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  • Welcome to our viewers worldwide.

    歡迎來到國際焦點。

  • I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

    我是CNN學生新聞的Carl Azuz。

  • Our first story this March 19th focuses on an apparent terrorist attack

    3月19日的第一則新聞,我們將焦點擺在一個非常明顯為恐怖攻擊的事件,

  • in the North African nation of Tunisia.

    發生於北非的突尼西亞。

  • It`s a country between Algeria and Libya, population about 11 million.

    那是一個介於阿爾及利亞與利比亞之間的國家,擁有一千一百萬人口。

  • Officials say several gunmen entered a museum in Tunisia`s capital

    官方表示有數名持槍歹徒在星期四闖入突尼西亞首都的博物館

  • on Thursday and killed at least 17 tourists and two others,

    並殺害了至少17名遊客與2名其他民眾,

  • one of them a Tunisian security officer.

    其中1名是突尼西亞籍的保全警衛。

  • The terrorists also took hostages,

    恐怖份子也抓住數名人質,

  • but Tunisian law enforcement were able to end the siege

    但是突國警方已突破重圍

  • and kill two of the attackers. Police are looking for three other gunmen.

    並擊斃兩名攻擊者。警方還在持續搜尋其他三名歹徒。

  • Tunisian Prime Minister Habib Essid

    突國總理 Habib Essid

  • called it "a cowardly attack targeting Tunisia`s economy."

    稱之為「一次針對突尼西亞經濟的懦弱攻擊」

  • Tourism is a key part of that.

    因為觀光業是它非常重要的一部分。

  • The museum where the attack happened has exhibits of Tunisian art, culture and history.

    發生攻擊事件的博物館展示有突尼西亞的藝術、文化與歷史。

  • It`s right next to the parliament building, which was evacuated.

    它緊鄰被疏散完畢的國會大樓。

  • No group immediately took responsibility for the attack,

    沒有團體在第一時間就為攻擊事件負責,

  • but ties to the ISIS terrorist group are suspected.

    但其疑似與ISIS有關。

  • From North Africa to the Middle East,

    從北非轉到中東地區,

  • immediately after Israel`s election on Tuesday,

    就在星期二的以色列大選過後,

  • polls in local media indicated that two main political parties

    地方媒體的民意調查顯示主要的兩大政黨

  • were locked in a dead heat.

    完全不分軒輊。

  • But when the actual vote count came in,

    但當實際的投票結果出爐後,

  • it became clear that the party of current prime minister,

    很明顯的是現任總理Benjamin Netanyahu所屬政黨

  • Benjamin Netanyahu, won a major victory,

    獲得了大多數選民的青睞,

  • taking 29 of the Knesset's 120 seats.

    奪下議院120席次中的29席。

  • Results are still unofficial,

    結果雖然不來自官方,

  • but most analysts expect Netanyahu to keep his job leading Israel.

    但多數的統計預測Netanyahu會繼續他在以色列地領導地位。

  • Time for our epic Thursday Roll Call.

    又來到了我們經典地星期四點點名時段,

  • Which state is known as The Pine Tree State?

    請問哪一州以「松樹之州」而聞名呢?

  • Here's the main reason we ask.

    這是我們提問的主要原因:

  • Tripp Middle School is there in Turner, Maine,

    特例普中學位於緬因州的特納城,

  • The Tigers are on the prowl.

    老虎已經在伺機而動了!

  • There are tons of gators in The Sunshine State,

    還有成群的鱷魚在陽光之州

  • but the ones at Island Coast High School are on today's Roll.

    但是在島峡高中的學生們今天是焦點,

  • Hello, Cape Coral, Florida.

    佛羅里達的開普科勒爾城,你們好!

  • And in St. Cloud, Minnesota, The North Star State,

    然後在北星之州明尼蘇達的聖克羅城,

  • it's The Eagles of North Junior High School who round out our roll.

    來自北方國中的小老鷹們,同樣被點到名啦。

  • About 50,000 people live on the Faroe Islands.

    法螺群島上面住有大約五萬居民,

  • They're roughly halfway between Scotland and Iceland.

