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  • Here's an idea-- "Adventure Time" is

    有種說法-"探險活寶"

  • popular because of nostalgia.

    因為懷舊之情而大受歡迎

  • (THEME MUSIC)

    (主題音樂)

  • "Adventure Time"-- come on and grab your friends--

    ''探險活寶' - 和你的朋友一起來

  • is a kids' television show on the Cartoon Network.

    給小朋友看的節目,於卡通頻道播出,

  • It stars Jake the Dog and Finn the Human

    狗狗「傑克」和人類小男孩「芬」為主角(老皮和阿寶)

  • and was created by bearded human Pendleton Ward,

    大鬍子人類 Pendleton Ward 創造出這些角色

  • pictured here wearing some awesome glasses.

    照片裡這位,他戴的眼鏡超棒的

  • It's set in the magical land of Ooo

    場景設定在充滿魔法的噢噢噢大陸(又譯:哇塞秘境)

  • and its many kingdoms which are home to Candy People, animals,

    糖果人、動物們住在許多不同王國裡,

  • and a whole cast of generally weird but also

    還有其他一群....相當奇妙

  • adorable characters.

    但非常可愛的角色

  • My personal favorite is the Shnow Golem.

    我個人最喜歡的角色是這個-冰雪高崙

  • As one might suspect, the general thrust of "Adventure Time"

    大家可能想,探險活寶的主軸

  • is adventures.

    是關於冒險

  • Finn and Jake are best buds who go

    芬和傑克是最要好的兄弟搭檔

  • on all manner of moral, ethical, and totally

    進行一些道德、倫理、

  • and totally mathematical escapades.

    還有一些徹底亂七八糟的惡作劇歷程

  • Finn, you're terrible at math.

    芬,你的數學糟透了

  • Aww.

    噢。

  • They rescue princesses, fight giant monsters,

    他們拯救公主,和巨魔對抗

  • protect the innocent, and have a strong dislike of evil dudes.

    保護無辜的人,痛恨邪惡的壞傢伙

  • And they are very popular, amongst not only kids, but also

    他們非常受歡迎,不止小孩喜歡他們,還有

  • a huge contingent of honest-to-Glob growed-up

    一群龐大的隊伍是,老天阿,都是已經成年

  • adults.

    大人

  • Now if you're a kid, "Adventure Time"

    如果你是小孩,"探險活寶"

  • probably looks a lot like the inside of your head--

    看起來大概都是你腦裡想的東西

  • exciting sights, magical objects, and impossibly

    令人興奮的場景,魔法事物,還有令人不敢相信的

  • terrifying things.

    嚇人的東西

  • But if you're an adult, "Adventure Time"

    但如果你是大人,"探險活寶"

  • is like remembering your childhood.

    就像是你的童年記憶

  • Fighting to be taken seriously,

    認真的看待打架

  • constant encounters with new and unfamiliar challenges,

    不停地遇到新挑戰

  • grappling with a deer that has hands.

    追捕一隻有手的鹿

  • Creepy.

    超詭異的

  • For many adults, the core appeal of "Adventure Time"

    對許多大人來說,"探險活寶" 引人入勝的關鍵

  • is its nostalgia.

    是懷舊感

  • Not like Instagram filters or cassette tapes post-irony nostalgia,

    不是Instagram 濾鏡或老卡帶這種反諷式的懷舊

  • but more like classical nostalgia,

    比較像是正統的懷舊感

  • a pain of an ache for a time past that you can't recreate.

    因為不能再重現的過去而產生的一種隱隱作痛的傷感

  • While we usually think of

    我們都覺得這種感覺是

  • its roots as in culture or the arts,

    源於文化、藝術,

  • nostalgia was actually born in 1688 as a medical diagnosis

    懷舊感其實源於1688年,醫學診斷

  • for Swiss soldiers wishing to return home.

    讓瑞士士兵想回家的一種思鄉病症

  • It's this wily emotion that's a mix of good and bad.

    一種巧妙的深刻情感,融合了好和壞的

  • At the same time that you're fondly remembering something,

    讓你懷想起什麼,同時

  • you're also confronted with the fact

    你也必須面對這個事實

  • that it's gone, or unattainable.

    那都過去了,無法再現

  • From its origins, nostalgia weaseled its way

    一開始的時候,思鄉懷舊之情就這樣巧妙地出現在

  • into everything from art to politics to industrial design. You name it,

    所有東西,從藝術、政治、工業產品...所有你想得到的

  • someone thinks that the thing that came before it was better.

