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  • Man, that car goes so fast. I'd like one, but, you know, because I don't have the money right now.

    天啊!那台車跑真快,我也想要買一台,不過,你知道的,我現在沒這麼多錢。

  • Hi. James, from EngVid. I'm looking at some serious automobiles.

    嗨!我是Engvid的James。我正在看這些很厲害的汽車。

  • They are so cool, and they go so fast it's incredible, you know? $50,000 -- I thought so. It's more

    這些車超酷的,它們跑超快超屌的。五萬塊美金?也是啦!

  • money than that. Anyway. Today, we're going to do a lesson on "because" and "so".

    總而言之,我們今天要上的是「因為、所以」的課程。

  • The reason why is because a lot of students get confused with -- and I love the word "confused",

    我們要上這堂課的是因為學生們常常會搞混,我滿愛「搞混」這個字的。

  • so let's change that to a lot of students don't understand the difference between when to use "so" or "because", so they generally

    因為大家不懂什麼時候該用 so 什麼時候該用 because,

  • ....I'm using "so" again -- use "because". It's easier.

    所以通常他們會,你看我用了 so 這個字,他們通常會使用 because,因為使用 because 比較簡單。

  • But today, we're going to learn the difference so you can start using it in your language like a native speaker, okay?

    不過今天我們會學習到這兩個字的不同,讓你可以開始跟英文母語人士一樣流利地使用英文。

  • Let's go to the board.

    我們開始吧!

  • "He said I'm fat, so I hit him. Blam!" "I hit him because he said I was fat. Blam!"

    「他說我很胖,所以我打他。啪!」「我打他是因為他說我很胖,啪!」

  • What's the difference? "Mr. E punched me twice." Right? It hurt. It's still hurting. All right?

    這兩句有什麼不同?E先生打我兩下了,對吧!還很痛耶!

  • Do you know the difference between "so" and "because"? I can speak English. Because you're reading the sentence,

    你知道這 so 跟 because 的不同嗎?我會講英文,因為你正在讀這個句子。

  • it seems to be the same thing. I said "fat"; I got hit. Right? Right.

    這兩句看起來很像,兩句都是我說胖,我就會被打。

  • But how do we know the difference, and what is the difference? Let's go to the board and look at the grammar to start with.

    不過我們要如何知道以及辨別不同呢?我們來看看白板然後

  • And then afterwards, we'll show examples of how it's different.

    先來了解文法,然後我們再解釋有什麼不同。

  • All right? So you can start using it right away.

    讓你可以馬上就學會如何使用。

  • First of all, I'm going to start with "because". It's easy. You'll notice a little here -- well,

    首先,我們從 because 開始。這個字比較簡單,可以從這邊還有那邊看到。

  • a little here and a lot there. "Because." It's a reason. It's why. So when you use "because",somebody usually says to you why.

    Because 是在講一個原因,講的是為什麼。所以當你使用 because 的時候,

  • And then, you say "because". "I am late." "Why?" "Because the train was late."

    通常是在問「為什麼」,你就會回答「因為。」「我遲到了」「為什麼?」

  • "I am happy." "Why?" "Because I won a million dollars. I am happyyou got it.

    「因為火車延誤了。」「我很快樂。」「為什麼?」「因為我贏得一百萬元,很開心。」

  • Right? It's a conjunction. So what it does is it takes two statements and puts them together.

    這樣懂嗎?這個字是連接詞,是用來連接兩個句子的。

  • "I did it because it was the right thing." It brings two statements together. Conjunction.

    是用來連接兩個句子的。「我這麼做是因為這是對的事。」它把兩個句子

  • "Con" means "with" and "junction", like joint, joined with each other.

    連接再一起。連接詞,con是指在一起, junction 是指連接,把東西連在一起。

  • Right? So it's a basic conjunction.

    這個是最基本的連接詞。

  • Now, what we want to look at is "so". Here's where the difficulty comes in because "so" is a conjunction as well.

    再來,我們來看 so。麻煩的就是 so,因為這個字

  • You'll notice Mr. E is holding an arrow -- I'm sorry, a box.

    也是個連接詞。你們有發現 E先生有著一個箭頭,不好意思,是一個盒子。

  • And it's saying -- look. They're both the same. They're both conjunctions. They both join statements together.

