Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

已審核 字幕已審核
  • Time for school!

    準備上學囉!

  • And it's no surprise that many of us are determined to study smarter instead of longer.

    大多數人認為,與其投注更多時間,不如一心一意有技巧地唸書。

  • But which study tips and tricks actually work scientifically, and can help you get those perfect grades?

    但究竟哪些唸書的技巧與訣竅是科學證實有效,使你能在考場上大獲全勝的呢?

  • First step, research shows that study sessions are most effective in small short chunks.

    第一步,研究指出,若將學習時段切割成大量細小的部分執行,成效會更好。

  • Instead of cramming in a ten hour study session, it's much more effective to spread it out into twenty thirty-minutes sessions over a few weeks.

    與其一下子來個十小時的臨時抱佛腳,倒不如這樣做效果更好:把這十小時分成二十個三十分鐘的小段落,分散於數週。

  • This is because your brain is better at encoding information into the synapses in short repeated sessions as opposed to one large one.

    這是因為大腦在把訊息編碼進入神經突觸時,短期且重複的學習效果比冗長的學習更好。

  • And this is why even learning different skills, whether it's swimming, tennis, or a singing lesson often follows the same format.

    這也是為什麼學習不同才藝時,無論是游泳、網球或學唱歌,經常遵照這種學習模式。

  • And well, cramming and pulling all nighters may be a ritual, it turns out that this is linked to the lowest grades.

    即使現今大家對挑燈夜戰習以為常,研究結果顯示這卻與爛成績息息相關。

  • After prolonged nocturnal study sessions, reasoning and memory may be negatively effected for up to 4 whole days.

    經歷了長時間熬夜的學習時段,對於推理能力跟記憶力在接下來的整整四天,可能會有不良的影響。

  • Instead, setting up specific times in a day, or during the week, just to study primes your brain by creating a routine,

    反之,在一天或一週內,設定特定的讀書時間,藉由創造一個日常規律來讓大腦對於讀書這件事有所準備。

  • and over time studying actually becomes easier, as your brain is trained to learn in those moments.

    久而久之,因為大腦被訓練成在規律的時段學習,讀書就會變得簡單許多。

  • And well, many of us spend hours passively rereading our notes or highlighting a textbook, studies have shown this to be ineffective.

    另外,許多人被動地反覆讀著筆記或在課本上畫重點,被研究指出是無濟於事的。

  • It doesn't improve your understanding of topics nor does it link key concepts together.

    這樣做既不會讓你更了解主題,也不會把重點概念連結在一起。

  • It can even be detrimental, as it draws your attention to less important information.

    尤有甚者,你的專注力會被瑣細的資訊影響,從而造成反效果。

  • Flashcards, on the other hand, are proven to be excellent memory reinforcement tools.

    另一方面,「抽字卡」則被證實為很棒的記憶強化工具,

  • Whether, during your schedule study times, or during off times like a bus ride home.

    無論是於安排好的念書時段使用、亦或是像搭公車回家等非唸書時間,都大有助益。

  • It also helps to have a specific goal for each study session.

    為每一個讀書時段訂定明確目標也大有幫助。

  • Instead of aimlessly studying, pick one aspect you're focused on.

    與其亂槍打鳥式地唸,倒不如就集中火力在某一個方面。

  • Whether it's balancing chemical equations or learning how to conjugate french verbs.

    可以是練習平衡化學等式,或是熟稔法文的動詞人稱變化。

  • If you can't explain it simply, then you don't understand it well enough.

    而若你沒辦法簡潔地解釋你唸的東西,就代表你理解地不夠透徹。

  • In studies where individuals were asked to learn a passage and then half were told they will be tested on the material while the other half were told they would have to teach it to other students

    在一些研究實驗裡,實驗對象被要求讀一段短文,一半被告知說等等會有相關測驗,另一半則被告知要向一群學生解釋該篇短文。

  • participants expecting to teach it, did much better on understanding the main points.

    研究結果顯示後者對於短文重點的理解程度遠遠優於前者。 

  • When you're expected to teach, your brain organizes the information in a more logical coherent structure.

    當你被指望要教別人時,大腦就會以更有邏輯條理的方式組織那些資訊。

  • Of course, practice, practice, practice!

    當然了,「一回生,二回熟,三回成高手!」

  • Not only do practice tests put your brain in the environment but even if you make mistakes, they help identify gaps in your knowledge

    做些模擬試題不僅僅能讓大腦熟悉考試的環境,即便你犯了些無傷大雅的錯誤,它們也能找出你知識上的缺口。

  • Practice tests have also been shown to increase confidence, thereby leading to better performance.

    模擬試題也被證明能提昇自信心,因而能促發更好的表現。

  • So where should you be studying ?

    嗯,所以哪些地方最適合唸書呢?

  • Research shows that having a designated sacred spot for study, that's well equipped with every tool you might need is best.

    研究指出,擁有一個文具一應俱全、私人指定的讀書專用秘密基地是最好的。

  • Just like setting times, this primes your brain for studying.

    好比前面說的時程設定,這樣做可以讓大腦有萬全的準備。

  • Have an awesome study playlist? Not so fast!

    準備好播放美妙絕倫的音樂清單了嗎?先別那麼急!

  • Well, some studies have shown that certain types of classical music can help improve concentration,

    一些研究確實顯示,特定類型的古典音樂能夠幫助改善注意力,

  • a recent studies has shown that learning with rhythmic background noise can be detrimental to focus and those not using music, very much better.

    近期研究卻指出,一邊唸書一邊聽節奏太強的背景音樂有礙於集中精神,相反地,不聽音樂的學習成效更加顯著。

  • And if you haven't already, put away your phone!

    還是唸書時手機不離身嗎?快遠離你的手機!

  • This is a no brainer. But your text and social media notifications severely decrease concentration.

    不用想也知道,簡訊和社群網站的通知會嚴重地擊垮你的專注力。

  • Of course, exams can be extremely stressful,

    當然,大考帶來的壓力十分龐大,

  • so if you want some tips on how to deal with exam anxiety, check out our ASAP THOUGHT videos which breaks down some tips for that.

    所以你如果想學一些應付考試焦慮的小撇步,來看看 ASAP THOUGHT 的影片吧!我們會逐步解說那些消除焦慮的步驟。

  • Link in the description.

    連結在影片下方。

  • And a big thank you to TD bank for sponsoring this video.

    誠摯感謝 TD Bank (道明加拿大信託銀行) 贊助影片的製作。

  • If you're heading to campus this fall, click on the link below or visit td.com/student to see how TD can help you start school with a plan.

    如果你今年秋天將準備入學,點擊下方的連結或拜訪 td.com/student 這個網站,因為 TD 幫你擬定了開學季的作戰計畫。

  • We know how hard and tough it can be getting buried in books and bills and TD has some great solutions for you.

    我們都能體會開學之初,那些淹沒無度的教科書啊、帳單啊是多麼艱苦的負擔,而 TD 有為你準備一些解決良方。

  • Be sure to check it out.

    請務必去賞光一下!

  • And subscribe for more weekly science videos.

    最後,記得訂閱我們的頻道觀賞每週科學知識的影片喔。

Time for school!

準備上學囉!

字幕與單字
已審核 字幕已審核

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 美國腔 讀書 時段 學習 大腦 研究 影片

【生活英文】想要有效率的學習嗎?教你九個最棒的讀書小撇步!(The 9 BEST Scientific Study Tips)

  • 29407 2520
    Y Kong Chong 發佈於 2020 年 12 月 11 日
影片單字