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  • Weve all been there. Stuck with aches, pains, and runny nose, and the cough medicine

    我們都有過同樣的經驗。櫥櫃裡塞滿了陳年的止痛藥、流鼻水藥,還有五年的咳嗽藥

  • in the cabinet is five years old. The question is, do you take it and risk it? Or toss it

    而問題是當生病的時候,你會選擇服用並承擔風險?

  • and suffer?

    還是寧可忍受痛苦而丟掉它們呢?

  • Hey pill poppers Julia here for DNews

    嗨各位藥罐子們,我是Julia

  • Weve talked on DNews before about food expirations dates orsell bydates as

    我們曾經討論過食物的保存期限,也就是有時會聽到的「最後下架日」

  • theyre sometimes called. And weve found well.. there is less actual rules and more like

    我們發現這個日期,與其說是規定不如說是一個指示

  • guidelines. Most food lasts well beyond that date. Others, well you have do a quick sniff

    大部分的食物超過了保存期限還是保持良好,如果不是你也可以嗅得出來

  • test. But have you ever noticed that medication has an expiration date too? Rachael Lee asked us,

    但是你是否曾經注意過藥物也有保存期限呢?Rachael Lee 提出了一個問題

  • Can you get sicker from expired medicine?

    吃了過期的藥會病的更嚴重嗎?

  • The FDA started slapping an expiration date on medicines in 1979. So it’s been over

    1979年起,FDA(美國食品藥物管理署) 下令所有藥物都要標記保存期限

  • 30 years since that decision, has it made a difference?

    距離現在已超過30年了,這個法令造成了那些影響呢?

  • Typically the expiration date is set a year to five years beyond the date of manufacture.

    一般而言,保存期限是設定在製造日期後的1~5年

  • It’s less of an expiration date and more of a date of guaranteed potency. Basically

    與其說是會過期的期限,不如說是保證藥物效用的日期

  • after that date, manufacturers can’t guarantee the drug will be 100% potent, it doesn’t

    基本上在這個日期後,生產者就無法保證藥物擁有百分之百的藥效

  • necessarily mean it will be unsafe or less effective.

    所以超過期限的藥物未必是不安全或是效用不佳

  • But there’s some evidence that some medicines can hold their potency for quite awhile especially

    有些證據顯示,某些藥物在保存環境控制得宜下

  • in controlled conditions.

    可以保有藥效很長一段時間

  • A study conducted by the FDA on behalf of the Military found ways to extend the life

    FDA替美國軍方做了一個研究,試圖找出能夠延長藥物壽命的儲存方法

  • of medicines in storage in a program called SLEP or shelf life extension program. They

    研究的名稱是SLEP,延長架儲期計畫

  • found that they could extend the life of 88% of the drugs in government facilities by at least

    他們發現有88%的政府單位藥物在受控制的保存環境下

  • a year by simply keeping them in climate controlled storage. Most drugs lasted on average five

    可以延長壽命至少一年

  • and half years past the expiration date.

    而絕大部分的藥物能超過保存期限5.5年

  • While civilians like you and I might not have access to tightly controlled storage facilities,

    然而你我一般的市井小民沒有能夠嚴格控制氣溫的儲藏設備

  • there’s always the fridge. Which some experts recommend a cool, dry place, for extending

    不過我們有冰箱,涼爽且乾燥

  • the life of your medication.

    許多專家認為有助於延長藥物的壽命

  • But maybe drugs last longer than five years even without chilling the fed’s fridge. One

    或許藥物不需要冷藏在FED的冰箱也能延長5年的保存期限

  • study published in the journal Archives of Internal Medicine found that some medicines

    一篇發表在內科學文獻雜誌的研究顯示

  • can hold their own for DECADES. In this study, all the drugs were all 28-40 years past their due date.

    一些藥物甚至能夠保持數十年不壞。研究中,所有的實驗藥物都能超過保存期限28~40年不等

  • They only looked at a handful of medicines, 8 different medications like with 15 different

    他們僅僅觀察了少量的藥物,約8類15種不同的化合物

  • compounds between them like caffeine, aspirin, or hydrocodone. They found that most, 12 of

    像是咖啡因、阿斯匹靈和氫可酮(麻醉藥)。他們發現高達12種化合物

  • those compounds remained in amounts of at least 90% decades after their expiration date.

