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  • { Difference between 'Some' and 'Any' }

    Some和Any的差別

  • Hello friends, Welcome back to new lesson, I am Niharika

    哈囉朋友們,歡迎回到新的課程,我是Niharika

  • and in today's lesson we are gonna look at the words

    在今天的課程中,我們要來看看some和any,

  • 'Some' and 'Any', now in English when do we use these words?

    在現代英文當中我們什麼時候會用到這兩個單字?

  • well, when we are unable to specify

    嗯,當我們無法具體指明

  • an exact number or an exact amount

    一個確切的數字或是數量

  • that's when we end up using the words - Some

    我們就會用這些詞來總結-some和any

  • and Any, for example: We say

    例如:我們說

  • I saw three elephants at the zoo today

    我今天在動物園看到一隻大象

  • so here when you say - I saw three elephants, you are specifically mentioning

    所以當你說:我看到三隻大象,你就是在具體表示

  • the number of elephants that you saw at the zoo.

    你在動物園看到的大象數量

  • but, if you just say that I saw

    但是,如果你只是說我看到

  • some elephants, Well! The 'some' word specifies

    一些大象,那麼這some字指的就是

  • that you might have seen three or four

    你可能看到三或四隻

  • or few elephants. And then

    或是不多的大象,

  • the word 'Any'- I didn't see any elephants at the zoo today

    至於any-我今天在動物園沒看到任何的大象

  • so 'Any'- Well! that tells you that you didn't see

    所以Any就是告訴你,

  • any elephants. Right?

    你沒看到任何的大象,對吧?

  • So, let's understand when do we use the words

    讓我們了解什麼時候要用到這些詞

  • 'Some' & 'Any' and how correctly it should be used in English.

    some和any,那要如何正確在英文中使用他們呢?

  • So, we have examples here, well the first rule

    我們有幾個例子,第一個規則

  • The word 'Some' - along with the words like somebody

    some,要搭配像是某人

  • Something, Someone, Somewhere

    某物、某地這類的詞

  • or words like

    或是

  • Anybody, Anyone, Anywhere

    任何人、任何地方

  • and so on.... So, we gonna learn

    等等...我們也會

  • to use these words as well, So, now the word

    學怎麼用這些字,

  • 'some' along with the words like somebody, somewhere, someone

    Some搭配某人某地

  • these words are always use in positive sentences

    這些字都用在明確肯定的句子

  • okay, whereas the word 'Any'

    OK,而Any

  • along with the words like anybody, anyone, anywhere

    搭配像是任何人、任何地方

  • are used in negative sentences.

    會用在否定的句子

  • So, here I have two examples for you with positive sentences

    我這邊有兩個用some的肯定句的例子

  • using the word 'some' - Eg. We got some flowers

    例如:我拿著一些花

  • So, here I am saying that - We bought some flowers

    我說-我買了一些花

  • Okay, Now of course you are not mentioning, how many flowers did you buy

    OK,現在你當然不是在指你買了多少花

  • you were saying that - We bought some flowers

    你在說-我們買了一些花

  • and if you look at the example here

    你看這邊的例子

  • We didn't buy any flowers.

    我們沒買任何的花

  • Okay, this is negative, this is positive

    OK,這是否定的,這是肯定的

  • So, the word 'some' is used in a positive sentence

    所以,some是用在肯定句

  • whereas the word 'any' is used in a negative sentence

    而any則是用在否定句

  • let's look at another example - He is busy,

    讓我們看看另一個例子-他很忙碌

  • he has got some work to do. Wow! hard working guy, right?

    他有一些工作要做,哇! 認真工作的人

  • So, He is busy , he has got some work to do

    所以,他很忙,他有一些工作要做

  • you have used the word 'Some' well! because it's a

    你用some這個字,因為這是

  • positive sentence, but if you look at example

    肯定句,但當你看到

  • at the example over here- He is lazy,

    這邊的例子-他很懶惰

  • He never does any work. So, never

    他從不做任何的工作,所以「從不」

  • that means, it's a negative sentence, right? He's lazy, he never does any work

    指的就是,那是否定句,對吧? 他很懶惰,他從不做任何的工作

  • well that's why we have used the word 'any'

    這就是為什麼我們要用any這個字

  • okay, so this first rule that you need to keep in mind - that we use the word 'Some'

    OK,這是第一個我們必須記下的規則,

  • along with these words

    some要在肯定句中搭配這些詞

  • in positive sentences, whereas we use the word "any'

