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  • It is not that the pseudoscience and superstition and the new age socalled beliefs

    這不是偽科學、迷信或是新世代所謂的信仰

  • and the fundamentalist zealotry are something new.

    傳統基督教的狂熱行為則是一種新的現象

  • They've been with us for as long as we've been human.

    從有人類開始他們就一直存在了

  • But we live in an age based on science and technology

    但是我們活在信仰科學和科技的時代

  • with formidable technological powers.

    有著強大科技的力量

  • Science and technology are propelling us forward at accelerating rates.

    科學與科技都是驅使我們向前加速的動力

  • That's right and if we don't understand it

    就是這樣!如果我們不了解它的話

  • by we I mean the general public

    我指的是普遍公眾的人都了解

  • if it's something that - 'Oh, I'm not good that. I don't know anything about it.'

    如果真的是這樣:「噢,我真的不太行。我不知道任何關於它的事情」

  • then who is making all the decisions about science and technology

    那是誰在做所有關於 科學 與 科技 的決定

  • that are going to determine what kind of future our children live in?

    這又將會決定我們的小孩會活在哪種未來?

  • - What's the danger of all this? -

    這些有什麼危險?

  • - I mean this is not the thing... -

    我意思是說這根本不算什麼

  • It is two kinds of things. One is what I just talked about

    這是兩件不一樣的事。一個是我剛剛說的

  • that we've arranged the society based on science and technology

    我們已經安排了科學與科技的社會

  • in which nobody understands anything about science and technology.

    在沒有人瞭解任何有關科學與科技情況下

  • And this combustible mixture of ignorance and power

    這是無知和力量的易燃混合物

  • sooner or later is gonna blow up in our faces.

    先到或者是晚到的居民會引爆它們

  • And the second reason that I'm worried about this is that

    我很擔心的第二個原因是:

  • science is more than a body of knowledge.

    科學比知識本身還要深奧

  • It's a way of thinking.

    這是種思考的方式

  • A way of skeptically interrogating the universe

    一種懷疑持續質問整個宇宙的思考方式

  • with a fine understanding of the human fallibility.

    有著人類容易犯錯的理解能力

  • If we are not able to ask skeptical questions to interrogate those who tell us

    如果我們不被允許向那些告訴我們什麼

  • that something is true. To be skeptical of those in authority

    是對的人提出質疑、懷疑擁權者的話

  • then we are up for grabs for the next charlatan

    那我們都可以當吹牛的人

  • political or religious, who comes ambling along.

    在政治或者宗教上,當個與世隔絕的人

  • It is a thing that Jefferson laid great stress on.

    Jefferson 活在壓力下這真的滿了不起的

  • It wasn't enough he said to enshrine some rights in a constitution or bill of rights.

    他說:遵守憲法體制下的法律或是右派的議案都是不夠的

  • The people had to be educated

    人們必須要受教育

  • and they to practice their skepticism and education.

    還有他們要練習懷疑論還有教育學

  • Otherwise we don't run the government.

    否則我們無法經營一個政府

  • The government runs us.

    而是政府統治著我們

  • You see, people read stock market quotations and financial pages.

    你看,人們研讀股票市場的問題還有分析金融紀錄

  • Look how complex that is.

    去看這些是多複雜

  • People are able to look at sports statistics.

    人們可以看著運動統計數值

  • Look how many people can do that.

    看有多少人可以做到這樣

  • Understanding science is not more difficult than that.

    了解科學不會比那些還困難

  • It doesn't involve greater intellectual activities.

    這跟智力活躍沒有關係

  • But the thing about science is first of all

    但是關於科學這件事絕對是擺第一的

  • it's after what the universe really is and not what makes us feel better.

    這件事在「宇宙到底是什麼」之前,而非讓我們自我感覺良好

  • And lot of the competing doctrines

    還有很多不能同時被接受的觀點

  • are after what feels good.

    是在我們感覺不錯下產生的

  • - True -

  • Science does not prove religion. Because religion is faith-based.

    科學沒辦法證明宗教。因為宗教是信仰的根本

  • Let's look a little more deeply into that.

    讓我們繼續瞭解更多看看吧

  • What is faith?

    什麼是信仰

  • It is believe in the absence of evidence.

    證據的缺少

  • Now, I don't propose to tell anybody what to believe, but for me

    現在,我不打算告訴任何人去相信什麼,但是對我而言

  • believing when there is no compelling evidence

    「當沒有強烈證據顯示的時候,它就是宗教了」

  • is a mistake.

    這是個錯誤的想法

  • The idea is to hold believe untill there is compelling evidence.

    這樣的思想就是在沒有強烈的跡象顯示時就去相信

  • And if the universe does not comply with our predispositions

    如果宇宙和我們所想像的不同

  • Okay, now we have the wrenching obligation to accomodate to the way the universe is.

    好,現在我們被迫適應宇宙本來就這樣的方式

  • So who is more humble?

    那誰才是更謙虛的呢?

  • The scientist who looks at the universe with an open mind and accepts whatever the universe has to teach us?

    用開闊的心看著宇宙,並且接受宇宙教會我們的科學家?

  • Or somebody who says everything in this book must be considered the literal truth

    或是這本書裡所有的事情都要逐字的思考的哲學家?

  • and never mind all the fallibility of the human beings involved in the writing of this book???

    千萬不要介意人類易犯錯的事寫進書裡這回事?

  • I lost both my parents about 12 and 15 years ago

    我在12年前還有15年前陸續失去我的雙親

  • I had a great relationship with them

    我跟他們感情很好

  • I really miss them.

