Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

已審核 字幕已審核
  • Think about how your favorite stories hook you.

    回想看看你最喜歡的故事為什麼吸引你?

  • "When he was nearly 13, my brother Jim

    「我的哥哥杰姆在快13歲的時候

  • got his arm badly broken at the elbow.

    把手肘摔斷了。

  • When it healed, and Jim's fears of never being able to play football

    當他痊癒後,就不再需要擔心這輩子都不能玩橄欖球了,

  • were assuaged, he was seldom self conscious about his injury."

    他很少想起曾經受過這個傷。」

  • "All this happened, more or less. The war parts, anyway,

    「這種事總會發生,只是多少的問題罷了。

  • are pretty much true. One guy I knew really was shot

    戰爭總是如此真實。 我認識一位曾在德勒斯登被槍擊的人,

  • in Dresden for taking a teapot that wasn't his."

    原因只是他拿了別人的茶壺。」

  • "My father's family name being Pirrip, and my Christian name Philip,

    「我父親的姓是皮利普,我的名是菲利普。

  • my infant tongue could make of both names nothing longer

    可是小時候我只會說:『皮普』

  • or more explicit than 'Pip.'

    所以我自稱皮普,

  • So I called myself Pip, and came to be called Pip."

    然後大家就都叫我皮普了。」

  • Imagery, intrigue, emotion: each introduction makes you want to read more.

    富含意象、情節、情感的每一篇引言 都會讓你想要繼續讀下去

  • If you have an assignment to write a literary analysis,

    如果你被指派寫一篇文學分析

  • your introduction will be just as important.

    你的引言和它一樣重要

  • There will be four elements in your essay:

    你的論文會有四個部分

  • your introduction,

    引言

  • thesis statement,

    論點陳述

  • analysis and conclusion.

    分析與結論

  • If you begin writing a literary analysis with the introduction,

    如果你從引言開始撰寫文學分析

  • you may be discouraged.

    你可能會感到挫折

  • Here's a tip for writing a great introduction:

    告訴你一個把引言寫好的好方法

  • Write it last,

    最後再寫它

  • and write your thesis first.

    然後先寫你的論點

  • Figure out what you want to analyze before you actually analyze it.

    在你開始分析之前,寫清楚你想要分析什麼

  • Your thesis is the foundation for the rest of your essay,

    你的論點是整份論文

  • including your introduction.

    以及引言的基礎

  • So how do you find your thesis?

    那麼要如何找出你的論點呢?

  • Start by asking questions.

    可以以問問題開始

  • To Charles Dickens you may ask,

    你可以問察爾斯.狄更斯

  • "why do you draw attention to characters' hands?"

    「為什麼你將注意力放在角色的手上?」

  • "What's up with their names?"

    「他們的名字為什麼要這樣取?」

  • "Pumblechook? Really?"

    「潘波趣?你是認真的嗎?」

  • To narrow your concept for analysis, answer the questions yourself.

    試著縮小你分析的概念,然後自己回答問題。

  • "Estella ridicules Pip's hands, Jaggers constantly washes his hands,

    「艾斯提拉嘲笑皮普的手,賈各斯不斷地洗他的手,

  • Pip insufferably burns his hands,

    皮普痛苦難熬地燒傷了他的手

  • Mrs. Joe brings Pip up by hand."

    喬伊太太一手把皮普帶大。」

  • Are there patterns in your answers?

    你的答案是否有一套模式?

  • "Estella's comments smack of cruelty,

    「當賈各斯洗淨他不道德的心時,

  • while Jaggers' cleanses his immoral conscience.

    艾斯提拉的言論既尖酸又刻薄。

  • Pip finds a second chance,

    當喬伊太太以愛與奉獻之名虐待一個孩子時,

  • while Mrs. Joe abuses a child under the guise of love and dedication."

    皮普發現了第二次機會。」

  • What can you analyze with this pattern?

    你可以從這個模式中分析出什麼?

  • "Hands symbolize social class inequities,

    「手象徵了社會階層的不平等,

  • and through Dickens' criticism, he exposes the dire need for reform

    經過狄更斯的評論,他顯露出維多利亞時代的倫敦人

  • in Victorian London.

    對重新改革的渴求。」

  • What you will do next, which is an entirely different lesson,

    接下來你需要做的是全然不同的課題

  • is to draft and revise your analysis.

    那就是設計與修正你的分析

  • Only after you write your analysis,

    在你寫下你的分析後

  • return to your introduction.

    才能回到你的引言

  • Like authors earlier,

    如同早期的作家

  • try to intrigue and inspire your reader.

    試著去激發與激勵讀者的好奇心

  • Avoid starting with famous quotations,

    避免以佳句名言

  • dictionary definitions

    字詞定義或誇張的問題

  • or rhetorical questions.

    來起頭

  • Consider the historical context of your topic,

    試著想想主題的歷史背景、趣聞軼事

  • or an anecdote or some larger idea or concept.

    或是一些較巨觀的見解或概念

  • Here's an example:

    舉例來說

  • "27 bones in the hand and wrist allow humans to concurrently create

    「手部與腕部所涵蓋的27根骨頭 讓人們得以同時創造與摧毀

  • and destroy. Thousands of hands have been behind history's astounding creations.

    成千上百的手在歷史上創造了令人驚奇的事物

  • Hands represent a powerful symbol,

    在查爾斯.狄更斯的筆下

  • one that was not lost on Charles Dickens.

    手意味著強大有力的象徵

  • In Great Expectations, Dickens uses hands

    在《遠大前程》一書中,狄更斯以手來象徵

  • to symbolize social class inequities,

    社會階層的不公平

  • and through his criticism, he exposes the dire need for social reform

    經過他的評論,他顯露出維多利亞時代的倫敦人

  • in Victorian London."

    對重新改革的渴求。」

  • Take time crafting and revising your thesis and introduction.

    花點時間製作、修訂你的論文和引言

  • Remember, if you are bored while writing,

    要記得,如果你在書寫時覺得無趣

  • your reader will be bored while reading.

    你的讀者會將在閱讀時感到無趣

  • By the way, did you notice the introduction to this lesson?

    附帶一提,你注意到這堂課的引言了嗎?

  • It didn't start with "here's how to write a thesis and introduction."

    我不是以「讓我來告訴你如何寫出好的引言」開始

  • Would that have hooked you?

    如果是的話,那還會抓住你的目光嗎?

Think about how your favorite stories hook you.

回想看看你最喜歡的故事為什麼吸引你?

字幕與單字
已審核 字幕已審核

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 TED-Ed 皮普 分析 論點 論文 倫敦人

【TED-Ed】引言的魔力 - The power of a great introduction - Carolyn Mohr

  • 1264 191
    Zenn 發佈於 2013 年 05 月 03 日
影片單字