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  • In June 2015, New York’s state Senate passed a new Good Samaritan law. The law protects

    2015年6月,紐約參議院通過新的緊急救助保護法

  • those who would break the window of a hot car to save a child. Good Samaritan laws around

    此法保護見義勇為人士,例如願意破窗拯救車內孩童免於悶死的人

  • the world offer different protections in different situations. So, what exactly are Good Samaritan

    各國這類保護法的適用情況各有不同,究竟什麼是緊急救助保護法?

  • laws?

  • Well essentially, the law gives legal protection from being prosecuted, to those who attempt

    首先,此法保護自願救助傷患的人

  • to help people that are injured, or in danger. The idea is that in some cases, people may

    免除其法律責任,這是因為在某些情況下

  • think twice about assisting others if potentially threatened with a lawsuit. These laws are

    人們可能因為害怕訴訟而不願助人

  • found around the world. However, some countries have caveats concerning the situations in

    許多國家都有類似法律,不過有些對於適用情況有所限制

  • which they apply.

  • In many countries Good Samaritan laws simply protect the intervening party, as well as

    很多國家的緊急救助保護法保護施救者

  • any medical professionals. However, not all parts of those countries have similar laws.

    以及專業救護人員,但全國法律可能不盡相同

  • For example, certain regions of Canada, such as New Brunswick don’t have Good Samaritan

    例如加拿大部分地區,像新布蘭茲維省便沒有緊急救助保護法

  • laws. But in Quebec, bystanders are legally required to step in and help. This is called

    但魁北克省法律要求路人必須見義勇為

  • a “duty to rescue”.

    稱為「救援義務」

  • This concept means that if youre near somebody who needs help, you are required to step in,

    這表示如果附近有人需要幫助,你就有義務幫忙或是報警

  • or call the police. Duty to rescue is found in Germany, Israel, and parts of the United

    德國、以色列和美國數州都有救援義務規定

  • States. In fact, Israel even offers compensation to rescuers, and pays for any damages incurred.

    如果因施救造成任何損失,以色列甚至會給予施救者補償

  • While in Germany, refusing to assist can be punishable by law. In the US, all but 8 states

    在德國,拒絕幫助他人就構成違法,而美國除了8州以外

  • have Good Samaritan laws for individuals, and two have a duty to rescue.

    都有緊急救助保護法,2州有救援義務規定

  • Additionally, some states apply the concept ofimminent peril”. This means that one

    另外,有些州適用「緊急危難」的概念

  • is not protected under these laws if the person they are trying to help is not immediately

    表示若救助對象沒有面臨重大危險或傷亡

  • facing significant danger, injury, or death. A common example is somebody who suffers a

    施救者就不適用保護法,常見的例子是

  • car accident and is forcibly removed from the vehicle by a “Good Samaritan”. If

    車禍傷患被見義勇為的人拉出車外

  • there is nothing demanding immediate attention, like the car being on fire, then the Good

    若沒有任何急難,例如汽車著火

  • Samaritan is not protected by Good Samaritan laws. This is to avoid situations where injured

    施救者就不受法律保護,這是為了避免不小心

  • people are inadvertently injured further.

    加重傷患傷勢

  • On the flipside, countries with no protections have disastrous cultural results. China is

    另一方面,沒有緊急救助保護法的國家面臨嚴重社會問題

  • well known for situations where Good Samaritans are sued by the people they help. This has

    中國就是有名的例子,施救者常被受助對象提告

  • led to a phenomenon of bystanders outright refusing to assist those in immediate peril.

    這造成路人拒絕協助面臨緊急危難的人

  • One particularly gruesome case was in 2011, when a toddler was struck by two vehicles.

    2011年有個駭人聽聞的案例,當時一名女童遭兩輛車輾過

  • A video shows 18 bystanders walk past the injured child lying motionless, but they do

    影片顯示18名路人經過受傷倒地的女童身旁

  • nothing to help her. In a survey taken later that year, more than 70% of those polled believed

    卻無人伸出援手,事發當年調查顯示,超過7成受訪民眾認為

  • that the bystanders were afraid of getting in trouble for trying to help the little girl.

    路人害怕幫助女童,會因此惹禍上身

  • As a global society intended to help each other in times of need, Good Samaritan laws

    在現今患難與共的國際社會中,緊急救助保護法

  • prevent a chilling effect on this normal human behavior. The idea that one should fear retribution

    避免人類互相幫助的行為遭到嚇阻。人們害怕協助他人

  • for offering assistance, and potentially saving a life, has no place in modern society.

    甚至救人性命還會受罰的想法,是現代社會所不容的

  • If you want to dive deeper into the world of complicated legal and health related issues,

    若你對法律和健康議題有興趣

  • check out our video here about the debate over assisted suicide. Please remember to

    請看我們探討協助自殺議題的影片

  • subscribe now so you don’t miss any of our daily videos! Thanks for watching.

    訂閱不錯過每日影片,感謝觀賞

In June 2015, New York’s state Senate passed a new Good Samaritan law. The law protects

2015年6月,紐約參議院通過新的緊急救助保護法

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 救助 緊急 法律 路人 義務 保護

救人可以被起訴嗎? (Can You Be Sued For Saving Someone’s Life?)

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    劉宜佳 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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