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  • This is CNN Student News,

  • ten minutes of current event from around the world.

  • I'm Carl Azuz. First up, lawmakers in Iran have given the green light

  • to a controversial nuclear deal involving their country.

  • 161 members of the Iranian Parliament voted for the deal.

  • 56 voted against it. It lifts international sanctions,

  • these penalties on Iran, allowing billions of dollars

  • to resume flowing into its economy.

  • In exchange, Iran's agreed to put its nuclear program on hold.

  • The US led a group of five other countries in negotiating the deal.

  • About half of Americans, and most US lawmakers opposed it.

  • But the deal had enough support in the Senate to keep it in place.

  • There are still issues between the US and Iran.

  • The Middle Eastern country's supreme leader says the deal

  • won't change his government's stance toward the US.

  • The US government says that Iran probably broke the law

  • when it test fired a new missile over the weekend.

  • Then there's the issue of hostages.

  • He spent 391 days in Iran's most notorious prison,

  • without being charged for months, tried behind closed doors.

  • American Jason Rezaian, the Washington Post Tehran bureau chief,

  • appeared on CNN's Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown

  • just before he was detained last July.

  • Eventually, he was accused of spying and collaborating

  • with a hostile government, charges his family, his employer,

  • and the US government call baseless.

  • We want Jason to have a fair trial and the only fair verdict is to acquit him.

  • Along with Amir Hekmati, Saeed Abedini and Robert Levinson

  • resigned as one of four Americans held or missing in Iran.

  • President Obama has vowed to win their release.

  • I told them personally we will not rest

  • until we bring him home to his family, safe and sound.

  • The president came under sharp fire for not securing their freedom

  • as part of a landmark nuclear deal with Iran,

  • bristling when challenged by a reporter.

  • The notion that I'm content,

  • as I celebrate with American citizens languishing in Iranian jails,

  • Major, that's nonsense.

  • His family feels that Jason has become a political pawn

  • in the challenging US Iran relationship.

  • He is paying the price of the suspicion,

  • the animosity, and the paranoia between the two countries

  • for more than 37 years.

  • Iran has a history of holding Americans on trumped up charges,

  • from journalist Roxana Sobari to the American hikers captured in Iran,

  • later releasing them after public trials

  • and before serving out their sentences.

  • In Washington, there is concern with why Iran is detaining him,

  • and what they hope to get out of all of this.

  • A new report by Dutch investigators concludes

  • that a missile brought down a passenger plane over Ukraine last year.

  • The plane was Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, and to be clear,

  • this is not the jet that disappeared over the Indian Ocean in March of 2014.

  • That one still hasn't been found. Malaysia Airlines flight 17 crashed in July.

  • It was headed from Netherlands to Malaysia when a war

  • head exploded outside the cockpit. All 298 people aboard were killed.

  • The incident happened over the Eastern part of Ukraine,

  • a country that's been at civil war since early last year.

  • Officials did not say who was to blame for shooting down the plane.

  • A separate investigation aims to do that,

  • but they did indicate that Ukrainian officials

  • should have closed the air space over country.

  • Keeping an ear to the sky, worldwide interest in space is on the rise.

  • NASA has five active missions to Mars.

  • Last year European astronomers landed,

  • then lost a spacecraft on a comet.

  • Now China is building the world's biggest radio telescope

  • to listen for life beyond Earth. Its cost is estimated at about $ 108 million.

  • China is building the world's largest radio telescope,

  • called the Five- hundred- meter Aperture Spherical Telescope, or FAST.

  • To give you an idea of just how big this thing is,

  • imagine 30 soccer pitches put together.

  • FAST is due to be completed in 2016,

  • allowing researchers to detect radio signals,

  • signs of potential life from up to a million stars and solar systems.

  • The Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico

  • is currently the world's largest with a diameter of 305 meters.

  • Fast precision will allow astronomers to survey the Milky Way,

  • and other galaxies, and detect faint pulsars.

  • The set up might also work as a powerful ground station

  • for future space missions.

  • Maybe most interesting,

  • is its potential to advance the search for For extraterrestrial signs of life.

