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  • The more things money can buy, the harder it is to be poor.

    金錢能買越多東西,我們就越難變窮

  • In almost every society around the world today, there is tremendous frustration with politics,

    現今在世界各地,幾乎每一個社會的公民都對政治

  • with politicians, with political parties.

    對政客和政黨感到十分失望

  • What passes for political discourse these days consists largely of partisan shouting

    近來政治論述的困境主要在於黨人專注於相互叫囂的較量

  • matches, where people aren't really listening to one another but shouting past one another,

    這些人都沒有真正地傾聽彼此,只想喊得比別人大聲

  • or narrow, technocratic, managerial talk, which inspires no-one.

    還有,專業的、技術專家與經理人的會談無法喚起任何人的反思

  • I think one of the reasons for the emptiness of public discourse is that we've outsourced

    我想其中一個造成政治論述空泛的原因是我們已經將

  • our moral argument to markets. Over the last few decades we've drifted, almost without

    我們道德上的爭論外包到市場運作。在過去幾十年裡,我們幾乎無意識地

  • realising it, from having market economies to becoming market societies.

    從擁有市場經濟,逐漸趨向於成為市場化社會

  • The difference is this: a market economy is a tool, a valuable and effective tool for

    不同的地方在於:市場經濟是一個工具、一個有用且有效的工具

  • organising productive activity, but a market society is a place where almost everything

    來組織生產活動;但是市場化社會則是幾乎一切都

  • is up for sale.

    可以待價而沽

  • There was a proposal to increase attention by GPs to the diagnosis of dementia by offering

    曾經有一個提案,是為了提高全科醫生對失智症的注意

  • fifty-five pounds for every dementia diagnosis that she or he made.

    而讓醫生每開出一個失智症的診斷書就可以得到55磅

  • Or, consider the use of cash incentives in schools, offering teachers bonuses if the

    或者,也考慮在學校施行金錢獎勵,也就是

  • test scores of their students increase.

    如果學生的測驗成績提高了,教師可以得到額外津貼

  • Why not allow a free market in votes so that people who don't much care about the outcome

    為什麼不乾脆允許成立選票的自由市場,這樣不介意選舉結果的人

  • of elections get some value, if they choose, and sell their votes to the highest bidder?

    可以選擇販賣他們選票給出價最高者,來得到一些好處?

  • Sold

    成交

  • [If] the only thing money could buy were cars, vacations and luxury yachts, inequality

    假設金錢唯一能買到的只有汽車、觀光渡假和豪華遊艇

  • wouldn't matter very much.

    不平等也無關緊要

  • But, where money determines access to the fundamental necessities and good things in

    但,如果金錢可以決定是否得到基本生活必需品和任何生活美好事物

  • life - health, education, living in a safe neighbourhood, political voice and influence

    - 如健康、教育、生活在一個安全的社區、政治發言權和影響力 -

  • - inequality matters a lot more than it otherwise would.

    不平等則比其他情況都更加要緊

  • We sometimes shrink from engaging with big ethical questions in politics because we know

    我們有時候在政治上迴避一些重要的倫理議題是因為我們知道

  • that in pluralist societies, like ours, we will disagree.

    在我們現在這樣的多元化社會裡,意見總是分歧

  • I think we need to overcome this hesitation. I think people want,

    我認為我們需要克服這種猶豫。我認為人們想要

  • politics to be about big things.

    讓政治是用來處理重大議題

  • The reason we should aim for a more ethically engaged kind of public discourse is not that

    我們該致力於推廣一個更合乎道德的公眾論述的原因

  • it will produce unanimous agreement, but because it will make us better democratic citizens.

    不在於它會使人民意見一致,而是因為這會讓我們成為更好的民主公民

The more things money can buy, the harder it is to be poor.

金錢能買越多東西,我們就越難變窮

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錢能買到的東西越多,就越難成為窮人--邁克爾-桑德爾 - 評論是免費的。 (The more things money can buy, the harder it is to be poor - Michael Sandel | Comment is Free)

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    Rain 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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