    它們大約介於蘇格蘭與冰島的中間。

  • But thousands more will be there Friday to witness an event

    但成千上萬的人將會在星期五湧入當地,

  • that lasts just two minutes -- a total eclipse of the sun.

    見證一個大約只發生兩分鐘的事件:一個日全蝕。

  • The U.S. won`t see one of those until 2017.

    在美國你要等到2017才會看到它,

  • In addition to the Faroes, parts of Europe,

    除了在歐洲的法羅群島以外,

  • Northern Asia and Northern Africa could see a partial eclipse.

    北亞與北非皆可以看到日偏蝕,

  • And as long as viewers don`t look directly at it, they`ll be fine.

    而且只要觀賞者沒有直視它,他們就會完全無恙。

  • What is a Solar Eclipse?

    什麼事日蝕呢?

  • Long ago, ancient cultures around the globe

    很久很久以前,世界各地的古代文明

  • looked to the skies in shock and bewilderment.

    在無比的震驚與困惑中看著天空。

  • Many believed they were watching the sun being eaten by an animal,

    很多文明相信他們見證的是太陽被某種動物吃掉了,

  • like a dog or a mythical dragon.

    比如說狗,或者是傳說中的龍。

  • Now we know there's a more scientific explanation for one of nature's most spectacular displays, the solar eclipse.

    而我們現在知道關於自然中最壯觀的景象之一,日蝕,一些比較科學的說法了。

  • Watching as the moon blocks out the light from the sun,

    當我們看著月亮將太陽的光遮住,

  • it can be hard to imagine the amazing cosmic coincidence taking place.

    很難想像這樣宇宙間的巧合竟然可以發生。

  • The sun's diameter is some 400 times larger than the moon's,

    太陽的直徑大約是月亮的400倍,

  • but it's just the right distance away to appear the same size.

    但是還是形成了恰好的距離,讓他們看起來一樣大。

  • For a couple of minutes when the sun and moon are perfectly aligned,

    太陽與月亮的完美對齊會持續數分鐘,

  • the moon completely covers the sun's disc.

    月亮會完全蓋住太陽的盤面。

  • The sun's atmosphere or corona can be seen in the dim light,

    太陽的大氣層或日冕可以在微光中被觀察到,

  • along with stars and planets.

    還伴隨著星星和其他星球。

  • This glowing atmosphere is much hotter than the surface of the sun,

    熾熱的太陽大氣層比太陽的表面高溫許多,

  • but no one is exactly sure why. It`s a question puzzling astronomers.

    但沒有人確定為什麼,這是個讓天文學家們持續困擾的問題。

  • This so-called totality only exists in a narrow band,

    所謂的全蝕只會發生在一塊狹窄的區帶,

  • where the moon's shadow falls on the Earth.

    也就是月亮的陰影落在地球上的地方。

  • Outside this zone, some observers can see a partial eclipse,

    在區塊以外,有些觀察者可以看到日偏食,

  • where it looks like a chunk has been taken out of the sun.

    那邊看到的景象就像是有一大塊太陽被拿掉了。

  • It`s not a phenomenon that will last forever.

    那不會是個會永久持續的現象。

  • The moon is slowly moving away from the Earth and one day,

    月亮遲早都會遠離地球

  • it will appear too small in the sky to cover the sun completely.

    而它在空中會變得太小而無法完全遮住太陽。

  • But don't worry, if you miss this total solar eclipse,

    但不要擔心,如果你錯過了日全蝕,

  • NASA estimates that you still have 563 million years to catch one.

    NASA預估,你只要再等5億年就有下一個了。

  • If you are lucky enough to see this incredible spectacle,

    如果你幸運地看見了這個令人難以置信的奇景,

  • remember, never look directly at the sun, even with everyday sunglasses.

    要記得,千萬不要直視太陽,即使你戴了一般的太陽眼鏡。

  • You risk causing permanent damage to your eyes.

    你會讓你的眼睛承受永久受損的風險。

  • If you don`t have access to special filters,

    如果你沒有辦法取得特殊的濾光鏡,

  • a safe way to observe the show is

    一個能夠安全欣賞這場大秀的方法就是

  • to make a pinhole in a piece of paper

    在一張紙上面戳出針孔

  • and project the image onto another sheet.

    然後把景象投影到另一片紙上。

  • Just after the Ides of March, the madness of March begins in the US.