    有些人覺得東西都是以前的好

  • Along the way, it transformed from medical nostalgia

    這樣一來,就從醫學上的鄉愁症轉變成

  • into poetic or romantic nostalgia,

    詩性的或浪漫的懷舊情感

  • from a disease that could be cured with leeches

    從一種可以被水蛭治癒的疾病

  • to a feeling that could be evoked--

    變成一種能被喚醒的情感

  • by a young kid in an animal hat.

    被一個穿著動物頭帽子的孩子喚起

  • In "Nostalgia of the Future," Svetlana Boym writes,

    在《懷舊的未來》一書中,Svetlana Boym 寫道:

  • "The object of romantic nostalgia

    懷舊浪漫主義的客體

  • must be beyond the present space of our experience,

    必須在我們所經驗的現世時空之外

  • somewhere in the twilight of the past or on an island of Utopia,

    像是在朦朧的過去,或烏托邦島嶼之類的地方

  • where time has happily stopped, as on an antique clock."

    一直停在老時鐘那種美好的時光的地方,

  • I can definitely remember a twilight of the past

    我絕對記得在的朦朧的過去時光裡

  • with imaginary friends,

    想像中的同伴

  • treehouses, magical weapons, and if given the chance,

    樹屋、魔法武器,有可能的話

  • I'd happily stop there.

    我會很高興能留在那裏

  • "Adventure Time" is perfectly, romantically nostalgic for childhood.

    "探險活寶"是完美的、浪漫主義式的童年懷舊

  • But so are a lot of other shows, like "Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends,"

    但很多節目也是,像是"親親麻吉(台譯)"

  • "The Amazing Adventures of Gumball,"

    "阿甘妙世界"

  • and even "Rugrats," sort of.

    還有"小淘氣",這些大概都是

  • What is it about "Adventure Time"

    到底是什麼讓"探險活寶"

  • that makes it so well-liked, especially by not-kids?

    這麼廣受喜愛,尤其受到大人喜愛?

  • Here's where it gets a little complicated.

    從這裡開始事情變得有點複雜了

  • It's because at the same time we the audience are experiencing nostalgia,

    因為在我們這些觀眾正感受到懷舊

  • so too are the characters in "Adventure Time."

    "探險活寶" 裡的角色也是

  • It's nostalgia within nostalgia.

    這是懷舊裡的懷舊

  • It's a "nostalgia-ception."

    這是"懷舊感全面啟動"

  • Take a look at some of the clues.

    來看一些線索,

  • There was a mysterious devastating mushroom war.

    他們發生過神祕的、毀滅性的蘑菇戰爭

  • A lot of the characters, especially

    一些角色,特別是

  • Marceline and the Ice King, have this unexplained evolving

    瑪瑟琳和寒冰國王(艾薇爾和冰霸王),共同經歷過一段謎樣的過去

  • "wish it were still the good old days" past.

    "希望那些美好日子仍然不變" 的過去

  • The landscape is littered with human remains and technology.

    四處散落著人類遺跡和科技

  • And in certain episodes, you can even

    在某幾集,你甚至能

  • see a partially destroyed planet Earth in the sky.

    從天空中看到被摧毀掉一部分的地球

  • I mean, Finn is the last human, for Glob's sake.

    芬是最後的人類,我的天啊! (註:Glob在探險活寶裡是神,等於God)

  • That is, unless Susan Strong isn't a fish,

    那...除非巨人蘇珊不是魚人

  • and you count the Ice King as-- uh, uh, never mind.

    而且你把寒冰國王也算...呃..呃,算了

  • "Adventure Time" is a fun, adventurous kids' show

    "探險活寶" 是一部非常有趣、富冒險精神的兒童節目

  • with a history, a potentially very dark history.

    有著歷史架構,可能是非常黑暗的歷史

  • Pen Ward has even said his favorite emotion is feeling

    Pen Ward 曾經說過他最愛的情緒就是

  • simultaneously happy and sad.

    同時感受快樂和悲傷

  • So that's a reaction he tries to elicit in "Adventure Time."

    所以這就是他想要透過"探險活寶" 激起的感受

  • This is called ambivalence, and it's

    這被稱為"矛盾感",也就是

  • what's at the root of nostalgia.

    懷舊之情的根源

  • It means you're holding onto two usually conflicting emotions at the same time.

    這意味著你同時有兩種衝突的情緒

  • And "Adventure Time" does it on two levels.

