Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • What do Harry Potter,

    哈利波特

  • Katniss Everdeen,

    凱妮絲‧艾佛丁

  • and Frodo

    佛羅多

  • all have in common with the heroes of ancient myths?

    這些角色和古神話英雄有什麼共同點?

  • What if I told you they are all variants of the same hero?

    要是我告訴你,他們其實是同一個英雄的化身

  • Do you believe that?

    你相信嗎?

  • Joseph Campbell did.

    Joseph Campbell相信

  • He studied myths from all over the world

    他研究世界神話後

  • and published a book called,

    出版了一本名為

  • "The Hero with a Thousand Faces,"

    「千面英雄」的書

  • retelling dozens of stories

    書中重述了幾個故事

  • and explaining how each represents the mono-myth,

    解釋每個故事中表現出「一元神話」

  • or hero's journey.

    或「英雄之旅」之處

  • So, what is the "hero's journey"?

    所以,何謂「英雄之旅」?

  • Think of it as a cycle.

    就把它想成是一種循環的過程吧

  • The journey begins and ends in a hero's ordinary world,

    英雄之旅的開始和結束,都在英雄的平凡世界

  • but the quest passes through an unfamiliar, special world.

    但冒險旅程卻發生在另一個陌生、不凡的世界中

  • Along the way, there are some key events.

    過程中,則會發生一些大事

  • Think about your favorite book or movie.

    想想你最喜歡的一本書或一部電影

  • Does it follow this pattern?

    是不是符合這個公式呢?

  • Status quo, that's where we start.

    現狀,是開始的地方

  • 1:00: Call to Adventure.

    1點鐘:冒險開始

  • The hero receives a mysterious message,

    英雄接到了一則神秘訊息

  • an invitation?

    一封邀請函?

  • A challenge?

    或是一場挑戰?

  • 2:00: Assistance

    2點鐘:支援出現

  • The hero needs some help,

    英雄需要幫手

  • probably from someone older, wiser.

    或許是哪位年長的智者

  • 3:00: Departure

    3點鐘:啓程

  • The hero crosses the threshold from his normal, safe home,

    英雄步出平凡安穩的家門

  • and enters the special world and adventure.

    踏入不凡的世界展開冒險

  • We're not in Kansas anymore.

    我們再也不在老家了

  • 4:00: Trials

    4點鐘:試煉

  • Being a hero is hard work:

    當英雄可不簡單

  • our hero solves a riddle,

    要能解謎

  • slays a monster,

    屠龍

  • escapes from a trap.

    自陷阱逃脫

  • 5:00: Approach

    5點鐘:任務

  • It's time to face the biggest ordeal,

    該是英雄面對最大考驗

  • the hero's worst fear.

    惡夢成真的時候了

  • 6:00: Crisis

    6點鐘:危機

  • This is the hero's darkest hour.

    這是最黑暗的時刻

  • He faces death and possibly even dies

    英雄要面對死亡,甚至為了能夠重生

  • only to be reborn.

    必須先死過一次

  • 7:00: Treasure

    7點鐘:寶物

  • As a result, the hero claims some treasure,

    渡過危難,英雄會獲得一樣寶物

  • special recognition, or power.

    特別身分、或是權力

  • 8:00: Result

    8點鐘:結果

  • This can vary between stories.

    每個故事各有不同

  • Do the monsters bow down before the hero,

    看是怪物伏首稱臣

  • or do they chase him as he flees from the special world?

    或是被成功地驅離他方

  • 9:00: Return

    9點鐘:榮歸

  • After all that adventure, the hero returns to his ordinary world.

    結束冒險旅程後,英雄回歸平凡

  • 10:00: New Life

    10點:新人生

  • This quest has changed the hero;

    這趟旅程改變了英雄

  • he has outgrown his old life.

    他再也不是昔日吳下阿蒙

  • 11:00: Resolution

    11點鐘:解答

  • All the tangled plot lines get straightened out.

    所有未解環結終於被一一解開

  • 12:00: Status Quo,

    12點鐘:現狀

  • but upgraded to a new level.

    但卻是嶄新的一頁

  • Nothing is quite the same once you are a hero.

    一旦成為英雄,所有事都不一樣了

  • Many popular books and movies

    許多暢銷書和電影

  • follow this ancient formula pretty closely.

    都十分貼近這樣的公式

  • But let's see how well "The Hunger Games" fits the hero's journey template.

    現在讓我們來看看「飢餓遊戲」 如何完美地套用這個英雄公式

  • When does Katniss Everdeen hear her call to adventure

    凱妮絲‧艾佛丁的冒險故事

  • that gets the story moving?

    開始於何處?

  • When her sister's name is called from the lottery.

    是當她的小妹妹被抽中了樂透

  • How about assistance?

    她的支援呢?

  • Is anyone going to help her on her adventure?

    有誰來幫助她嗎?

  • Haymitch.

    指導員黑密契

  • What about departure?

    啓程時呢?

  • Does she leave her ordinary world?

    她是不是離開了她的平凡世界?

  • She gets on a train to the capital.

    搭上了前往首都的火車

  • OK, so you get the idea.

    好,你現在有個概念了吧!

  • What do you have in common

    你和

  • with Harry Potter,

    哈利波特

  • Katniss Everdeen,

    凱妮絲‧艾佛丁

  • and Frodo?

    以及佛羅多之間的共同點是什麼?

  • Well, you're human, just like them.

    你是一個平凡人,就像他們一樣

  • The hero's journey myth exists in all human cultures

    英雄之旅存在於所有的文化中

  • and keeps getting updated

    而且不斷的地推陳出新

  • because we humans reflect on our world

    因為藉由這些代表了自身生活的象徵性故事

  • through symbolic stories of our own lives.

    我們反映出了所處世界

  • You leave your comfort zone,

    你離開了熟悉的一切

  • have an experience that transforms you,

    歷經足以轉變一生的經驗

  • and then you recover and do it again.

    然後從中復元,再次展開下一次循環

  • You don't literally slay dragons or fight Voldemort,

    你當然不用真的去屠龍或是對抗佛地魔

  • but you face problems just as scary.

    但是面對的問題卻同樣嚇人

  • Joseph Campbell said,

    Joseph Campbell說

  • "in the cave you fear to enter lies the treasure you seek."

    「不敢踏足的洞穴裡,才藏著寶藏。」

  • What is the symbolic cave you fear to enter?

    你害怕的那個洞穴是什麼呢?

  • Auditions for the school play?

    學校的戲劇公演?

  • Baseball tryouts?

    棒球隊的選秀賽?

  • Love?

    談戀愛?

  • Watch for this formula in books, movies, and TV shows you come across.

    在所接觸到的書本、電影 和電視節目裡找找看這個英雄公式吧!

  • You will certainly see it again.

    你一定可以看到的

  • But also be sensitive to it in your own life.

    但對日常生活也要保持敏銳

  • Listen for your call to adventure.

    等待屬於你的冒險故事開始

  • Accept the challenge.

    勇於接受挑戰

  • Conquer your fear

    克服心中恐懼

  • and claim the treasure you seek.

    追尋渴望的寶藏

  • And then,

    然後

  • do it all over again.

    再來一次吧

What do Harry Potter,

哈利波特

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 TED-Ed 英雄 公式 故事 神話 寶物

怎麼當英雄? (What Makes a Hero?)

  • 5236 385
    VoiceTube 發佈於 2013 年 01 月 16 日
影片單字