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  • Protecting rhinos in Africa, watching for a supermoon,

  • and a kangaroo boxing match.

  • All reasons why Friday's are awesome on CNN Student News.

  • I'm Carl Azuz broadcasting from the CNN Center in Atlanta, Georgia.

  • First up the first time a Pope spoke before the US Congress.

  • Pope Francis addressed American lawmakers yesterday.

  • The leader of the Roman Catholic Church,

  • the largest denomination of the world's largest religion

  • discussed religious issues saying it's important today

  • that the voice of faith continue to be heard.

  • He also discussed political issues,

  • referring to immigration, abortion, the environment, the death penalty.

  • Some of his statements,

  • as you might expect got mixed reactions from U. S. lawmakers.

  • After his speech, the Pope left the House of Representatives to pray

  • and eat lunch with about 300 of the capital's homeless.

  • Its name means to set out for a place.

  • And for Muslims around the world, that place is the holy city of Mecca.

  • The Hajj has begun for millions of Muslims,

  • with pilgrims making their way towards Islam's most sacred site,

  • a cube shaped building called the Kaaba, located in the grand mosque.

  • For daily prayer, Muslims face this structure

  • from any given point in the world.

  • They are also required, if able, to make this pilgrimage

  • at least once in their lives, and then walk seven times around the Kaaba,

  • counterclockwise, in a ritual called the Tawaf.

  • The Grand Mosque`s gleaming minarets soar skyward,

  • pilgrims here cry as perform the daily prayers from these towers,

  • calling the faithful five times a day. Fionnuala Sweeney, CNN.

  • It was during a Hajj ritual known as the stoning of the devil

  • that a massive stampede occurred yesterday.

  • A Saudi official said there was a sudden surge

  • in the crowd as it headed toward the ritual site.

  • More than 700 people were killed and over 800 more were injured.

  • It happened despite the Saudi government`s efforts

  • to make the Hajj safer for the 2 million pilgrims who attend each year.

  • It is a logistical challenge,

  • having so many people in such a relatively small space.

  • This year`s tragedy is one of a number of stampedes

  • and other deadly events that have happened at the Hajj since the 1980s.

  • There are five remaining species of rhinoceros on the planet,

  • and four of them are endangered.

  • One main reason is poaching.

  • According to savetherhino.org,

  • killing these animals usually for their horns

  • is dramatically increasing across Africa.

  • There are international efforts to protect the mammals.

  • In Kenya, a northern white rhino, the last known male in the world,

  • is under 24-hour guard.

  • The rhinoceros horns are so valuable in the black market,

  • selling for as much as $5,500 per ounce

  • that the battle to protect the animals in South Africa is often a losing one.

  • Heavily armed rangers in South Africa looking for rhino poachers

  • but searching everyone. They've come to lay a trap.

  • Here, conservation is looking a lot more like a bush war.

  • We've always gotta look and try to put ourselves into the poachers' shoes,

  • and try and think like a poacher.

  • To do that, rangers like Josias Valois train

  • for months to read the signs of the bush.

  • He's saying that anything out of the ordinary,

  • it's important to look out for it and call it in,

  • because this is out in the bush. Litter, footprints, broken branches.

  • It all could mean that poachers are around.

  • Poachers normally work in small groups with a heavy caliber weapon

  • to shoot the rhino, small arms to protect against rangers.

  • Sometimes they hack the horns while the rhino's still alive.

  • Those horns are more valuable than gold,

  • fueled by Asian demand where they are falsely believed

  • to have medicinal qualities.

  • And the poachers are moving deeper into South Africa,

  • no longer confined to the country's eastern boarder,

  • the war is now coming from within.

  • Unfortunately, the feet from the ground with a gun that kill a poacher,

  • I believe is the wrong way forward.

  • We cause him more resentment,

  • more hatred towards our wildlife,

  • towards conservation as a whole, then we are any good.

  • But he says all they can do know is train like a military force,

  • and fight fire with fire. But they're outmaned,

  • outgunned and often outmaneuvered.

  • At times the information's good and you knock the guys.

  • But it doesn't happen every day. No arrest tonight but no rhinos Taken.

  • Let's see who's watching and making a role call request at CNNstudentnews. com.

  • TASIS, The American School in England is online.

  • Great to see you this Friday in Surrey, near London.

  • Who's next? Fairmont High School is next.

  • The home of the Firebirds is in Kettering, Ohio.

  • And from Anderson, South Carolina we salute the Patriot's.

  • They're from Robert Anderson College and Career Academy.

  • There's a significant celestial situation showing up Sunday,

  • it'll be visible in the US, Europe,

  • Africa and Western Asia and it involves the moon.

  • First it'll be at perigee, the moon has an elliptical orbit around the Earth.

  • And on Sunday night it'll be at the closest point in that orbit,

  • so it'll look huge, what some call a Super Moon.

  • Second, there's gonna be a lunar eclipse.

  • It'll give the moon a reddish tint, what some call a Blood Moon.

  • The last time a Super Moon and a Blood Moon coincided was in 1982.

  • The next won't be until 2033.

  • A lunar eclipse happens when the Sun,

  • the Earth and the Moon line up in a straight line in space,

  • with the Earth smack in the middle.

  • The Sun shines light on the Earth, which casts a shadow.

  • And as the Moon moves deeper into that shadow,

  • it appears to turn a dark reddish color. Why red?

  • Because the atmosphere is filtering out the blue light.

  • Some people have nicknamed this effect The Blood Moon.

  • NASA says that lunar eclipses typically happen at least twice a year,

  • but not all of them are total.

  • They're actually three different types.

  • A Penumbral Eclipse is when the Moon passes through

  • the outskirts of the Earth's shadow.

  • NASA says this is so subtle you might not even notice.

  • A partial eclipse is when the moon dips into part of the Earth's shadow,

  • but not all of it. So only a portion of the Moon turns dark.

  • A Total Eclipse is the best.

  • That's when the entire moon is in the Earth's shadow.

  • Turning it that deep red color.

  • And rarely, a Total Lunar Eclipse coincides with a Super Moon,

  • which is when the Moon is in the closest part of its orbit to Earth,

  • and looks bigger and brighter.

  • This only happened five times in the entire 20th century.

  • Remember, you don't need a telescope or any special equipment

  • to view a lunar eclipse, but having binoculars

  • or a telescope might make it more fun.

  • Either way, just go outside, find the Moon and enjoy.

  • Before we go, it starts with a kangaroo boxing a hippo.

  • In this case a toy hippo getting the stuffing kicked out of it by a kangaroo.

  • The dog on the left doesn't seem to mind.

  • But look up, there's a lemur.

  • A ruffed lemur just trying to hold on to the rope,

  • and that's not getting easier.

  • Then a ring tailed lemur sidles into the scene just kinda checking things out.

  • Suffice to say there's a lot going on here.

  • What makes sense is that it's all happening

  • at the exotic animal experience in Orlando, Florida.

  • The lemurs were like, hey Roo, lemur alone.

  • What you're doing is kanga- rude,

  • you're leaving that toy in hippo- critical condition.

  • The dog seemed a little hounded by all of the activity,

  • showing some signs of animalaise.

  • But I guess when you live in a zoo it's anything but a dog's life.

  • I'm Carl Azuz. We hope your weekend

  • is filled with fun and maybe some random entertainment.

Protecting rhinos in Africa, watching for a supermoon,

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September 25, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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