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  • Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. We're going to start and end this lesson with a short quiz

    嗨!我是engVid的Rebecca 。整堂課,我們要從小測驗

  • to see where you are before, and where you are after. All right? Let's get started.

    來看看你們一開始的認知,到後來學到的知識。準備好了嗎?那我們開始吧!

  • So, which of these verbs is correct to use in these sentence? In these sentences?

    所以,在這些句子中,哪一個動詞是正確的?

  • Do we say: "Economics is very important." or do we say: "Economics are very important."

    我們會說:「經濟學很重要(is)」還是我們會說:「經濟學很重要(are)」

  • Okay? Well, we say: "Economics is very important." You'll understand why in a few minutes.

    恩,我們會說:「經濟學很重要(is)」。你們待會就會知道為什麼是選擇is

  • The next one: "The children is asleep." or: "The children are asleep." Which one is correct?

    下一個是:「小孩在睡覺(is)」還是「小孩在睡覺(are)」。哪一個是正確的?

  • It should be: "The children are asleep." Okay? Again, you'll understand why.

    正確答案是:「小孩在睡覺(are)」。可以嗎?不要擔心,待會你們就會知道為什麼

  • Last one: "The fish is very beautiful." or: "The fish are very beautiful." Which is correct?

    最後一個:「這隻魚很漂亮(is)」還是「這隻魚很漂亮(are)」。哪一個是正確的?

  • Well, that's a good question, because actually, both are correct. It depends if you're talking

    恩,這是一個好問題。因為事實上,兩個都是正確的。就看你們是說

  • about one fish or whether you're talking about many fish. And you'll understand that also, as soon as we go on.

    一隻魚還是很多魚。我們繼續看下去,你們當然待會也會知道為什麼

  • So, we could say: "The fish is very beautiful." We could say:

    所以,我們可以說:「這隻魚很漂亮(is)」。我們也可以說:

  • "The fish are very beautiful." I'll explain.

    「這隻魚很漂亮(are)」。我待會會解釋為什麼

  • So, in this lesson today, we're going to be talking about irregular plural nouns,

    所以,在今天這堂課中,我們將要來討論幾個不規則複數名詞

  • which is an area which is... Which causes a lot of confusion for many students. Many grammar

    而這類文法常常會讓學生們困惑不已。許多的文法

  • errors are because of this issue, so it's really good that you're watching

    錯誤就是因為不清楚這種不規則名詞。所以,看這個影片對你們是非常好的

  • so you won't make this kind of mistake.

    在之後,你們就不會再犯這樣的文法錯誤

  • So let's look at what the problem areas are. The problem is that normally, when we have

    那我們來看看這些有問題的部分。這些問題正常來講,當我們有

  • a singular word... Right? So if we say: "the chair," then we use a singular verb. Right?

    一個單數詞‧‧‧。所以,如果我們說:「椅子(chair)」,我們則會用單數動詞

  • "The chair is." so that... When that happens, when we use the right noun with the right

    「這個椅子在(chair is)」,當我們知道是一個單數詞時,我們就要用對的

  • verb, then that's called subject-verb agreement. "That chair is in the room."

    動詞,這就是所稱的主詞-動詞一致性。「那個椅子在房間裡(chair is)」

  • But we say, if it's plural: "The chairs are in the room." Correct? So this was singular, singular; plural, plural.

    但,如果是複數,我們會說:「很多椅子在房間裡(chairs are)」。對吧?所以,單數詞接單數動詞,複數詞接複數動詞

  • That's the normal way. And most of the time, that's absolutely fine. However,

    這是正規用法,通常都會是對的。但是

  • the reason why students get confused is because, unfortunately in English, we also have irregular nouns,

    為什麼學生還是會搞不清楚,是因為在英文中,我們還有不規則型態的名詞

  • which don't follow those rules and they follow separate rules. But you can understand

    他們沒有既定規則,是個別的。但,你們還是可以掌握

  • it because we can group them in certain categories to help you understand them.

