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  • Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this vocabulary lesson on talking about work.

    嗨!你們好!我是Alex。謝謝你們點閱我的影片。歡迎你們來到這堂關於談論工作的課

  • In this lesson, we will learn some phrases that we use to talk about work with our friends, family, colleagues, etc.

    在這堂課中,我們將會學到幾個工作的慣用語,可以與朋友們、家人、同事等等一起談論工作時用到

  • So, you will see some sentences, as well as some questions that you can use to talk about your job.

    所以,你們將會看到幾個句子和幾個談論到工作時可以問的問題

  • So, let's start with some basic questions that people might ask about your work, your job.

    那我們先看幾個最常被問到的工作問題

  • For example, the most basic one, if you have a job: "Where do you work?"

    例如:如果你們有一份工作,最常會被問到的是:「你們在哪裡工作(Where do you work)?」

  • Right? Where do you work? Do you work at Microsoft, maybe?

    你們在哪裡工作?你們是在Microsoft工作嗎?

  • Do you work at Google? Do you work somewhere else?

    你們是在Google工作嗎?還是你們在某間公司任職?

  • And, this is a very common question, especially if you don't have, you know, like a set schedule where you work,

    而這一個問題也蠻常見的。特別是你們沒有特定的工作時間

  • you can say: "Hey. When do you start?" Right? If you ask a person:

    你們可以問:「嘿!你們幾點工作(When do you start)?」如果你們問某人:

  • "When do you start? Do you start at 8 o'clock? 9 o'clock? 10 o'clock?"

    「你們幾點工作?你們是八點就開始上班嗎?九點?還是十點?」

  • This might be a common question, you know, if you're wondering if you can have breakfast with someone or maybe lunch with someone,

    這可能也是個常見的問題。你們知道的,如果你們想約某人一起吃個早餐或是午餐

  • depending on if they work in the afternoon, if they work in the morning, etc.

    就要看他們是在下午工作還是早上,等等

  • And obviously, you can also ask when a person finishes their job. "When do you finish?" Okay?

    你們當然也可以問某人哪時候下班:「你們哪時候下班(When do you finish)?」

  • Two other ways that we can ask when a person is finished are:

    還有另外兩個方式可以來問某人哪時候下班:

  • "Hey. When are you off?"

    「嘿!你們哪時候下班?(When are you off)?」

  • Okay? So, if you say: "When are you off?" you know, you're asking them:

    如果你們問:「你們哪時候下班?」你們的意思就是:

  • What time do you finish? Same with this:

    「你們哪時候下班?」。也可以這麼問:

  • "When do you get off work?,"

    「你們哪時候下班(When do you get off work)?」

  • "When do you get off work?,"

    「你們哪時候下班?」

  • "When do you finish work?" All right?

    「你們哪時候下班(When do you finish work)?」

  • So, again, you can say: "When do you finish?," "When are you off?," "When do you get off work?"

    所以呢,你們可以問:「你們哪時候下班(When do you finish/When are you off/When do you get off work)?」

  • Now, some sentences that we can use. You can say:

    現在,這邊有幾個回答的句子可以參考。你們可以說:

  • "Oh, I work day shift.,"

    「哦!我是日班的(day shift)」、

  • "I work afternoon shift." or "I work night shift."

    「我是下午班的(afternoon shift)」、或是「我是夜班的(night shift)」

  • Now, a shift is basically the time... The period of time, the block of time of work that you do.

    a shift基本上指的是時間...一段你們工作的時間

  • So, if you work in a factory, usually factories, a lot of them are open 24 hours per day.

    所以,如果你們在工廠工作,通常每天都是二十四小時制的

  • They have some people who work in the daytime, some people work in the afternoon,

    他們會有些員工是在日班工作、有些人在下午班工作的、

  • some people work at nighttime. So you can say:

    而有些人則是夜班的。你們可以說:

  • "Oh, I'm on day shift.,"

    「哦!我是早班的(be on day shift)」

  • "I am on afternoon shift.,"

    「我是下午班的(be on afternoon shift)」

  • "I am on night shift."

    「我是夜班的(be on night shift)」

  • Instead of saying, you know: "I work day shift, afternoon shift, night shift,"

    與其講:「我是日班的、下午班的、夜班的(day shift/afternoon shift/night shift)」

  • you can also say: "I'm on days.," "I'm on afternoons.," "I'm on nights."

    你們也可以簡單回答:「我是早班、下午班、夜班(be on days/on afternoons/on nights)」

  • And this can change, depending on how your schedule works.

