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  • Welcome to 10 minutes of international current events.

  • From the CNN Center in Atlanta, Georgia, I'm Carl Azuz.

  • We're starting in the Caribbean nation of Cuba.

  • Yesterday was the third time the Cuban President Raul Castro and U.S. President Barack Obama

  • met face to face since the two sides agreed to normalize relations.

  • It was the first time that a U.S. president visited the island

  • since Calvin Coolidge went there in 1928.

  • President Obama is hoping to influence the Cuban leader to make significant reforms,

  • especially when it comes to issues like human rights

  • and the communist government's control over Cuban businesses.

  • Cuba hasn't moved as quickly to address these issues

  • as the Obama administration had hoped

  • and President Castro says there are profound differences

  • that would always remain between Cuba and the U.S.

  • But President Obama says the intention is to get the ball rolling,

  • knowing that change wasn't going to happen overnight.

  • It's a communist-run island just 90 miles off the United States, and for more than 50 years,

  • relations between Cuba and the United States have been chilly at best, until now.

  • Beginning of the rise of power of Fidel Castro in Cuba.

  • Castro and his joyous troops were joyously acclaimed

  • following his incredible victory over Batista.

  • In 1959, Fidel Castro leads an army of thousands into Havana,

  • forcing out the dictator at the time,

  • and becomes the country's new leader.

  • There are high hopes for the young revolutionary,

  • but also immediately confrontation begins with the United States.

  • The U.S. places an embargo on Cuba and soon after it breaks off, diplomatic relations.

  • Later the infamous, failed U.S. invasion at the Bay of Pigs.

  • The CIA hatches plots to assassinate Castro, hundreds of plots, according to the Cubans.

  • And soon, the Soviet Union secretly deploys nuclear missiles to Cuba.

  • To regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba

  • or against any nation in the Western Hemisphere

  • as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States.

  • The Cuban missile crisis lasts just two weeks.

  • But Cuba and the United States remained locked in Cold War tensions for decades.

  • In 1980, an exodus as more than 100,000 Cubans come to the United States

  • after Castro loosens restrictions.

  • Two decades later, another Cuban leaving by boat, 6-year-old Elian Gonzalez.

  • His arrival in the United States sparks custody battles,

  • which Fidel Castro transforms into a propaganda victory.

  • Fidel Castro said he expected to die in power.

  • But in 2006, a mystery illness forces him to step down.

  • His brother Raul takes over, and in 2015, does what many considered to be unthinkable:

  • Restores diplomatic relations with Cuba’s long-time nemesis, the United States.

  • One thing you notice when you see scenes of Cuba's capital -- old cars.

  • Many of them American, classics like Chevy Bel-Airs, vintage Plymouths and Pontiacs.

  • There are an estimated 60,000 of them left in Cuba,

  • and they could easily be described by some visitors

  • as romantic icons of American automotive history.

  • But only a tiny percentage of Cubans can actually afford cars,

  • and for those few who can, keeping these classics running is their only choice.

  • How Cuba keep old cars running.

  • A lot of you have been asking,

  • how the Cubans keep all of these classic cars on the road?

  • And you can see what Alberto is doing here right now.

  • He's replacing the engine of this 1954 Chevy.

  • Having an old car isn't a luxury here in Cuba.

  • It is a necessity because since Fidel Castro took power in 1959,

  • it is extraordinarily difficult for ordinary Cubans to import foreign cars or car parts.

  • So, as a result, you have vehicles on the road that are 60,

  • sometimes 70 years old and the parts are just as old as well.

  • So, sometimes you have an American car like this

  • with an engine from Russia, with parts from Germany.

  • They have a bartering system.

  • They let each other know what they need.

  • They buy, they sell and they trade.

  • And as a result of the isolation of the embargoes,

  • Cuba is home to some of the most creative mechanics in the world.

  • They patch together these cars to keep them going,

  • long after they've been discarded in most other countries.

  • As the restrictions start to lift, Cuban may have more new cars.

  • They might not have to do what they're doing right now.

  • But at least in the meantime,

  • this is how you see all of these vintage cars really an icon of Cuban culture.

  • It gets down to the nitty-gritty, patching things together,

  • doing the dirty work, to keep carros antiguos on the road.

  • In the final months before the Olympic Games,

  • it's common for international officials to ask if the host city will be ready.