    意思是說,兩個一樣都是連接詞。

  • "It was hot, so I bought an ice cream." Right?

    他們都是用來連接句子的。「天氣很熱,所以我買了冰淇淋。」

  • "What? You bought an ice cream?" "Yeah. I bought an ice cream. It was hot, so I bought an ice cream." Cool?

    「什麼?你買了冰淇淋?」「對阿!我買了冰淇淋,天氣很熱,所以我買

  • So when you're doing that, you're joining it together just like the conjunction for "because". Cool?

    冰淇淋。」所以當你在用 so 的時候,是在連接兩個句子就像because這個連接詞一樣,對吧!

  • And that's what caused the problem: They're both conjunctions. But "so" answers a different question.

    不過這也是問題所在,兩個都是連接詞,不過so是用來回答另一個不同的

  • When you say the reason or you answer "why" for "because" -- "I am fat because I eat too much food."

    問題。當你表達原因或是回答為什麼的時候,像是「我很胖因為我

  • This is the reason. "So" is more of a result. What happened. Okay.

    我吃太多食物了。」這個是原因。so 比較像是一種結論、結果、發生了什麼事。

  • "It was raining very, very, very, very hard, so I got wet." "What happened?" "Well, it was raining really hard."

    「雨下的很大很大,所以我淋濕了。」「發生什麼事?」「嗯...就

  • "What happened?" "I got wet." "Oh." You could say this is the reason,

    雨下很大。」「發生什麼事?」「我淋濕了。」「噢!」你可以說這是

  • and that's why they're conjunctions. But then, "so" goes on to telling you what happened,

    事情的原因,也是為什麼它們是連接詞。然後接下來so就告訴你

  • the next thing that happened, the next step. It doesn't always give you the reason for it. Right?

    發生什麼事,然後再接下來的每一步。但不一定會告訴你

  • "He ate dinner at seven o'clock, so I had dinner at 7:30 because I was hungry, too."

    原因。「他晚上七點吃晚餐,所以我七點半吃晚餐因為我

  • Notice I said "because". That was the reason. But I said this happened,

    也很餓。」有沒有發現我用 because (因為),這就是原因。不過我說發生這個

  • this happened, and the reason was because I was hungry, too.

    發生這個,然後原因是因為我也很餓。我已經把它們

  • I've taken them and joined them together to show you a little bit of a difference. This is like action to action.

    放在一起讓你們瞭解些許的不同。這個比較像是動作加上動作。

  • And this is why the action happened. All right?

    然後這個是為什麼這個動作會發生,懂嗎?

  • There's another difference with "so" that I like. That should help you with them. "So" is also an adverb.

    還有另一個我喜歡so的差別。這會幫助了解如何使用。so

  • We use it to show the extent or the range -- how far it is. I'll give you an example.

    同時也是個副詞。我們使用副詞來表示程度以及範圍。我會給大家

  • You know me. "James talks very fast." You can also say, "James talks so fast,

    範例的,你們懂我的。「James講話非常快。」你也可以這樣說:「James講話很快,

  • half the time, I can't understand him." And you'll go, "What?" "Yeah. He talks so fast."

    大部分的時間我都不知道他在講什麼。」再來你就會說「什麼?」「對阿!他講超快的。」

  • And that tells me the range. What we have here is verb plus "so". And that's how we show the adverb, how it works together.

    如此一來便告訴我程度了。這邊是動詞加上so,也就是如何

  • Okay? Right. Or, "She looks so good tonight." "She looks so good" is a big range.

    使用副詞,它們是如何修飾的。或是「她今晚看起來很美。」「她

  • She looks really good. Smashing. Right?

    看起來很美」是一種程度的範圍。她看起真的很漂亮,美翻了,對吧!

  • We can also use it to tell truth. What? Yeah. I thought so. You didn't know that, right?

    我們也可以用so來表示事實。什麼?是的,你們不知道吧!

  • Well, I think so. In saying, "I thought so", I believe this is a true statement. This is true.

    我也是這麼想啦~當我們說:「應該吧」,我覺得這是在陳述一個事實。這是

  • Or I think so, "I believe it is true." "Because" doesn't have any of that. "Because" is limited to a conjunction function only.

