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  • Hi. I'm Ronnie. Do you have a problem? I do. [Laughs] I got loads of problems,

    嗨~我是 Ronnie. 你們有問題嗎? 我當然有. (笑) 我有一堆的問題,

  • but maybe a problem that you have, I can help you with. So, one of the most difficult things about

    但你可能也有同樣的問題,不過我可以幫你。 那麼,在學習英文時會遇到的其中一個瓶頸

  • learning English is how to conjugate the verbs. In English, we have millions... Not millions.

    就是如何正確運用動詞形態。在英文中, 有數以百萬的.....沒那麼多

  • We have a lot of verbs-42-and we need to know, you need to know the present tense,

    英文的動詞有很多 ~42~ 然後, 我們需要知道..,你必需知道「現在式」,

  • the simple past tense, and something that's called the past participle.


  • So, the simple present tense we use for things that we do every day. For example: I eat breakfast,

    「簡單現在式」用在我們每天都會做的事. 例如: 我吃早餐

  • I go to the bathroom; I am a human. The simple past we use for things that we talk about

    我去上廁所; 我是人類。「簡單過去式」則是用在我們談論過去所發生的事。

  • in the past: I ate breakfast, I went to the bathroom. Yes. I was a human. The most difficult


  • one, and the one that frustrates everyone so much is the past participle. Now, instead


  • of me saying past participle all the time, I'm going to tell you p.p. Woo. It's kind

    但從現在開始,我不會一直重覆說"past participle",我會用 "P. P." 來代替。哦~

  • of like having to go to the bathroom; p.p.

    就是像在說要去上廁所那樣;"P. P."

  • So, what I'm going to do is I'm going to teach you the past simple and the past participles.

    所以,我接下來要教你的是「簡單過去式」 和 「過去分詞」

  • But the problem is there are so many of them, and they have very different structures or


  • styles. If your life was easy, we would just have one or two different ways to conjugate


  • the verbs, but no. Learning English is going to be difficult for you, but not when I'm


  • here. I can help you out with this. So, if you are frustrated or you just don't know

    我可以幫忙解決你的疑問。所以,如果你在學習 「過去分詞」中的不規動詞時遇到挫折

  • how you are going to learn the past participle of irregular verbs: Sit back, relax, and do


  • some mind mapping. If your verb is a regular verb, so it ends in "ed", you got no worries

    然後試著用大腦去構圖(心智圖法)。 當你的動詞是規則動詞時,就是"ed"結尾的,你不用去想太多

  • because it's going to be simple past, it's going to be "ed", and the past participle

    因為,它就會是「簡單過去式」,結尾就會是"ed", 然後「過去分詞」也會是"ed"

  • is going to be "ed". So we're not doing that. These are all going to be irregular verbs.


  • So, what I've done is I've tried very diligently to put these into groups for you, to help you


  • remember them when it comes time for a test. So if you're learning grammar, if you're learning


  • passive voice, or if you have to do present perfect or past perfect, you have to know

    被動語氣、又或是正在練習 「現在完成式」或「過去完成式」,你必需要知這

  • the past participles of the verbs.


  • So, what I've done is I've tried to split the verbs, the irregular verbs into three

    所以我把這些動詞,這些不規則的動詞, 區分成3個類別;

  • different groupings, because there are so many of them. So, this video is the most difficult-bear


  • with-and also, the last one in our group. So, if you go to the resources section on

    另外也是分段中的最後一個。 所以,你如果到Engvid網站的資源區,

  •, we have all of these groups in a list for you to make your learning easier.


  • What we're going to go over today is group three. You probably have seen the videos I've

    這影片是第3段; 你們可能之前已經看過我前2段的影片

  • done on group one and two. This is the follow-up for group three; brace yourself, the most


  • difficult. So, let's dive right in.


  • The first group has one verb change. Sorry, one vowel change. So, if you guys look at


  • all of these words, we've got an "i" running through them. So, we have: "begin", "drink",

    它們之中都有一個 "i",這裡有 "Begin" (開始),"Drink" ( 喝)

  • "sing", and "swim". When we change this group to the past tense, the only thing that we

    "Sing"(唱) 和"Swim"(游)。當我們要把這些轉成過去式時,

  • have to change here is we're changing the vowel "i" to an "a". So, "begin" becomes "began".

    我們只有一個要修改的地方,就是把母音字母的 "i" 改成 "a"。所以,"Begin"就會變成 "Began"

  • And then when we make the p.p.-I have to go pee-pee, never ends-we're going to make it

    然後,當要改成P.P.(過去分詞)時-我要去上"小號",老梗... 我們會把它改成 "u"

  • a "u". So, it's going to be: "begin", "began", and "begun". All of this... All of these verbs

    所以就會是這樣"Begin"、"began"和 "begun" 。在這裡的這些...

