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  • "I need a hero!"

    「哪位英雄來救我!」

  • So many people in distress have said this,

    許多人在苦惱的時候會這麼說,

  • but why?

    為什麼呢?

  • What kind of hero do we need

    我們須要怎樣的英雄

  • and do we really even need a hero at all?

    或我們真的須要英雄嗎?

  • Well, if you look at any piece of literature

    嗯,如果你試著看看

  • written for page,

    各種文學作品、

  • script,

    電影劇本、

  • or stage,

    舞臺劇,

  • the answer is yes!

    那答案是「我們需要」!

  • But, heroes come in all shapes and sizes,

    然而,有各式各樣的英雄,

  • depending on what needs to be dealt with.

    取決於他將解決什麼樣的問題。

  • First, you have your epic heroes.

    首先,你有聽過 史詩英雄。

  • Epic heroes usually come from a famous family,

    史詩英雄通常來自名門望族,

  • have super-human strength,

    有著超人般的力量,

  • are unusually good-looking.

    而且不可理諭地帥。

  • They take on challenges that no one else will

    他們接受別人不敢的挑戰

  • and succeed.

    而且成功了。

  • They have great journeys and adventures,

    他們會踏上偉大的旅程 並展開冒險,

  • some supernatural

    有時候在神話裡,

  • and some, right here on Earth.

    而有時候在地球上。

  • Beowulf does all of this.

    上述這些 貝武夫全做了。

  • He travels across the sea with his band of warriors

    他帶著一群戰士遠渡重洋

  • to help another king defeat a supernatural monster

    去幫助另一個國王 打敗一隻神話怪獸,

  • that has been terrorizing his kingdom.

    這怪獸已經威脅那王國很久了。

  • He defeats the monster

    他在史詩的戰役中

  • and the monster's mother

    打敗了怪獸

  • in an epic battle,

    還有怪獸的母親,

  • and then goes back home

    然後回家

  • and becomes king himself.

    並自己成為君王。

  • In his old age, he has one more monster to face,

    在他老年時,他面臨了另一隻怪獸,

  • one more threat that he must keep from his people,

    一頭龍, 他必須保護人民免於威脅。

  • a dragon.

    一頭龍, 他必須保護人民免於威脅。

  • Now, being an epic hero,

    而身為史詩英雄,

  • of course he wins,

    他當然地贏了,

  • but he is also human,

    但他同時也是人類,

  • and so he also dies.

    所以他也死了。

  • But he leaves behind stories

    但他留下的故事

  • to inspire others even today.

    至今日都還在激勵著我們。

  • Next, we have our tragic heroes.

    接下來,是悲劇英雄。

  • Tragic heroes are usually leaders or powerful characters,

    悲劇英雄通常是領導者 或是很有能力的角色,

  • but the tragic hero is also majorly flawed

    但悲劇英雄通常也很有缺點

  • and that flaw usually leads him down the path

    而這缺點通常導致他走向

  • to a horrible and tragic death.

    恐怖與悲劇般的死亡。

  • Take the story of Oedipus the King, for example.

    舉例來說, 伊底帕斯國王的故事。

  • One day, a young man travels to a town called Thebes.

    有天,一位年輕人旅行到一個 叫做底比斯的小鎮。

  • On the way, he kills a man

    在路上,他因為對方不讓路

  • for not yielding to him on the road

    而殺了一個人,

  • in the first documented case of road rage.

    堪稱是文獻記載的 第一次道路衝突。

  • He also defeats a magical creature

    他也打敗了一隻魔法怪物

  • and is rewarded by becoming the King of Thebes,

    然後被獎賞 成為底比斯的王,

  • and thus, marrying their queen.

    順理成章地娶了他的王后。

  • Well, that's not so tragic, right?

    聽起來不太悲劇,對吧?

  • Wrong!

    錯了!

  • The queen he just married is actually his birth mother!

    他娶的王后恰恰就是他的生母!

  • Oedipus was supposed to have been killed

    伊底帕斯原本被計劃 在孩提時

  • as a child by a servant,

    就會被僕人殺掉,

  • but instead he was given to another family.