    3月15日過後,三月瘋狂就在美國展開。

  • It`s over basketball.

    全是因為籃球!

  • The National Collegiate Athletic Association`s

    全美大學體育協會的

  • annual college basketball tournament.

    年度籃球錦標賽。

  • The round of 64 teams starts today.

    64個隊伍的循環賽從今天開始,

  • Fans fill out brackets of their predicted winners of each game,

    粉絲按照了比賽分組,預測了他們每場比賽的勝隊,

  • hoping to make the perfect prediction and never actually doing it.

    希望能做出最完美的預測,雖然他們從來都沒做到。

  • There are always upsets and

    總是有人失望,

  • if each team had a 50 percent chance of winning every game,

    而如果每隊都有50%的勝率,

  • you had a one in 9.2 quintillion chance of picking the perfect bracket.

    你選到最完美分組的機率會是九百二十萬兆分之一。

  • Amid all the fun, there`s a serious question.

    在所有的樂趣之中,有個嚴肅的問題,

  • The players are college students.

    球員都是大學學生,

  • Are they getting out of class?

    他們不會被當掉嗎?

  • For so many basketball players, this is it.

    對於那麼多的球員而言,這就是一切。

  • These are the greatest games they'll ever play.

    這是他們所打過最重要的比賽,

  • Very few of them, less than 2 percent, will go pro.

    他們之中只有非常少數的人,甚至比2%還少,會晉升為職業球員。

  • So their real game is in their scholarships, in their education.

    所以他們真正的比賽在於他們的獎學金競爭。

  • But athletes have been more vocal than ever this year about the realities of playing NCAA sports,

    但近日的球員針對打全美大學籃球聯賽的真實面講話都比較大聲了,

  • that their scholarships are often squandered

    他們獎學金常常都被浪費掉,

  • because so much of their time is consumed by athletics.

    因為他們有太多的時間被花費在運動上面。

  • Players who make the NCAA tournament

    參加全美大學籃球聯賽的球員

  • will miss an average of 20 days of class per season.

    平均一季會有20天沒辦法上課。

  • There`s this thing called the 20 hour rule in college athletics.

    對於大學運動員而言有個「20小時原則」,

  • It's supposed to limit the amount of time that athletes spend each week on their sport.

    它照理說可以限制運動員每周花在運動的時間長度。

  • Well, Big 12 Commissioner Bob Bowlsby calls this rule a joke.

    十校大學生體育會的理事Bob Bowlsby把這條原則稱為一個笑話。

  • He says it`s routinely ignored.

    他說它總是習慣性地被忽略。

  • Most fans who are poring over their brackets are not surprised by all of this.

    大多數有在鑽研分組的球迷都不會對於這個評語太驚訝。

  • A recent poll done by Monmouth University found

    蒙莫斯大學最近作出的一個民意調查顯示

  • that 67 percent of fans think that schools put too much emphasis on sports.

    有67%的球迷認為學校太過於強調體育。

  • The average scholarship for an athlete is about $23,000.

    給予運動員的平均獎學金是兩萬三千美元,

  • If you do the math, 13 scholarshipped athletes per team,

    如果你算一下數學,一個隊伍如果有13名拿獎學金的球員,

  • 351 teams, that`s about $105 million in scholarships.

    351隊,就表示有一億五百萬美元的獎學金,

  • But the worth of the scholarship?

    但是獎學金的價值在哪呢?

  • It doesn`t matter if they're not going to class.

    如果球員沒有去上課的話根本就都不重要了。

  • Joshua Williams leads a charity organization that aims to fight hunger.

    Joshua Williams帶領著一個目的為解決飢餓問題的慈善組織,

  • He’s 13 years old. But here’s the kicker.

    他13歲,但關鍵點來了,

  • He started the company before he was five.

    他在5歲以前就創立了這間公司,

  • Joshua's grandmother had given him 20 bucks.

    Joshua的奶奶給了他20塊錢,

  • Later that day, he saw a man with a sign that said,

    過了不久,他看到一個男的,旁邊的標語寫

  • "Need money, need food." Joshua gave the man his 20

    「需要錢 需要食物 」Joshua就捐出了他的二十塊。

  • and decided to give his efforts toward helping others.

