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  • Hello, friends!

    哈囉 ! 各位!

  • A new semester is upon us and in this quick video

    新的學期即將到來,在這部簡短的視頻中

  • I wanna give you a few things that you can do

    我要提供大家一些可以做的事情

  • to make sure that semester goes smoothly.

    讓大家的學期可以過得很順利

  • And one of the biggest things I wanna focus on in this video

    其中一件我在這部視頻中會強調的重點就是

  • is setting yourself up to not burn out and lose motivation

    讓自己準備好,不要讓自己在學期過程中

  • as the semester goes on.

    筋疲力盡或失去動力

  • 'Cause I know when a new semester comes upon us,

    我知道新學期即將到來

  • you're full of a lot of motivation, right?

    大家都充滿了幹勁,是不是呢?

  • You're full of all this like, new, refreshed energy,

    大家現在應該都摩拳擦掌

  • and you really wanna do well in all your classes,

    等不及要在課堂上好好表現一番

  • and get involved, and hang out with people,

    參加活動,跟朋友出去玩

  • and do all that stuff.

    一起做許多事情

  • As the semester goes on, you start to lose that motivation, right?

    隨著學期的進行,你可能會開始喪失動力,我說的沒錯吧?

  • Things just pile on, and due dates start to pile up,

    要做的事情開始堆積如山,繳交作業日期也變多了

  • and your motivation starts to wane.

    然後你的動力就開始哀嚎

  • So I wanna talk about some things you can do

    因此我在這裡想和大家說說可以做些甚麼

  • to make sure that doesn't happen

    來避免這些狀況發生

  • or at least, to let you mitigate those effects,

    或至少降低影響

  • and not let them make you lose steam.

    讓它們不至於讓你失去動力

  • But first, I wanna talk about, just the changing of habits.

    不過首先我要說的,就是改變習慣

  • So in Charles Duhigg's book, The Power of Habit,

    這是我在查爾斯.杜希格的書 <為什麼我們這樣生活,那樣工作?> 中

  • which I have read and highly recommend,

    讀到並且想大力向大家推薦的

  • he talks about how people are apt

    書中作者談到人們

  • to change their set patterns, their regular behaviors,

    改變他們的既定模式和固定行為

  • more often during large life changes,

    往往是在經歷人生重大事件之後

  • such as moving to a new house, or becoming a parent,

    例如,搬新家、當了爸媽

  • or getting married.

    或結婚

  • People who get married or move to a new house

    結婚或是搬到新居的人

  • are really apt to change the brand of coffee they drink

    傾向改變他們喝的咖啡牌子

  • or the cereal they eat.

    或是他們吃的穀片

  • And the book mentions

    書中還提到說

  • that people going through these big life changes

    經歷過其人生重大事件的人

  • are actually more vulnerable to marketers

    通常對於商人比較沒有免疫力

  • because of these huge upheavals in their life.

    這是因為他們生活中出現大幅動盪的緣故

  • Now, this is great information for marketers,

    這對商人來說是個很棒的資訊

  • maybe not such great information for you

    若你想要成為一個敏銳的消費者

  • if you wanna be a discerning shopper.

    就未必是好消息了

  • But it is good information for you

    不過如果你想要改變習慣

  • if you wanna change you own habits

    這可會是個好消息唷

  • because just as those habits are vulnerable to marketers,

    因為既然這些習慣面對商人的手段不堪一擊

  • they're also vulnerable

    那換言之它們對於阻礙你前進

  • to intervention on your own part, right?

    也會同樣脆弱是吧?

  • So a new semester is the perfect time to look at your habits

    因此新學期是檢視習慣的一個好時機

  • and see what changes you can make,

    思考有那些習慣是需要改變的

  • see what systems you can build to become more efficient

    想想你可以建立甚麼樣的系統提升效率

  • and effective as the semester goes on.

    並且能在整個學期都一直保持這份效率

  • So I want to talk about a couple of things

    所以我想和大家分享幾件

  • that could really help you out in that regard.

    可以實際幫助大家度過難關的方法

  • But first, I have some quicker tips

    不過,首先先和大家講幾個撇步

  • that will help you before the semester starts

    能對大家在學期開始前後

  • or right when it starts,

    有所助益

  • to make sure things go as smoothly as possible.

    確保事情都進行得很順暢

  • Number one,

    第一點

  • you wanna know exactly what you require

    你在學期開始前就清楚知道

  • in terms of gear, and textbooks, and all that good stuff

    所有必要的行頭、教科書等

  • before the semester starts.

    所有必備品

  • Does this mean you need to buy

    這代表你需要在開課前

  • all of your textbooks right away, before classes start?

    立馬買下所有教科書嗎?

  • Not necessarily.

