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  • >> DRUMMOND: Another great day at Google. So I want to welcome everybody to the latest

  • installment of Candidates at Google. For those of you who don't know me, I'm David Drummond,

  • Senior Vice President of Corporate Development, the company's Chief Legal Officer. I'm very

  • pleased and distinctly honored here to welcome back to Google Senator Barack Obama. I say

  • welcome back because for those of you who were around in the summer of 2004, you may

  • remember at TGIF in which I joined Larry and Sergey on this stage and introduced to the

  • assembled Googlers then senate candidate Obama. And Barack had been in the Bay Area and he

  • wanted to come down and see what we were up to here at Google, see what this Google thing

  • was all about. And he had a great visit. He came and did the tour. He saw the GeoDisplay,

  • the Search Traffic, and he saw the servers, and everything we had at Google. We sat down

  • with Larry and Sergey. We had a great talk about innovation, about policy, and he later

  • wrote about that in his book, The Audacity of Hope. And I know all of you have a copy

  • of that. And all in all a great visit. And, you know, while it was a fantastic visit,

  • I now realized that we made a grave error that day at TGI, we didn't let him speak.

  • So, ladies and gentlemen, today, we are going to rectify that error. We are thrilled that

  • Senator Obama has chosen Google to unveil his innovation agenda. And you're going to

  • hear that today and we're very, very excited about what that means for the country and

  • I think you will be too. Following that, Eric's going to come up on the stage and do a Q&A

  • with Senator Obama. And following that, you'll have your chance to ask your question. So,

  • without anything further, please join me in giving an enormous Google welcome back to

  • Senator Barack Obama. Thanks. >> OBAMA: Thank you. Thank you. Thank you,

  • every body. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you so much. What a--what a wonderful reception.

  • I am so grateful to all of you for showing such interest in taking the time to be here

  • today. I want to thank Larry and Sergey and Eric and, obviously, David for helping to

  • set this up. I am extremely grateful to all of them for their leadership and their friendship.

  • And I also want to acknowledge state Senator Elaine Alquist who is here. This is her district,

  • and since I used to be a state senator I always want to give her, her props, so it's wonderful

  • to see her as well. So, thank you. Well, it is wonderful to be back. As David said I was

  • here about 3 years ago and had just a wonderful visit. It was such a striking visit for me.

  • It made such an impression that I ended up writing about it in my book. And so it's always

  • good to be back in Mountain View and it's good to see that Google is maintaining its

  • strict dress code.

  • When you stop to think about it, there is something improbable about this gathering.

  • After all it wasn't much more than a decade ago that Larry and Sergey got together in

  • a dorm room as graduate students, with a big idea to organize all of the world's information

  • into an accessible form. And at that time, I was an Illinois state senator doing my best

  • to help people get a better shot at their dreams. What we shared is a belief in changing

  • the world from the bottom-up, not the top-down. That a bunch of--that ordinary people can

  • do extraordinary things. We shared that. We also shared a bunch of student loans that

  • still needed to be paid off. And you would have found it hard to predict that Larry and

  • Sergey would now be the co-founders of one of the most successful companies in recent

  • history and that I would be standing on this stage today as a candidate for president of

  • the United States. But this is where improbable journeys have led. This is where the moment

  • finds us. And I'd like to say a few words about what I believe we have to do together,

  • to seize this moment with a sense of purpose and a sense of urgency. We know how the first

  • chapters of the Google story have turned out. After all, all of you have good jobs. But

  • we also know that the Google story is more than just being about the bottom line. It's

  • about seeing what we can accomplish when we believe in things that are unseen, when we

  • take the measure of our changing times and we take action to shape them. And that's why

  • we're here today, that's why many of you decided to work here instead of someplace else. Technology

  • and innovation have reshaped our economy and our lives at breathtaking speed. America's

  • been fighting to figure out how to tap this awesome new resource that we have, and Google

  • has helped to show us the way. But the story is far from over. Google’s story is far

  • from over. The story of how we shaped our changing times is far from over. What comes

  • next depends on the choices that we make right now, at this moment, in this election. We

  • could see the spirit of innovation that started this company be stifled. We could see the

  • internet divided up to the highest bidders. We could see a government that uses technology

  • to shut people out, instead of letting them in. Tax break shuffled to special interests

  • while the next start-up, the next Google can't get a fair shot. Challenges like healthcare

  • and energy that hold our country back while competition from other nations picks up. That's

  • one alternative. Another alternative is for us to unlock a new future of opportunity.

  • Together we could open up the government and invite all citizens in while connecting all

  • of America to 21st century Broadband. We could use technology to help achieve universal healthcare,

  • to reach for a clean energy future, and to ensure that young Americans can compete and

  • win in the global economy. If America recommits itself to science and innovation, then we

  • can lead the world to a new future of productivity and prosperity. That's what we can do if we

  • seize this moment. That's the choice we face. And as president, I intend to work with you

  • to write the next chapter in the story of American innovation. That's part of the reason

  • why I'm running for president of the United States. To seize this moment, we have to ensure

  • free and full exchange of information, and that starts with an open internet. I will

  • take--I

  • will take a backseat to no one in my commitment to network neutrality, because once providers

  • start to privilege some applications or websites over others, then the smaller voices get squeezed

  • out and we all lose. The internet is perhaps the most open network in history and we have

  • to keep it that way. To seize this moment, we have to connect all of America to 21st

  • century infrastructure. As president, I will set a goal of ensuring that every American

  • has Broadband access, no matter where you live, no matter how much money you have or

  • don't have. We will raise the standards for Broadband speed. We will connect schools and

  • libraries and hospitals. And well take on the special interest so that we can finally

  • unleash the power of wireless spectrum for our safety, our security, and our connectivity.