  • in this group follow the exact same pattern. The present tense has an "i", the past tense

    在這一組裡所有的動詞都是同樣的形式。「現在式」母音字母是 "i" ,「過去式」變 "a"

  • has an "a", and the past participle has a "u". You.

    然後「過去分詞」變 "u"。

  • So, let's look at the next example: "drink", "drank", "drunk". "i", "a", "u". "Drink, drank, drunk",

    接著來看下面的例子:"Drink"(喝),"Drank","Drunk","i" 、"a"、"u"。喝~喝~喝~

  • it's also a song. The next one we have is-la, la, la, la-"sing". So, if you

    也是一首歌。 下一個是,啦~啦~啦~啦~啦~"Sing"(唱)

  • follow my pattern, what vowel would I put here? "a". Oh, good answer, it is an "a".

    所以,如果你照著我的模式,這裡的母音字母是什麼? "a" 對~標準答案,就是"a"

  • So we're going to say: "sing", "sang", "sung". Now, "sang", "sung" is very similar to Samsung,

    所以念出來就是 "Sing" 、"Sang"、"Sung"。"Sang sung"和"Samsung"發音非常相似,

  • so you can remember the electronics' company Samsung. Please give Ronnie money, Samsung, for mentioning

    所以你可以把它記成三星電子公司。 三星,可以請你為這廣告付費嗎?

  • you. In this... It'll help you remember it. "Sing", "sang", "sung", "sing", "Samsung".

    在這裡會幫助你記憶, "Sing" 、"Sang"、"Sung","Sing Samsung"

  • Good. But be careful. It's not "Samsung", it's "sang", "sung". Don't mess that up. Remember

    好,但是要注意,並不是"三星", 是"Sang"、"Sung"。不要搞混了。

  • the rule: "i", "a", "u". And the last one in this group is "swim", and of course "swam"

    記住這個規則:"i" 、"a"、"u" 。然後,這組的最後一個是 "Swim"(游),接著當然是"Swam"

  • and "swum". Even I get these confused. Eww. "Swim", "swang", "swum",swaaa swoo, whaaat. So, I

    和"Swum". 我也常搞不清楚...那個...游, 遊,由,"一ㄡˊ","一ㄡˇ?",啊???

  • find this rule very useful. You should, too. Group number one is "i", "a", and "u". We're

    所以我覺得這個規則很好用,你應該也是。 第一組就是 "i" 、"a"、"u"

  • going forward. We only got three more groups to do in this lesson.


  • The next one, we're going to change the vowel "o" in the present, the past tense is going

    下一組,我們要改變「現在式」母音字母的 "o"

  • to have an "e", and the past participle is going to have an "o" and an "n" in it. So,

    在「過去式」會變成 "e" ,然後 「過去分詞」會變成 "o" 和 "n" 。

  • our first example is: "blow", the past tense would be "blew", the exact same pronunciation

    那麼,我們第一個例子就是: "Blow" (吹),「過去式」就會變成 "Blew", 和"Blue"(藍)的發音完全一樣

  • as the color, mm-hmm. And... Oh no. The past participle is "blown". So, we have "o", "e", "o-n".

    沒~錯,然後...喔,不。「過去分詞」就是"Blown". 所以這裡就是 "o"、"e" 、"o-n"

  • So, it's: "blow", "blew", "blown". Ready for the next one.


  • "Grow" means to age, "grew", and "grown".

    "Grow"(成長) 意思是變老,"Grew" 和 "Grown"

  • "Blew", "blew", "grew". Good. The next one: "know", "knew", "known".

    "Blew","Blew","Grew"。 好,下一個是 "Know"(知道),"Knew" , "Known"

  • So, where's my green marker? We're going to put an "e" and an "o" and an "n". What about

    所以,我的綠色馬克筆呢? 我們在這裡填上 "e"、"o" 和 "n"。那這個呢?

  • this one? You do this one. So, we have: "throw". What's going to go here?

    你來試一下。這個是"Throw"(丟) ,這裡要填什麼?

  • "e". Oh, good job. "e", "threw", and the past tense or the past participle:

    "e", 喔~非常好, "e","threw" 然後「過去分詞」呢?

  • "thrown". Awesome. So, we have:

    "Thrown", 太棒了! 所以這裡就是

  • "throw", "threw", "thrown". Set two, done. The "o", the "e", the "o-n".

