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  • Hello. Welcome to this lesson. I'm going to teach you something called "double negatives".

    哈囉,歡迎收看這門課。我將會教大家一些關於「雙重否定」的概念

  • Now, maybe you don't use double negatives, which is cool and good and amazing, and you

    也許你並未使用雙重否定,那很值得讚賞,

  • don't want to use double negatives. So, I'm going to tell you first of all what double

    也或許你也不想使用雙重否定。因此,首先我要先介紹甚麼叫做雙重否定

  • negatives are. Double negatives mean you have one sentence with two words that are both

    雙重否定指的是一個句子中同時出現兩個否定詞

  • negative words. For example:

    例如說

  • "I don't have nothing." So, "don't" and "nothing" are both

    「I don't have nothing」,其中「don't」和「nothing」

  • negative words. So, this might have something to do with math, which I'm not good at. If

    皆為否定詞。這個狀況可以用數學上的概念來解釋,雖然我不擅長數學

  • you don't have nothing, actually you have something. I'm not too sure how that works

    假若你說「you don't have nothing」,但實際上卻是有的。我不確定那想要表達甚麼樣的意思

  • out, but you don't want to use double negatives because two negatives make a positive.

    但是你不會想使用雙重否定的,因為負負得正

  • So, we hear double negatives all the time. "I can't get no satisfaction..." Can't get

    我們經常聽到雙重否定的用法,好比說「I can't get no satisfaction...」

  • no...? Can't... "Can't get no" is a double negative. So,

    「Can't get no」... 前方是「Can't...」,因此「Can't get no」即是雙重否定的用法

  • whoever sang this song, Mick Jagger,

    不管唱這首歌的人是誰,米克傑格

  • terrible grammar. What are you...? What are you teaching us, here? Good old lips.

    文法很糟。你這.... 你在教壞我們,饒舌大師

  • So, one thing I'm going to do is you have to be very, very, very careful about certain

    我要請大家非常非常謹慎注意某些英文字詞

  • words in English, like this word: "ain't". I hate this word. As soon as someone says

    例如這個用字「ain't」。我痛恨這個字,要是有人和我說

  • to me: "I ain't got nothing." I'm not talking to that person probably again. If you use

    「I ain't got nothing」。我可能會再也不想和那個人講話

  • the word "ain't", it just makes you seem very uneducated. People who say these words, they

    使用「ain't」這個字只會讓你給人沒受過教育的感覺。說話會用這類字詞的人

  • sound stupid. Maybe your favourite rapper uses it a lot. Are they stupid? Hmm. So, it's

    聽起來水準就不高。也許你最愛的饒舌歌手經常使用,那難道他們笨嗎?

  • cool if they do it, but be careful you don't because you don't want to sound stupid. So,

    雖然他們用起來感覺很酷,不過請你千萬不要用,因為那會讓人感覺你很笨

  • I'm going to give you the examples. Now, the ones in black are bad, don't use them. The

    我在這邊提供大家一些範例。黑板上用黑色筆寫的是不好的句子,請不要用

  • red pen is the right pen.

    用紅筆標註的部分才是對的

  • So, if we look at the first example: "He ain't no teacher." He ain't no teacher, G, yo. We

    讓我們看一下第一則範例:「He ain't no teacher」。He ain't no teacher .... 天啊!

  • can't say: "ain't". "Ain't" is not even a word in English. If you look in the dictionary,

    我們不能說「ain't」,因為英文裡根本沒有「ain't」這個字,大家可以查字典求證

  • it's not there. It's really, really, really, really slang, and it's bad. So, "ain't", I

    字典查不到的,因為這是徹頭徹尾的俚語,而且很不好。

  • want you to take this word out of your head, and I want you to say: "He isn't". You've

    因此我希望大家忘了這個字,使用「He isn't」。大家先前已有學過這個句型

  • learned this before, you used the verb "to be", so you're going to say: "He isn't the teacher."

    使用「to be」,所以你會說「He isn't the teacher」

  • He ain't no teacher, yo. Yeah, you ain't no teacher either. I'm the teacher,

    「He ain't no teacher, yo」,沒錯,你不是老師,我才是老師

  • and you have to say: "He isn't a teacher."

    你必須說「He isn't a teacher」

  • Next one: "She ain't got no class." [Laughs] Which is true. Now, "class" means refinement

    接著下一個例子:「She ain't got no class」。[笑聲] 這是真的發生的狀況。「class」指的是優雅

  • or the way you were brought up. So, if you ain't got no class, your momma didn't raise

    或是你被帶大的方式。所以,如果你「ain't got no class」,那表示妳的老媽沒有把你教好

  • you right. This means that you were basically were not educated well. We have to say:

    這也代表基本上你沒有受到良好教育。我們應該說:

  • "She has no class." Okay?

    「She has no class」,好嗎?