    不盡然

  • What I recommend doing

    我建議的做法是

  • is at least looking at the book requirements,

    你至少要先看過書的大鋼

  • maybe even emailing teachers and saying,

    或者你甚至可以寫電子郵件問老師詢問

  • "Hey, do I actually need the book?

    「哈囉,我真的用得上這本書嗎?」

  • "Do I need the newest edition? Can I get a used edition?"

    「我需要最新的版本嗎?可以用二手的嗎?」

  • And just having that knowledge stored in your pocket,

    有了這些資訊

  • know it in the back of your mind.

    把這些都記下

  • Now, if there are books

    好,假若有些書

  • that are going to take a while to ship,

    需要一段時間才能進貨

  • you can only get them in paper,

    並且只有紙本

  • you can't rent them as an e-textbook,

    沒有辦法以電子教科書的方式租借

  • or you can't get them from the campus bookstore in a pinch,

    或是無法在緊要關頭時在校園書店買到

  • yes, you're gonna want to get those books

    你會希望能在學期的第一週前

  • well ahead of time just to make sure

    就提早拿到書

  • you can get a good start on the first week of the semester.

    以求能有個好的開始

  • I always think, you know, in my opinion,

    我常在想,就我個人而言

  • that it's better to spend a little bit of money

    我寧可多花一些錢

  • on a textbook you're not quite sure about

    買不太確定的教科書

  • than it is to lose a lot of progress

    也總比在開課的前幾週

  • in your first couple weeks of class,

    花時間等待書送達

  • while you're waiting for it to ship

    而因此落後進度來得好

  • because that can derail an entire semester.

    因為這會影響到整個學期的進度

  • However, for books at you can rent very quickly

    不過,若你需要的書是可以快速

  • via Amazon Kindle or other e-textbook methods,

    透過 Amazon Kindle 或是其他電子教科書的方式借到

  • or maybe something you can find very cheaply in town,

    或是你能在鎮上買到便宜的書

  • maybe it's okay to book gamble.

    也許可以賭賭看

  • You know, wait 'til the first day of class.

    等到開課的第一天

  • See if you can share a book with a friend or something,

    看看你是否能和朋友借看一下書

  • or see if it's actually that required.

    或看看買的書是否視實際需要的

  • And if it is, you can go pick it up very quickly.

    如果是的話,就趕緊去把它買來

  • If not, you've saved yourself a good amount of money.

    如果不是的話,你就省下一筆錢了!

  • Another tip that I have used a lot

    另個我自己在大學生涯

  • during my whole college career

    常用的竅門就是

  • was actually put my professor's office hours

    把教授們的辦公室時間

  • on my Google Calendar.

    記錄在我的 Google 行事曆中

  • Now, Google Calendar. Let's you actually create

    Google 行事曆現在可以建立多個

  • multiple different calendars that you can turn off and on.

    不同的行事曆,你可以分別將它們開啟和關閉

  • So usually, I would only be showing my class,

    通常我只會顯示我的上課

  • and work, and event calendars,

    工作和事件行事曆

  • but I had this other calendar

    不過我另外還有這個行事曆

  • that showed all my professors' office hours

    它顯示我所有教授的辦公室時間

  • that I could turn on and off at will.

    我可以隨心情開啟或關閉

  • And that way, if I did need to go see a professor,

    如此一來,當我想要去找某位教授時

  • I didn't need to go digging through the university website

    我不需要跑到學校網站上找半天

  • to see when they'd be in the office.

    才能知道他們究竟在不在辦公室

  • I had it all in the calendar.

    這些資訊都在我的行事曆上了

  • I had that set up before the semester started

    我在學期開始前就把這份資訊準備好

  • and everything got busy,

    一旦開始忙起來時

  • and I could see exactly where their office was,

    我可以很明確的知道教授的辦公室位置

  • when I could go in, what their phone number was,

    何時可去,電話號碼為何

  • and all that good stuff.

    等等所有相關資訊

  • So I highly recommend doing that.

    因此我強烈建議大家和我一樣

  • It's really easy, just look on the syllabuses you get,

    這一點也不難,只要從你的課程大綱得知

  • syllabi, I guess is the plural word,

    課程大綱,嗯,我想應該有很多張

  • or look on the university website.

    或是從大學的網站上取得

  • Most professors have their own little website

    大部分教授都有他們自己的小型網站

  • and you can create that stuff right there.

    你也可以透過教授的網站取得這些資訊

  • Now, a couple of other calendar related tips.

    好,接下來是其他和行事曆相關的撇步

  • Number one, get all of you classes into your Google Calendar

    第二點,請在學期開始之前

  • before the semester starts.

