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  • With two days left in March,

    三月只剩下最後兩天了。

  • we`re glad you`re taking 10 minutes to watch CNN STUDENT NEWS.

    很高興你撥出十分鐘收看CNN學生新聞。

  • My name is Carl Azuz.

    我是 Carl Azuz。

  • First up in our commercial-free coverage,

    第一則非廣告頭條。

  • votes are being counted in the African nation of Nigeria.

    奈及利亞現在正在進行選舉開票。

  • Results could come out Tuesday from the country`s most tightly contested election since democracy was reestablished there in 1999.

    這場從1999年恢復民主後,競爭最激烈的選戰的結果將會在星期二揭曉。

  • Analysts say turnout was high, in the tens of millions.

    分析師們表示投票率相當高,估計有數以百萬計的選票。

  • And that`s despite the fact that the election commission`s Web site was hacked,

    儘管此次選舉中遇到許多阻礙,像是選舉委員的網站遭到駭客攻擊,

  • despite some problems with ballot paper and digital voting card readers and despite attacks by the Boko Haram terrorist group.

    還有選票和讀票機的技術問題,甚至在選舉期間還遭到恐怖組織 Boko Haram 的攻擊。

  • It`s based in Northern Nigeria.

    它的本營位於奈及利亞南方。

  • It wants a strict form of Islamic law in the country.

    他們想要在國內實行更嚴格的「伊斯蘭法律」。

  • It killed at least 11 people at polling stations,

    它在投票所至少殺害了11個人。

  • so security was a major concern in these elections, but not the only one.

    因此選舉期間,維安是大家最關注的事情,但這不是唯一受到重視的問題。

  • With nearly 180 million people, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa,

    奈及利亞有將近1.8億的人口,是非洲人口最多的國家,

  • and one of the world`s largest mega democracies.

    也是世界上最大的民主國家之一。

  • I am CNN journalist Stephanie Busari

    我是CNN的記者 Stephanie Busari,

  • and I was born and raised in Nigeria.

    我是在奈及利亞出生和長大的。

  • The Nigeria I remember was a very peaceful country with different faiths mixing together and interacting peacefully.

    我所記得的奈及利亞是個非常和平的國家,不同的信仰都可以融合在一起與和平相處。

  • But that -- that has changed significantly in recent times.

    但在最近這段時間裡,這樣的好景已經看不到了。

  • The major issue for most Nigerians is security.

    對於大多數的奈及利亞人來說,最擔心的是治安問題。

  • In the past five years, Boko Haram, the terrorist group, has killed and kidnapped thousands of Nigerians.

    在過去幾年中,恐怖組織 Boko Haram 已經殺害與綁架了數以千計的奈及利亞國民。

  • They really came to the world`s attention in April last year, when they kidnapped nearly 300 schoolgirls.

    他們在去年,因為綁架了 300 名女童,受到國際間的注意。

  • Past elections has been marred by allegations of rigging and election violence.

    在過去的選舉中,灌票指控和暴力事件層出不窮。

  • The economy is also crucial.

    國家的經濟也是重要的議題。

  • Last year, Nigeria overtook South Africa to become the largest economy in Africa.

    就在去年,奈及利亞已經超越了南非,成為了非洲最大的經濟體。

  • But many complain that the country`s vast oil wealth does not trickle down to the average Nigerian on the street.

    但許多人抱怨,大部分的奈及利亞人民並沒有享受到這國家的石油產業所帶來的財富。

  • Around 70 percent of Nigerians live below the poverty line.

    將近70%的奈及利亞人是貧窮戶。

  • Who are the candidates in this election?

    這次的候選人是誰呢?

  • The incumbent is Goodluck Jonathan.

    Goodluck Jonathan 是這次尋求連任的候選人。

  • And he was elected in 2011 on a massive wave of popularity.

    他在2011年聲望高漲的情狀下當選。

  • He was almost seen as a kind of Obama-type change figure.

    他當時被視為跟歐巴馬相似,是可以帶來改變的候選人。

  • But Nigerians are disappointed, because many say he has simply failed to deliver on the promises that he made.

    但是奈及利亞人民對他非常失望,許多人認為他並沒又兌現他的政見。

  • His main opponent is a retired general called Muhammadu Buhari.

    他住要的競爭對手是位已退休的總理Muhammadu Buhari。

  • He was a former ruler of Nigeria.

    他曾是奈及利亞的統治者。

  • He ruled briefly following a military coup.

    他曾利用軍事政變統治過一小段時間。

  • And he`s also run unsuccessfully in the last three elections.

    他參加了過去三次的選舉,但都以失敗收場。

  • Roll Call -- we`re visiting coastal states today,

    點名時間到,今天我們將拜訪海岸邊的州。

  • but they don`t all border an ocean.

