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  • You think youre a lightweight?

    你覺得你不勝酒力?

  • I almost got drunk of a slice of rum cheesecake.

    我差點因為一片蘭姆起司蛋糕而醉倒。

  • Wait, is that even possible?

    等等,這可能發生嗎?

  • Hey guys, Chastity here filling in for DNews.

    大家好,我是 DNews 的主播 Chastity。

  • I don’t know about you, but when it comes to drinking, I’m the queen of lightweights.

    我是不清楚你的狀況拉,但是講到喝酒,我是遜咖中的遜咖。

  • I’ve been known to get drunk off of one mixed drink.

    我曾因為一杯混酒就醉倒。

  • And when I drink even a small amount of alcohol, my face turns red instantly.

    我甚至只要喝一點點酒,臉就會立刻通紅。

  • See, my friends have been making fun of me for it for years, but I’m putting it to an end now, with SCIENCE!

    我的朋友們為此嘲笑我好多年,但我今天要用科學的角度終結這個笑話。

  • The condition is called Alcohol Flush Reaction, or AFR.

    這種症狀被稱為「酒精性臉紅反應」,英文簡稱為 AFR。

  • It’s pretty easy to tell when youve got it, since your face turns crazy red after drinking.

    有沒有這項反應其實滿好分辨的,因為在喝酒後,臉會變得無比的紅。

  • Other than facial flushing, symptoms of AFR include flushing of the neck and other parts of the body, heightened heart rate, headaches, and nausea.

    除了臉部泛紅,AFR 的症狀還包括脖子或其他身體部位的潮紅、加速的心跳、頭痛和噁心。

  • Now this is even after as little as one drink.

    就算只喝了一小杯酒,這些症狀也會發生。

  • AFR is also known as theAsian gloworAsian Flush”, although Asians are not the only ones who suffer from it.

    AFR 也被稱為「亞洲紅臉症」,雖然亞洲人並非唯一的受害族群。

  • Over 500 million people worldwide experience flush reactions, with between 36 to 50 percent of them being of East Asian descent.

    全世界超過五億的人經歷過臉紅反應,而其中的 36-50% 是東亞族群。

  • Alcohol is typically metabolized in the liver, where it's first oxidized to acetaldehyde and then to acetate.

    酒精一般是在肝臟中代謝,先氧化成乙醛,再氧化成醋酸。

  • People with AFR carry a genetic mutation that disables this process.

    AFR 患者因為基因上的突變,所以無法運作此過程。

  • They have an inherited deficiency in the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase 2, or ALDH2.

    他們的乙醛去氫脢 (ALDH2) 有遺傳性的缺陷。

  • According to a PLOS Medicine study, approximately 8% of the world population is ALDH2 deficient.

    根據 PLOS 醫學研究顯示,全球約有 8% 人口缺乏 ALDH2。

  • ALDH2 is the enzyme that converts acetaldehyde.

    ALDH2 是轉化乙醛的酶。

  • Without it, were left with an accumulation of acetaldehyde up to 10 times the normal concentration!

    沒有它,乙醛的累積濃度會比正常值高出十倍!

  • According to Robert Swift, a physician and researcher at Brown University, acetaldehyde is like formaldehyde, which is embalming fluid.

    Robert Swift——布朗大學的內科醫生兼研究員指出,乙醛跟甲醛一樣,是一種不易腐壞的液體。

  • It destroys proteins, and it destroys DNA.

    乙醛會破壞蛋白質和 DNA。

  • Pretty nasty stuff, so imagine not being able to break that down!

    真令人討人厭,想像一下無法使它分解!

  • Flushed faces, racing hearts, instant drunkenness.

    漲紅的臉、加速的心跳和瞬間襲來的醉意。

  • Unfortunately, there is no cure for AFR since it’s a genetic issue.

    不幸的是,因為 AFR 是基因上的問題,所以無法醫治。

  • The only way to prevent flush reaction is to avoid alcohol completely.

    唯一能預防臉紅反應的方式是,徹底避開酒精。

  • But come on, that’s not going to happen.

    但拜託,這不可能做到。

  • So if you still want to drink but suffer from AFR, here are some tips to cope with it, courtesy of HealthXchange.

    所以若你受 AFR 之苦,但還是想喝酒時,以下有幾個由 HealthXchange 提供的應變措施。

  • 1. Drink moderately.

    1. 適量飲酒。

  • That’s two drinks for men and one drink for women per day.

    男性一天的量是兩杯,而女性是一杯。

  • Pick drinks with less alcohol content.

    挑選酒精濃度較低的飲品。

  • Eat before and/or while you're drinking.

    喝酒前或正在喝時,要吃點東西。

  • Fatty foods and carbs can slow down the rate of alcohol absorption.

    高油脂食物和碳水化合物可以減緩酒精的吸收速率。

  • Drink plenty of water and/or non-alcoholic drinks.

    喝大量的水或無酒精飲品。

  • Flush it out and quench your thirst.

    沖淡酒精並解渴。

  • And as a pro tip - if youve got the flush, don’t wear red while drinking.

    還有個專業的建議——如果你有酒精臉紅反應,喝酒時千萬別穿紅色。

  • Youll end up looking like a giant tomato.

    這只會讓你看起來像顆大蕃茄。

  • Got any other tips or interesting drinking stories?

    有其他的建議或喝酒的趣事嗎?

  • Share them in the comments below, and I’ll catch you next time.

    在下方留言跟我們分享,我們下次見。

  • Thanks for watching!

    感謝收看!

You think youre a lightweight?

你覺得你不勝酒力?

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為什麼喝醉酒會臉紅? (Why Does Your Face Turn Red When You Drink?)

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    羅紹桀 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 07 日
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