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  • On the first day of September,

  • CNN Student News starts in the largest and northernmost US state.

  • Welcome to the show, I'm Carl Azuz.

  • Today we're taking you to Alaska.

  • In his journey to the state known as the Last Frontier,

  • President Obama becomes the first sitting US president to visit the Arctic.

  • One reason for his trip, his administration is renaming Mount McKinley.

  • The tallest mountain in the US will be known as Denali.

  • Native Alaskans have pushed for the name change for decades.

  • Denali is the mountain's name in their native Athabaskan language.

  • It was named McKinley in 1896

  • for the man who'd become America's 25th president.

  • Several lawmakers from his home state of Ohio

  • say the landmark's name was a testament to President McKinley's service

  • and that they'll fight the plan to change it.

  • Another thing President Obama

  • wants to do is draw attention to a controversial issue.

  • He says melting ice, shrinking glaciers, rising sea levels,

  • and wildfires in Alaska are all tied to climate change.

  • While environmentalists support the President's focus on the climate,

  • some disagree with his decision to allow oil drilling off Alaska's Arctic coast.

  • And while the Obama administration and most scientists

  • say human activities are causing Earth's average temperatures to warm up,

  • some disagree, saying temperature changes are natural

  • or are caused by factors people can't control.

  • Opposing views reflected by some of the 2016 presidential candidates.

  • Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton

  • agrees with the Obama administration on the issue.

  • The Democratic Party's current front- runner has discussed her plan

  • to shift more of America's electricity to renewable sources.

  • Meanwhile, businessman Donald Trump says

  • the viewpoint that people are causing global warming is a hoax.

  • The Republican Party's current front- runner says

  • the Obama administration has wasted billions of dollars

  • in green energy projects that have failed.

  • President Obama and I and our administration

  • are making climate change a central focus of our foreign policy.

  • We don't doubt the urgency or the magnitude of the problem.

  • Climate change is real and climate change is caused by human activities.

  • Climate change is real,

  • and it also happens to be the greatest business opportunity

  • to come to our country for 100 years.

  • I do believe that climate change is real.

  • I want a business solution to that problem.

  • I am always troubled by a theory that fits every perfect situation.

  • Back in the 70s, I remember the 70s,

  • we were told there was global cooling.

  • And everyone was told global cooling was a really big problem,

  • and then that faded.

  • And then we were told by Al Gore and others there was global warming,

  • and that was gonna be a big problem.

  • And then it morphed, it wasn't global warming anymore,

  • it became climate change.

  • We don't own this Earth, we are simply stewards of it, caretakers.

  • And I know on a day like today it's hard to believe there is global warming.

  • We have done no harm if we take better care of this planet

  • and give it to our children with cleaner air, cleaner soil, and cleaner water.

  • I'm not saying the theory's right or wrong.

  • What I would say is that there is something

  • that all of us should be in favor of and that is we should minimize pollution.

  • Severe weather has been a fact of life on Earth

  • since man started reporting history.

  • I think it`s -- I understand that there's a vast consensus of scientists

  • that are saying that human activity

  • is what's contributing to changes in our climate.

  • I think it's an enormous stretch to say that every weather incident

  • that we now read about, or the majority of them,

  • are attributable to human activity.

  • A lot of these environmental sciences are just that, they're political science.

  • They have nothing to do with real cost benefit analysis,

  • real understanding of how we have to value both the environment

  • and its impact on man and the world.

  • A sheriff's deputy in Harris County,

  • Texas was ambushed and murdered late last week.

  • And as far as officials can tell,

  • it was simply because Deputy Darren Goforth was wearing a policy uniform.

  • A suspect named Shannon J Miles has been arrested

  • and charged with capital murder.

  • If convicted, he could get the death penalty.

  • It's not certain yet whether the killing was tied to tensions

  • in some parts of the US between communities and their police forces.

  • The phrase, black lives matter, has gained national attention

  • over the past couple years after several unarmed African Americans

  • were killed by police or died while in police custody.

  • A CNN political commentator said,

  • there's no evidence between the Black Lives Matter movement

  • and Deputy Goforth's murder.

