

    醫療用大麻銷售約 55 頓,而娛樂用大麻只有 18.4 頓。

  • The use among teens has not increased with the legalization of recreational weed.

    青少年使用大麻並沒有因為娛樂用大麻合法而增加。

  • Legalizing marijuana federally would generate $8.7 billion in federal and state tax revenue per year.

    聯邦政府通過大麻合法化,每年可為聯邦及州政府帶來 87 億的稅收。

  • California was the first U.S. State that banned marijuana a century ago.

    在一世紀前,加州為美國首個禁止大麻的州。

  • In the U.S., a sentence of life in prison without parole was given for trying to sell $10 of marijuana to an undercover officer.

    在美國,曾有人私下販售價值十美元的大麻給臥底警察而被判無假釋無期徒刑。

  • Over 800,000 people are arrested for marijuana in the US each year.

    美國每年超過 80 萬人因非法使用大麻而遭到逮捕。

  • Support for marijuana legalization is rapidly outpacing opposition.

    支持大麻合法的浪潮遠遠蓋過反對派的聲音。

  • A slim majority, 52% of Americans say the drug should be made legal, compared with 45% who want it to be illegal.

    認為大麻應合法化佔多數 (52%),略微超過反對派 (45%)。

  • Opinions have changed drastically since 1969, when Gallup first asked the question and found that just 12% favored legalizing marijuana use.

    民意自 1969 年已大幅轉變,當年蓋洛普民調機構首次提出大麻合法化的問題時,民調結果為僅有 12% 的人支持。

  • Smoking up could be a very different experience for men and women, according to a 2014 study in the journal, Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

    根據期刊《藥及酒成癮性》在 2014 年的一篇研究,男女抽大麻有相當不同的體驗。

  • In research on rats, it was discovered that females were more sensitive to cannabis painkilling qualities,

    對老鼠做實驗並發現,女性對大麻止痛效果感受比男性強烈,

  • but they were also more likely to develop a tolerance for the drug, which could contribute to negative side effects and dependence on marijuana.

    但也更容易產生耐藥性,而會導致不良後果與產生依賴性。

  • Study after study finds that marijuana is less harmful than alcohol and tobacco.

    接連研究指出,大麻的傷害性比菸酒還低。

  • The beer and alcohol industries are two of the biggest anti-marijuana advocates.

    啤酒和酒類產業反對通過大麻合法的兩大龍頭。

  • Obviously, marijuana is a serious threat to alcohol sales.

    可想而知,大麻對酒品銷售威脅甚劇。

  • Due to its safer nature, marijuana is often suggested as an alternative to alcohol.

    由於大麻較安全的特性,常拿來替代飲酒。

  • However, heavy use can be harmful.

    但重度使用依然會對身體有害。

  • Since pot smoke is chemically very similar to tobacco smoke, heavy pot smokers are at risk for some of the same health effects as cigarette smokers, like bronchitis and other respiratory illnesses.

    因為大麻煙的化學結構與香菸類似,所以重度大麻使用者有可能遭遇某些與吸煙者相同的健康問題,像支氣管炎和其他呼吸道疾病。

  • Though, the risks are from smoking, which isn't the only way to use marijuana.

    雖然這些風險來自抽大麻煙,但這並非使用大麻的唯一方式。

  • Another hazard: car accidents caused by driving while high though the risk is lower than from drunk driving.

    另一種風險是開車抽大麻,因處於亢奮而導致車禍,但機率卻其實比酒駕肇事還低。

  • A smoker would theoretically have to consume nearly 1,500 pounds of marijuana within about fifteen minutes to induce a lethal response.

    理論上,抽大麻的人要在 15分鐘內吸食近 1500 磅的大麻才會致死。

  • Thanks for watching! If you enjoy this video click like and subscribe to our channel. See you next week!

    感謝收看!喜歡這部影片的話,請訂閱我們的頻道。下週見!

Marijuana, also known as weed or pot, refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the hemp plant Cannabis sativa

大麻,英文又稱「weed」或 「pot」,指大麻株上的乾葉子、花、莖與種子,

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 大麻 合法化 種植 科羅拉多州 美國 加州

大麻的 12 件有趣知識 (Weed: 12 Interesting Facts You Should Know)

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    Michael neWeed 發佈於 2020 年 12 月 17 日
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