字幕列表 影片播放 已審核 字幕已審核 列印所有字幕 列印翻譯字幕 列印英文字幕 It`s Constitution Day in America, coverage of the event in the constitutional quiz are just minutes away on Student News. You`re going to love it. I`m Carl Azuz. First up today, police chanting "please go back." Demonstrators chanting, "Open the door." It was a chaotic scene yesterday at the border of Serbia and Hungary with migrants and refugees trying to get into Hungary. It`s become the prime gateway into Western Europe in the continent`s most severe refugee crisis since World War Two. Hungary is one of several European countries trying to control their borders. There are hundreds of thousands of people fleeing terrorism, warfare and poverty in the Middle East and North Africa. The European leaders are struggling with the challenges of where the refugees and migrants should go, how to pay for the influx of people, and concerns about terrorists crossing borders with them. CNN's Ben Wedeman was at a Hungarian border yesterday when trouble broke out. We were up on the gate that separates Serbia and Hungary. And of course there's been a tense standoff for several hours there as people were pushing at the gate to try to get it to come down so they could go into Hungary. Now, after a little while, and it's still going on now, people are throwing bottles and apples and other objects in the direction of the Hungarian special terrorism police, riot police. And afterwards they fired back with tear gas, and you can see a water cannon is now being fired as well, and of course among the crowd, there are many children, many women who are very close to that area. So there a lot of people who were overcome with this tear gas, which is quite strong. And of course we've heard them all day chanting at the gate, open the door, open the door, and as far as Hungarian authorities go, that's simply not going to happen. Up next today, report card for American fast food restaurants. They were graded on whether their meat suppliers use antibiotics on animals. The US Food and Drug Administration approves the use of antibiotics in the food supply. Supporters say it keep our food supply safer, decreasing the chances that people will be exposed to bacteria from meat. Critics say the practice makes bacteria more resistant to antibiotics, meaning infections could become harder to treat when we catch them. With more Americans dining out than ever, a group of health, environmental and consumer interest organizations gave an A to Chipotle and Panera Bread companies. The report says they're the only two fast casual restaurants that say most of their meat is raised without the regular use of antibiotics. Chick- fil- A got a B. It says it's in the process of going antibiotic- free. McDonalds and Dunkin Donuts got Cs, and restaurants that failed included Starbucks, Papa John's, Domino's, Taco Bell, Wendy's, Subway. An article with the complete list is featured in our Extra Credit Resources at cnnstudentnews. com. Time for the Shoutout. Two people who signed the US Constitution later became presidents. Who were they? If you think you know it, shout it out. Was it A, John Adams and James Madison, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, C, George Washington and James Madison, or D, Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson? You've got three seconds. Go! The two signers of the Constitution who would become presidents were George Washington and James Madison. That's your answer, and that's your Shoutout. It was on this date back in 1787 that 39 plus a secretary signed the US Constitution. What Constitution Day does is commemorate the event and the document that defined fundamental law in America. Okay, you knew that. Let's see what else you know about the document in our official CNN Student News Constitution Day Quiz. It's Constitution Day. On this date in 1787, 39 delegates to the Constitutional Convention signed the document that today is the oldest written constitution still in use by any government. We're finding out how much you know about the US Constitution, starting with some fun true or false questions. All right, number one. The word democracy appears in Article 1 of the US Constitution. Answer, false. The word democracy doesn't actually appear anywhere in the document. Next, Benjamin Franklin was the oldest person to sign the constitution. This is true. He was 81 and in declining health, so he needed someone to help him sign it. And it's said that as he did, tears were streaming down his face. Three, some delegates to the Convention refused to sign the Constitution. Answer, true. Of the six delegates who did not sign, three of them, Edmund Randolph and George Mason of Virginia, and Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts Refused to do so, partly because the Constitution didn't have a Bill of Rights. Those amendments guaranteeing individual liberties were proposed two years later. Since the ratification of the Bill of Rights in 1791, how many additional amendments have been added to the Constitution? Is the answer 7, 10, 12, or 17? If you said D, 17, you got it. The last amendment, the 27th, says that a pay raise for members of Congress cannot take effect until after an election. Now which branch of the US government is mentioned first in the Constitution? Is it the legislative, judicial or executive? Answer, A, the legislative branch's powers are laid out in Article 1 of the Constitution. This is the branch that includes the House of Representatives and the Senate, and is charged with making the laws that govern the country. Finally, where can you find the original copy of the Constitution? Is it in Fort Knox, Kentucky, the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution, or the National Archives? Answer? D. The National Archives Building in Washington DC. To preserve the quality of the document, it is kept at 67 degrees Fahrenheit and 40 % humidity. And you can say that fascinating fact constitutes our Constitution Day quiz. From yesterday's transcript page at CNNStudentNews. com, a fitting mascot leads off our Constitution Day roll call, the Senators. We elected to feature Dover High School today, it's in Dover, Delaware. Out west now to Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. It's the home of the Cubs who are watching at Moscow Middle School. And from the capital of Saudi Arabia, we heard from the International School of Riyadh. Good to have you watching this Thursday. Thanks to a non- profit organization called Our House, more than 350 young men from the Washington, DC area are getting a second chance. The program began more than 20 years ago, teaching them, literally, tools of the trade. The man who started it is today's Character Study. When I was a special ed teacher, I taught carpentry to high risk kids. During the day time they would catch on, you'd see that spark. Then they go home at night time, it would get erased. The tears you would see, the anguish they would go through, I saw a real need, and that's when the idea hit me, don't let them go home. The morning meal is now being served. We provide- >> Gentlemen, good morning. Residential setting for young men. Ready for a rip roaring day of work? During the day they learn trades. What I'd like to do- And at night time they get their high school education. We take on a lot of tough cases, from foster care, to the court system. Go ahead, you wanna try it? >> I'm impressed, yeah. The emotional support that we get is critical. >> I worked hard on it. Whoa, good job! The grounds are wide open, fields, trees, chickens, animals, it is not a lock up. Hunter, what does this one read? This facility becomes a home to many of them. When they leave, we try to help them find a job and a place to live. And anything that they need, we make sure they have. The program changed my life in every way. I'm currently enrolled in college. I feel like I've gone from the bottom to the top. Benny gave me the tools to build my future. I decided to come back and work with youth just like other people worked with me. I don't wanna see any more kids fall through the cracks. If I can give them an opportunity to turn their lives around, to step forward, that's my life's work. Who would be impressed to hear that one of NASA's latest rovers for exploring space is a hedgehog? Okay, it's actually a cube named Hedgehog, but check it. This thing can bounce. It's got three wheels, but they're flywheels and they're on the inside, so if it flips over or lands at an odd angle, it wouldn't get stuck. NASA says Hedgehogs are relatively inexpensive, but getting them to a Martian moon, for example, could end up costing $ 250 million. Which could hedge- hog a significant part of that budget, though some might call it a square deal. You can't really say the project's rolling forward, it's more of a hop, skip, and a jump away. Its movement, like its usefulness, kind of a hedge- podge. We're back tomorrow. Be there or be.