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  • I need to get some...

    我需要去拿點...

  • Hi. James from Engvid.

    哈囉!我是 Engvid 的詹姆士老師

  • I was just thinking I have to finish reading my book.

    我剛剛在想,我必須讀完這本書

  • Yeah. That's right. I have to finish reading my book.

    對,沒錯,我必須讀完這本書

  • I'm sure you heard me say I needed to, yes?

    相信你剛剛有聽到我說「我需要」,對吧

  • Well, today's lesson is on "need to" and "have to."

    好,今天的主題是要區分 "need to" 及 "have to"

  • What's the difference?

    差別在哪呢?

  • Most of the time, if you come to Canada...

    通常來說,當你在加拿大時...

  • Well,no. Sorry. I keep saying Canada! There's a big world out there speaks English, okay?

    喔不,抱歉,我一直說加拿大!世界上還有許多國家也說著英文,對吧?

  • And that is England, Canada, America, that's the United States, Australia, New Zealand, India.

    像是英國、加拿大、美洲,我指的是美國,澳洲、紐西蘭及印度

  • They don't know it, but they speak English. Okay.

    他們自己不知道,但他們說的是英文,沒錯

  • It's an English colony.

    印度曾是英國殖民地

  • Um... bottom line. A lot of times when you taught grammar, you taught the necessities.

    好,重點是,很多時候在教文法時,總會教到必須性助動詞

  • You've got must, have to, blah blah blah...

    有 must、have to 等等的詞

  • But then when you actually go to these countries, you hear people say "I need to."

    但當你真的去了這些國家,你會聽到其他人說 "I need to"

  • Now, this is interesting because I actually had a student come to me one day,

    聽著,這是件滿有趣的事,有天一位學生跑來找我

  • and we had like a twenty minute discussion on

    我們花了大概二十分鐘討論-

  • "Teacher, you were wrong. Uh, I don't need to say have to."

    「老師,你錯了,呃,我不需要說 "have to"」

  • See? I said "I don't need to say have to"

    有聽到嗎?我剛剛說「我不需要說 "have to"」

  • And we were talking about, and talking about, and tried to explain, and tried to, and finally I was...

    接著我們講個不停,也試著去解釋,最後我終於 ...

  • Ahhh! You need to stop right now. No, you have to stop.

    啊!!你需要馬上停下來。不,你必須停下來

  • And he said "Why? What is the difference?"

    接著他說「為什麼?差別在哪?」

  • I went "Need to, a benefit for you. Have to because there's a consequence."

    我回答他「Need to 會讓你得到某個好處,而 have to 則會有某種結果」

  • So, let's go to the board.

    讓我們看看白板吧

  • Alright. We say "have to." Having, I mean obtaining.

    好的,當我們說 have to 或 having,也就是獲取

  • When you have something, it belongs to you. Alright?

    當你擁有某件東西,那麼也就代表它屬於你,對吧?

  • I have a marker. I have a book.

    我有隻白板筆,我有本書

  • They belong to me, or they're in my hand.

    它們都屬於我,或是它們在我的手上

  • When you have to. Let's break it down into two parts.

    當你 have to,我們把它分成兩個部分來說

  • The preposition or the particle "to" means...

    介係詞或是質詞 "to" 的意思是...

  • oh let's put it up there

    噢我寫在上面好了

  • It means either "goal" or "direction."

    它的意思不是目標就是方向

  • Okay? So, once you figure out "to" means goal or direction, it leads you to an interesting place.

    好嗎?因此當你了解 to 的意思是目標或是方向之後,你會發掘許多不同的意思

  • Have, as we know as "I have a marker." It is in my possession. Alright? Possess.

    Have,像是剛剛說的「我有支白板筆」,這東西屬於我,懂嗎?擁有。

  • So, have means "possess," and to means "goal," or "direction."

    因此 have 意思是擁有,而 to 意思是目標或是方向

  • Why do we say have to?

    為什麼我們會說 have to?

  • Well, literally, you have an obligation.

    是這樣的,你是真的有某種義務

  • It's in your direction that you must do, or there's going to be a problem for you.

    你必須往這個特定的方向走,不然會惹上麻煩

  • Alright? So, here's a good example.

    懂嗎?來看個例子

  • I have to go to the washroom right now.

    我必須馬上去洗手間

  • If I don't, the consequence is wet pants.

    如果沒去的話,結果就是尿褲子

  • This is not good. I don't want to wet my pants.

    這不太好,我可不想尿溼我的褲子

  • So I have to go.

    所以我必須去廁所

  • So when I.. people hear you have to do something, they tend to respond with urgency.

    當別人聽到你必須要去做某件事,他們會有比較緊急一點的回應

  • You have to pay your taxes now!

    你必須馬上繳清你的稅!

  • There's an urgency. There's an obligation because something will happen to you.

    這滿緊急的,因為這是義務,不去完成的話會有事情發生

  • Alright? There's a direction or goal. Something you may want that'll be affected by your actions.

    懂嗎?有個方向或是目標,某件會因為你的行為而受到影響的事

  • I have to do this. Alright?

    我必須做這件事,好嗎

  • I have to go. Why?

    我必須離開,為什麼?

  • My wife is waiting with a shotgun.

    我的老婆正提著獵槍等我回來

  • If I'm not home by eight, I'm dead. Okay?

    如果我八點前還沒到家,我就死定了,懂嗎?