    但它們不是全部都在海岸邊。

  • For example, take Pennsylvania.

    就拿賓州舉例。

  • It has a tiny bit of coastline along Lake Erie.

    它只有小部分的河岸緊鄰伊利湖。

  • The Vanguard School in the borough of Malvern is online in The Keystone State.

    在賓州 Malvern 區的 Vanguard 高中正在線上收看。

  • On the Pacific Coast, California is on the Roll.

    在太平洋岸邊的加州正鴻運當頭呢。

  • La Habra in Southern California is home to La Habra High School and The Highlanders.

    在南加州的La Habra是La Habra高中和高地族的家鄉。

  • And Wisconsin borders Lake Michigan and Lake Superior.

    還有威斯康辛州緊連著密西根湖和蘇必利爾湖。

  • Today`s school is right near Lake Winneconne, though,

    在這次要介紹的學校則是在溫納康尼湖旁邊。

  • The Wolves of Winneconne High School are watching.

    Winneconne高中的朋友們正在收看!

  • The Obama administration is looking to nearly double the amount of government money used to fight super bugs.

    歐巴馬政府計畫將用將近兩倍的政府預算來對抗「超級細菌」。

  • These are bacterial infections that can`t easily be killed by traditional antibiotics.

    這是一種細菌感染,沒辦法用過去的抗生素來治療的。

  • Medical researchers say super bugs sicken two million people in the U.S. each year and kill 23,000 people.

    醫療學者表示,每年遭到超級細菌感染的美國人有兩百萬,已經造成23,000人的死亡。

  • The president`s budget would spent $1.2 billion over five years.

    總統所撥的預算預計是五年12億美金。

  • It aims to eliminate antibiotic use in animals raised for food.

    目標是要停止食用牲畜的抗生素使用。

  • It aims to improve testing, reporting and tracking super bugs in people.

    並且讓病菌檢驗和回報與追蹤超級細菌的染病者更有效率和準確。

  • And it would increase research for new antibiotics and vaccines.

    最後也將提升抗生素與疫苗的研究。

  • Also, the plan wants to cut in half the inappropriate antibiotic use in doctors` offices and hospitals.

    另外,此計畫將減少五成醫院和診所的抗生素濫用。

  • But some doctors say that`s vague,

    但有些醫生表示這樣的問題相當難界定,

  • asking who decides what kind of antibiotic use is inappropriate?

    到底誰可以決定哪一種的抗生素使用才算是濫用?

  • The plan also has to be approved by Congress, which may not happen.

    而此項計畫必須經國會許可,但很可能無法通過。

  • From the tower marking less than 15 seconds, the engines igniting, ramping up, and lift-off.

    距離發射時間不到15秒,點燃引擎,加速中,升空。

  • A year in space starts now.

    一年的太空之旅即將啟程。

  • Kelly, Kornienko and Padalka on their way toward the International Space Station.

    Kelly, Kornienko and Padalka 正在飛往國際太空站。

  • OK, you heard that right, a year in space, almost. It`s 342 days.

    Ok, 你沒聽錯,在太空裡待上一年,幾乎啦,是342天。

  • But it would set a new record for the longest time any American has spent in weightlessness.

    這將會創造美國人在太空裡待最久的新紀錄。

  • Four Russian cosmonauts have done it before.

    這項紀錄已經被四位俄羅斯太空人達成過了。

  • Scott Kelly blasted off on Friday for the International Space Station.

    Scott Kelly 在星期五時已經飛往了國際太空站。

  • While he`s there, he won`t just be conducting science experiments, he`ll be one of them.

    當他在太空中的時候,他不只會進行研究,同時他本身也會是研究之一。

  • Scott Kelly is on a mission to become the first American to spend an entire year on the International Space Station.

    Scott Kelly 會是第一位在國際太空站待上一年的美國人。

  • That`s nearly twice as long as any other American has ever stayed in space.

    這將會是其他美國人待在外太空時間的兩倍。

  • Kelly will spend 12 months orbiting the Earth.

    Kelly 將會花12個月圍繞著地球轉。

  • And besides just being away from his family for a year,

    除了要跟他的家人分離一年的時間,

  • Kelly will also be away from something we all take for granted, gravity.

    Kelly 也可以脫離人類一直以來無法擺脫的東西,重力。

  • And that will have a profound impact on his body.

    而這將對他的身體造成重大的影響。

  • Kelly will take part in a bunch of studies to find out how low gravity impacts his eyes, his heart, his bones, even his brain.

    Kelly將會參與一連串的實驗,找出低重力狀態對他的眼睛、心臟、骨頭甚至是他的腦袋有甚麼影響。

  • About a third of American astronauts have developed vision problems.

