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  • I m Carl Azuz for CNN Student News.

  • We re starting today with a report on a major earthquake

  • that struck Southern Asia yesterday.

  • Its epicenter, the point directly above the quake was in northeastern Afghanistan.

  • The force was felt in neighboring Pakistan and Tajikistan,

  • as well as two countries over in India.

  • Its magnitude was 7. 5, capable of catastrophic damage.

  • But geologists say because its epicenter was so deep,

  • more than 130 miles below the surface,

  • its effects were limited. Still, Afghan officials say

  • more than 4000 houses were severely damaged or destroyed,

  • and more than 200 people, mostly in Pakistan,

  • were confirmed dead when we produced this show.

  • The quake hit in a rural mountainous area.

  • Some affected villages are hard for rescuers to reach.

  • They also don't have good infrastructure like sturdy bridges

  • or reliable communications systems. So that's another challenge.

  • This quake was only slightly less powerful

  • than one that struck nearby Kashmir in 2005,

  • but that one's epicenter was shallow and it killed more than 70, 000 people.

  • This week local and government law enforcement officials

  • from across the U. S. are meeting in Chicago, Illinois.

  • One issue they're discussing,

  • a surge in violent crime in some cities

  • with an increased number of murders in Dallas, Texas,

  • Miami, Florida, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Cleveland, Ohio.

  • Another issue for officials at the meeting,

  • what some are calling the Ferguson effect.

  • It follows a controversial incident in Ferguson,

  • Missouri last year when a white police officer killed an 18 year old black man.

  • FBI director Jim Comey says that at least part of the reason why

  • there's a surge in crime in some cities around the country

  • could be because some officers are holding back.

  • Now this is called the Ferguson effect

  • because increased scrutiny on police tactics

  • is causing some officers to be reluctant to arrest suspects.

  • Now he spoke at the University of Chicago on Friday

  • and he tackled these issues about race and the effect on police.

  • Far more people are being killed

  • in some of America's cities than in many years.

  • And let's be clear,

  • far more people of color are being killed in American cities this year.

  • And it's not the cops doing the killing.

  • Now we should note that not all police chiefs

  • believe that their officers are holding back.

  • There's some that believe the rise in crime could be explained

  • by the rise of synthetic drugs on the streets.

  • Comey is speaking to a convention of police chiefs in Chicago

  • and we'll hear more about what he has to say.

  • Evan Perez, CNN, Chicago.

  • Well unless you're a vegetarian, you might not like this.

  • The World Health Organization, it's an agency of the United Nations,

  • says eating processed meat causes cancer.

  • By processed, the group means any type of meat

  • that's salted, cured, or smoked to give it more flavor or preserve its shelf life.

  • So think sausages, ham, and hot dogs.

  • But the agency also says that

  • unprocessed red meat like steak is probably cancer causing.

  • The risk is relatively low if you eat small amounts of meat,

  • but if someone eats two slices of ham a day for example,

  • the WHO says his cancer risk goes up by 18 %.

  • The North American Meat Industry responded by saying

  • that numberous studies show no correlation between meat and cancer.

  • And that the nutrients in meat, quote, far outweigh any theoretical hazard.

  • The Pacific Northwest gets the first nod in today's call of the roll.

  • We're taking you to Mount Vernon, Washington.

  • It's there that the cougars are stalking CNN Student News

  • there at Conway School District.

  • To the east coast, Mount Pleasant Middle School is next.

  • It's in Livingston, New Jersey, the home of the Pumas.

  • And in the capital of Ukraine, hello to Kiev International School,

  • and thank you for watching in Kiev.

  • U. S. medical experts suggest

  • that 2015 could be one of the worst years

  • for deaths in high school football.

  • Part of the reason is sheer numbers,

  • about 100 thousand people play in the NFL,

  • semi pro leagues and college combined.

  • In high school, there are more than a million players.

  • Experts say changes over the last 10 years

  • have made high school sports safer,

  • but that students brains are naturally more susceptible

  • to injuries because they are still developing.

  • And many teams will insist on playing,

  • despite having symptoms of a concussion.

  • Still brain injuries are not the leading cause of death in high school football.

  • Sadly, about the same number of high school football players

  • continue to die each year.

  • 17 year old Andre Smith is the latest player to pass away

  • from an on- field injury.

