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  • Hello! And welcome to Like A Native Speaker In This week's lesson, you're going to be

    你好,歡迎來到 "像個母語者 "課程歡迎來到Like A Native Speaker 在本週的課程中,你將會是...

  • learning about transitive and intransitive verbs.

    學習轉折性動詞和不轉折性動詞;

  • [introduction]

    [導言]

  • Transitive and intransitive verbs? Bwuuuuh?! Ok...ok, relax. Those words sound complicated,

    轉折動詞和非轉折動詞?Bwuuuuh?好吧......好吧,放鬆。這些詞聽起來很複雜。

  • they sound difficult, but it's actually not that big of a deal.

    他們聽起來很難,但其實也不是什麼大事。

  • This is one of the fundamentals of English grammar and something that many many students

    這是英語語法的基礎之一,也是很多很多學生的

  • get wrong. Basically, when we talk about transitive or

    錯。基本上,當我們談到轉折性或

  • intransitive verbs, what we're actually talking about is objects.

    不及物動詞,其實我們說的是賓語。

  • So! You're super smart, so you know that English is Subject, Verb, Object.

    所以!你超級聰明,所以你知道英語是主語、動詞、賓語。

  • The object is generally the thing receiving the verb, receiving the action.

    賓語一般是指接受動詞、接受動作的事物。

  • But there are two kinds of objects: direct and indirect.

    但對象有兩種:直接和間接。

  • A direct object comes immediately after the verb. It comes directly after.

    直接賓語緊接在動詞之後。它直接出現在後面。

  • "I bought a car." An indirect object means there is something

    "我買了一輛車。"間接對象是指有

  • between the verb and the object. It is not direct!

    動詞和賓語之間。這不是直接的!

  • "I went to the store." 'The store' is the object, 'went' is the verb.

    "我去了商店"'商店'是賓語,'去'是動詞。

  • 'To' is a preposition; it's the connector. So what does this have to do with transitive

    '到'是個介詞,它是連接詞。那麼,這和轉折詞有什麼關係呢?

  • or intransitive? Well, I'm glad you asked, voice in my head!

    還是不定性的?好吧,我很高興你問了,我腦子裡的聲音!

  • A transitive verb, is a verb that is able to take a direct object after it.

    轉體動詞,是指能夠在後面直接帶賓語的動詞。

  • But an intransitive verb cannot take a direct object. Or sometimes it doesn't need an object

    但不及物動詞不能直接取賓語。或者有時它不需要對象

  • at all. Confused yet? It's alright. Let me give you

    完全沒有。困惑了嗎?不要緊我給你說

  • an example. "I ran". No object necessary. That is a complete

    一個例子。"我跑了"。不需要對象。這是一個完整的

  • sentence. But if you wanted to add an object, you need

    句子。但是,如果你想添加一個對象,你就需要

  • a preposition. "I ran to the store."

    一個介詞。"我跑到商店去了。"

  • Compare this with a transitive verb. "I bought."... That's incorrect.

    用一個轉折性動詞來比較。"我買了。"...這是不正確的。

  • That's not a complete sentence. The most common mistake I hear is students

    這句話不完整。我最常聽到的錯誤是學生

  • saying, "Ah, I like." What? You like what?

    說:"啊,我喜歡。" 什麼?什麼 你喜歡什麼

  • The tricky part is that which verbs are transitive and which verbs are intransitive,

    棘手的是,哪些動詞是轉折詞,哪些動詞是不轉折詞。

  • a lot of it is just memorization. And I know, I know. You hate memorization.

    很多都是背誦。我知道,我知道。你討厭背書。

  • I hate memorization. But sometimes, that's what you have to do.

    我討厭背書。但有時,這是你必須要做的。

  • However! There is a guideline that can help.

    但是!有一個準則可以幫助你。有一個準則可以幫助你。

  • Usually, intransitive verbs are verbs of movement; go, run, walk.

    通常,不及物動詞是運動的動詞,go,run,walk。

  • Another example of an intransitive verb is 'happen'.

    另一個不及物動詞的例子是'發生'。

  • So transitive verbs require an object and it's generally a direct object.

    所以轉折動詞需要一個對象,而且一般是直接賓語。

  • Intransitive verbs do not require an object and usually there's a preposition or an adverbial

    不及物動詞不需要賓語,通常有一個介詞或副詞。

  • phrase after the verb. Some verbs are the third category: bitransitive.

    動詞後的短語。有些動詞是第三類:位動詞。

  • As you can probably guess, a bitransitive verb is the one that can be used in a transitive situation

    你大概可以猜到,位動詞是指可以在轉折情況下使用的動詞。

  • or an intransitive one. Often the meaning can change.

    或者是一個不定式的。通常情況下,意思可以改變。

  • As an example, "He runs to the store." It has that feeling of movement.

    舉個例子,"他跑去商店"。它有那種運動的感覺。

  • Now, if we change it, "He runs the store." It is actually correct, because run is a bitransitive

    現在,如果我們把它改成 "他開店"。它實際上是正確的,因為運行是一個位移式的

  • verb. But the meaning is completely different.

    動詞。但意思卻完全不同。

  • In case you were wondering, "He runs the store" means he manages the store, he controls the

    如果你想知道,"他經營著這家店 "的意思是,他管理著這家店,他控制著這家店。

  • store. So transitive and intransitive verbs are very

    存儲。所以,轉折性動詞和不轉折性動詞是很

  • important, basic parts of grammar, and they're connected with how you use an

    重要的、基本的文法部分,它們與你如何使用一個新的文法系統有關。

  • object with the verb. There are three kinds: transitive, intransitive

    物與動詞。有三種:轉折性、不轉折性。

  • and bitransitive. Transitive requires a direct object.

    和位轉式。Transitive需要一個直接對象。

  • Intransitive does not require an object, but if there is an object, there is usually a

    不動詞不需要對象,但如果有對象的話,通常有一個

  • prepositional phrase or an adverbial phrase. And bitransitive verbs swing both ways. You

    介詞詞組或副詞詞組。而位動詞是雙向擺動的。你

  • can use them transitively or intransitively. But be careful because some verbs change meaning

    可以用它們的轉折性或不轉折性。但是要小心,因為有些動詞會改變意思

  • when you use transitive or intransitive. Now you are masters of verbs and objects.

    當你使用轉折詞或不轉折詞時。現在你們是動詞和賓語的主人了。

  • If you have any questions, you know what to do.

    如果你有任何問題,你知道該怎麼做。

  • And as always, thank you for subscribing, and I will see you next time!

    並一如既往地感謝您的訂閱,我們下次再見!

  • [Outro]

    [其他]

Hello! And welcome to Like A Native Speaker In This week's lesson, you're going to be

你好,歡迎來到 "像個母語者 "課程歡迎來到Like A Native Speaker 在本週的課程中,你將會是...

字幕與單字
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C1 高級 中文 美國腔 動詞 對象 介詞 直接 文法 例子

及物動詞、不及物動詞怎麼分? (Transitive and Intransitive Verbs | Natural English Grammar)

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    He Jiun Tseng 發佈於 2016 年 02 月 01 日
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