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  • In this video, you will learn how to develop a good research topic.

    這部短片將教你如何找到一個好研究主題

  • To start out, let's first answer the question "Why it's important to know how to develop a good research topic."

    首先,我們先來探討「找到好研究主題的重要性」。

  • Think of it this way: during your time as a student, and perhaps even later, you will probably write a good number of research papers.

    這樣想好了,你當學生時,也許未來,你可能要寫一大堆研究報告

  • While some instructors might provide you with their list of research topics to choose from, others, might not, you'll have to choose your own topic.

    有些教授可能會提供研究題目讓你選擇,有些可能不會,你只能自己找題目了

  • So, what can you write about?

    所以,你能寫些什麼?

  • Well let's first answer the question "what makes a topic really good?"

    我們得先定義「真正的好題目」

  • Three things worth to mention here.

    這裡其實提到三件事

  • First, it's a topic that strongly interests you.

    一、你對該主題抱持濃厚興趣

  • This is very important.

    這點非常重要

  • Make sure that the topic you pick, the topic you will write about is a topic that interests you, fascinates you, that you want to talk about.

    你所挑選的題目必須是你感興趣且心引你的,能讓你侃侃而談

  • Really, there's nothing worse than spending a lot of time writing about a topic that bores you.

    真的,沒有什麼會比你花了許多時間來寫,卻讓你感到無聊的主題還糟的事了

  • Second, make sure your topic is creative.

    其次,確認你的主題很有創意

  • What do we mean by that?

    這是什麼意思呀?

  • Well, there are some topics that have just been written about over and over and over again.

    嗯,有些題目前人已經一寫再寫

  • Can you come up with a topic that perhaps has been covered that much?

    你能保證你會寫得比他們涵蓋的更全面?

  • Try to pick something that is creative and exciting to you and your peers.

    試著挑出讓你和同儕感有創意和振奮的主題來下手

  • Writing about Shakespeare's dramas is great, but that topic in itself has been covered extensively.

    研究莎士比亞的戲劇固然很棒,但這個主題未免太包羅萬象

  • Try to find something that might be a little more creative than that.

    試著找到比這個更稍具創意的題目

  • And third, speaking of Shakespeare's dramas, make sure you pick something that is not too broad.

    第三,講到莎士比亞的戲劇,確認你的題目不會太廣泛

  • Look at your assignment prompt.

    看一下你的作業提示

  • How many pages are you supposed to write?

    應該寫幾頁呢?

  • If you get a five page paper as an assignment, well Shakespeare's dramas is just going to be a little bit too broad.

    如果規定只要寫五頁,莎士比亞的戲劇就顯得太廣泛了

  • So, make sure that the topic you choose fits the scope of your paper.

    所以先確定你選的題目符合你的作業範圍

  • Sometimes, it can be really difficult to find a topic that is not too broad.

    有時候,要選一個不太廣泛的主題確實有些難度

  • Here are a couple of words of advice on what to do when your topic seems too broad.

    以下是針對你選題太廣時的一些建議

  • Let's say you are in an environmental science class.

    比方說,你正在上環境科學班

  • Your teacher gives you this assignment prompt:

    老師給你的作業提示如下

  • "Write a research paper on a topic dealing with the current environmental issue.

    針對現行的環保議題寫一篇研究報告

  • Your paper should not exceed five pages and should be based on a topic that strongly interests you."

    報告不要超過五頁,同時是強烈吸引你注意的主題

  • Well, you say, that's no problem, I know exactly what to write about.

    嗯,你會說,沒問題,我知道我要寫什麼

  • I saw this show the other day on TV and it talked about the effects of deforestation on Gorillas in Africa.

    前幾天看到電視上,剛好有個節目在做森林砍伐對猩猩的影響

  • I think that's a great topic.

    我覺得這是個好題目

  • I know it interests me and it's creative, so let's write about it.

    我知道它有趣而且有創意,所以就寫它吧

  • Well, not so fast.

    嗯,先別急

  • Remember, your paper is only supposed to be five pages.

    記住,你的報告只需要五頁

  • How are you going to fit that topic into a five page paper?

    你要怎麼寫適合這五頁的內容呢?

  • That's going to be difficult. So what could you do instead?

    有點難喔,所以你會怎麼做呢?

  • The key is to add more context.

    關鍵在於增添更多內容

  • For example, you could add some geographical context to your paper.

    舉例來說,在報告中加入一些地理資訊

  • Is there a geographic region or country in which gorillas are specifically affected by deforestation?

    有哪些地區或國家,特別容易受到濫墾濫伐影響

  • Perhaps you want to focus more on a historical context.

    也許你想聚焦在歷史背景上

  • Is there a certain time aspect you want to write about?

    有沒有特別想要著墨於哪一個時間點?

  • Perhaps the time when deforestation really started to affect gorillas?

    或許可以談談森林砍伐開始影響猩猩的時間點?

  • And third, with this topic, you could also add biological context.

    第三,在主題中加入生物學背景

  • Perhaps there's a specific subspecies of the gorilla that you're interested to write about.

    也許有特定猩猩的亞種受影響,吸引你來寫作

  • So, when we combine all three contexts and incorporate them into the original topic, this is what we get: something like

    所以,將以上三個脈絡加入你原先的主題,題目就會變成有點像這樣

  • "Current effects of deforestation on the mountain gorilla in Southwest Uganda."

    森林砍伐對當前西南烏干達山地大猩猩的影響

  • We were able to incorporate the historical context, the biological context, and the geographical context.

    我們融入了歷史、生物及地理背景

  • Adding context truly is a great way of narrowing your topic.

    加進背景脈絡是縮小研究主題的好方法

In this video, you will learn how to develop a good research topic.

這部短片將教你如何找到一個好研究主題

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 題目 猩猩 研究 報告 砍伐 莎士比亞

如何制定一個好的研究課題 (How to Develop a Good Research Topic)

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    Su Kids 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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