  • This happened in Beijing, London, Sochi.

  • But in Brazil's case, in Rio's case, there are concerns that go far beyond

  • whether the venues will be finished.

  • For one thing, Brazil is in its worst recession,

  • a period of economic decline in 25 years.

  • Budgets are tight. In some cases, they're getting smaller.

  • For another, there’s widespread political unrest.

  • A massive corruption scandal involving Brazil's largest company,

  • a government-owned oil company has brought down several executives and politicians.

  • Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff denies being involved in that,

  • but millions have called for her impeachment.

  • And she caused controversy last week

  • by appointing Brazil’s former president as her chief of staff.

  • That could protect him from being prosecuted for crimes he's been accused of.

  • Protests have been far and wide and sometimes violent.

  • And on top of all of this, the Zika virus is still spreading in the country.

  • So, uncertainty is soaring over the August Olympics and Brazil's future itself.

  • Next today, exporting U.S. sports.

  • The NHL, the MLB, the NBA, the NFL, they've all played games in other countries.

  • It's not just to show off what's popular in the states.

  • American sports organizations believe there's a potential for growth,

  • to make more money when their away games include locations as far away as Australia.

  • The NFL has a program that aims to both globalized the sport

  • and help young people with limited opportunities.

  • It recently brought several pro-football players to the North American nation of Egypt.

  • Hey, no, don't do that. Do not lead with -- don't do that. Not this, not that.

  • This is how you get into beast mode.

  • Hey, don't dive like that.

  • Learning to hit from former NFL running back, Marshawn Lynch.

  • American football is going abroad, bringing the hits, the pain, and unique motivation.

  • It's American football without barriers, or AFWB for short.

  • Ten NFL players held a three-day camp in Egypt.

  • Here's a sport that it's newer, it's different in their culture.

  • But it's a fun sport. It's a huge team sport.

  • It's really the definition of a team sport.

  • And it builds friendships and life-long friendships.

  • This is something that we want to live with.

  • Football isn't completely unknown in the land of pharaohs.

  • Egypt already has two leagues and a dozen teams.

  • Actually, I prefer for lineman defense because I love hits.

  • I love being aggressive on something like that.

  • Get out of here, get out of here, let’s go, let's go, let's go!

  • Four hundred people signed up within hours to learn from the best,

  • including from Egypt's two all-female teams.

  • I had a dream like, for the sport, especially for women here in Egypt

  • for american football to prosper here.

  • For y'all, y'all show great teamwork, and that's very important in the sport of football.

  • But there's more to football than the hitting, drills and push- ups.

  • We want to polish it up from a standpoint of, you have to eat right,

  • you have to be healthy when you play this sport,

  • you have to make sure that you have the right equipment.

  • Because when you have these popup sports in other countries

  • they're not always doing it right.

  • It's unlikely the gridiron will overtake the pitch, at least any time soon.

  • Soccer is still king in Egypt.

  • But who knows, football could make an interception and lead to a touchdown here.

  • Going somewhere we've never been before on the "Roll Call",

  • so take out your passport and say hello to our viewers in Kosovo.

  • In the capital of Pristina, thank you for watching at the American School of Kosova.

  • We're making a stop in the U.S. state of New Hampshire next.

  • Dover Middle School is in the city of Dover and it's where you'll find the Green Wave.

  • Finally to Northwest Idaho, we land in the city Post Falls,

  • where the Jaguars are watching at Genesis Prep Christian Academy.

  • It's the biggest and most advanced British research ship ever built.

  • It's a 400-foot icebreaker.

  • Britain's Natural Environment Research Council asked the public to name it,

  • suggesting something inspirational, like historic figure or a landmark.

  • The RSS Henry Worsley, the David Attenborough,

  • the Pillar of Autumn all got some votes.

  • But the leading name for this refined vessel, Boaty McBoatface, as in Boaty McBoatface.

  • The council doesn't have to go with that name,

  • but the public has spoken, and the public says Boaty McBoatface.

  • So, in this case, refinement isn't what the public has all hoped.

  • But hey, with options, you're supposed to pick whatever floats your boat.

  • And folks aren't bowing to pressure.

  • They're in stern support of the name and if the council sinks it,

  • well, that would be an aboat-face.

  • I'm your captain, Carl Azuz, and I'm shipping out.

Welcome to 10 minutes of international current events.

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March 22, 2016 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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