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  • Hi.

    大家好。

  • I've got a question for you:

    我有一個問題:

  • how many people here would say they can draw?

    在場有多少人會說自己會畫畫?

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • I think we've got about one or two percent of the hands going up,

    我想10個人裡面會有一兩個會舉手。

  • and it's interesting, isn't it?

    很有趣,是吧?

  • It's a little bit like people think of spelling or singing.

    這有點像當大家想到拼寫或唱歌

  • They think,"You can either do it, or you can't."

    他們認為“你要麼會,要麼不會。”

  • But I think you can.

    但我覺得你會

  • Because when people say they can't draw,

    因為當人們說他不會畫畫時,

  • I think it's more to do with beliefs rather than talent and ability.

    我覺得這和信念有關,而不是和才華、能力有關

  • So I think when you say you can't draw, that's just an illusion,

    所以當你說你不會畫畫時,這其實是一種錯覺,

  • and today I'd like to prove that to you.

    而今天我就想向你證明

  • When I say "draw",

    我說「畫畫」,

  • I'm not saying we're all going to draw like Michelangelo.

    並不是說我們都得畫得像米開朗琪羅

  • We are not going to be painting the Sistine Chapel's ceiling.

    我們不是要畫西斯廷教堂的天花板

  • But would you be happy if, by the end of this session,

    但是在這此演講結束之後,你會高興

  • you could draw pictures a little bit like this?

    自己畫成這樣嗎?

  • (Audience murmuring) Oh, yes!

    (觀眾低語)哦,是的!

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • Or even a little bit like this?

    或者有點兒像這樣?

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • Actually, there are only two things you need to do to be able to achieve this.

    事實上,你只需要做到兩件事就可以實現

  • One is have an open mind. Are you up for that?

    一是有開放的態度,你準備好了嗎?

  • (Audience) Yes!

    (觀眾)是的!

  • And two, just be prepared to have a go.

    第二,準備好動動手。

  • So grab a pen and a piece of paper.

    拿一支筆和一張紙

  • OK, so here's how it's going to work:

    好,這裡會讓你對整個過程有個了解:

  • I’ll show you the first cartoon we're going to do,

    我會先示範一個你們待會兒要畫的卡通,

  • so just watch to begin with.

    首先先來看看

  • Here we go.

    開始

  • Just watching.

    先看

  • That's going to be our first cartoon.

    這將是我們的第一幅卡通畫

  • It's a character called Spike.

    這個人叫Spike

  • I'd like you to draw along with me.

    我想你和我一起畫

  • I'll draw the first line, you draw, and when you've done that, look up,

    我會先畫第一筆,你跟著畫,當你畫完後,抬頭,

  • and I'll know you're ready for the next line.

    我就知道你準備畫下一筆了

  • Okay, here we go.

    好,我們繼續

  • Start with the nose.

    先畫鼻子

  • Now the eyes.

    現在到眼睛

  • They're like 66s or speech marks.

    牠們像66或者引號

  • That's it.

    好了

  • Next, the mouth. Nice, big smile.

    接著,嘴巴。很好,大大的笑容

  • Now, over here, the ear.

    現在,在這,畫耳朵

  • Next, some spiky hair.

    接下來,一些豎起來的短髮

  • Next, put the pen to the left to the mouth, little line like that.

    把筆挪到嘴的左邊,畫一條這樣的線

  • Pen under the ear, drop a line like that.

    挪到耳朵下面,畫一條這樣的線

  • Pen to the left of the neck, top of the T-shirt.

    放到脖子的左邊,畫上T 恤衫的領子

  • Line to the left, line to the right.

    左邊一條線,右邊一條線

  • Just hold your drawings up and show everyone.

    現在把畫舉起來,給大家看

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • How are we all doing?

    畫得怎麼樣?

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • OK.

    好的

  • OK, fantastic.

    太棒了

  • So, it looks like you've just learned to draw one cartoon,

    所以,你們剛都學會畫一幅卡通畫了

  • but you've actually learned more than that;

    但實際上你們學到的不僅如此

  • you've learned a sequence that would enable you

    你們學會了一個順序,這可以讓你們

  • to draw hundreds and thousands of different cartoons,

    畫數百張乃至千張的卡通畫

  • because we're just going to do little variations on that sequence.

    因為你們只需要跟著這個順序,然後做一點點改動

  • Have a go at this.

    試一試這個

  • Draw along with me.

    和我一起畫

  • Nose.

    鼻子

  • Eyes.

    眼睛

  • Smile.

