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  • China's economy, fish whiskers, carbohydrates,

  • and a piano playing pachyderm are all part of this Thursdays show.

  • Welcome to CNN student news.

  • I'm your host Carl Azuz.

  • This October 15th, we're starting with the debate,

  • one among the five Democrats

  • hoping to secure their party's nomination for president.

  • They took the stage at the Wynn Hotel in Las Vegas Wednesday night.

  • And like the Republican presidential hopefuls

  • whose debate we covered last month,

  • the Democrats were hoping to stand out from each other,

  • to tell Americans what they plan to do if they get elected,

  • and to try to get donors interested so they'll contribute to their campaigns.

  • This was one of a series of debates for both parties.

  • They matter because they can influence how Americans vote

  • in the caucuses and primaries.

  • Those are scheduled to begin next February.

  • They'll whittle down the fields,

  • eventually singling out one Democrat and one Republican

  • who traditionally represent their parties

  • on the national ballot in the general election.

  • So what did the Democrats have to say?

  • If you look at my record, in and out of government,

  • is that I've always been willing to take on complicated,

  • sometimes unpopular issues, and work them through,

  • the complex issues, in order to have the solution.

  • We did, in criminal justice reform.

  • We had a lot of discussion here about criminal justice reform.

  • We did it in other ways.

  • We need a national political strategy for our economy,

  • for our foreign policy.

  • Today, the scientific community is virtually unanimous.

  • Climate change is real. It is caused by human activity.

  • And we have a moral responsibility

  • to transform our energy system away from fossil fuel to energy efficiency,

  • and sustainable energy,

  • and leave this planet a habitable planet for our children and our grandchildren.

  • Right now, the wealthy pay too little and the middle class pays too much.

  • So I have specific recommendations about

  • how we're going to close those loopholes,

  • make it clear that the wealthy will have to pay their fair share,

  • and have a series of tax cuts for middle class families.

  • And I want to do more to help us balance family and work.

  • I have learned how to be an effective leader,

  • whether it was raising the minimum wage,

  • making our public schools the best in America,

  • passing marriage equality, the Dream Act,

  • and comprehensive gun safety legislation.

  • I have learned how to get things done

  • because I am very clear about my principles.

  • I've always been honest.

  • I have the courage to take the long term view,

  • and I've shown good judgement.

  • I have high ethical standards.

  • As we look to the future, I want to address the income inequality,

  • close the gap between the have and the have- nots.

  • I want to address climate change, a real threat to our planet.

  • And I believe in prosperity through peace. I want to end these wars.

  • Investors worldwide are keeping their eyes on China.

  • They're concerned about what's happening with its economy.

  • It's one of the largest in the world,

  • and because the economies of different countries are connected,

  • what happens to one of them can affect others across the globe.

  • There was a dramatic drop in China's stock market over the summer,

  • and shakiness continued through September

  • when the value of China's imports decreased.

  • It's partly because Chinese simply weren't buying as much,

  • not a good sign for their nation's economy.

  • There's no way around it.

  • China's economy is still suffering.

  • Economists surveyed by CNN Money are expecting growth of 6. 7 %

  • in the third quarter. That's the worst since the 2009 financial crisis.

  • Remember 2009? Jobs were wiped out,

  • the housing market went bust and giant banks went underwater.

  • Nobody wants to go back there.

  • At home, China is trying to engineer an economic shift,

  • away from manufacturing and pushing people to spend more.

  • But that's taking some time. In the meantime,

  • any bumps here, in the world's second largest economy,

  • will be felt around the globe. That was pretty clear this summer.

  • Investors worldwide started panicking as Chinese stock markets took a hit,

  • at one point losing about $ 4 trillion dollars in market value.

  • What's four trillion, that's 20 million Lamborghini's.

  • All eyes are now on Beijing for official GDP figures next Monday

  • and a key meeting later in the month.