    而any要在否定句中搭配這些詞

  • along with these words like anybody, anyone, anywhere

    像是任何人、任何地方

  • it negative sentences. Now let's learn some more about these words

    現在讓我們來學跟多關於這些詞的規則

  • Okay, So, here's another rule

    Ok,這是另一個規則

  • for using the word 'some'

    some的用法

  • So, we do use the word 'Some' and of course

    我們運用some這個字,當然還會用

  • words like somebody, somewhere, something

    像是某人、某地、某物

  • to ask a question and specifically when we

    來問問題,特別是當我們

  • we want to offer something or when we are

    想提供某個東西,或是當我們

  • requesting for something, okay, that's when we use

    需要某個東西,Ok,那就是我們要用

  • the words some, somebody, something

    some、somebody、something、somewhere這些字的時候了

  • somewhere okay, for example :

    例如:

  • Would you like something to eat. Say, you have guests at home

    你想吃點什麼嗎? 你有客人來訪

  • and you wanna offer them something to eat

    然後你想提供一些吃的

  • so, would you like something to eat? or would you like to have some more tea?

    就是你想吃點什麼嗎? 或是,你想要再來一些茶嗎?

  • would you like to have some more juice? okay, so this is the way you are

    你想要再來一些果汁嗎? ok,

  • offering something, right? So to offer

    所以這就是當你要提供東西的說法,

  • something you would always end up using the word

    就是通常用來作結的

  • 'some' or words like 'something', 'somebody'

    some或是某物、某人的詞

  • 'someone' okay, then another one

    OK,另一個在這邊

  • over here - this is when you are asking or requesting for something

    這是當你問問題或是需要甚麼的時候

  • Could I have some milk , please? okay you're out of milk

    可以給我一些牛奶嗎? 你牛奶用完了

  • and you want to make some coffee for yourself

    然後你想為自己泡些咖啡

  • So, you go to your neighbor's house and you say - Okay,

    所以你到鄰居家,然後說

  • you know I'm out of milk, So could I have some milk, please?

    我牛奶用完了,可以給我一些牛奶嗎?

  • So, you are asking for something, you're requesting for something.

    你正在索取東西,你需要某個東西

  • So, again you end up using the word 'Some'

    再一次你用some作結

  • okay, now another rule for using the word 'Any'

    OK,另一個any的用法規則

  • and of course along with that words like

    當然要搭配像是

  • anything, anybody, anywhere

    任何東西、任何人、任何地方這類的詞

  • So, you use these words when... with the meaning, when it doesn't matter

    你運用這些詞當...連同意思,當不重要的時候

  • okay, it's used in a positive way

    這是用在肯定的

  • that's the difference you know, well! we learned that

    這就是差別所在,好了,我們學會了

  • the word 'any' is always used in negative sentences

    any都用在否定句

  • but again it's English

    但是這是英文

  • so when you are trying to tell someone something

    所以當你試著用肯定的方式

  • in a positive way but the meaning

    告訴別人什麼時,

  • of that sentences is that it doesn't matter

    但那句話的意思卻不重要

  • okay, it doesn't matter that is when you end up using words

    那麼不管你用

  • like any, anybody, anything, anywhere

    any, anybody, anything, anywhere都不重要

  • to understand this better let's look at the examples here -

    為了讓你更了解,讓我們來看這邊的例子

  • Which book shall I read ? okay, someone asks you

    我應該要讀哪本書呢? OK,某人問你

  • why don't you go through my library? and just pick up a book

    你何不來我的圖書館,然後挑本你想看的書?

  • whatever you want to read. So, your friend would ask a

    所以你的朋友就會問

  • hey! which book shall I read? So, Well!

    嘿!我應該讀哪本書呢?

  • Anyone it's up to you. So, when you end up saying -

    這取決於你啊,所以當你用anyone作結

  • Anyone, it means - It doesn't matter

    指的是不重要,沒有關係

  • Okay, So you are being positive here but you also using the word

    所以你是表達肯定的,但你也用了anyone這個詞,

  • anyone, but it doesn't matter

    但對於你想表達的意思

  • in relation to that meaning you are using this , right?

    並不重要,對吧?

  • So, that's the correct way to say it. Another one

    所以那就是正確的說法,另一個

  • Let's go somewhere, where shall we go?

    讓我們去某個地方吧,我們應該去哪裡呢?