  • In July, NASA sparked excitement with its discovery

  • of an earth- like planet named Kepler 452- B,

  • whose proximity to the sun

  • is ideal for supporting an atmosphere and liquid water.

  • But detecting radio signals, signs of life radiating from the exoplanet

  • is beyond the means of our current instruments.

  • But not for FAST,

  • there are many people who think we aren't alone.

  • It's not clear whether FAST will ever find evidence of little green men,

  • but it will allow us to look further than ever before.

  • CNNstudentnews. com is the only place where we look for your roll call request.

  • Here are three of the schools watching today.

  • Amesbury Middle School is in Massachusetts

  • and it's the Eagles who are soaring over the town of Amesbury.

  • Next to the village of Wausaukee, Wisconsin,

  • it's where we found the Rangers on patrol at Wausaukee High School.

  • And in the Netherlands, we're shouting out our friends at Coornhert Gymnasium.

  • Hello to everyone watching in the city of Gouda.

  • Ordinary people taking extraordinary steps to address a problem.

  • These are CNN Heroes.

  • The company just announced its top ten heroes

  • and viewers get to choose the CNN Hero of the Year.

  • We put up a link to the site for that at CNNStudentNews. com.

  • Here are the top ten and you'll recognize many of them

  • from our character study series.

  • Bhagwati Agrawal is fighting the water crisis in his homeland.

  • His non profit created a rainwater harvesting system

  • that now provides water to six villages,

  • more than 10, 000 people in India's driest region.

  • Safety Net. Anybody home?

  • From Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Dr. Jim Withers.

  • For more than 20 years he's taken medicine to the streets,

  • bringing free quality healthcare to the city's homeless.

  • Monique Pool. In 2005 she turned her home into a sanctuary

  • for sloths in the South American country of Suriname.

  • She's since rescued, rehabilitated,

  • and released hundreds of these mammals

  • and other animals back to the wild.

  • Richard Joyner has led his rural community of Conetoe,

  • North Carolina to better health by helping young people

  • grow and distribute 50, 000 pounds of fresh food each year.

  • Maggie Doyne, after graduating from high school,

  • she traveled the world and her visit to war torn Nepal changed her life.

  • Today, she helps provide a home for about 50 children

  • in Nepal and a school for hundreds more.

  • From Charlottesville, Virginia, Sean Gobin.

  • After serving in Iraq and Afghanistan,

  • this US marine found healing when he hiked the Appalachian trail.

  • Now, he supports other combat veterans as they walk off the war.

  • You're ready, and you're willing,

  • cuz you wouldn't have came here is you wasn't.

  • Kim Carter cycled in and out of incarceration and homelessness.

  • Then she decided it was time for a change.

  • Today, she's helping hundreds of women

  • in similar circumstances reclaim their lives.

  • Rochelle Ripley, determined to keep a promise

  • she made to her Native American grandmother.

  • Her nonprofit has delivered an estimated $ 9 million in aid

  • to the Lakota people in South Dakota.

  • Jody Farley- Berens lost her close friend,

  • a single mother of four, to cancer.

  • Good morning! Since 2006,

  • she and her non profit have provided assistance to hundreds of single moms

  • who are battling the disease.

  • And in Chicago, Daniel Ivankovich is a surgeon who treats first and bills later.

  • This is pretty darn good. Since 2010,

  • his non profit has provided care to more than 100, 000 uninsured

  • or under insured patients in Chicago's troubled neighborhoods.

  • Space water. You might think we're talking about evidence of water on Mars

  • or the detection of it on a distant planet.

  • Nah, we're talking about water in space, cuz it looks cool.

  • Astronauts aboard the International Space Station

  • made a blob of water float around, then they turned it colors.

  • They put bubbles in it, and they got some really detailed video of it,

  • thanks to a high- tech camera they have aboard the station.

  • Guess they wanted to make a splash,

  • and after addressing the gravity of the situation,

  • they probably figured, what are we waiting for?

  • We're the H2 only ones up here.

  • Footage like this is worth the weightlessness.

  • I'm Carl Azuz for CNN Student News.

This is CNN Student News,

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October 14, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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