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  • The Confederate States of America, also referred to as the Confederacy, was a republic that

  • declared independence from the United States of America in 1861, leading to the American

  • Civil War. At the end of the war in 1865, the states that had seceded from the Union

  • were incorporated back into the U.S. The Bonnie Blue Flag was the unofficial flag of the Confederacy

  • during the early months of 1861, which included a blue field with a single white star. The

  • first official national flag of the Confederacy included three horizontal bars of red and

  • white, with a blue canton containing seven white stars as representations of the initial

  • seven states that seceded from the Union. This soon increased to nine, then eleven,

  • and finally to thirteen stars as more states joined the Confederacy. Two of the thirteen

  • stars reflected the Confederacy’s claims to Kentucky and Missouri. Because of the flag’s

  • similarity to the U.S. flag, confusion occurred on the battlefield and ideological criticisms

  • also surfaced. Beginning in December 1861, a battle flag was employed by Confederate

  • troops. This flag included a red field with a blue cross outlined in white. Thirteen white

  • stars appeared within the cross. The battle flag was a square versus the rectangular navy

  • jack that used a lighter blue in its coloration. Over time the battle flag became, and remains,

  • the popular symbol associated with the Confederacy. A new national flag for the CSA came into

  • being in 1863 when the battle flag was incorporated onto a field of white. While the white coloration

  • never had an official meaning attached to it by the government of the Confederacy, many

  • southerners associated it with the commonly held Confederate ideology of white racial

  • supremacy. In a short time after its adoption, however, this flag was criticized as being

  • too white as it could be confused as a flag of truce when there was no wind and the flag

  • lay limp, hiding the flag’s Southern Cross canton. To remedy this, a vertical red bar

  • was added to the national flag in 1865, just two months prior to the end of the war. This

  • flag has been nicknamed the blood stained banner. Since the end of the Civil War, the

  • Confederacy’s national and battle flags continue to appear in some way on a number

  • of official southern state flags. The battle flag of the Confederacy has also been adopted

  • by many for personal or unofficial use, especially in the states that made up the former CSA.

  • The modern use and display of the Confederate flag for various purposes remains a highly

  • controversial topic because of the different associations that have become attached to

  • it. There have been varying perceptions of the flag in the twentieth and twenty first

  • centuries. Some support it as a symbol of the unique cultural traditions and heritage

  • of the southern states, while others have used it to invoke Confederate racial ideology,

  • such as when the flag was used by protesters against desegregation in the 1950s.

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The Confederate States of America, also referred to as the Confederacy, was a republic that


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B1 中級 美國腔

美利堅合眾國邦聯的旗幟及其故事 (The Confederate States of America's Flag and its Story)

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    Ji Zhi Chen 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日