    這是可變化的,就看你們的工作時間是在哪時候

  • You can say: "I'm on afternoons this week, but next week I'm on days."

    你們可以說:「我這個禮拜是下午班。但,下禮拜是早班」

  • And again, this is important information, depending on who you're talking to,

    要記得,這是重要的細節,就看你們是在跟誰聊天

  • if they want to get together with you for something, it's important to know.

    如果他們是想跟你們聚在一起慶祝某事,這對他們來講將會是很重要的資訊

  • -"What shift are you on next week?"

    -「你們下禮拜是哪時候的班(What shift are you on next week)?」

  • -"Next week I'm on nights, so that means that we can get together for dinner before I start work." Okay?

    -「我下禮拜是夜班的,意思是我們可以在我工作之前一起吃頓晚餐」

  • Now, "overtime." "Overtime" is time that you work longer than you are expected to legally work.

    「overtime」意思是你們超過正常工作時間值

  • So, for example, in most companies... I'm just going to talk about the North American context.

    例如 ,在很多公司...像是在北美的公司

  • Typically, one week a person is expected to work in most jobs 40 hours per week.

    在大多數的工作中,一般人一個禮拜的工作時間為四十個小時

  • If you work beyond that, you can work overtime. Right? You work overtime.

    如果你們工作時間超過那個正常值,你們就是工作超時。你們超時工作(work overtime)

  • Or if you work eight hours per day, if you work more than eight hours per day, you work overtime.

    或者如果你們一天工作基本為八小時。但,你們每天工作都超過八小時,你們就是超時工作

  • So a person, your friends, colleague, family member can ask you:

    所以,某人、你們的朋友們、同事、家人會問你們:

  • "Hey. Are you doing overtime tonight?"

    「嘿!你們今晚要加班嗎(Are you doing overtime tonight)?」

  • Or: "Are you working overtime tonight?"

    或是「你們今晚要加班嗎(Are you working overtime tonight)?」

  • And short form for overtime: you can also say "OT."

    overtime可以縮寫成:「OT」

  • "Are you doing OT tonight?"

    「你們今晚要加班嗎(Are you doing OT tonight)?」

  • You can say: "Yeah, I'm staying OT."

    你們可以回答:「對阿,我今晚要加班(staying OT)」、

  • Or: "I'm staying for two hours of OT." for example.

    或像是「我今天要加兩小時的班(staying for two hours of OT)」

  • Okay, next: maybe a common sentence for you, maybe not; depends on who you are.

    下一個,這可能對你們一些人而言是個常見的句型

  • So, for example, here I wrote:

    像我這邊寫的:

  • "Jackie called in sick last Friday."

    「Jackie上禮拜五請病假(called in sick )」

  • So if you are sick and you call your job to tell them:

    如果你們生病了,打電話請假時:

  • "I'm sick. I can't come today." you are calling in sick.

    「我感冒了,我今天沒辦法上班」。那你們就是請病假

  • So the phrase is "call in." Okay? You might... Your friend might also tell you:

    這個片語「call in (打)」。你們的朋友可能會說:

  • "Hey. Monday, you know, we're going to have a big party on Sunday night,

    「嘿!你們知道嗎?我們星期日晚上有個大派對

  • so Monday you're going to be very tired. Just call in. Call in."

    所以,你們星期一會非常的累。就打電話請假吧(call in)!

  • Or: "Call in sick." Okay?

    或可以說:「Call in sick」

  • I'm not recommending this, but it's something people do.

    我不推薦這句話。但,人們有時就會這麼做

  • Next: "I need a vacation."

    下一個:「我需要放個假」

  • And if you want to say you have been working really hard, one expression you can use is:

    如果你們已經工作的非常累,你們可以說:

  • "I've been working like a dog." Okay?

    「我一直辛勤地工作(I've been working like a dog)」

  • You think of a dog like

    你們想想看狗

  • [pants like a dog] like this,

    {像狗的喘氣聲}

  • if you are working very hard, you can say: "I've been working like a dog."

    如果你們一直辛勤地工作,你們可以說:「我一直像狗一樣,賣命的工作」

  • Another more slang-like expression that I'll put here, you can also say (cover your ears, children):

    另外一個,你們可以用的表達方式是:(小孩們摀住你們的耳朵)

  • "I've been working my ass off."

    「我一直拼死拼活的工作(I've been working my ass off)」

  • I'm sorry, my marker is not working very well here, but I'll do my best.

    不好意思,我的馬克筆有點缺水。但,我會寫清楚一點

  • So you can say: "I have been working my ass off."