  • To seize this moment, we have to use technology to open up our democracy. It's no coincidence

  • that one of the most secretive administrations in our history, has favored special interests

  • and pursued policies that could not stand up to the sunlight. As president, I'm going

  • to change that. We will put government data online in universally accessible formats.

  • I'll let citizens--I'll let citizens check federal grants, contracts, earmarks, and lobbying

  • contracts. I'll let you participate in government forums, ask questions in real time, offer

  • suggestions that will be reviewed before decisions are made, and let you comment on legislation

  • before it is signed. And to ensure that every government agency is meeting 21st century

  • standards, I will appoint the nation's first chief technology officer to coordinate and

  • make certain that we are always at the forefront of technology and that we are incorporating

  • it into every decision that we make. And if you want to know how I'll govern, just look

  • at our campaign. Weve received over 370,000 donations online, half of which have been

  • under $25. Nearly 300,000 Americans have their own accounts on BarackObama.com. Theyve

  • createdtheyve created thousands of grassroots groups. They've offered up over 15,000 policy

  • ideas, because we believe the real change can only come from the bottom-up, and technology

  • empowers people to come together to make that change. Because at this moment, I think we

  • have to do more than to get our house in order, the opportunity in front of us is bigger than

  • that. Seizing this opportunity is going to depend on more than what the government does

  • or even what the technology sector does. It's going to depend on how together we harness

  • technology to confront the biggest challenges that America faces. Just imagine what we could

  • do. If we commit ourselves to electronic medical records, then we can lift up the quality of

  • healthcare and reduce error and dramatically lower costs. If we take on--if we take on

  • special interests and make aggressive investments and clean a renewable energy like Google has

  • done with solar here in Mountainview, that we can end our addiction to ore, create millions

  • of jobs and save the planet in the bargain. If we make technological literacy a fundamental

  • part of education then we can give our children the skills they need to compete and ensure

  • the next generation of scientists and engineers as being educated right here in America. We

  • can do this, but we can't wait because Silicon Valley is not the only corner of innovation

  • in the world. If America doesn't seize this moment, then we will face only more competition

  • from Dubai and Dublin, from Shanghai and Mumbai. So, instead of George Bush's policy of undermining

  • science, I intend to double federal funding for basic research and make the R&D tax credit

  • permanent. To keep--to keep the door open for the next generation of start-ups, I'll

  • enforce tough anti-trust laws, and to ensure that America continues to track the world's

  • best and brightest, we need comprehensive immigration reform that strengthens permanent

  • resident visas like the H-1B program. We need to make sure that the next success story,

  • the next Google, happens here in America. The Google stories about what can be achieved

  • when we cultivate new ideas and keep the playing field level for new businesses. But it's also

  • about not settling for what we've already achieved, it's about constantly raising the

  • bar so that we're more competitive. And so we use technology to reach ever expanding

  • horizons. You know, the first time I was back here in 2004, Larry showed me the image that

  • tracks all the internet searches taking place in the world. I wrote about this in my book.

  • And I saw the earth rotating on a flat panel monitor with the different lights for different

  • languages marking all the traffic on this wondrous network, the network that didn't

  • even exist when almost all of us here were born, almost. But what struck me wasn't the

  • light on that globe; it was the darkness. Most of Africa, chunks of Asia, even parts

  • of the United States, the disconnected corners of our interconnected world where the promise

  • of the 21st century is being eclipsed by peril. You and I must not settle for anything less

  • than an America that replaces that darkness with a new light, because the promise and

  • prosperity of the new economy must not be the property of the few. It must be a force

  • that lifts up our entire country and ultimately lifts up the entire world. We have the privilege to live in a transformational

  • moment, a moment when an idea can change the world, a moment when technology empowers us

  • to come together as never before while letting each of us reach for our own individual dreams,

  • a moment when we can finally progress and move beyond the huge challenges that have

  • stood in the way of progress for far too long. We cannot and we must not look back and regret

  • that we settled for anything less. And that's why I'm asking you to join me in seizing this

  • moment, I'm asking you to join me in changing the world. Thank you very much everybody.

  • Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. Eric, come on up. Thank you.

  • >> SCHMIDT: Brilliant. Brilliant. >> OBAMA: Thank you so much.

  • >> SCHMIDT: Thank--thank you, Senator, for such a strong message about innovation.

  • >> OBAMA: Thank you. >> SCHMIDT: Senator Obama, the product of

  • a Kansas mother and a father from Kenya, born in Hawaii; your history, of course, Columbia,

  • Harvard, state senator, now, senator running for president, welcome to Google.