    "Throw","Threw","Thrown"。第2組完成,就是 "o"、"e" 、"o-n"

  • You ready for set number three? I am. The next one we have in the present tense an "a"

    準備好繼續第3組了嗎?我好了。下一組是「現在式」母音字母裡有的 "a"

  • and an "e" vowel together, we're going to change that to an "o" and an "e", and in the

    和 "e"在一起的, 我們會把它更改成 "o" 和 "e" ,

  • past participle, it's going to be an "o" and a devious little "n" on the back, there. So,

    然後「過去分詞」會轉變成 "o"然後字的最面後加上一個陰險的 "n"

  • we have: "break", "broke", "broken"; "swear", "swore", "sworn". Do you know what that verb

    所以這裡是 "Break"(打破),"Broke","Broken"。 "Swear","Swore", "Sworn" 你知道"swear"這個字的意思嗎?

  • means: "swear"? Two meanings. The first one is if you say a bad word, like "shit", that


  • is considered a swear word. So, I can say: "Ronnie swore."

    這就被認為是"Swear word"(說髒話)。所以,我可以說:Ronnie罵了髒話

  • We have another meaning to swear, you might see people in a courtroom:

    Swear 還有另一個意思,你可能在法庭上看過有人這樣說:

  • "I swear to tell the whole truth and nothing but the truth."


  • Shit.

  • The second meaning of "swear" means you pledge to be honest. Are you

    Swear的第二個意思就是 你許諾會很誠實。

  • going to be honest? So: "swear", "swore", "sworn". Like, we have an expression:

    你會很誠實嗎? 所以 "Swear","Swore", "Sworn" 像..有一個經典的句字

  • "I was sworn to secrecy."


  • That means I promised not to tell a secret, so "swear" means you promised

    意思就是我保證不會把秘密說出去,所以swear 意思就是

  • to do something or not to do something. The next one with clothes: "wear", "wore", "worn".

    你承諾會或不會去做某件事。下一個和衣服有關 :"Wear"(穿),"Wore","Worn"

  • "Speak", you might know this, you might know this: "speak", "spoke", "spoken", and you

    "Speak"(說) 這個你應該知道~這個你應該知道 "Speak","Spoke","Spoken"

  • you guys get to do this one: "steal",


  • "stole", oh, good job, "stole", and then this one we're

    "Stole" 喔~不錯喔,"Stole", 然後這一個

  • going to put "o" and "n". So it's: "steal", "stole", "stolen". Whew. Don't worry, we're

    我們要在這填"o" 和 "n", 所以就是 "Steal","Stole","Stolen". 呼~不要緊

  • almost finished.


  • The last one. These ones are fun because they're going to change an "a" to a double "o", to

    最後一組。這些很有趣,因為它們是從 "a" 變成2個"o",

  • an "aken". [Laughs] "a", "k", "e", "n". Two of the words are quite similar, too, so it's

    最後是"aken",(笑) A-K-E-N. 其中的2個字會長的很像,

  • a little bit easier. So we have an "a" and an "e", or just if you want to look at the

    所以比較簡單一點. 所以,這裡有一個 "a" 和 "e",或者你只注意 "a"

  • "a", so the "a" here will change to a double "o" and we drop the "e", so we say:

    所以這裡的"a"會轉變成2個"o",然後去掉 "e", 所以念出來就是

  • "mistake", "mistook", "mistaken".


  • We have... Shake it, shake it, whoa! "Shook", I'm all shook up

    接著是...Shake~搖啊~哇喔! "Shook", 我超興奮的!(All Shook up也是貓王經典名曲)

  • - Elvis is in the building. And then we have the past participle of "shaken". You maybe


  • know this one. Can you do this? "Take", "took", "taken". Woo! All right, so we're going to

    你應該知道這一個。要試一下嗎?"Take" (拿),"Took","Taken" 哦!很好

  • put a double "o" here, and an "aken" on the last one.


  • What we've done today is really quite amazing. My mind is blown,


  • because learning the past participle and the simple past of verbs is really, really hard work. Up until now, the


  • only reason or the only way I can suggest to you is just to memorize a list of them.


  • Here's a list of them, the resources section on engVid, we have a list of these verbs.

    這裡是一份清單,在Engvid網站的資源區, 我們有提供這一系列的動詞

  • This one is group number three. Also, we have group number two and group number one; also


  • in the video, so check those videos out, group one and group two. And I hope that learning


  • the past participles and the simple past of irregular verbs becomes easier for you. You've


  • got the list, you've got a new technique, you can do it.


  • 'Till later, have fun.


Hi. I'm Ronnie. Do you have a problem? I do. [Laughs] I got loads of problems,

嗨~我是 Ronnie. 你們有問題嗎? 我當然有. (笑) 我有一堆的問題,


影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 動詞 過去式 母音 字母 規則 簡單

英語中的不規則動詞 - 第3組 (Irregular Verbs in English – Group 3)

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    HQQ 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日