    在超過有效期限10年後,依舊保有90%的效用

  • And that 90% is crucial, that’s how much of the good stuff a drug needs to be considered

    90%這個數字相當關鍵,FDA認為"有效"的藥物必須至少含有有效成分的90%

  • effectiveby the FDA. So most of the decades old medicine didn’t break down or lose it’s

    這表示大部分的陳年藥物沒有壞掉或是失效

  • potency. Although two medicines, aspirin and amphetamine, seem to lose some of their juice

    不過實驗中有兩個藥物,阿斯匹靈和安非他命,似乎隨著時間

  • after all that time. They were present in amounts less than 90%.

    損失了不少有效成分。實驗結果他們的效用不足90%

  • But before you go poppin grandma’s pills, which you shouldn’t take anyone else's pills

    在你取用阿嬤的藥物前,注意你不能隨意吃別人的藥

  • anyways…. that’s illegal. But really the FDA recommends listening to those expiration

    這樣是不合法的。不過其實FDA還是建議要遵照保存期限

  • dates. They caution that drugs gone bad could beless effective or risky due to a change

    他們警告,藥物可能發生化學結構上的變化

  • in chemical composition or decrease in potency.”

    使得藥效減弱或是存在風險

  • FDA pharmacist, Ilisa Bernstein, straight up saysIf your medicine has expired, do

    FDA藥師Ilisa Bernstein很直白的告訴大家,"如果藥物過期了,就別用了"

  • not use it.” Especially with living saving drugs like an epi-pen. If a drug’s expired,

    特別是緊急救命的藥物像是epi-pen(腎上腺素)。如果藥物過期了

  • the FDA recommends tossing it. The best way to dispose of a drug is usually on the bottle

    FDA建議把它丟掉。最好的方法是參考藥罐上的處理方式

  • or some cities have prescription medicine take back programs. So look into that if youre

    或是處方藥回收計畫。所以看看你是否擔心

  • worried about all the leftover medication in your bathroom cabinet.

    浴室櫥櫃中剩餘的藥物吧

  • So it seems drugs last longer than theirgood bydate, but at the end of the day I’d

    所以即便藥物過期後依然能保持有效,在有效的最後一天

  • still listen to the FDA just to be on the safe side.

    還是聽從FDA的建議會比較安全

  • But it’s not just medicines that expire, there’s lots of common things you didn’t

    不過不只有藥物會過期,生活中還有許多物品也有保存期限

  • know have an expiration date. Trace has the whole list of things in your house that go

    只是你可能不曉得。Trace整理了一份完整的清單

  • bad, right here.

    就在這裡

  • Bleach is what is being used by the CDC in their labs and it has an expiration date of only six months from the day of manufacture.

    漂白劑在CDC(疾病管制署)的實驗室中使用,而他的保存期限通常只有6個月

  • so like, 3-5 months once you get it home.

    差不多是你買回家的3~5個月左右就到期了

  • So you've ever used expired medicine before? noticed anything weird? Tell us about it down in the comments below. And thanks Rachel for your question.

    你曾經用過過期的藥物嗎?有任何異狀嗎?請在下方的評論欄告訴我們,並且感謝Rachel的提問

  • If you guys have any more questions that you'd like us to answer here on DNews, submit words down below

    如果各位有任何疑難雜症想要我們在影片中解答,也請在下面發表

  • Don't forget to hit those like and subscribe button to keep coming back to DNews, so you don't miss a single episode.

    別忘了幫我們按讚還有訂閱,這樣就不會錯過任何一部新影片囉!

Weve all been there. Stuck with aches, pains, and runny nose, and the cough medicine

我們都有過同樣的經驗。櫥櫃裡塞滿了陳年的止痛藥、流鼻水藥,還有五年的咳嗽藥

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 藥物 期限 保存 過期 延長 有效

過期的藥能吃嗎? (Is It Unsafe To Take Expired Medicine?)

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    hsiehpon 發佈於 2016 年 06 月 20 日
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