  • >> OBAMA: Thank you so much. Thank you. >> SCHMIDT: When you see yourself in the presidency

  • in 2008, 2009, and for many years, what is it that you're going to do that's exceptional?

  • What is your fundamental reason why you think this company--this country, excuse me, is

  • going to be--is going to be a great country? And by the way...

  • >> OBAMA: Is this the kind of interview that you guys want too?

  • >> SCHMIDT: And your book is really extraordinary, its title is The Audacity of Hope.

  • >> OBAMA: Yeah. Well, Eric, first of all, thanks, thanks for letting me be here, and

  • the reason that book is called The Audacity of Hope is it captures an idea that got me

  • into politics in the first place, which is that part of what has been great about America

  • is there’s a certain audacious quality, this belief that this ragtag bunch of revolutionaries

  • can overthrow the greatest empire on earth, start a government that we've never seen operate

  • before, spread across the continent, create the greatest economy and the greatest democracy

  • in our history, and then overcome barriers, both internal and external that would prevent

  • us from making progress. There's a certain confidence and boldness to the idea of America.

  • And the reason I'm running for president right now, because oftentimes people ask me, "Why

  • now?" You know, if I waited 10 years, I'd be still younger than most of the other candidates,

  • that's true. It is because I think we are at a defining moment in our history, our nation

  • is at war, the planet is in peril, ordinary Americans are working harder for less. They

  • feel as if the dream that generations fought for is slowly slipping away. There are costs

  • for everything, from healthcare to college have gone up. They're finding it more difficult

  • to save, difficult to retire, and they don't feel as if anybody in Washington is listening

  • to them. And when I made the decision, I sat down with my wife, and I asked myself three

  • questions: One, could my family survive the rigors of presidential campaign? And because

  • my wife is exceptional and my children are above average, we figured we could do it,

  • and theyve been great. That's also true. The second question we asked was, "Could we

  • win?" And we determined that we could. But the third question was, I asked myself the

  • question you asked, because I think so much is at stake right now that running for president

  • can't be about just ambition this time, there's got to be a rationale. And what I concluded

  • is this; I believe I can more effectively bring this country together to solve problems

  • than on the other candidate. And, yeah, we have seen a gridlock where 45% of the country

  • is on one side, 45% of the country is on the other, we've got 10% in the middle, they all

  • live in Ohio and Florida apparently, and so, political contest just become beating down

  • the other side and eking out of victory one way or the other, but you can't govern. And

  • the problems we face, whether it's climate change or healthcare or our standing in the

  • world are so enormous that we have to govern, we have to make good decisions, so that's

  • number one. Number two, is I--I have taken on the special interest in the past and of

  • one and I've got an instinct of bias to push against the status quo, which I think is really

  • needed right now because Washington has become captive of special interest that are making

  • decisions not based on reason, not based on competition, not based on innovation, but

  • all too often based on who's got the most juice, who's got the most clout, and that

  • has to change. And the third--the third thing and this is the last thing is--you mentioned

  • in my background--I was shaped by a new global perspective. I grew up in Hawaii. I lived

  • in Indonesia. I have family all around the globe. And the damage that's been done over

  • the last seven years and outstanding in the world is so significant that we have to have

  • the next president engage in a level of personal presidential diplomacy that I think is unmatched

  • at least since World War II. And I believe that the day I'm inaugurated, the--not only

  • does the country look at itself differently but the world looks at America differently.

  • And I'm able to go to Africa and speak to them about development and problems of corruption

  • and our obligations towards that continent, and I could say--I've got a grandmother in

  • a small African village without electricity or running water. So I have a little credibility

  • that no other president could match. If I go to a Muslim leader, I can speak to them

  • and I can say, "I am a Christian but I live in the country with the largest Muslim population

  • in the world. And so, I don't assume a clash of civilizations. I think that there's something

  • we have in common that we can potentially build on. And I have a level of credibility

  • that no other president has. That I think is what's going to be necessary to lead us

  • out of the problems that we're in right now. >> SCHMIDT: You know--well. Now, Senator,

  • you're here at Google and I like to think of the presidency as a job interview. Now,

  • it's hard to get a job... >> OBAMA: Right.

  • >> SCHMIDT: As president... >> OBAMA: Right.

  • >> SCHMIDT: And--I mean, you're going to do a great job. It's also hard to get a job at

  • Google. >> OBAMA: Right.

  • >> SCHMIDT: We have questions and we ask our candidates questions. And this one is from

  • Larry Schwimmer. >> OBAMA: Okay.

  • >> SCHMIDT: What--you guys think I'm kidding, it's right here. What is the most efficient

  • way to sort a million 32-bit integers? >> OBAMA: Well...

  • >> SCHMIDT: Maybe--I'm sorry... >> OBAMA: No, no, no, no. I think--I think

  • the bubble sort would be the wrong way to go.

  • >> SCHMIDT: Come on. Who told him this? Okay. I didn't see computer science in your background.

  • >> OBAMA: We've got our spies in there. >> SCHMIDT: Well, why not--okay, let's ask

  • a different interview question. Well, obviously, more serious. You're notable in this campaign