  • So, the difference is that she... We can't use "ain't", we have

    這裡的差別在於我們不能使用「ain't」,而是必須使用「has no」

  • to use "has no". When we use "teacher", we have to use an adjective. We have to use "to be".

    當我們主詞是「teacher」時,應該要用形容詞,應該要用「to be」

  • Sorry. When we say "teacher", we have to use the verb "to be", but when we say "got",

    很抱歉,當主詞是「teacher」時,必須使用「to be」這個動詞,但當我們說「got」時

  • we have to use "has", because this is a noun. Okay? If it's a job, we use "to be", and if

    必須使用「has」,因為這是名詞,好嗎? 若主詞是 job,因為是名詞

  • it's a noun, we use "has". If it was "I", we would say "have". So you can check out

    所以我們要使用「has」。若主詞是「I」,則會使用「have」。

  • a lesson that I've done before between "had", "have", and "has".

    大家可以參考我先前的課,介紹關於「had」、「have」和「has」

  • "I ain't been nowhere." I ain't been nowhere. Hmm. Well, no. You have to say:

    「I ain't been nowhere」...I ain't been nowhere:恩 不對,你必須說:

  • "I haven't been anywhere."

    「I haven't been anywhere」

  • So, it's kind of confusing in English when we use "any". So, I'm going

    「any」在英文中有時很令人混亂。我將在課程的這個部分教導大家

  • to teach you in this part of the lesson when to use "any". It's easy once you get it. So,

    何時該使用「any」,一旦抓到要訣就很容易懂了。

  • you don't want to say: "I ain't been nowhere." You... You have to say: "I haven't been anywhere."

    請不要說:「I ain't been nowhere」.....而是說「I haven't been anywhere」

  • So, "any"... Once you get this, it's going to be easy for you. We use "any" only if your

    「any」... 一旦搞清楚用法了,你會很輕鬆。

  • sentence is negative or if you are asking a question. For example:

    我們只會在當句子為否定句或問句時使用「any」,例如

  • "Do you have any pizza?"

    「Do you have any pizza?」

  • Now, I'm not going to say: "I ain't got no pizza."

    這時候我不會說:「I ain't got no pizza」

  • I'm going to say: "I don't have any pizza."

    而是會說:「I don't have any pizza」

  • Okay? You can also say: "I don't have anything." You can't say:

    各位了解了嗎? 你也可以說:「I don't have anything」,但是不能說

  • "I don't have nothing." So, we have to change "nothing" to "anything", because "any", we have to use

    「I don't have nothing」。我們必須將此處的「nothing」改為「anything」

  • with our negative sentence.

    因為「any」必須搭配否定句使用

  • "I don't know no one or nobody." They're the same. You have to say: "I don't know anyone."

    「I don't know no one or nobody」。這句也是相同的意思

  • Because we have "don't", we can... We have to use "anyone". You can say: "I do know someone",

    你應該說:「I don't know anyone」,因為若使用「don't」,則必須使用「anyone」

  • but that's a positive and we're good.

    你可以說:「I do know someone」,不過這就是肯定句了,沒甚麼問題

  • "I don't want to go nowhere." That means you want to go somewhere. So, you have to say:

    「I don't want to go nowhere」,這句話表示你想要前往某處。你應該說:

  • "I don't want to go anywhere." So, if it's a question or if it's a negative sentence,

    「I don't want to go anywhere」。只要當我們遇到問句或是否定句時

  • all we're going to do is change the "no" to "any", so this cancels out the double negative.

    只要將「no」改成「any」,就可以避免雙重否定的情形發生了

  • When we use it as a question, we would say: "Do you have any...?" For example:

    在問句中使用時,我們會說:「Do you have any...?」。例如:

  • "Do you have any money?"

    「Do you have any money?」

  • No, you don't have any money. Okay.

    不,我身上一毛錢都沒有,其他例子還有就是例如

  • Do you have any children? Do you have anything to give me? Okay?

    「Do you have any children?」、「Do you have anything to give me?」等

  • So: "I can't get no", mm-mm. We have to say: "I can't get any satisfaction." Mick Jagger,

    所以回過頭來看「I can't get no」這個句子,應要說「I can't get any satisfaction」,米克傑格

  • you better watch yourself, big lips, because Ronnie's coming to get ya. Don't be bad,

    你最好注意一點,否則萊妮會來找你。別做壞事

  • don't use double negatives, it ain't right.

    請大家不要使用雙重否定句,這是錯誤用法

  • It's not right. Good bye.

    是不對的唷。再會

Hello. Welcome to this lesson. I'm going to teach you something called "double negatives".

哈囉,歡迎收看這門課。我將會教大家一些關於「雙重否定」的概念

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影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 否定 使用 否定句 主詞 問句 句子

英語語法:修正你的雙重否定詞! (English Grammar: Fix your double negatives!)

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