    真的,我是這麼想的啦!「我相信這是真的。」because 就沒有這個困擾了。because

  • All right? So I hope you get this. Okay? So we've got the difference.

    就只是連接詞。希望你們有懂,好嗎?所以這樣

  • There is one thing for "because", right? It's a conjunction,

    我們懂了兩個字的不同。because就只有連接詞的功能 ,

  • and that's an answer to "why", the reason why. And for "so", we have two things.

    而且是原因「為什麼」的答案。至於so,則有兩個功能。

  • The first thing we have to look at is it answers the question of result, what happened? Right?

    第一個是問題的結果、結論、發生什麼事。

  • This, so this happened. Right? "People aren't buying, so we dropped our prices." So what happened?

    這樣這樣,所以才發生了。「人們都不買產品,所以我們就降價。」發生什麼事?

  • Prices were dropped. Okay? But it can also be an adverb. ,

    價格調降了,對吧!不過so同時也是個副詞,用來修飾動詞,所以

  • Modify the verb, so verb plus "so" saying how fast, how slow, how high, how low. Or we can use it in a statement

    動詞加上so講的是多快,多慢,多高,多低。或是我們可以用在一個陳述事實句

  • or a phrase -- "I thought so", "I think so" -- to talk about truth. You like that? Good.

    或是片語。「應該吧!」表示一個事實。懂了嗎?很好。

  • Give me a second. We're going to put it together.

    等我一下,我們來統整一下。

  • Snap, and I'm back. All right. So board change, meaning, new lesson. What we are going to do now

    馬上回來啦!白板內容變了,表示新的一課了。我們現在要做的是

  • we've already discussed what the differences are, and we talked about the grammar.

    我們已經討論兩者間的差別了,而且也教完文法重點了。

  • Let's use it as examples. All right? So "Canadians are -- something -- polite. We don't talk to each other."

    我們來看看一些例句吧!所以「加拿大人___有禮貌,我們不太跟彼此說話。」

  • Well, what would that be? Right. We're going to look at two things.

    這題應該是什麼?我們兩個都來看看。

  • Is it "because"? "Canadians are because" -- no. We're going to say "so polite".

    會是because嗎?「 加拿大人因為...」不對吧!我們要放so,如此的有禮貌。記得,

  • And remember, there are a couple of things we learned about "so". "So" is a conjunction.

    關於so我們有學了幾個用法。so可以是連接詞,在這個例句中,

  • In this case, is it acting like a conjunction? No. We're using it as an extent. We're talking about the range, right?

    它是扮演連接詞嗎?不對!我們是用來表達一個程度,我們講的是一個程度

  • Extent. Like "so hot", "so cold". They're so polite, right, that they don't talk to each other.

    範圍。程度,像是「很熱」或是「很冷」。他們很有禮貌,所以他們

  • And it's true. You will see two Canadians walk by, smile,

    不太會跟彼此說話。這是真的!你會看到兩個加拿大人經過彼此,只有微笑,

  • and say nothing because they don't want to interrupt each other's personal space. It's quite cute.

    卻不會寒暄因為他們不想要打擾彼此的個人空間。真是可愛。

  • All right. Next. How about this one? "Are you sick?" "Yes". "I thought because --" well, it doesn't seem like we're offering up a reason, does it?

    好的,接下來這題呢?「你生病了嗎?」「是的」「我想是因為...」這看起來

  • No. So you'd probably say, "I thought so."

    我們不太像是在講一個原因,對吧!錯!所以你或許會講「應該是吧!」

  • Do you remember we said "so" introduces truth? "I thought so", "I think so". All right.

    你們還記得我們曾說過so可以陳述一個事實嗎?「應該是吧!」

  • So we're talking about truth. "I thought you were sick. I believed it was true."

    所以我們是在講一個事實,「我想你應該是生病了,我相信這是真的。」

  • Truth. Okay? That's the other reason we use "so".

    事實,可以嗎?這就是為什麼我會用so。

  • Now, let's go to the other part of the board here, okay? "I helped him pay for it -- something

    現在,我們來看看白板的另一邊。「我幫他付錢___

  • -- he was a nice guy." It seems like I've got two statements here, right? "He's a nice guy" is a statement

    他人很好。」看起來好像是兩個句子對吧!「他人很好」

  • and "I helped him pay for it" -- okay. So is it, "I helped him pay for it, so he's a nice guy"?