    "探險活寶" 在兩個層面上做到這一點

  • So that's four total emotions, for the folks keeping track at home.

    所以總共有四種情緒,大夥兒在家有空可以追查看看

  • You see it in the settings and the relationships,

    在故事的背景設定和感情關係可以看到

  • but also in the cute but disturbing creatures,

    還有在這可愛,又蠻噁心的小傢伙身上也有

  • the comedic but dire situations,

    在充滿喜劇效果,卻又緊張急迫的狀況

  • the childlike but nonetheless high-stakes situations.

    在天真爛漫,卻冒著高風險孤注一擲的狀況下

  • It's in the show, but it's also experienced by the audience.

    不僅在節目中,也讓觀眾體驗到了

  • All these things contribute to capital-D Drama.

    這些都有助於戲劇張力

  • Not like lowercase-D drama, which is what LSP gets herself involved in.

    不是那種團塊公主(腫泡泡公主)老是把自己扯進去的小劇場

  • Yo, guess what?

    喲,你知道嗎

  • Slime Princess is in the park, and she's, like,

    史萊姆公主在公園,她好像

  • talking to a new Nice King.

    正在跟一個新來的好國王講話

  • Uh, and he's like, totally single.

    嗯,他呢,還單身

  • Which by itself definitely doesn't make a good show,

    光靠那部分絕對無法做成好節目

  • but combined with the creator's amazing imagination

    但結合了創作者的驚人想像力

  • and character design, makes maybe the best animated show ever.

    和角色創造,做出了或許是有史以來最棒的動畫

  • I'm biased.

    我偏頗了

  • I really like "Adventure Time."

    我真的很愛"探險活寶"

  • But seriously, I know more

    但說真的,我知道

  • adults than kids who watch "Adventure Time," including my mom.

    看探險活寶的成人比小孩還多,包括我媽

  • So that has to mean something.

    這一定代表了什麼

  • Yes, adults watch cartoons, but that's not

    沒錯,大人也看卡通,但這不是

  • the interesting part.

    有趣的地方

  • The interesting part is that most of the cartoons adults watch

    有趣的是,大部分大人所看的卡通

  • are made for adults.

    是做給大人看的

  • "The Simpsons," "Bob's Burgers," "Family Guy," "South Park,"

    "辛普森家族"、"開心漢堡店"、"蓋酷家庭"、"南方公園"

  • even most anime-- adult situations, adult humor,

    甚至大多數的動漫-- 是成人的處境、幽默

  • and maybe with the exception of anime, very little emotional depth.

    或者除了動漫本身之外,很少有感性深度

  • But man, when Finn hugs the Flame Princess wrapped up in a tin-foil burrito?

    但,當芬包裹得像個一條錫箔捲餅擁抱火焰公主時

  • It's too much.

    太過分了

  • It's just-- it's just too much.

    真的,太感人了

  • "My Little Pony" is maybe the only other close comparison,

    "彩虹小馬" 或許是唯一能拿來比較的

  • but its popularity is because of a whole other thing--

    但它受歡迎的原因完全是另一回事

  • that we talk about in a video that you should watch.

    我們在這個影片裡有討論過,你應該去看一下

  • "Adventure Time" is maybe the closest television comes to classic fairy tales,

    "探險活寶" 或許是最接近經典童話故事的電視秀

  • exhibiting a combo of terror and humor,

    展演了一整組的恐怖與幽默

  • excitement and fear,

    興奮與恐懼

  • that are the very hallmarks of childhood.

    這些非常能夠代表童年的特點

  • Or maybe I just have a playground crush on Marceline.

    或者我只是有點孩子氣的喜歡上瑪瑟琳

  • What do you guys think?

    你們怎麼想?

  • Does "Adventure Time" make you kind of sad,

    "探險活寶"讓你覺得有點悲傷嗎?

  • and is that why you like it?

    這是你喜歡它的原因嗎?

  • Let us know in the comments.

    留言讓我們知道

  • And if you're feeling ambivalent about subscribing,

    如果你猶豫要不要訂閱

  • you could just subscribe.

    你可以直接訂閱

  • Or not.

    或不要

  • Whatever.

    隨便你

  • Yes, I grew a silly mustache.

    對啦,我留蠢蠢的鬍子

  • Let's see what you guys had to say about YouTube and education.

    來看留言,看你們對You Tube 和教育有什麼想法

  • We were really lucky to hear from Brady of Periodic Videos

    我們很幸運的可以看到Brady of Periodic Videos 的影片

  • fame about last week's episode.