  • Anywhere, I just want to chill, So, again here you are saying

    任何地方都可,我只是向靜一靜,這邊你又用到了anywhere

  • anywhere because it doesn't matter to you, you just want to step out, you just wanna have

    因為這對你來說不重要,你只是想到外面,你只是想享受

  • a good time, you just wanna chill so, it doesn't matter

    愉快的時光,你只是想靜下來,那不重要

  • so that's exactly the reason why you end up using the word

    所以這正是為何你用anywhere作結

  • 'anywhere' okay, so you use these words when

    OK,所以當意思不重要時

  • with the meaning that it doesn't matter, got it? Now let's have a look at another rule

    你會用這些詞,了解嗎? 現在讓我們再看另一個規則

  • Okay, So here is another point that you need to keep in mind when you're

    這是另一個你要記下來的重點

  • learning these words

    當你在學這些字時

  • Now, words like somebody, someone

    像是 somebody, someone

  • Anybody, Anyone, well! these are singular words

    Anybody, Anyone這些詞,他們都是單數的

  • however, we do use words like them

    不過,我們通常都會在用完這些詞後,

  • they, their after we use these words

    像是they、their的詞

  • Okay, so to understand this, let's look at the example

    OK,為了要讓你更了解,讓我們來看看例子

  • Someone has forgotten their phone - Now, you would say....

    某人忘了拿他們的手機,聽到這你就會說...

  • Well! you just mentioned - Someone is a singular word, right?

    你剛剛提到someone是單數的詞,對吧?

  • then why have you ended up using the word 'their'

    那為什麼你會用their來作結呢?

  • So let me explain this to you, Now probably you are

    讓我說明一下,

  • in a classroom, okay, and....

    你可能現在在一間教室,

  • the class is of 20 kids and out of these

    這堂課有20個小孩,

  • 20 kids, Well! this phone belongs to

    這支手機是屬於一個小孩的,

  • one kid, right? and you don't know who he or she is

    你不知道是男生還是女生,對吧?

  • right? so, when you end up saying someone

    所以當你用someone

  • okay, so you know that the phone belongs to one person that's why you are saying

    你知道這支手機屬於一個人的,這是為什麼你會說

  • someone

    某人

  • has forgotten their phone. So,

    忘了他們的手機

  • the word 'their' Well! this word is used to talk about the whole group

    這個單字their,是用在一整個團體的

  • okay and that's why we have ended up using this

    這也是為何我們會用這個字對吧?

  • word right? well let's look at the second sentence

    我們再來看第二個句子

  • so that you get this better - If anyone is interested to participate

    這樣你就會更了解了,如果有任何人對參加比賽

  • in the competition, they can contact the front desk.

    有興趣,他們可以跟櫃台聯絡

  • so again if anyone, okay

    當某人,OK

  • well probably there's a competition and you know that there are several people

    可能有一場比賽,你知道那邊會有幾個人

  • out there who would like to participate

    可能會參加

  • but you don't know specifically who that person would be

    但你不確定會是誰

  • So, you end up using the word 'anyone'

    所以,你就要用anyone

  • If anyone's interested to participate

    如果有任何人有興趣參加比賽,

  • in the competition, they can contact the front desk

    他們可以跟櫃台聯絡

  • So, the word 'they', well! this is used to talk about

    單字they用在講

  • the whole bunch of people

    整群人

  • whoever wants to participate in the competition, okay

    不管誰想參加比賽

  • so the whole bunch of people that you are talking to, right? and that's why you

    你正在講的是一整群人,這就是為何

  • end up using these

    你會用these

  • plural words with the singular words like somebody, someone

    複數單字以及單數單字像是某人

  • anybody or anyone okay, This brings me

    或是任何人。

  • to the end of this lesson, just a quick review for you

    今天的課程在這裡結束,為你迅速復習

  • words like some, somebody, somewhere someone...

    單字some, somebody, somewhere someone

  • are used in positive sentences. Words like

    會被用在肯定句,

  • any, anybody, anywhere, anything are used in negative sentences

    單字anybody, anywhere, anything則被用在否定句

  • okay, and of course the word 'some'

    OK,至於單字some

  • or the rest of the words are used to

    或其餘的單字

  • to offer.... are used in questions to offer

    被用在問句

  • or to request, where as words like any

    或是要求,單字any

  • and the other words of course are

    當然還加上其他的單字

  • used with a meaning where it 'doesn't matter which'

    被用在含意不重要的句子

  • okay, so hope this is clear to you, if any questions do write into us

    希望這些對你來說很清楚,如果有任何問題寫給我們

  • I'll be happy to reply to your questions

    我會很樂意回答你的問題

  • and I'll be back with a new lesson soon, till then

    我會在下一堂新課程回來

  • you take care and have a great day!

    保重,願你們有個美好的一天

{ Difference between 'Some' and 'Any' }

Some和Any的差別

字幕與單字
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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 單字 大象 肯定句 某人 否定句 搭配

【易混淆文法】Some與Any的差別!別再誤用了 (English Grammar Lesson – The tricky -

  • 22540 2015
    Chamber   發佈於 2015 年 07 月 27 日
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