    是陳述句,然後「我幫他付錢」好的!所以會是「我幫他付錢

  • That doesn't seem to make sense. "So he's a nice guy."

    所以他人很好?」完全說不通啊!「所以他人很好」

  • How do I know he's a nice guy? It doesn't really answer the question "what happened?"

    我怎麼會知道他人很好?這完全沒有回答到「發生什麼事」的問題。

  • What it really answers is the question "why?" Right? So we'd probably put down this, "because".

    只有回答到「為什麼?」對吧!所以可想而知答案是because(因為)

  • So, "I helped him pay for it because he's a nice guy." And that is a reason why I did something.

    所以是「我幫他付錢因為他人很好。」這就是我做某件事的原因。

  • And that's what we said. "Because" is a conjunction that brings two statements together,

    because也是連接詞把兩句話串聯在一起,

  • and in this case, gives us the reason. Right?

    在這個例句中,扮演著提供原因的角色。

  • And how about the last one? "I broke it because I had to pay for it." Now I sound kind of crazy.

    最後一題呢?「我把它弄壞了因為我要付錢。」這聽起來有點

  • "I broke it because I had to pay for it." It probably didn't happen that way. That doesn't seem logical.

    誇張。「我把它弄壞了因為我要付錢。」這聽起來不太可能,

  • I think what happened was this: I broke it, and then somebody said,

    聽起來也不合邏輯。我想應該是這樣:我弄壞了,然後有人說

  • "So what happened?" And I go, "I had to pay for it." Okay? So we're going to use "so".

    「發生什麼事了?」我回答「我必須要賠償」對吧?所以這樣我們應該用so

  • And "so" is what? Remember we said reason? And we say result. The result of my action,

    so在這裡是什麼作用呢?還記得我們提到原因還有結果嗎?一個動作所造成的結果

  • breaking it, caused me to have to pay for it. Remember, we said "because" is for "why",

    弄壞了,造成了我必須要賠錢。請記得,我們說because是用來表示「為什麼」

  • and when we say result and we use "so", it's "what happened?" Right? Cool.

    然後so是用來表示結果、發生什麼事的。懂了嗎?太好了

  • Hope you liked the lesson because it's a pretty good one, so I know you're going to learn for it.

    希望你們會喜歡這堂課因為這堂課滿不錯的,所以我想你們應該有學到一些東西。

  • And you've learned one, two different -- three, four different things.

    而且也學到了一兩種,甚至三四種不同的新事物。特別是

  • Especially, I'm sure you learned the difference between result and reason, "so", and "because" because it was a good lesson.

    我相信你已經了解結果和原因的不同了。so還有because,因為這

  • And you know, now I've got to go. So E, you, I -- let's go. Conjunction, right?

    是一個非常重要的文法。現在瞭解了,我們就上到這裡吧!E先生、你、我先走囉。這是連接詞

  • Don't forget: conjunction, reason, and result, and you'll be fine. Anyway. Have a great one.

    對吧?別忘了,連接詞、原因、結果,這樣你就會了。不管怎樣,

  • But before I go, I need you to go to www.engvid.com, "eng" as in "English",

    希望有學起來,不過在下課之前,大家請上engvid的網站,eng代表英文

  • "vid" as in "video" so you can learn more English with our other instructors because it's a pretty good site

    vid代表影片,然後就可以學到更多英文相關用法因為

  • and I know you'll enjoy it. Have a good one. E, let's go,

    這是一個很棒的網站,我相信大家會喜歡的。走吧!E先生。

  • so you don't get into any more trouble.

    趕快走你才不會再闖禍。

Man, that car goes so fast. I'd like one, but, you know, because I don't have the money right now.

天啊!那台車跑真快,我也想要買一台,不過,你知道的,我現在沒這麼多錢。

字幕與單字
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影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 原因 句子 弄壞 副詞 冰淇淋 使用

Because 還有 so 怎麼用,一次讓大家搞清楚 (Basic English: Learn the difference between BECAUSE and SO)

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    Ashley Chen 發佈於 2015 年 03 月 01 日
影片單字