    把你所有的課堂資訊記錄到你的 Google 行事曆

  • And, a little less obvious tip to attach to that,

    還有一個雖然不太容易發現和這個有關的技巧

  • actually look on the university website and map,

    請大家實際到大學的網站和地圖上

  • figure out what the locations and room numbers

    找出上課地點和你上課的教室編號

  • of your classes are, and put that in the details section

    然後將這些資訊放入 Google 行事曆

  • of Google Calendar.

    的詳細資料區段

  • I actually wrote an article last year

    去年我寫過一篇文章

  • about how I, every semester before classes started,

    是關於我自己會在每個學期每堂課開始之前

  • would go around campus, making sure I knew exactly where my classes were,

    在校園內走走,確定我確實知道教室的位置在哪裡

  • especially if I had multiple classes

    尤其是當我有很多門課

  • that had a very small gap of time between them.

    彼此間距很近的時候

  • That way, I wasn't wasting time getting lost

    如此一來,我就不用浪費時間迷路了

  • and it was just a better way to start the semester, I think.

    我相信這會是學期的一個好的開始

  • But having that information in Google Calendar,

    雖然你的資訊是放在 Google 行事曆

  • even if you don't go looking for your classes' locations

    但即便你不去親自找出來看教室的位置在哪

  • personally, in the flesh, before the classes start,

    就個人經驗,你在開課之前就會有印象了

  • you'll actually have the information

    實際上你已獲得這份資訊了

  • and you can look up a diagram.

    你可以查詢示意圖

  • I would also link to the campus maps and building diagrams,

    我也會連結校園地圖並建立示意圖

  • like floor plans, in my Google Calendar,

    好比說我會在 Google 行事曆中紀錄樓層

  • just in case I got really confused

    在我昏頭轉向

  • and needed to see where something was.

    需要一些輔助時可以派上用場

  • On more than one occasion,

    不僅一次,

  • I actually was able to help somebody else who was lost

    我甚至還可以幫忙那些和你要前往

  • and needed to find a classroom on the same floor

    同層樓上課

  • that I was going to.

    的迷路同學們

  • And lastly, on that calendar front,

    最後,在行事曆的前面

  • it's good to put the semester's significant dates

    最好還要在放上

  • in your calendar.

    該學期的重要日程

  • I'm talkin' stuff like days when there won't be school,

    我指的是,比如說不用上課的日子

  • the start of Spring Break, the start of Thanksgiving Break,

    寒假開始日、感恩節假期

  • when finals are.

    期末考等等

  • That stuff is usually up on the university website.

    這些資訊通常都會放在大學網站明顯的地方

  • They usually have a calendar of significant dates

    網站上通常都會有一個

  • in the semester

    學期重要日程行事曆

  • and you can transfer that stuff all towards your calendar.

    你就可以把這些資訊傳送到你的行事曆囉

  • The reason this is a really good idea

    為什麼這是一個很棒的主意呢?

  • is because I advocate every single week,

    因為我提倡大家每一週喔

  • looking at your calendar on Sunday

    都要在當週星期日那天檢視行事曆

  • and creating a week's plan of events and tasks.

    想一下當週的事件和待辦工作

  • And if those event's are already on the calendar,

    如果這些事件已記錄好在你的行事曆上了

  • you can look at, say Monday, and say,

    你就可以看著它,說出星期一

  • "Oh, that's Labor Day. I don't have school.

    「喔! 是勞動節耶! 不用上課!」

  • "I can work on a new project or I can go have fun."

    「我可以來從事一些新的規劃或找些樂子」

  • And you don't have to go looking at the university website

    你那一週就不需要再跑去學校網站

  • for those dates during that week.

    查詢這些放假日期了

  • And you don't have to be surprised about those

    也不用對於這些重大日期

  • significant dates.

    感到意外

  • You'll know well in advance

    你事先就會知道

  • because you put in the groundwork before hand.

    因為你事先做好功課了

  • Now, let's talk about things you can do to ensure

    好,現在讓我們來談談可以做哪些事情

  • you don't run out of steam as the semester goes on.

    讓你不會在學期中感到焦頭爛額

  • You know, you're really motivated as the semester starts.

    我們往往會在學期開始時覺得活力充沛

  • We wanna make sure you can keep as much of that motivation

    但是我們要確保這股動力

  • as the months wear on, as the assignments and test pile up.

    能隨著時間繼續下去,隨著作業跟考試越積越多

  • And the first thing that you want to do

    首要之務就是

  • is make sure you have good study habits.

    確認你是否有良好的讀書習慣

  • And one of the best ways to build good study habits

    建立良好讀書習慣的其中一個方法

  • is to make sure you have a good location for studying.