    稱讚上周那集

  • He sent us this clip.

    他寄來這個影片

  • Hey there, Mike.

    嗨,Mike

  • I saw your video.

    我看到你的影片

  • It's so hard to measure or not whether YouTube

    很難去測量YouTube 是不是

  • is making people smarter.

    讓人們變聰明

  • We all drown in viewing statistics,

    我們都埋頭在觀看人數統計上

  • but what do they tell us?

    但這能告訴我們什麼呢?

  • I'd like to show you some photos.

    我想要給你看一些照片

  • This is Eddie from Arkansas, and his Christmas present

    這是阿肯色州的Eddie,和他的聖誕禮物

  • was a signed photo from the scientists on the Periodic Videos channel.

    是來自 Periodic Videos 頻道,幾位科學家的簽名照

  • And this is Eduardo from Italy.

    這是Eduardo,來自義大利

  • His 10th birthday wish was to come to the University of Nottingham in England

    他的10歲生日願望,是去英格蘭的諾丁漢大學

  • and meet his YouTube heroes.

    去見他的 YouTube英雄們

  • And we seem to have countless stories like this,

    我們看了無數個這樣的故事,

  • new things coming up all the time.

    永遠有新的事物

  • Now, this shows that these people are listening,

    這些人都在看這些節目

  • they're really engaged.

    非常認真投入

  • And if they're listening this closely,

    如果他們這麼認真收看

  • they must at least be on their way to learning.

    這必然成為他們學習的一個管道

  • Thanks so much, Brady, for sending us that awesome clip.

    非常謝謝你,Brady,寄給我們這麼棒的剪輯

  • Mc7738 is a high-school biology teacher

    Mc7738 ,一位中學生物老師

  • who says that YouTube is indispensable in the classroom,

    他留言說 YouTube在課堂上是不可或缺的

  • especially considering how dry a lot of the textbooks are.

    尤其是考慮到教科書有多無聊的情況下

  • If my high school experience is any indication,

    如果我讀中學的經驗能說明什麼的話

  • that sounds-- that sounds about right.

    那聽起來,沒錯就是那樣

  • Euclids Paradox makes a really good point,

    Euclids Paradox 指出了一個不錯的論點

  • that YouTube allows you to introduce yourself

    YouTube 引領你看到

  • to a lot of different ideas without getting super invested in spending a lot of time

    不同的想法,而且不用投注大量的時間

  • which is really interesting,

    這真的很有趣

  • and a good point.

    很棒的想法

  • To all of our Lithuanian fans, a big lavas.

    給我們所有的立陶宛粉絲們,我愛你們

  • Did I do OK? Did I do all right?

    我做得還可以嗎?

  • Let me know.

    讓我知道吧

  • To Chris Chance, I think if anybody should be thanking anybody, it should be us to you.

    Chris Chance,我認有如果有誰應該要感謝誰的話,應該是我們要謝謝你

  • But it's good to know that you enjoy the show,

    但很高興能知道你喜歡這個節目

  • and that you find YouTube a great resource for learning.

    而且你覺得 YouTube 是很強大的學習資源

  • To Jill Suda, I was in college before YouTube was a thing,

    Jill Suda,在YouTube崛起前我已經上大學了

  • and it was probably pretty similar.

    那時候其實沒什麼不一樣

  • Far fewer cat videos, though, which is, I imagine,

    但跟現在比,少了很多貓咪影片,在我想像中

  • a huge part of the college experience now.

    這應該是現今大學生活中的很大一部分吧

  • And if you're curious about the music

    然後,如果你好奇這首

  • that you've been listening to, this

    你一直聽到的音樂是什麼

  • is GraveArcadeOfficial's remake of the five-minute-long video

    這是GraveArcadeOfficial 的重製影片,五分鐘長

  • where all I said was "GIF" and "JIF."

    影片裡面我只唱"GIF" 和"JIF"

  • If you would like to listen to it or download it,

    如果你想聽看看或者下載

  • click on my face.

    按我的臉

  • (MUSIC PLAYING)

    (音樂播放中)

Here's an idea-- "Adventure Time" is

有種說法-"探險活寶"

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

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懷舊是《冒險時代》驚豔的原因嗎?| 偶像頻道|PBS (Is Nostalgia the Reason for Adventure Time's Amazing Awesomeness? | Idea Channel | PBS)

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影片單字