    他,因為我們可以把他們這些不規則名詞分類,這樣可以幫助你們了解他們

  • So, first of all, we have irregular singular nouns. So these are confusing a little bit

    所以,第一個不規則單數名詞。這幾個是有點不好理解的

  • because they end with "s," but they are singular. They should be singular. So, for example,

    因為他們字尾都有個「s」,但,他們是單數。他們是單數。所以,例如

  • we say: "Politics is." "The news is good." "Mathematics is difficult for some students."

    我們說:「政治學是(Politics is )」、「這是件很好的新聞(news is)」、「數學對於一些學生而言很難(Mathematics is)」

  • "Ethics is very important in life." Okay? So don't get fooled by the fact that there is an "s"

    「道德規範在生活中很重要(Ethics is)」。所以,不要被字面的「s」騙了

  • there as part of the noun. Okay? It's still singular.

    s也是名詞的一部分,但,仍然是單數

  • So there's one category of irregular singular nouns.

    所以,不規則單數名詞為一個種類

  • Next one: irregular plural nouns. Here, there is no "s," but it's plural. "Children are."

    下一個是:不規則複數名詞。這種類的名詞沒有「s」。但,仍是複數。「小孩是(Children are)」

  • "The mice are." "My feet are hurting." "The men are." "The women are." "My teeth are."

    「老鼠在(mice are)」、「我的雙腳很痛(feet are)」、「男人們在(men are)」、「女人們在(women are)」、「我的牙齒(teeth are)」

  • "The geese are." Okay? So here, what was confusing is that there's no "s,"

    「鵝在(geese are)」。所以,這邊會困惑的是沒有「s」的名詞

  • and yet, the answer is that the correct verb to use is that it's... Is "are." Right? Is the plural verb. So that's

    正確動詞的答案卻是「are」。對吧?就是複數動詞

  • the irregular plural nouns.

    就是不規則複數名詞

  • And then last, we have a category which can be even more confusing, but luckily

    最後一個,我們有個更令人困惑的種類,但幸運的是

  • there's not too many examples in this category, and these are the irregular unchanging nouns.

    這個種類沒有很多的例子,而這些是不規則單複數名詞

  • What does that mean? That means that whether you have one fish or two fish, you still say:

    這是什麼意思呢?這指的是不管你有一隻魚或是兩隻魚,你仍然會說:

  • "Fish." Okay? Generally speaking, that's what you can keep in mind. The same with "deer,"

    「魚(Fish)」。普遍而言,這是你們可以記得的方式。同樣的像是「鹿(deer)」、

  • and "sheep," and "moose." "One moose, two moose." You're probably not very likely to

    「羊(sheep)」、和「麋鹿(moose)」。「一隻麋鹿、兩隻麋鹿(moose)」。你們大概不常

  • talk so much about moose, but that's how it is.

    談論到麋鹿。但,麋鹿也是個不規則單複數名詞

  • So if you're, say... If you're talking about one fish, or one deer, or one sheep, or one

    所以,如果你們說‧‧‧一隻魚、一隻鹿、一隻羊、或是一隻

  • moose, you can say: "The deer is very beautiful." But if you're talking about many deer,

    麋鹿,你們可以說:「這隻鹿很漂亮「deer is」」。但,如果你講到很多鹿

  • you can still say: "The deer are very beautiful." Okay? Depends if you're talking about one

    你們仍然可以說:「這些鹿很漂亮(deer are)」。就看你們講到的是一隻

  • or more than one. So in this case, the noun is unchanging, so that's what causes a little bit of confusion in this category,

    還是不只一隻。所以,在這個種類中,名詞複數型態是不變的。所以,這就是為什麼這個種類會這麼難以理解

  • because you could use either one, but you still have to use the right one.

    因為你們既可以用are又可以用is,但你們仍要用到正確的動詞

  • Because if you're talking about more than one, you have to make sure

    假如你們談論到更多的數量,你們就必須要確定

  • you use the plural verb; if you're talking about one, you use one... You use the singular one.

    你們是用複數動詞;假如你們只談論到一隻,你們就用單數動詞

  • In a second, we'll do a really short quiz to see how well you've learned this.

    待會,我們可以再做個小測驗,來看看你們學得如何

  • So let's do number one. "Those fish is very colorful." or: "Those fish are very colorful."