    所以,你們也可以說:「我一直辛辛苦苦的工作(I've been working my ass off)」

  • Your ass or your butt. You can say: "my butt off" if you want it to be a little more polite. Okay?

    你們的屁股(ass/butt)。你們可以說:「my butt off」,這樣聽起來會比較有禮貌

  • Because you're working so hard that I guess your butt starts to sweat or it falls off, maybe. I don't know.

    因為你們工作太辛苦,我想你們的屁股都開始飆汗或可能都要掉了。我只是猜測而已

  • Another common phrase, you know, if you are at a job where you work part time, maybe you're a student,

    另一個常見的慣用語是。如果你們做的是兼職,像是學生

  • and maybe there are people with more experience, more seniority than you,

    可能在職場中會有較資深的同事們

  • you could say: "I'm not getting enough hours."

    你們可以說:「我的工時數沒有達到我想要的標準」

  • This means my employer, the person who gives me the job is not giving me enough work.

    意思是我的雇主(employer),給我工作的那個人,沒有給我足夠的工作量

  • So I'm working 10 hours a week, that's it. I need minimum 15 hours, 20 hours,

    例如,我一個禮拜工作十小時。但,我想要至少能工作十五或是二十小時的工作量

  • maybe you want more hours than that to survive as a student or whatever your life situation is.

    你們可能想要工作時數多一點,這樣你們才可以擁有更好的生活品質,像是學生

  • We'll move over here. Another common phrase:

    我們來看這邊。另一個常見的慣用語:

  • "Hey. Can you come in early?"

    「嘿!你們可以早一點到公司嗎(come in )?」

  • This might be your boss asking you: "Can you come in early?"

    這可能是你們的老闆會要求你們的:「你們可以早一點到公司嗎(come in )?」

  • If you come in early, you come in before your job is scheduled to start. Okay?

    你們早點到公司,不要快到上班時間才趕到公司

  • And another way to say: "I worked overtime," you can say:

    「I worked overtime」的另一個表達方式是:

  • "Last night, I had to stay late."

    「我昨晚加班(stay late)」

  • So maybe, you know, you are an employee,

    你們可能是員工

  • you work at a job where you can't finish everything in your eight hours, or nine hours, or whatever you work,

    你們的工作內容不可能能在八小時或是九小時中完成

  • and you have to stay later, later, later - you can tell your friends:

    你們要待到很晚很晚-你們可以對朋友們說:

  • "I had to stay late last night."

    「我昨晚加班(stay late)」

  • Or you tell them today: "Sorry, I can't come dancing," or:

    或是你們今天可以跟他們說:「不好意思,我今天不可以跟你們一起跳舞」或是

  • "I can't go to the movie. I have to stay late. I have to work more at my job."

    「我今天不行跟你們一起去看電影,我要加班,完成工作」

  • And again, talking about vacation:

    談到休假時:

  • "Have you had any time off this year?"

    「你們今年有休假嗎(time off)?」

  • So, you can say: "I need some time off."

    你們可以回答:「我需要休個假」

  • Time off is time away from work; you're not really working. Right?

    Time off是離開工作的一段時間。你們沒有任何時間花費在工作上

  • You're taking a vacation, paid, usually. I hope.

    你們通常休假也會有薪水可拿。希望我沒有說錯

  • And finally: "She took a day off yesterday."

    最後:「她昨天請了一天的假(take a day off)」

  • We talked about taking a sick day, being sick.

    我們剛講過請病假( taking a sick day)和生病(being sick)

  • You can also take a day off because you have a personal emergency, or

    你們也可以take a day off,因為你們有個人因素、

  • you have a schedule with a doctor, or something like that. You can take a day off.

    預約了門診、或是其他事情。你們請了個假

  • All right, so a lot of vocabulary here.

    好了!這裡有很多的字彙

  • If you'd like to test your understanding of the structure of these phrases, questions, all of this vocabulary,

    如果你們想要看看你們是否了解這些慣用語、問答、和這些字彙

  • as always, you can check out the quiz on www.engvid.com.

    一如往常的,你們可以到www.engvid.com.做個小測驗

  • And please don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel.

    不要忘記訂閱我的YouTube頻道

  • Don't work too hard. See you, guys.

    不要太累。下次見,各位!

Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this vocabulary lesson on talking about work.

嗨!你們好!我是Alex。謝謝你們點閱我的影片。歡迎你們來到這堂關於談論工作的課

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 工作 小時 超時 禮拜 公司 慣用語

英文字彙:談論工作 (English Vocabulary: Talking about WORK)

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    Flora Hu 發佈於 2017 年 07 月 15 日
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