    但他被送到別人家裡。

  • Oh, and the man he killed on the road,

    噢,那位他在路上殺死的人,

  • the previous King of Thebes

    正是前任底比斯王,

  • and his dad.

    他的父親。

  • So he killed his father and married his mother.

    所以他殺了自己的父親 並娶了自己的母親。

  • Now that is quite tragic.

    實在還蠻悲劇的。

  • Not tragic enough for you?

    還不夠悲劇嗎?

  • Try this one.

    試試這個。

  • Romeo Montague is a guy born into a wealthy family

    羅密歐.蒙特克是出生在有錢人家的小孩,

  • and finds the love of his life at a party, Juliet.

    而在宴會中發現他的摯愛──茱麗葉。

  • But, Juliet is from a different family

    但是茱麗葉是來自另一個家族,

  • that just so happens to hate his family.

    恰巧地這兩家是世仇。

  • Instead of being patient

    羅密歐沒有耐心

  • and working through the family feud,

    化解這場家族間的恩怨,

  • Romeo decides he must have his love now,

    反而決定他現在就要 得到他的摯愛,

  • and his impatience leads to bloodshed and death,

    而他的性急 導致了流血與死亡,

  • including his own and Juliet's.

    包含他自己和茱麗葉。

  • Moving on to romantic heroes.

    換談談浪漫英雄。

  • Now these guys might sound like

    這種英雄可能有點像:

  • they might have a better love life and chance at happiness,

    他們原本有一段更好的愛情 以及美滿的生活,

  • but that's not always the case.

    但最後總不是那樣。

  • These heroes are emotional

    這些英雄富有情感

  • and very human.

    並且與人性相符。

  • But there is something magical about them.

    但他們身上又有神奇的元素。

  • Some have a miraculous birth

    有些是奇蹟般地出生

  • and then are separated from their family.

    然後與家庭分離。

  • Others use enchanted swords

    有些則會用魔法劍

  • or get help from magical beans.

    或者有魔豆的幫助。

  • They could also reject the expectations of society

    他們屏棄世俗的規範

  • and adhere to their own code of morality.

    然後遵從他們 自己的一套道德。

  • And in the end,

    而最後,

  • the hero triumphs over evil in an idyllic way,

    英雄巧妙地戰勝邪惡

  • but at great personal, emotional sacrifice.

    但賠上自己與情感的犧牲。

  • King Arthur is a good example of a romantic hero.

    亞瑟王是典型的浪漫英雄。

  • Sure, he became king and married the love of his life,

    當然,他成為國王然後娶了王后,

  • but he was also killed by his son,

    但他也被他的兒子殺死,

  • who was born out of wedlock,

    實際上他的私生子,

  • and had his wife cheat on him with his best friend.

    而他的王后也瞞著他 和他最好的朋友密會。

  • So, although he, too, like Beowulf, was a great king,

    所以,儘管他像貝武夫一樣 是一位偉大的君王,

  • he suffered much more

    他因為

  • for the greater purpose of society,

    社會的將來而受苦,

  • which makes him more human and relatable to us all.

    這讓他更富有人性 也和我們更習習相關。

  • There are different heroes for different situations.

    在不同情境下會有不同英雄。

  • Sometimes we need the strong warrior

    有時候我們須要一個強壯的戰士

  • to slay the evils of the world.

    來打擊世上的邪惡。

  • At other times,

    而有時候,

  • we need a common person who becomes great

    我們須要一個平凡人來 成就非凡,

  • so that they can inspire us all to be better.

    好來激勵我們向上。

  • So do we need heroes?

    所以我們須要英雄嗎?

  • Absolutely!

    當然!

  • No matter what the time or place,

    不論在何時何地,

  • we still need something to believe in.

    我們都須要某些人來 讓我們相信。

  • They remind us of the good in each of us,

    他們提醒我們 心中的善念、

  • and the need for hope

    對希望的依賴、

  • and the importance of knowledge.

    以及知識的重要性。

"I need a hero!"

「哪位英雄來救我!」

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 TED-Ed 英雄 悲劇 王后 怪獸 史詩

【TED-Ed】我們需要超級英雄保護嗎?! A host of heroes - April Gudenrath

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