    大約有三分之一的美國太空人有視力問題。

  • It may be because without gravity,

    原因有可能是因為沒有了重力後,

  • bodily fluids float up to their heads,

    人體內的異體容易流向頭部,

  • causing structural changes in their eyes.

    造成眼睛構造的改變。

  • But that theory has never been fully tested.

    但這個理論卻一直都沒有被證實過。

  • NASA scientists have documented cardiac arrhythmias and decreases in heart function in space flight.

    NASA科學家記錄下了太空人在太空飛行時有心律不整和心臟功能弱化的現象。

  • Spend a long time off the planet and your bones thin.

    如果在太空的時間過久後,你的骨頭會變細。

  • This puts astronauts at a greater risk for broken bones and osteoporosis.

    這將提高太空人骨折和罹患骨質疏鬆症的機率。

  • How does being confined on a space station for long periods of time affect your thoughts and your behavior?

    當你困在太空站裡相當長的時間後,你的思想和行為會發生甚麼改變?

  • NASA says knowing this is crucial if we`re ever going to Mars or deep space.

    NASA表示未來如果人類要到火星上或是往更遠的太空中發展,知道這個是必要的。

  • But how will we know if being in space is the cause of Kelly`s body changes?

    但我們要如何知道Kelly身上發生的變化是因為長期待在太空造成的。

  • NASA has the perfect specimen to compare him to -- his twin brother, retired astronaut, Mark Kelly.

    NASA有個完美的原樣本可以做比對,那就是他的雙胞胎哥哥,一位退休的太空人,Mark Kelly。

  • Mark Kelly has volunteered for NASA`s twins study, to see how the identical twins change over a year in very different environments.

    Mark Kelly自願參與NASA雙胞胎研究,將觀察一對一模一樣的雙胞胎在非常不同的環境中待上一年後會有甚麼變化。

  • So Mark will be here on Earth, getting poked and prodded by researchers while Scott makes history in orbit.

    在Scott在環繞地球創造歷史的同時,Mark會待在地球上接受科學家的各種實驗。

  • Kelly won`t be alone on the Space Station.

    Kelly 不會孤自一人待在太空站。

  • A Russian cosmonaut also is taking part in the one year mission.

    一位俄羅斯太空人也會參與這次一年的計畫。

  • And several other crew members will rotate in and out during Kelly`s stay.

    還有幾位機組人員會在Kelly的這趟旅程中飛進飛出。

  • The word "base" has a lot of different meanings,

    "Base" 這個字有需多的意思。

  • even when you drop it down to the category of music.

    就算我們談的是音樂上的意義也是一樣。

  • In bands, some of you might play the double bass, some the bass guitar.

    談到樂團,你們有些人可能是彈低音大提琴的,有些是彈base吉他。

  • In chorus, someone who sings low may be a bass

    在合唱團中,負責唱低音的人也叫做"bass"

  • and those who just listen to music like the boom of the lower range.

    還有人們喜歡音樂時喜歡地聽音樂的「蹦蹦」重低音也是。

  • But could there ever be use for a sub woofer on your stovetop?

    但這個有機會變成裝在你們家火爐上的擴音器嗎?

  • You know, engineering is all about finding a way to make the impossible possible.

    你知道,工程其實就是把不可能的化作可能。

  • So that`s what we did.

    這就是我們所一直努力的。

  • I see this device being applied to a lot of things.

    我發現在個裝置可以運用在許多領域上。

  • First off, I think in the kitchen, it could be on top of a stovetop.

    一開始,我覺得它可以運用在廚房裡,安裝在火爐的上方。

  • But eventually, I`d like to see this applied to maybe swarm robotics, where there would be attached to a drone

    但最終,我希望這個能夠與蟲型機器人一起運用,能夠安裝在無人飛行載具上。

  • and that would be applied to forest fires or even building fires.

    運用在森林大火和房屋火災的救災上。

  • So is that one of the best ideas that would make good baseness sense on a regular basis

    所以這是可以帶來重大改變的點子嗎? (註:繞口令,翻大概意思)

  • or are these guys way off base?

    還是說這些人可能還差點遠呢?

  • Should they do an about bass and re-bass the bass and base it on something less debasable?

    或者,他們應該再想一想,去做些可能更實際的東西呢? (註:繞口令,翻大概意思)

  • It certainly sounds like it will make waves.

    但這聽起來絕對會引起一波討論。

  • I`m Carl Azuz.

    我是 Carl Azuz.

  • CNN STUDENT NEWS returns tomorrow, same time, same bass.

    CNN學生新聞,一樣的時間,一樣精采的內容,我們明天見。

With two days left in March,

三月只剩下最後兩天了。

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March 30, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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