  • Though Harris County police haven't determined a motive yet,

  • the sheriff thinks protesters, chants, and slogans played a part.

  • At any point where the rhetoric ramps up

  • where calculated cold- blooded assassination of police officers happen,

  • this rhetoric has gotten out of control.

  • We've heard black lives matter. All lives matter.

  • Well, cops' lives matter too,

  • so why don't we just drop the qualifier and just say lives matter?

  • On Sunday, more than 1, 000 people joined a prayer walk to honor Deputy Goforth.

  • According to the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial fund,

  • 15 police officers were killed in ambushes last year.

  • That's triple the number of ambush shootings in 2013.

  • Many police units are now equipping officers with body cameras.

  • They can cost departments thousands of dollars both for the cameras

  • and the space to store their information,

  • but supporters say their benefits are well worth the investment.

  • Proponents of body cameras argue

  • that video recordings will provide a real time objective record

  • of an encounter, allowing for review of incidents by police supervisors,

  • prosecution, and courts.

  • A 2005 International Association of Chiefs of Police report

  • found that cameras helped law enforcement.

  • Improving officer safety often backing up the officer's version of events,

  • reducing department liability

  • and conveying to the community a sense of transparency.

  • The effectiveness of body worn cameras is still being debated.

  • However, in one experiment after the wholesale adoption

  • by the police department in Rialto, California complaints

  • against officers dropped by nearly 90 %.

  • In a pilot project in Mesa, Arizona,

  • 75 % fewer use of force complaints were filed

  • against officers who wore body cameras

  • than against officers who did not.

  • But, there are those who oppose the use of body- worn cameras.

  • Privacy concerns are often raised.

  • In fact, video from dashboard camera in police cars,

  • a more widely used technology,

  • has long been exploited for entertainment purposes.

  • But while body cameras may not be the sole solution,

  • they may be a powerful tool used to protect officers wrongly accused

  • and civilians who complain of excessive force during encounters.

  • On Reunion Island in the western Indian Ocean,

  • part of an airplane wing called a flaperon was found in July.

  • Officials thought it might have come from Malaysian airlines flight 370

  • which mysteriously vanished in flight in March of 2014.

  • But this clue could be another dead end.

  • It's been a month of course that this flaperon, that's the part,

  • has been in the hands of French authority.

  • So why don't they know? And here's what we're now being told.

  • The initial hope was that there was some kind of serial number in the flaperon

  • on it's self that quickly you could look at, check back with Boeing and Boeing

  • would be able to then say, yes, it was on MH370, boom, positive ID.

  • That clearly has not happened, and our sources indicate

  • that for whatever reason that number is not there.

  • Either it wasn't there to begin with,

  • or somehow maybe fell off or the piece was torn off.

  • They have not been able to make a solid connection.

  • The French still believe that it came from MH370,

  • but they've got to be 100 %. And they're not there yet, and they may never be.

  • Want to get on roll call? Of course you do!

  • The only place we look for requests is CNNstudentnews.com.

  • Its where we found Shadow Ridge High School

  • on yesterday's transcript page from Las Vegas, Nevada,

  • we're running with the Mustangs. How about them dawgs?

  • The Bulldogs of Benjamin Bosse High School are in Evansville,

  • and from their state of Indiana we're headed to the nation of India,

  • where Kodaikanal International School is watching.

  • Great to see everyone in Tamil Nadu.

  • Talk about a room with a view! In southern Peru,

  • you can get a hotel room suspended 1300 feet over the sacred valley.

  • They were built by, who else,

  • a mountain climber who wanted to give less experienced climbers

  • the chance to sleep like the pros do on porta ledges.

  • At just over 300 bucks a night,

  • the fees include either the climb or a zip line hike though

  • we're not sure how much sleep visitors get.

  • It really depends on whether they can handle the suspense.

  • It's certainly high- end, it's always peak season.

  • No one would be surprised at a rate hike

  • and there's just no telling what kind of birds you'll see.

  • It's time for us to take a hike. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN Student News.

On the first day of September,

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September 1, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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