  • He was hit on the last play of the game Thursday night.

  • Now, Smith walked to the sideline before collapsing.

  • He was unconscious but breathing.

  • While being rushed to the hospital, Smith died Friday morning,

  • and the autopsy showed that the cause of death

  • was a blunt force head injury.

  • Now Smith's family says that Andre loved playing football

  • and they can't believe that this game took him from them.

  • Out of all the things people can live and die from,

  • I never thought it would be something just as simple as that.

  • You understand the risk but it's a game. It's a game.

  • And kids have played this for years.

  • Now on Friday night, another high school player in Tennessee

  • had to be a life lighted at Vanderbilt University Medical Center

  • after suffering a hit to the head during his game.

  • Baylor Bramble had to had emergency surgery to release pressure on his brain.

  • At last check, he was in critical condition.

  • Andre Smith is the seventh high school football related death this year and,

  • sadly, that is below the yearly average of 12 football related deaths a year.

  • And, while Smith did died of a hit to the head,

  • the leading cause of football deaths is actually sudden cardiac arrest.

  • A troubling statistic when it comes to high school

  • football is that only 37 % of schools employ a full time athletic trainer,

  • according to the National Athletic Trainers Association.

  • More than half of schools have part time trainers,

  • while three- quarters have access to trainers at games.

  • So important, because in many instances,

  • quickly diagnosing an injury that a player suffers on the field,

  • can help save a life.

  • Carbon sink is an ecological term.

  • It's something that absorbs more carbon dioxide than it gives off.

  • Soil, the ocean, and especially forests are all examples

  • of natural carbon sinks.

  • Combined, they're believed to absorb about half the carbon dioxide

  • that humans produce.

  • Could the addition of artificial carbon sinks send pollution down the drain?

  • Every time you get in a car, fly on a plane,

  • or breathe, you're emitting carbon dioxide into the atmosphere,

  • which stays there.

  • We've spent years trying to get people to pollute less.

  • But what if that isn't the answer?

  • What if there were a way to take carbon dioxide out of the air,

  • and put it somewhere else?

  • Trees and plants do this all the time.

  • They essentially inhale carbon dioxide and push out oxygen.

  • Scientists call this a carbon sink.

  • This isn't something you'd find in your kitchen or your bathroom.

  • These things are nature's way of sucking up and storing carbon dioxide.

  • While nature absorbs a lot of CO2,

  • it can't keep up with the rate we're creating it.

  • So, labs are around the world are building their own carbon sinks.

  • Researchers at Arizona State University

  • are making artificial trees from CO2 absorbing resin.

  • A Canadian startup is designing fans that have a special absorbent liquid

  • that captures CO2 and turns it into a salt.

  • Currently, none of these technologies are ready for mass distribution.

  • While each holds promise, the devices aren't large enough,

  • efficient enough, or cheap enough, to make a big enough impact.

  • What's probably the most famous mask in the world is getting repaired.

  • This is Ancient Egypt's King Tutankhamen

  • or at least it's the priceless 3300 year old mask that covered his mummy.

  • An Egyptian museum employee accidentally

  • knocked off its beard in 2014 and it was quickly and badly glued back on.

  • The issue came to light in January.

  • Now, archeologists are using wooden

  • sticks to carefully scrape off the crust of dried glue.

  • They plan to restore and reattach the beard, within a few months.

  • Tut wasn't a particularly significant king of his day,

  • it was the discovery of his tomb in 1922, that made him world famous.

  • Mainstream Bridge is a famous landmark in Ohio's capital of Columbus,

  • but it's being taking over by an infamous kind of creature.

  • Spiders. As many as 10, 000 of them according to an entomologist.

  • Don't hold the hand rail!

  • A wildlife expert says its because of a recent project

  • that added tens of thousands of plants beneath the bridge.

  • That brought in many more insects

  • and that brought in many more insect predators.

  • Not a good place to eat curds and whey.

  • They've got eight legs up on potential prey.

  • Having woven a web of thread bare simplicity.

  • Spiders are creatures of deadly duplicity,

  • stringing along their homes by the bunch,

  • then trapping and wrapping their victims for lunch.

  • CNN Student News brought you this rhyme,

  • we'll see you tomorrow at the same time.

I m Carl Azuz for CNN Student News.

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October 27, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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