    微笑

  • That's it.

    好的

  • Now some hair.

    一些頭髮

  • Pen to the left of the mouth,

    筆挪到嘴的左邊,

  • under the hair,

    在頭髮下面

  • little V-shape for the top,

    為上衣畫個小V

  • line to the left, line to the right.

    左邊一條線,右邊一條線

  • So we've got another character. Let's call her Thelma.

    我們又畫出一個人物,就叫她Thelma

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • So, we've got Spike and Thelma.

    所以,我們畫出了Spike和Thelma

  • Let's try another one. Here we go.

    讓我們再畫一個,開始

  • Another little variation. You're getting the idea.

    再做一點變動,你就明白了

  • Starting with the nose.

    先畫鼻子

  • But this time we'll change the eyes slightly.

    但這次的眼睛有點不同

  • Look, two circles together like that.

    看,兩個圓圈像這樣畫在一起

  • That's it.

    好了,

  • Then, two little dots in for the eyes.

    然後在眼睛上畫兩個點

  • And this time we'll change the mouth slightly. Watch.

    這次讓我們把嘴也改動一下,瞧

  • Little circle colored in there.

    畫個小圓并塗上顏色

  • Have a go at that.

    試一試那個

  • Next, the ear.

    接下來,耳朵

  • Now, we'll have some fun with the hair, watch.

    現在,我們再弄弄頭髮,看

  • Nice curly hair.

    漂亮的捲髮

  • Then same thing: pen to the left to the mouth, little line like that.

    同樣:筆移到嘴的左邊,畫上一條線

  • Under the ear, drop a line.

    耳朵下面,畫條線

  • Top of the T-shirt.

    T恤的領子

  • Line to the left, line to the right.

    左邊一條線,右邊一條線

  • I think we'll call him Jeff.

    我們可以叫他Jeff

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • We'll do one more.

    我們再畫一個

  • One more go. Here we go.

    最後一個,開始吧

  • You're getting the idea.

    你明白了

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • So we'll start with a nose again.

    我們再次從鼻子開始

  • Notice we're doing little variations.

    我們做一點改動

  • Now we'll change the eyes, so we've got them apart.

    現在我們變化眼睛,讓牠們分開

  • We'll put some little dots in like that.

    我們在中間加上一些點點

  • Next, the mouth slightly different.

    接下來,嘴巴也不一樣

  • Let's put a little V-shape like that.

    我們畫一個像這樣的V型

  • Triangle.

    三角形

  • And a little line across, and we'll just color this a little bit in.

    中間穿入一條短線,我們再加上一點顏色

  • Now, watch this bit carefully; some hair, watch.

    現在,自己看,一些頭髮,快看

  • Here we go, little line like that.

    就這樣,畫這樣的線

  • Next, a bit more there.

    接著,這邊也來兩條

  • And watch, a couple of triangles to make a little bow.

    看,畫兩個三角形組成個蝴蝶結

  • Triangle at the bottom, rest of the hair.

    在底下畫上三角形,是下面的頭髮

  • Pen to the left of the mouth again. You get the idea.

    再畫到嘴的左邊,你知道了

  • Drop a line for the neck.

    為脖子畫條線

  • Now the V-shape.

    現在畫V型

  • Line to the left, line to the right.

    左邊一條線,右邊一條線

  • There we go.

    完成了

  • Let's call her Pam.

    讓我們叫他Pam

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • So you've done...

    好,你完成了

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • So you've done four cartoons. You can have a little rest now.

    你已經完成了四幅畫,現在可以休息一下了

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • Take a rest.

    休息一下

  • You're getting the idea. All we're doing is little variations.

    你明白了吧,我們只需要做一點改變

  • I'll just demonstrate a couple to you.

    我會跟你介紹幾種

  • We could go on all day, couldn't we?

    我們就可以畫上一天了,對吧?

  • You could do someone looking unhappy, a bit like that,

    你可以畫一個不開心的人,就像這樣

  • or you could experiment with, perhaps, someone who is

    或者你也可以嘗試,像這樣的一個人

  • just draw a straight line, someone looking a bit fed up.

    就畫一條直線,他看起來有些不耐煩

  • Or perhaps, you could do anything you like, really, just try things out.

    又或者,你可以畫任何東西,真的,只需要嘗試不同的改變

  • Look at this. Little squiggle. There we are.

    看看這個,一些不規則的線,就畫好了

  • So, all sorts of things we could do.

    所有的東西我們都可以嘗試

  • Actually, one more I'll let you do, one more idea.