    並決定要為了幫助其他人而努力。

  • We're signing in people.

    我們在讓大家進行報到。

  • Has everybody here signed in?

    大家都已經報到完了嗎?

  • When I was four and a half years old, I found my purpose in life.

    當我4歲半的時候,我就找到我人生的目的了。

  • We're going to have around 100 families.

    我們擁有100個左右的家庭,

  • We're going to give them food.

    我們將會供應他們食物。

  • I looked for a foundation that would accept somebody my age.

    我找過可以接受我這種年齡的人的基金會

  • I didn't find any.

    完全找不到。

  • So I came up with the idea of Joshuas Heart Foundation.

    所以我就想到「Joshuas之心基金會」這個點子。

  • OK, are you guys ready?

    好了,你們準備好了嗎?

  • Yes.

    好了。

  • Joshuas Heart Foundation has no age limit.

    Joshuas之心基金會沒有年齡限制,

  • And as long as youre able to pick something up,

    只要你有辦法扛起一點東西,

  • just come out and help us make a difference.

    就來,然後幫助我們做出一點改變吧。

  • It feels really good to be here.

    能在這邊感覺真的很好。

  • We did a really nice mitzvah.

    我們真的做了好事。

  • Since I started,

    自從開始之後,

  • I have given out over 650,000 tons of food to over 30,000 individuals.

    我們已經為超過三萬人提供了超過650,000噸的食物。

  • We're going to do one -- one tuna.

    我們要.......一罐鮪魚。

  • One tuna?

    一罐鮪魚?

  • One tuna. We need enough for everybody.

    一罐鮪魚。我們需要足夠的量提供給所有人。

  • Right now, we have over 1,200 youth volunteers.

    現在我們擁有超過1200位的青年志工。

  • Thank you, darling. Thank you.

    謝謝你,親愛的。謝謝,

  • I'm grateful to know there's still young people that cares for other people.

    知道還有年輕人在乎其他人真的讓我覺得很感激。

  • It's very important to develop connections and relationships with these people that we're helping.

    和我們在幫助的人們建立聯繫與關係是非常重要的。

  • God bless you, you know. God bless you. And thank you.

    上帝保佑你,你知道。上帝保佑你。謝謝你。

  • If you want to make a difference, I have three bits of advice for you.

    如果你想要做出一點改變,我可以給你3個小建議。

  • One, use your passion and purpose in life

    第一,好好利用你人生的熱情與目的

  • to help make a change in the community.

    去幫忙對社會做出改變。

  • Two, get your friends to help.

    第二,讓你的朋友幫忙你。

  • And three, never give up.

    第三,永不放棄。

  • Just what does 20,000 pounds of fireworks look like when they're all set off at once?

    20000磅的煙火如果同時發放的話,看起來會像怎樣?

  • Here you go.

    這就讓你看看。

  • These are -- or were -- illegal fireworks.

    這是-或者說曾經是-非法的煙火,

  • The Midland, Texas Police Department says a court had ordered them destroyed

    在內陸,德州警方表示收到法庭的指示要去摧毀它

  • and that Midland Police were helping U.S. government law enforcement get rid of them.

    而且內陸警察是在協助美國警方在解決它們。

  • It was done during the day

    這個行動在白天完成

  • because it wasn't supposed to be a fireworks show.

    因為它不應該被視為一場煙火秀。

  • But it still looks like a blast.

    但是它看起來還是像場爆破。

  • You could say the fireworks were fired in a fiery work of ire

    你可以說那些煙火在爆怒的爆熱中爆炸,

  • flinging frying fire higher, flying flames of flying fire,

    爆甩爆炸讓火焰爆發,變成爆飛的飛行火焰

  • they flamed out, up away, a flamtastic display,

    它們爆掉爆超遠,變成一場華麗的秀,

  • making for a flamous way for us to wish you a good day.

    以一個爆紅的姿態讓我們祝你有個美好的一天。

  • This is CNN STUDENT NEWS.

    這裡是CNN學生新聞。

Welcome to our viewers worldwide.

歡迎來到國際焦點。

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March 19, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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    cherry88125 發佈於 2015 年 03 月 19 日
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