  • So what's the difference with "need to?"

    那麼 "need to" 不一樣的地方是?

  • Because often you hear Canadians say that instead of "have to."

    因為你常會聽見加拿大人說 need to 而不是 have to

  • Well, sometimes you wanna do things, and there's not the same urgency.

    是這樣的,有時候你想做些不那麼緊急的事

  • However, it is important to you.

    但是那件事非常重要

  • And here's the key.

    秘訣在此

  • Ne me ne me

    Ne me ne me

  • Ne ne ne ne ne me

    Ne ne ne ne ne me

  • Okay. You're not a big bird.

    好,你可不是隻鳥

  • Ne and me means me. The benefit is for me.

    Ne 及 me 指的是我自己,

  • When I need to do something, I get a benefit from doing this.

    當我需要去做某件事,我會從中得到某些好處

  • I'm thinking more personally of the benefit that I am of the pain that I will suffer,

    我是指更與個人相關的後果,像是我會遭受到的痛苦

  • or the problems I will get if I don't do it.

    或是如果不去做所造成的麻煩

  • So they're the same side of the coin. You have to do it. You need to do it.

    因此它們就像是硬幣的同一面,你必須做,你需要做

  • But one, I'm thinking about the benefit to me. The other I'm thinking about the problem that I'll get.

    一個是,我要想想做這件事給我的好處是什麼,另一方面,我得想想我不做某件事會有什麼後果

  • Sliding into it... need to.

    讓我滑來這... need to

  • I need to go to the washroom.

    我需要去上廁所

  • I'm just thinking about it. See my face?

    我只是在想而已,看到我的表情了嗎?

  • I need to go. I'm deciding now is a good time.

    我需要去,我想現在是個好時機了

  • I have to go. I don't have a choice. Wet pants? Bad!

    我必須去了,沒有任何選擇,濕褲子?不好不好

  • Need to go? I would feel better if took two minutes in the washroom. Benefit.

    需要去的話呢?如果我能花兩分鐘去個廁所,我會感覺好一點,好處。

  • Ne-me. See?

    Ne-me,懂了嗎?

  • And I don't mean "knee me." I mean good for me.

    我的意思不是「用膝蓋踢我」,我意思是對我好的某件事情

  • It rhymes, so you'll remember. Okay?

    它們有押韻,這會讓你記得更快,好嗎?

  • So, I need to go to the washroom. There's a bebefit. I would feel much better.

    所以我需要去上廁所,是因為某項好處,我會覺得更舒服

  • I would feel much much better, yeah?

    我會更舒服,懂嗎?

  • Have to go? I'm gonna have problems.

    必須呢?我會惹上麻煩的

  • So, simply, when you know... With have to, remember? We both have goals. See to?

    因此,簡單地說,必須的話,記得嗎?這兩個都有個目標,看到 to 了對吧

  • It's for goal or direction. There's something I want in both cases.

    它代表著目標或是方向,在這兩種情況下我追求著某種結果

  • But in the need to, "ne-me," it's all about me.

    但在用 need to 時,ne-me,一切都只跟我有關

  • What is my benefit from the situation?

    我能從這件事得到的好處是什麼?

  • And have to? It's all about "I'm gonna have a problem, and I don't want a problem." See?

    have to 呢?「我會遇到麻煩的,我可不想要有任何麻煩」懂嗎?

  • Devil snake. Good worm. Mr. E. No Mr. E here.

    惡魔蛇、乖蟲蟲,E 先生。不,E 先生今天不在

  • And here's another, well, it's not a mystery. Something I think you have to do. Before I go, I will say this.

    接著有個,呃,也不是什麼祕密,有件我想你們必須要做的事,我會在離開前說完這件事

  • Often to students, and this is the good one, so listen carefully, and this is what students might have a problem.

    通常是對學生說,這件事也很重要,所以要仔細聽,這通常是學生會出錯的地方

  • I told him, "You have to do your homework!"

    我告訴他,「你必須去做你的作業」

  • He came back and said "I don't have to do my homework. I need to do my homework."

    他回來告訴我「我沒有必須做我的功課,我需要去做我的功課」

  • And I went "I'm your teacher. You have to do this. You are my student. You need to do it for the benefit."

    接著我說「我是你的老師,你必須做這件事,你是我的學生,你需要為了你自己做功課」

  • If you understood that statement, you're good!

    如果你聽得懂那句話,代表你都會啦!

  • And if you wanna know, and check, come do the quiz at ...

    然後如果你想了解,然後測驗看看的話,可以來做點題目,在...

  • Whoa, where would you go? Well, there's only one place you have to go to.

    噢!你們還能去哪?呃,只有一個地方是你必須去的

  • If you don't go there, you'll never get the informations you have to, or the consequences you lose out.

    如果你沒去那裡,你就永遠得不到你必須得到的資訊或是好處

  • That is www.engvid.com.

    這地方就是 www.engvid.com

  • You need to come soon, 'cause the benefits are all yours. You're the only one missing out.

    你需要快點來,因為其實這些好處都是你的,你可是唯一錯過的人呀

  • I'll see you there.

    我們在那邊見囉!

I need to get some...

我需要去拿點...

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 好處 方向 目標 麻煩 功課 緊急

【易混淆文法】Need to 及 Have to 你會分辨嗎?讓老師替你解惑! Need to, have to, must - modals of necessity

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    Lily Chou 發佈於 2016 年 08 月 28 日
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