    現在,我再讓你做一個,再告訴你一個方法

  • This is a great little technique.

    這是一個偉大的小技術

  • Have a go at this: people with glasses on.

    試一下,戴上眼鏡

  • Just draw a nose a bit like Spike's.

    就畫一個和Spike一樣的鼻子

  • Next, draw some frames,

    接著,畫些框框

  • so two circles like that with a little bit in between.

    現在中間畫兩個像這樣的圓形,

  • Now, just put some dots inside for the eyes like that.

    好,為眼睛畫上一些點點

  • Next, the ear.

    下一步,耳朵

  • So it's little bit like we did before, but this time we'll join up the frames.

    就有點像我們之前做的,但這次加上一些框框

  • That's it. Watch this bit.

    好了,看這

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • And this bit I really like. Watch.

    我真的喜歡這條,看

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • And then, little bit there.

    接著。那裡也一點

  • Pencil under the mustache, line down,

    在鬍子下面,畫上

  • top of the shirt, left and right.

    T恤的上面,左邊和右邊

  • So there we have it. We could carry on, couldn't we?

    完成了,我們可以繼續,對嗎?

  • Hopefully, we've done enough to convince you

    希望我已經能讓你相信

  • that in fact we can all draw.

    我們其實都可以畫畫

  • And not just people here. I've worked with

    不只在這裡,我也教其他人一起畫

  • I'm going to give you three examples of other people who've learned to draw,

    我給你們看看其他人學畫畫的三個例子

  • and that actually surprised them, too.

    也非常讓我驚訝

  • I'm going to save what I think is my favorite,

    我保存了我最喜歡的

  • most surprising example until last.

    到目前為止最令人驚訝的

  • The first example is:

    第一幅:

  • I've worked a lot with children and students in schools.

    我和一些孩子在學校裡面畫畫

  • Actually the little ones, they just draw fine,

    他們年紀很小,但是他們畫的不錯

  • but when they get to about 15 or 16, most of them think they can't draw.

    但是到了15或16歲年紀的學生,他們就認為自己不會畫畫了

  • But I worked with them.

    但是我和他們一起嘗試

  • I worked this week in a school

    我在這個學校工作了一週

  • where I was coaching them on using pictures for memory.

    在這我教他們用繪畫來記憶

  • A girl was trying to remember what red blood cells do,

    有個女孩試著記住紅血球的作用

  • and she drew this little picture

    所以她畫了這幅畫

  • of a red blood cell carrying a handbag with O2 on it

    記錄了一個紅血球帶了一袋氧氣

  • to remind her that the red blood cells carry oxygen to all parts of the body.

    這可以幫助她記住紅血球為全身各部份輸送氧氣

  • That was a great one.

    真的很棒

  • The other people I worked with are many adults in all walks of life,

    其他和我學繪畫的人來自各行各業

  • and particularly in business,

    特別是經商的

  • and they often will want to make presentations memorable.

    他們總是想留下令人難忘的陳述

  • So again, a quick cartoon or sketch could be really good for that.

    所以, 快速繪畫或簡筆畫就真的有幫助

  • And again, most people think they can't draw, but take this example.

    同樣的,大部份的人認為自己不會畫畫,但是請看這個例子

  • Couple of wavy lines,

    一些彎曲的線

  • little boat could be a metaphor to represent we're all in this together.

    小船可以是一個隱喻,暗示我們都在一起

  • So that, if that was just drawn in the presentation,

    所以如果在陳述時畫出這個

  • would really stay in the memory, wouldn't it?

    就真的會讓你記憶深刻,對吧?

  • Yeah.

    是的

  • But the third example is - you shouldn't have favorites, should you?

    但第三個例子-你有最中意的嗎?沒有吧

  • This is my favorite.

    這幅是我最喜歡的

  • Have you ever been at the party when someone asks you what you do?

    有人曾經在派對上問你的職業嗎?

  • It gets a little bit skeptical when people ask me that.

    但別人問我時,他們總有些懷疑

  • This lady said to me, well -

    這位女士對我說,

  • I said, "I do a little bit of training, and I teach people to draw,"

    我回答“我做一些培訓,教人畫畫”

  • and she said, "Would you come along and do some for our group?"

    她說 “你可以來教我們嗎?”

  • She said, "I work with some people" - she was a volunteer -

    她說 “我和一群人工作” 她是個志願者

  • a group of people who have suffered strokes.

    一些患有中風的人

  • So I said, "Sure, I could spare some time for that."

