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  • This episode of DNews is brought to you by Audible.

    本集 Dnews 內容由 Audible 有聲書帶給大家。

  • All you kids out there who hate waking up early for school? Worry not, 'cause science has your back.

    各位同學,你是不是討厭早起上課呢? 不用擔心,因為科學是站你這邊的。

  • Hey guys, Tara here for DNews - and like many of you out there, I am NOT a morning person.

    各位觀眾好,我是 Dnews 主播 Tara。就像許多人一樣,我不是早睡早起的人。

  • Having to wake up at 6 am every single day was probably the thing I hated most about school growing up

    說到學生時期最討厭的事,莫過於早上 6 點就要起床,

  • and now, there's research to prove that it can actually affect our academic performance.

    如今現在,科學研究證明早起真的會影響學生的課業表現。

  • A new study conducted throughout 718 public elementary schools in Kentucky, finds that

    針對肯達基州 718 間公立小學進行調查後發現,

  • earlier school start times are associated with lower performance, but ONLY in students from middle or upper class backgrounds.

    開課時間較早的學校,其學生課業表現通常較差,但並非全部學生皆如此,只有來自小康、富裕家庭的學生有該情形。

  • Researchers assessed academic performance using standardized test scores, as well as

    為了評估學生的課業表現,研究人員收集了考試分數、

  • attendance rates, teacher-student ratios, and retention rates,

    出席率、師生比、留級率等數據,

  • which is the number of students required to repeat a certain grade.

    其中的留級率指的是學生必須再讀一次某個特定年級。

  • They theorized that earlier start times would be associated with lower performance in almost all of those areas,

    他們假設開課時間較早的學校,學生的在各方面的表現都比較差,

  • particularly in disadvantaged schools. But to their surprise,

    特別是偏鄉學校的學生們,但令人意外的是,

  • the results showed that wasn't true. Kids who attended schools in disadvantaged districts saw no difference in performance,

    求證後的結果並非如此,偏鄉學校的學童表現並未較差,

  • regardless of what time school started.

    且與學校課程的開始時間無關。

  • However, children attending affluent schools, saw a significant decrease in academic performance, the earlier school started.

    但校園資源豐富的學生,受到開課較早的影響,學術表現卻有明顯落差。

  • Researchers say sleep deprivation could be what's at hand here.

    研究人員表示,問題可能在於睡眠不足。

  • Not getting enough sleep could cause students to lose the ability to remain alert and focused in class and it may also lead to an increase in illness.

    睡眠不足會導致學生提不起精神,且無法專心上課,同時也會提高疾病罹患風險。

  • As for why this only seems to affect children in affluent schools, the answers are still mostly unknown.

    為何只有校園資源豐富的學生受到影響,其原因尚未釐清。

  • Although they believe it may be because disadvantaged children have so many other risk factors at play.

    儘管研究人員認為,這可能是因為偏鄉學校的學生存在其他許多風險因素,像是與遊樂相關。

  • Now before we start rallying to have schools start at 9 am, there were some other unexpected findings.

    在我們開始要求學校九點開始之前,要知道其實這項研究也有些意外的發現。

  • The study also found that the later school starts, the higher the chance there is of students having to repeat grades.

    這個研究也發現,課程較晚開始的學校,學生留級的可能性較高。

  • For every additional minute later school starts,

    學校課程每晚 1 分鐘開始,

  • retention rates increase by 0.2 %. So starting the school day off even 5 minutes later than normal,

    學生的留級率就增加 0.2 %,所以學校若晚五分鐘開始的話,

  • could lead to a 1 % increase in the amount of students being held back.

    學生的留級率就會增加 1%。

  • Now, that's pretty antithetical to the rest of the study, which links later start times with improved performance,

    但這個研究的其他部分卻與這個結果相反,顯示開課時間較晚,能夠改善學生課業表現,

  • but one possible explanation for that, researchers say, is that starting school later may cause average students to improve,

    研究學者解釋,其中一種可能性是,開課時間較晚能夠改善中間程度學生的課業表現,

  • while those with learning disabilities have an even harder time keeping up.

    但也會造成學習能力不好的學生更難跟上其他同儕的腳步。

  • They also warn that because this is the first study to ever examine the relationship between school start times and student retention in pre-adolescents,

    同時研究人員也警告,該研究是首次在青春期前,將學校開課時間和學生留級率之間的關係設為研究對象,

  • more research is needed before solid conclusions can be drawn.

    因此,目前還需要進行更多的實證。

  • Still, think of all the things you could get done if school didn't start til 10 am!

    不過,試想如果學校十點才開課你能夠做些什麼事!

  • You could read a book - or better yet, you could listen to a book on Audible.com!

    你可以讀本書,或是直接上 Audible 網站聽有聲書!

  • Audible is the leading provider of downloadable digital audiobooks and spoken word entertainment.

    Audible 是業界知名的有聲書廠商,提供各位數位有聲書下載和線上發音遊戲。

  • And they've got over 100,000 titles to choose from, including books for kids!

    目前該網站已有10萬本以上有聲書供讀者選擇,其中也有兒童書喔!

  • Just download them to your iPod or MP3 player, and listen to them anywhere you want - on the bus,

    只要下載喜歡的有聲書到 iPod 或 Mp3 播放器上,就能隨時聆聽,無論是公車上、

  • at home, or at recess, if you're one of the indoor kids. No shame in that, it's the reason I'm so pale!

    家裡、還是下課時間 — 如果你比較喜歡待在室內的話,這沒什麼好尷尬的,我也一樣,所以我明白!

  • Best of all, you can get a free audiobook download of your choice by signing up at audiblepodcast.com/dnews.

    另外,只要進入 audiblepodcast.com/dnews,並且完成註冊,就能免費下載一本有聲書,種類不拘。

  • Every sign-up helps support the show, and encourages reading - the best education of all.

    您的註冊不僅代表對本節目的支持,還有鼓勵閱讀 - 也是給孩子的最佳身教示範。

  • In the meantime, let us know what you think of this study! Would you hate it, or love it, if school started a half hour later?

    可以的話,請告訴我們你對這項研究有甚麼想法吧!你喜歡學校晚半小時開課?還是討厭晚點開課呢?

  • Parents, I'm sure you feel differently than your kids,

    親愛的父母們,我知道你們一定和孩子有不同想法,

  • but let us know anyway! Just leave your answers in the comments below

    不妨也讓我們知道吧!只要在下方留言處告訴我們就可以囉,

  • and as always, thank you guys for watching!

    感謝您的耐心收看,我們下次再見!

This episode of DNews is brought to you by Audible.

本集 Dnews 內容由 Audible 有聲書帶給大家。

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為何不該在大清早上課?(Why Schools Should Start Classes Later!)

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    ioannestong 發佈於 2021 年 02 月 03 日
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