    我真的很想他們

  • I would love to believe they are spirits who are around somewhere.

    我想要相信他們的靈魂就在附近

  • And I'd give almost anything to spend five minutes a year with them.

    我願意不惜任何代價換取一年和他們相處五分鐘的時間

  • - Do you hear their voices ever? -

    你可曾經聽到他們的聲音嗎

  • Sometimes, about six or eight times since their death, I've heard.

    有時候,自從他們死後大約六次或八次

  • 'Carl!'

    凱爾

  • just in the voice of my father from my heart.

    在心裡聽到我爸爸叫我的聲音

  • Now, I don't think that it means that they are in the next room.

    我不認為這樣代表他們就在我隔壁房間

  • I think it means that I've had an auditory hallucination about it.

    我認為這只是我有幻想的自主權而已

  • I was with them so long. I heard their voices so often.

    我和他們在一起很久了,我常常聽到他們的聲音

  • Why shouldn't I be able to make a vivid recollection.

    為什麼我不能製造生動的回憶呢

  • - This is what is interesting about this for me -

    這對我來說真的很有趣

  • - You convince me long time ago that it was arrogant for me or anyone else -

    你們很久以前就說服我,這對我或是其他人來說太傲慢了

  • - to believe there wasn't life outside of our... -

    要去相信我們以外的世界沒有生命..

  • To exclude the possible

    要去執行這樣的可能性

  • - to exclude the possibility was an arrogance of intellect that we should not ??? -

    要去執行這樣的可能性是非常聰明的傲慢所以我們不應該這樣做?

  • - You couldn't prove. You didn't know it was there. But the arrogance...

    你沒辦法證明。你不知道它是不是真的存在,但是傲慢..

  • Wait, we don't know if He is there

    等等。我們不知道是否他在那..

  • We don't know if He is not there.

    我們不知道是否他在那

  • Let's look

    我們來看看吧

  • - and if you take that, why can't you say there is alot we don't know?

    如果你的觀點是這樣,那為什麼你說有很多是我們不知道的呢?

  • I say that.

    我的確是這樣說過

  • - There is a lot of power there that we don't know.

    那邊有很多力量是我們不知道的

  • That's what I believe. But that does not mean that every fraudulent has to be accepted.

    那是我相信的。但是這不代表每一個不真實的事就必須被接受。

  • We demand the most rigorous standards of evidence

    我們要求最嚴標準的證據

  • especially on what is important to us.

    特別是對我們很重要的那些事

  • So if some guy comes up to me

    所以如果有人來找我

  • a channeler or a medium: 'I can put you in touch with your parents'

    一種通道的媒介:我可以讓你跟你的父母聯絡上

  • Well because I want so terribly to believe that

    因為我非常想去相信

  • I know I have to reach in for added reserves of skepticism

    我知道我需要去相信,但是要克服額外的懷疑

  • because I'm likely to be fooled

    因為我很可能就這樣上當了

  • and much more minor, to have my money taken.

    更有可能的是,只是為了要拿走我的錢

  • - You are living with myelodysplasia -

    你從小就脊椎不良

  • Oh I have been

    哦~我是

  • - And just share with us because of your sense of language -

    跟我們分享看看,因為你對語言的感覺

  • - and sense of understanding and being affected in perspective -

    還有理解的感覺、前景被影響到的感覺

  • - what do you think about it and what does it do for you too? -

    你對這些事的看法?這些事又為你做了些什麼?

  • I didn't have any near death experiences. I didn't have a religious conversion.

    我沒有瀕臨死亡的經驗,我也沒有換過宗教信仰

  • - but you thought about what it would be to die -

    但你的確想過如果死後這些會變成怎麼樣?

  • Certainly and what it would be like for my family.

    當然這可能會..影響到我的家人

  • And in what I think about what it would be like for me

    嗯..關於我是怎麼想的..這可能會對我產生影響..

  • because I don't think it is likely that there is anything you think about after you're dead.

    因為我不認為這跟『在你死後有任何你想的事』有關係

  • - That's it -

    這是..

  • A long dreamless sleep

    一個很長的夜晚,沒做夢的夜晚

  • I'd love to believe the opposite but I don't have any evidence.

    我很不想相信,但我沒有任何證據

  • But one thing that it has done is

    但是有一件事確實已經做到了

  • to enhance my sense of appreciation for the beauty of life

    加強我感激的觀念..對於美好的人生

  • and of the universe and the sheer joy of being alive.

    還有宇宙的觀念,還有活著純粹的歡樂

  • - You've had a healthy portion of ??? before this but even you this happens to -

    你已經有一部分健康..?在這之前儘管你

  • - appreciation -

    感激

  • Every moment

    每一個時刻

  • every inanimate object

    每一個沒生命的物體

  • And to say nothing about the whizzed??? complexity of living beings.

    即使「颼」的一聲也不會說什麼?生物的複雜

  • You imagine missing it all and suddenly it is so much precious.

    你想像失去它還有突然又變得很珍貴

  • Subtitles by the Amara.org community

    字幕「the Amara.org community」翻譯

It is not that the pseudoscience and superstition and the new age socalled beliefs

這不是偽科學、迷信或是新世代所謂的信仰

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 英國腔 科學 宇宙 信仰 宗教 科技 傲慢

卡爾-薩根--一種思維方式。 (CARL SAGAN - A Way of Thinking)

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    Eric Chen 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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