    我回答“當然可以,我會安排些時間過來”

  • So I said I would, and I booked the time in.

    所以我答應了,我安排了時間

  • Have you ever done that?

    你試過嗎?

  • You get near of that time

    快到那個時候

  • and you think, "What have I let myself in for here?"

    你會覺得“我爲什麽讓自己來這裡?”

  • "Will I be able to do it?"

    “我可以嗎?”

  • I thought, "What could I do with them?" you see.

    我想“我可以和他們做什麽?” 你看

  • "I know. I'll do my cartoon drawing. They'll like that."

    “我知道,我就教畫畫,他們會喜歡的”

  • But then, as I got near of the time, I got more apprehensive,

    可是,越接近那個時間,我越擔心

  • because then I was thinking,

    因為我想

  • "I've worked with children, with all sorts of adults;

    “我和孩子們一起,也和許多成年人一起”

  • I've never worked with a group like this."

    “可是我從來沒有和那些人一起”

  • It turns out it was all part of a charity called TALK.

    最後我知道這是一個慈善組織叫TALK

  • This TALK charity is a wonderful charity that helps people who've suffered strokes,

    這個組織幫助許多患中風的人

  • but have a particular condition known as aphasia.

    他們有個特殊的症狀叫失語症

  • You might have heard of aphasia, sometimes called dysphasia.

    你可能聽過失語症,或者叫語言障礙癥

  • The key thing is it affects their ability to communicate.

    關鍵是這會影響他們的溝通能力

  • So, for example, they might have trouble

    例如,他們有可能不能

  • reading, writing, speaking, or understanding.

    閱讀、書寫、說話或是理解

  • It can be quite an isolating condition;

    這可能會讓他們與世隔絕

  • it can be very, very frustrating and can lead to a loss of confidence.

    也會讓他們很沮喪,并逐步喪失信心

  • Anyway, so I prepared all this stuff, what to do for this session

    為這堂課,我準備了許多東西

  • - for a couple of hours, tea break in the middle -

    為這幾小時的課,和中場的休息

  • and I got more apprehensive.

    我更加擔心了

  • But actually, I needn't have worried,

    但實際上,我不需要擔心

  • because I'm going to show you now the work that they did.

    因為現在我要為你展示他們的作品

  • It was one of the best things I've ever done.

    這是我見過最棒的一幅

  • I'm going to show you the first slide.

    現在為您展示第一張

  • I taught them Spike, just like I did for you,

    我教他們如何畫Spike,就像剛才那樣

  • and I want you to see the reaction on their faces when they did this.

    我想讓你們看他們在畫畫時流露的表情

  • (Audience) Oh.

    (觀眾)噢

  • What you can see here are two of the stroke recoverers

    你現在看到的是兩位已經康復的病患

  • on the left and right,

    在左邊和右邊

  • and one of the volunteer helpers in the center.

    其中的一位志願者在中間

  • Each stroke recoverer, there are about 36 in the room with volunteers as well,

    房間里有36位中風康復的病患,他們每一個人,也包括那些志願者

  • there's one-to-one helpers.

    有一對一幫忙的人

  • You can just see the delight on their faces, can't you?

    你可以看到他們臉上的笑容,對吧?

  • Let's look at another picture.

    來看另外一張照片

  • This is a gentleman called David, and he's holding up his picture,

    這位男士叫David, 他拿著這幅畫

  • and you can tell it was the picture of Spike, can't you?

    你能看出這畫的是Spike,對嗎?

  • In fact, I think he's drawn Spike even better there.

    事實上,我覺得他在那畫的Spike畫的更好

  • But what I didn't realize until even after the session

    但是我在課後才發現

  • was that the number of the people in this session, including David,

    在課上學習的人,包括David

  • were drawing with their wrong hand.

    都是用左手來畫的

  • David's stroke meant that it affected the right side of his body,

    Daivd 中風影響了他的右側身體

  • and he drew with his left hand, as many did.

    所以他用左手來畫,很多人都是如此

  • Nobody mentioned it to me, nobody complained.

    沒人向我提起,也沒人抱怨

  • They just got on with it.

    他們只是就這樣畫了

  • It was an inspirational session for me.

    這次的課深深的激勵了我

  • It was quite a humbling session,

    非常的震撼人心

  • one of the best things I felt I've ever done.

    是我有史以來做的最棒的一件事

  • At the end of it, I had a lovely email from doctor Mike Jordan,

    在那學期末,我收到了醫生Mike Jordan的一封郵件

  • and he's the chair of the TALK group;

    他是TALK的主席