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  • Alice: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Alice.

    Alice: 哈囉!歡迎來到6分鐘英語。我是Alice

  • Rob: And I'm Rob.

    Rob:我是Rob

  • Alice: So Rob, did you have a part time job while you were at university?

    Alice:Rob,你在念大學時有去打工嗎?

  • Rob: Yes, I worked in the student bar.

    Rob:有阿,我在學生酒吧打工

  • Alice: Did you learn anything from the experience?

    Alice:那你有從這份工作中學到什麼嗎?

  • Rob: I learned how to pull a decent pint.

    Rob:我學到如何拉一杯漂亮的生啤酒

  • Alice: Did you learn anything else?

    Alice:你還有學到其他的嗎?

  • Rob: Yes, I learned how to add up.

    Rob:有阿,我學到如何加總

  • Alice: Didn't they teach you that at school?

    Alice:這個學校沒有教嗎?

  • Rob: I wasn't good at doing sums in my head ... you know ... mental arithmetic.

    Rob:我不擅長心算…你知道的…直接在腦中算數

  • But I got pretty good at it as a barman.

    但我是個很稱職的酒保

  • They didn't have computerized cash registers in my day, you see.

    那時沒有收銀機這種東西

  • Alice: I didn't realize you were that old, Rob!

    Alice:我不知道你這麼老了!Rob!

  • Anyway, the subject of today's show is young business entrepreneurs.

    不論如何,今天節目的主題是年輕企業家

  • So, can you answer this question:

    所以,你可以回答這個問題嗎:

  • How young were the founders of Facebook and Microsoft when they first set up their companies?

    臉書和微軟的創辦人是在幾歲時第一次創立他們的公司?

  • Were they... a) junior high-school students

    當他們…a)國中時

  • b) high-school students

    b)高中時

  • Or c) university students?

    或c)大學時?

  • Rob: And Alice in case you think I don't know,

    Rob:Alice,以防你以為我不知道

  • Facebook is an online social networking service

    臉書是一個社群網路

  • and Microsoft is a computer software company. OK?

    而微軟是一個電腦軟體公司。OK?

  • Alice: Very good! Well done!

    Alice:非常好!

  • Rob: Well I'm going to say they were b) high-school students.

    Rob:好的,我要說他們是 b)高中生

  • Alice: We'll find out if you chose the right answer later on in the programme.

    Alice:我們將會在稍後的節目中知道你的選擇是否正確

  • But let's talk now about what drawbacks ... or disadvantages ... there are for young entrepreneurs.

    我們現在來談談對於年輕企業家來說不利的地方

  • What do you think, Rob?

    你怎麼想的,Rob?

  • Rob: Hmm. Well, I suppose one of the drawbacks of being young and your own boss

    Rob:嗯…我猜想到一個成為年輕和自己的老闆的不利的點

  • is that everyone who works for you is older than you!

    是:每個為你工作的人年齡都比你大!

  • Alice: Is that a drawback?

    Alice:這是不利的地方嗎?

  • Rob: Well, let's consider a real case.

    Rob:我們來想想一個真實的案例

  • Young British entrepreneur Suleman Sacranie started his first company when he was 17,

    年輕的英國籍企業家Suleman Sacranie在他17歲的時候開創他的第一家公司

  • followed by another business shortly afterwards.

    接著立即是另一個事業緊跟在後

  • Then while studying chemistry at university

    然後同時在大學就讀化學時

  • he started his third company, an online version of the pound shop

    他開始了他的第三個公司,在美國的一個網路版的鎊店

  • or dollar store in the US where everything in the shop is priced at one pound.

    或一價店,在店裡的所有物品都是以一磅為單位標價的

  • Let's listen to Suleman Sacranie talking about his company.

    我們來聽聽Suleman Sacranie說說他的公司

  • Suleman Sacranie: I'm actually quite fortunate now, compared to what I was six months ago

    Suleman Sacranie:和六個月前的我相比,我現在十分的幸運

  • because now I've got two additional directors who have grey hair.