  • Officials will have their work cut out for them reassuring the world

  • that they've got China's economy under control.

  • Sophia Yen, CNN, Hong Kong.

  • Whiskers. Dogs have them, hamsters have them, cats have them.

  • But catfish Are the only animals in the world

  • that have an odd number of whiskers.

  • And unlike the whiskers on pets that are basically hair,

  • the whiskers on catfish are barbels, they're sensors

  • that help the animals find food in murky water.

  • Nothing fishy about that, but it's random.

  • Okay, up next today.

  • How much of your daily diet should be made up of carbohydrates?

  • Actually, there's no one size fits all rule.

  • It depends on your age, your gender, your height, weight, overall health,

  • and how much exercise you get.

  • A dietician can help you figure out your own daily needs.

  • But there's a difference in the kind of carbs you get

  • from candy corn and the kind you get from pumpkins.

  • Food fuels all your activities. You know that.

  • You're breathing right now, because of the energy you get from food.

  • And yet most people don't know very much about

  • what they're putting into their bodies.

  • If you're like most people,

  • the primary source of all of your energy comes from carbohydrates,

  • also known as carbs.

  • They are one of the macronutrients,

  • along with proteins and fats. Now carbs can be healthy.

  • Think about breads, fruits, milk.

  • They can also be unhealthy. Popcorn, soda, cookies.

  • But regardless of how they start off,

  • inside your body any carbs you eat turn into sugar.

  • This process happens really fast with certain types of carbs.

  • Fruits, vegetables, candy, honey, those are called simple carbohydrates.

  • They provide a quick boost of energy.

  • You get energy over a longer period of time when you eat other types of carbs.

  • Whole grain breads, rice, beans, peas, potatoes,

  • these are called complex carbohydrates.

  • Now those are gonna take longer to digest.

  • If you're following the standard American diet,

  • also known as SAD, you're consuming up to 65 % of your calories

  • from carbs and just around 35 % of your calories from fat.

  • But a diet that's low in fat and high in carbs,

  • especially the wrong kinda carbs,

  • can turn on you. Here's what happens.

  • Because simple carbs don't make you feel as full,

  • you end up eating a lot of them.

  • And remember those carbs turn into sugar

  • and that sugar flows through your bloodstream.

  • When it does, your body releases a hormone called insulin.

  • Insulin is important.

  • It lets your cells know that energy is on the way and it's up for grabs,

  • but insulin also takes the extra energy from carbs and turns it into fat.

  • That's why a sugary drink,

  • as well as a double cheeseburger can both be bad

  • for your waistline and for your heart.

  • Sure, you need carbs, we all do, but not too many.

  • And remember, not all carbs are the same.

  • You say Nevada I say Nevada.

  • People who live there say Nevada like the Cougars of K. O. Knudson Middle School.

  • They are watching from their states largest city Las Vegas.

  • Next we're flying with the Cardinals to the city of Rosendale

  • it's in northwest Missouri, home to North Andrew High School.

  • And in the Thai capital of Bangkok,

  • hello to our viewers at Berkeley International School.

  • Great to have you watching from Thailand.

  • And by sheer coincidence, our last story today took place in Thailand,

  • where an elephant lent a helping trunk to a piano player.

  • The best part is when he starts bobbing his head to the blues.

  • His playing isn't quite harmonious and it's not quite on rhythm,

  • but he puts on one heck of a trunk show.

  • According to Paul the pianist,

  • he's the human who posted this video on YouTube,

  • he was just visiting one day when Peter the elephant

  • came by and started to jam.

  • So you can say that when they played together,

  • Peter and Paul were merry.

  • The animals showed elephan- tastic potential,

  • maybe he has ears for classical too, like Canon in D by pachyderm.

  • Either way it's an enjoyable tusk,

  • one he'll remember for a long time. I'm Carl Azuz, we're back Friday.

China's economy, fish whiskers, carbohydrates,

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October 15, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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