    所以,我們來做第一個。「這些魚色彩非常繽紛(Those fish is)」或者「這些魚色彩非常繽紛(Those fish are)」?

  • Okay? Now, here it's a little bit confusing because I'm saying: "fish," and if you remember correctly,

    這裡有一點複雜的。因為我說:「魚(fish)」,但如果你們還記得

  • "fish" was one of those categories which was unchanging, irregular unchanging.

    「魚(fish)」是不規則單複數名詞的種類

  • But there is a clue here to tell you which verb to use, and that clue is here in the word: "those."

    但,這裡有一個提示,讓你知道要用的是單數還是複數動詞,而這裡的線索字:「those」

  • "Those" by itself is a plural word, so we know that we're talking about many fish.

    「Those」是複數字。所以,我們知道我們說的是很多魚

  • And so if we're talking about many fish, the correct verb to use is "are." "Those

    所以,如果我們說的是很多魚,正確要用的動詞是:「are」。「這些

  • fish are very colorful." If it said: "That fish," then we could say: "That fish is very colorful."

    魚色彩非常繽紛(Those fish are)」。但,假如是:「那條魚(that fish)」,那我們則要說:「那條魚色彩非常的繽紛(that fish is)」

  • Next one: "My teeth is hurting." or: "My teeth are hurting." Which is correct?

    下一個是:「我的牙齒很疼(My teeth is)」或是:「我的牙齒很疼(My teeth are)」。哪一個是正確的?

  • It should be: "My teeth are hurting." Okay?

    要說:「我的牙齒很疼(My teeth are)」

  • Next: "Physics is fascinating." or: "Physics are fascinating." Which is right?

    下一個是:「物理學是有趣的(Physics is)」或是「物理學是有趣的(Physics are)」。哪一個是對的?

  • "Physics is fascinating."

    「物理學是有趣的(Physics is)」是對的

  • "The news is so shocking!" or: "The news are so shocking!" Think about it.

    「這新聞很嚇人(The news is)!」或是「這新聞很嚇人(The news are)!」。想想看

  • "The news is so shocking!"

    「這新聞很嚇人(The news is)!」是對的!

  • "That deer is so graceful." or: "That deer are so graceful."

    「那隻鹿是隻非常優美的動物(That deer is)」或是「那隻鹿是隻非常優美的動物(That deer are)」

  • Okay? Again, you have an unchanging noun, but you have a clue in the word "that."

    再一次的,你們有不規則單複數名詞。但,你們還是有提示字「that」

  • "That" is singular, so we have to say: "That deer is so graceful."

    「That」是單數。所以,我們要說:「那隻鹿是隻非常優美的動物(That deer is)」

  • Next one: "The women is outside." or: "The women are outside." Which is correct?

    下一個是:「那些女生在外面(The women is)」或是「那些女生在外面(The women are)」。哪一個是正確的?

  • It should be: "The women are outside." Okay?

    要說:「那些女生在外面(The women are)」

  • Now, if you didn't get all of these right, it means you need to practice some more, so

    如果你們還沒辦法全部答對,那代表你們需要更多的練習。所以,

  • please go to our website: www.engvid.com. There you can do a quiz on this,

    歡迎來拜訪我們的網站:www.engvid.com。在那邊你們可以做個小測驗

  • perhaps you could watch the lesson again, and really master this area because these three categories,

    或許你們也可以再看一次這堂課程,領悟到這三個不規則名詞總類

  • once you master them, you'll eliminate lots of mistakes that you might make in English grammar. Okay?

    一旦你們都能了解箇中道理,你們之後都能降低可能會犯的英文文法錯誤

  • Thanks very much for watching, and good luck with your English.

    謝謝您們的收看,希望你們的英文會越來越好

Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. We're going to start and end this lesson with a short quiz

嗨!我是engVid的Rebecca 。整堂課,我們要從小測驗

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影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 英國腔 複數 名詞 單數 規則 動詞 麋鹿

【英文教室】修正常見英文文法錯誤  (Common English Grammar Errors with Plurals)

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