    因為我現在有另外的兩位有灰髮的理事

  • It actually... commercial meetings are excellent now, you know.

    事實上是…商業上的會議現在非常的棒,你知道的

  • But before that I think I came across quite professional but you could still tell they

    在這之前我想我有碰到十分專業的人員,但你仍可以說他們是

  • were thinking in the back of their heads, 'I've got a kid sitting in front of me.'

    用後腦杓在思考,「有一個小孩坐在我的前面」

  • Rob: So young entrepreneur Suleman Sacranie has got two grey-haired directors working with him now.

    Rob:所以年輕的企業家Suleman Sacranie現在有兩位灰髮理事和他一起工作

  • Alice: That's right, but how does having grey-haired executives on board help, Rob?

    Alice:是的,但為何擁有灰髮董事助陣有幫助呢?Rob

  • Rob: Well, 'executives' are people who run a business and on board means being part of a team.

    Rob:「董事」是那些使商業運作的人,而助陣意味著成為團體中的一部分

  • Well, to answer your question, Alice, they bring experience to the table.

    為了回答你的問題,Alice,他們會將經驗運用在檯面上

  • I have a few grey hairs you know ... you could learn a lot from me.

    你知道嘛我有一些灰頭髮…你可以從我身上學到很多東西

  • Alice: I do, Rob. Everyday.

    Alice:是的,我可以,Rob。每天

  • And if you bring something to the table it means you provide something useful.

    如果你將某物帶上檯面,這代表你提供很有用的建議之類的東西

  • Well, what do you bring to the table, Rob?

    那麼,你將什麼東西搬上檯面呢?Rob?

  • Rob: Well, bad jokes, peanuts, crisps, cups of coffee, that sort of thing...

    Rob:爛笑話、花生、洋芋片、咖啡…這類的東西…

  • Alice: I was going to say a keen mind, in other words, a well-developed mind, and...

    Alice:我說的是一顆敏銳的心,換句話說,是一顆發育良好的心靈,和

  • great business acumen!

    在商業上的聰明表現良好!

  • Rob: Come on, you weren't going to say that!

    Rob:拜託,你不曾說過那些!

  • Alice: You're right, I wasn't.

    Alice:你說的對,我不曾說過

  • Acumen means good judgement.

    Acumen的意思是擁有良好的判斷能力

  • But don't worry, you have an abundant enthusiasm that makes up for it.

    但別擔心,你擁有可以補償這些的熱情

  • But moving on now, do you think that school prepared you well for working life?

    接下來,你覺得學校給你充足的準備好讓你迎接工作嗎?

  • Rob: No, not really. I studied Latin at school, and I don't use that much.

    Rob:不,不盡然。我在校學習了拉丁語,但我並沒有很常用到它

  • And maths ... well, I never use trigonometry or calculus.

    還有數學…痾…我不曾用到三角函數和微積分

  • So I'm not sure how useful maths lessons were...

    所以我不確定數學課的實用性…

  • Alice: Yes, and you only learned to add up in the university bar after all...

    Alice:是的,你畢竟你只有在大學的酒吧學習加總…

  • Rob: Yes, but I am very good at it!

    Rob:是阿,但那是我現在擅長的!

  • And the point is that I've got a fantastic job now.

    還有重點是:我現在擁有一個令我很喜愛的工作

  • And if you're really interested in something you can always acquire ... or get the skills you don't have.

    如果你對於自己一直在學習的東西,或你不曾學習過的技能有興趣

  • Let's listen to successful young entrepreneur Jessica Rose talking about her experience.

    我們來聽聽成功又年輕的企業家Jessica Rose講述他的經驗

  • She works with jewellery.

    她從事珠寶商的工作

  • Jessica Rose: I didn't need all these previous skills and experience to go out there and start on my own.