    就是確保你有一個讀書的好場所

  • If you remember in a previous video,

    如果你還記得先前視頻中曾提過

  • I talked about a study done at The University of Hawaii,

    我有提到夏威夷大學曾做過一項研究

  • where students literally just turned their desks

    讓學生們將桌子轉向牆壁

  • towards a wall and put a note on a lamp

    然後在他們的桌燈上貼一張

  • that said Study Area.

    寫著讀書區的便條紙

  • And the students that actually did this

    照做的學生

  • were able to raise their GPAs.

    成績都突飛猛進

  • So before the semester starts

    因此在學期開始之前

  • or maybe during the first week,

    或是在學期開始的第一週

  • identify a good location

    請找個好位置

  • for you to do most of your studying in.

    讓你能夠專心讀書

  • And you can pair that with a set studying time each day

    除了個好位子,也可以抓個固定時間搭配

  • or maybe a time that works for each day on you calendar.

    或是每天一個固定的時間

  • So maybe the library is a good location for you.

    也許圖書館會是個好去處

  • It's quiet, there's a lot of other people working,

    那裏很安靜,又有一群人在那裏念書

  • so you kinda get that good vibe of focused work.

    所以你多少也會跟著專心起來

  • And you can put on your calendar

    所以大家可以在你的行事曆上註明

  • that every day from two to four, or something like that,

    每天固定兩點到四點,好比說這樣

  • you're gonna go there, you're going to get all the studying

    這個時間你就是去念書的時候,只要專心念書

  • and reviewing assignments done that you need to get done,

    然後把完成的作業再好好檢查一下

  • and that'll start building a habit.

    如此你便養成一個習慣了

  • So two months down the line

    兩個月後

  • when you're a little bit stressed

    即便當你感到有點壓力大

  • and you've a lot more assignments,

    有一堆作業要做時

  • you still have that habit engrained.

    你仍然能夠持之以恆

  • You're still gonna be at a library every single day,

    依舊可以維持每天到圖書館報到

  • like you said you would,

    說到做到

  • and you're keeping steam going throughout the semester.

    如此一來你的動力便可在整個學期中維持下去

  • One final tip for that first week of classes

    最後一個撇步是和開課第一週有關

  • is to introduce yourself to your professors.

    就是跟教授介紹自己

  • Maybe go up to them after the first class,

    也許你可以在下課時走上前

  • shake their hand, introduce yourself.

    和他們握握手,介紹一下自己

  • And that's gonna make it a lot easier

    這個舉動將對你克服

  • for you to get over the initial mental blocks

    初期在辦公時間拜訪的心理障礙

  • for going to office hours

    會有幫助的

  • if you happen to need help during the semester.

    如果你剛好在學期過程中需要協助

  • You already know the professor,

    而你已認識那名教授

  • they're a familiar person, familiar face,

    他們對你而言就是熟悉和善的人

  • and you won't have as much trouble

    你就不需要煩惱

  • going in and asking for help.

    不知道要去哪尋求協助了

  • That's gonna help you if you run into difficulties

    這能在你學期中間遇上困難時

  • during this semester,

    有所助益

  • which could otherwise cause you to derail on your studies.

    否則有可能導致你學習困難

  • The worst thing is getting behind.

    最糟的狀況是落後

  • Yes, you can recover from getting behind

    沒錯,你雖然可以趕上進度

  • with a lot of hard work,

    但那要花費相當大的心力

  • but if you can prevent that by seeking help

    但如果你能早早搬救兵

  • and assistance when you need it,

    尋找援助

  • and you can make that as easy as possible,

    一切不就可以輕鬆多了嗎?

  • then that's going to be to your benefit.

    對你而言是有好處的

  • So I hope these quick tips helped you out.

    所以我希望今天分享的這些撇步大家能派上用場

  • If you're watching this at the beginning of a new semester,

    如果你是在新學期的開始看到這支視頻

  • I hope your new semester gets off to an awesome start

    希望你的新學期能有個好開始

  • and stays that way.

    一路一帆風順

  • Thanks for watchin' and I'll see you next week.

    感謝大家的觀賞,我們下週見

  • - [Voiceover] Hey, guys.

    嗨,各位!

  • Thanks so much for watching this video

    感謝大家觀賞這支視頻

  • on how to get a great start to the new semester.

    關於如何在新學期取得先機

  • Now, if you wanna get new tips on being a more effective student every single week,

    如果你想要得知更多如何讓每週都過得更有效率的話

  • you can click that big, red Subscribe button right there.

    你可以按一下這裡這個大大紅色的訂閱按鈕

  • Also, I wrote a completely free book on how to earn better grades,

    此外,我還寫了關於如何拿到好成績的免費書

  • so if you wanna get a copy of that,

    如果你想要一本