Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • In July 2015, Greece voted against further austerity measures in exchange for bailing

    在2015年七月,希臘人民投票反對更進一步的撙節政策,該政策是歐元區各國幫助協助希臘債務的條件

  • out their tremendous debt. This move has continued to strain the relationship between Greece

    希臘人民對該政策的反對,加劇了與德國間的緊張關係

  • and Germany, as the two major players in the EU’s debt crisis. But this isn’t the first

    而這兩國是歐債危機的兩大要角。但這件事

  • time the two countries have come head-to-head. So, why do Greece and Germany hate each other?

    已經不是第一次針鋒相對了,所以我們要討論,為什麼德國 希臘不喜歡對方

  • The two country’s difficult relationship can actually be traced back to modern Greece’s

    這兩國的恩怨可以追溯到 現代希臘建立之時,

  • beginnings. In the 1830s, Greece finally established itself as independent from the Ottoman Empire.

    在1830年代,希臘終於從奧圖曼土耳其獨立建國

  • Their first ruler was Otto from Bavaria, a German state. However, Otto was still a teenager

    但第一位國王是來自德國巴伐利亞邦的奥托王,奥托王當時只是一名青少年

  • at the time so Greece was actually ruled by three other Bavarians, who were not welcomed

    ,所以希臘實際是由另外三位巴伐利亞人統治,但這三人並不受希臘人歡迎

  • by the Greeks. This eventually led to King Otto’s deposition and the Queen’s near

    這最終導致奥托王被迫退位,皇后甚至差點被暗殺

  • assassination. This rocky start didn’t bode well for the future of their relationship.

    這段崎嶇的開場對兩國未來的關係不是好兆頭

  • Fast forward to World War II, when Hitler invaded Greece in 1941. The following German

    時間推進到第二次世界大戰,希特勒在1941年入侵希臘

  • occupation led to hundreds of thousands dying of hunger or being murdered. Over a million

    在佔領期間,導致數以萬計的人餓死或被殺死

  • Greeks were made homeless, and Greece’s banks were drained to fund the war. In 1944,

    上百萬希臘人無家可歸,希臘銀行被提領一空,資金被拿去支援戰爭

  • German soldiers massacred over 200 Greeks in retaliation for the deaths of seven Nazi

    在1944,為了替7名納粹士兵報仇,德國士兵屠殺了200名希臘人

  • soldiers. Greece's grievances concerning this event have continued till today.

    希臘人對此事的不平,至今仍持續著

  • In 1960, Germany paid Greece roughly 60 million Euros as war reparations, and said they owed

    在1960,德國人付給希臘現今等值六千萬歐元的戰爭賠償,

  • them no more. Greece passionately objected to closing the issue, and the debate continued

    並聲稱不再虧欠希臘人了。希臘人憤怒表示,這議題不會就此罷休,該爭議也持續了幾十年

  • for decades. In 1997 a Greek court found that Germany was responsible for further compensation

    在1997,希臘法院宣判,德國需要為了1944年大屠殺,再支付額外的賠償

  • for the 1944 massacre. However in 2012, The Hague ruled that Germany was immune from foreign

    但是在2012年,海牙國際法庭表示,德國無須對外國訴訟負責

  • lawsuits, sparking the ire of Greek citizens.

    ,這更點燃希臘民眾的怒火

  • Today, the two countries continue to be at odds over the money Greece owes its creditors.

    目前,兩國仍是在在債務上有爭執

  • The Greek Prime Minister argued that the amount of money due to them in reparations would

    希臘總理辯稱,目前在商討的債務總量,有很大有部分應被

  • cover a significant portion of the debt in question. Greece has threatened seizing German

    二戰戰爭補償所抵銷。希臘更威脅要扣押德國在希臘的財產

  • property to pay for the alleged reparations. Meanwhile Germany and the rest of the Eurozone

    做為戰爭補償。同時,德國與其他歐元區各國對於

  • are desperate to find a solution that keeps the EU economy from collapsing from Greece’s

    歐盟經濟可能被希臘的頑固拖垮 感到絕望

  • inflexibility. The two countries have a tense history that is doing them no favors in calming

    因為歷史因素,兩國間緊張的關係,無法讓兩國能冷靜解決問題

  • the waters.

  • If youre interested in learning about other countries that just can’t seem to make it

    如果你有興趣瞭解 其他互看不順眼的國家

  • work, check out our our full playlist now, including this one on why Greece & Macedonia

    點開播放清單, 有包含為何希臘 馬其頓互相討厭對方

  • hate each other. And as always, thanks for watching and make sure to subscribe for new videos

    最後,一如往常,感謝觀看,並記得訂閱

  • every day.

    以便每天收看新影片

In July 2015, Greece voted against further austerity measures in exchange for bailing

在2015年七月,希臘人民投票反對更進一步的撙節政策,該政策是歐元區各國幫助協助希臘債務的條件

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 美國腔 多益 希臘 希臘人 德國 債務 戰爭

這些原因讓德國人與希臘人勢不兩立! (Why Do Greece And Germany Hate Each Other?)

  • 5144 239
    Halu Hsieh 發佈於 2015 年 07 月 20 日
影片單字