    Jessica Rose:我不需要以前所學的技術和經驗還開始和開創我的事業

  • When I first started I had no business training whatsoever, no jewellery training whatsoever,

    當我第一次開創事業我不曾受過任何商業訓練、不曾受過任何要進珠寶業的訓練

  • but I kind of woke up one day and thought I'd really love to be a jewellery designer.

    但我有天起床的時候想想,我非常的想要成為一位珠寶設計專家

  • Which is kind of a tricky position to be in,

    這是多麼的微妙的一個職位

  • because it's you know, a lot of people would say and did say, well, you know, you're mad.

    因為你知道的,很多人會說或曾說些話,讓你生氣

  • Alice: So Jessica Rose used her savings to learn jewellery making

    Alice:所以Jessica Rose之後用她的積蓄去學習珠寶的製作

  • and then set up her own jewellery-making business.

    接著創立了她的珠寶製作事業

  • Rob: And despite setting out with no business experience and no jewellery training,

    Rob:除了從沒有事業經驗和珠寶行的訓練

  • her enthusiasm for the article paid off.

    她對要完成這件事的熱忱有了成果

  • Alice: And that means it was successful.

    Alice:這代表她成功了

  • Rob: A bit like me...

    Rob:有點像我…

  • Alice: Yes. OK, I think it's time for the answer to today's quiz question.

    Alice:好的,我想是時候該來回答今天測驗的問題了

  • I asked: How young were the founders of Facebook and Microsoft when first set up their companies?

    我的問題是:臉書和微軟的創辦人是在幾歲時第一次創立他們的公司?

  • Were they... a) junior high-school students,

    他們是a)國中時

  • b) high-school students

    b)高中時

  • Or c) university students?

    還是c)大學時?

  • Rob: I said b) high-school students.

    Rob:我的回答是b)高中時

  • Alice: And you were wrong, I'm afraid, Rob. Sorry.

    Alice:你答錯囉!我想,Rob,很抱歉囉

  • Rob: Again.

    Rob:再一次

  • Alice: Yes. Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates were both university students when they started their companies.

    Alice:是的。 Mark Zuckerberg 和Bill Gates都是大學時第一創立他們的公司

  • Zuckerberg was studying at Harvard in the US when he launched Facebook in 2004.

    當Zuckerberg在2004年成立臉書時,他正在美國就讀哈佛大學

  • And Bill Gates took a break from Harvard to launch Microsoft in 1976, but never returned to his studies.

    而Bill Gates在1976年成立微軟公司時,他已經是從哈佛休學中了。但他之後並沒有再回去就讀

  • Rob: Both at Harvard ... that's a coincidence.

    Rob:都是就讀哈佛大學…這是一個巧合

  • I wonder if the bar there was any good...

    我在想酒吧是不是一個很好的…

  • Now can we hear the words we learned today?

    現在我們可以聽聽今天所學到的單字嗎?

  • Alice: Yes. OK. They are:

    Alice:好阿,有:

  • drawbacks

    不利

  • executives

    總經理

  • on board

    在船上

  • bring something to the table

    將某東西帶上檯面

  • keen

    敏銳的

  • (business) acumen

    (商業上)聰明的

  • acquire

    學習

  • paid off

    付出有了代價

  • Rob: Thanks, Alice. Well, that's the end of today's 6 Minute English.

    Rob:謝謝你,Alice。那麼,今天的6分鐘英語到了尾聲

  • We hope you've enjoyed the new vocabulary we brought to the table.

    我們希望你們有沉浸在我們帶上檯面的新的單字中

  • Alice: Very good.

    Alice:非常好

  • Rob: Please join us again soon!

    Rob:請再加入我們喔!

  • Both: Bye.

    兩人一起說:掰掰

Alice: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Alice.

Alice: 哈囉!歡迎來到6分鐘英語。我是Alice

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BBC 6 Minute English June 09, 2016 - Young and in business

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    Adam Huang 發佈於 2016 年 06 月 19 日
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