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  • I'm a savant,

    我有學者症候群(一種認知障礙), I'm a savant,

  • or more precisely,

    更確切地說 or more precisely,

  • a high-functioning

    我是具超智商的 a high-functioning

  • autistic savant.

    自閉症認知障礙者。 autistic savant.

  • It's a rare condition.

    有學者症的人是很稀少的。 It's a rare condition.

  • And rarer still when accompanied,

    而我的情況更是罕見, And rarer still when accompanied,

  • as in my case,

    因為我還具有 as in my case,

  • by self-awareness

    自我認知和 by self-awareness

  • and a mastery of language.

    能掌握語言的能力。 and a mastery of language.

  • Very often when I meet someone

    常常當很多人與我初次相遇, Very often when I meet someone

  • and they learn this about me

    當他們知道我的行情時, and they learn this about me

  • there's a certain kind of awkwardness.

    場面就會變得有些尷尬。 there's a certain kind of awkwardness.

  • I can see it in their eyes.

    我從他們的眼神中可讀到 I can see it in their eyes.

  • They want to ask me something.

    他們有問題要問我。 They want to ask me something.

  • And in the end, quite often,

    通常到最後 And in the end, quite often,

  • the urge is stronger than they are

    他們不法再忍耐下去, the urge is stronger than they are

  • and they blurt it out:

    於是就會脫口而出的問到: and they blurt it out:

  • "If I give you my date of birth,

    「假如我告訴你--我的出生日期, "If I give you my date of birth,

  • can you tell me what day of the week I was born on?"

    你能告訴我--我是星期幾出生的嗎?」 can you tell me what day of the week I was born on?"

  • (Laughter)

    (笑) (Laughter)

  • Or they mention cube roots

    或者跟我討論數學立方根, Or they mention cube roots

  • or ask me to recite a long number or long text.

    或要求我背誦很長的數字或文章。 or ask me to recite a long number or long text.

  • I hope you'll forgive me

    我希望你們能原諒我, I hope you'll forgive me

  • if I don't perform

    如果我今天沒有表演 if I don't perform

  • a kind of one-man savant show for you today.

    這種學者症獨角戲給你們欣賞。 a kind of one-man savant show for you today.

  • I'm going to talk instead

    我將要談 I'm going to talk instead

  • about something

    的話題是比 about something

  • far more interesting

    出生年月日 far more interesting

  • than dates of birth or cube roots --

    或立方根更有趣-- than dates of birth or cube roots --

  • a little deeper

    帶你們更深入更接近我的內在世界; a little deeper

  • and a lot closer, to my mind, than work.

    而不是只看我超智商的表面相。 and a lot closer, to my mind, than work.

  • I want to talk to you briefly

    我想和你們簡短的談談 I want to talk to you briefly

  • about perception.

    什麼是認知。 about perception.

  • When he was writing the plays and the short stories

    安東契訶夫是以他寫的戲劇和 When he was writing the plays and the short stories

  • that would make his name,

    短篇小說而聞名, that would make his name,

  • Anton Chekhov kept a notebook

    他總是在隨身 Anton Chekhov kept a notebook

  • in which he noted down

    攜帶的筆記本中 in which he noted down

  • his observations

    記下所觀察到的 his observations

  • of the world around him --

    周遭世界-- of the world around him --

  • little details

    一些其他人 little details

  • that other people seem to miss.

    似乎沒注意到的小細節。 that other people seem to miss.

  • Every time I read Chekhov

    每次當我讀到契訶夫的書, Every time I read Chekhov

  • and his unique vision of human life,

    與他的獨特眼光來品味人生, and his unique vision of human life,

  • I'm reminded of why I too

    就再次提醒我自己這也是 I'm reminded of why I too

  • became a writer.

    為什麼我也成了一名作家的原因。 became a writer.

  • In my books,

    在我的書中, In my books,

  • I explore the nature of perception

    我探索認知的本質, I explore the nature of perception

  • and how different kinds of perceiving

    經由各種不同類型的察覺 and how different kinds of perceiving

  • create different kinds of knowing

    進而創造不同的知識 create different kinds of knowing

  • and understanding.

    和理解。 and understanding.

  • Here are three questions

    我準備了三個問題 Here are three questions

  • drawn from my work.

    告訴您們我的世界, drawn from my work.

  • Rather than try to figure them out,

    與其要你們試著去解答, Rather than try to figure them out,

  • I'm going to ask you to consider for a moment

    我要你們考慮片刻,利用你們的 I'm going to ask you to consider for a moment

  • the intuitions

    立即直覺 the intuitions

  • and the gut instincts

    和本能的反應, and the gut instincts

  • that are going through your head and your heart

    就是那種當一入眼簾後,通過你的頭跟心(身體) that are going through your head and your heart

  • as you look at them.

    之後的直覺來回答問題。 as you look at them.

  • For example, the calculation.

    舉例來說,這個計算題, For example, the calculation.

  • Can you feel where on the number line

    是否你可以大約推測出它 Can you feel where on the number line

  • the solution is likely to fall?

    最可能的數字? the solution is likely to fall?

  • Or look at the foreign word and the sounds.

    或是看到這些外國語或聽到它的發音。 Or look at the foreign word and the sounds.

  • Can you get a sense of the range of meanings

    你能感覺到它們所要表達出 Can you get a sense of the range of meanings

  • that it's pointing you towards?

    的意義嗎? that it's pointing you towards?

  • And in terms of the line of poetry,

    在這首詩的章節中, And in terms of the line of poetry,

  • why does the poet use the word hare

    為什麼詩人用「野兔」 why does the poet use the word hare

  • rather than rabbit?

    而不用「兔子」這個詞呢? rather than rabbit?

  • I'm asking you to do this

    我要求你們這樣做, I'm asking you to do this

  • because I believe our personal perceptions, you see,

    是因為我認為我們個人對事物的認知 because I believe our personal perceptions, you see,

  • are at the heart

    是我們如何獲取 are at the heart

  • of how we acquire knowledge.

    知識的主要方式。 of how we acquire knowledge.

  • Aesthetic judgments,

    用對感觀上的感受(審美觀), Aesthetic judgments,

  • rather than abstract reasoning,

    取代依靠抽象推理, rather than abstract reasoning,

  • guide and shape the process

    引導和塑造的過程來 guide and shape the process

  • by which we all come to know

    認識學習知識。然後 by which we all come to know

  • what we know.

    瞭解事務。 what we know.

  • I'm an extreme example of this.

    而我個人就是一個極佳的例子。 I'm an extreme example of this.

  • My worlds of words and numbers

    在我的世界裡,文字和數字 My worlds of words and numbers

  • blur with color, emotion

    是混雜帶有顏色,有情感 blur with color, emotion

  • and personality.

    和個性的。 and personality.

  • As Juan said,

    就像關(Juan)所說的 As Juan said,

  • it's the condition that scientists call synesthesia,

    是科學家們稱之的「聯覺」症狀, it's the condition that scientists call synesthesia,

  • an unusual cross-talk

    也就是一種感覺和另一種感覺之間 an unusual cross-talk

  • between the senses.

    不尋常的交際。 between the senses.

  • Here are the numbers one to 12

    這是數字1至12的圖, Here are the numbers one to 12

  • as I see them --

    但我看它們是-- as I see them --

  • every number with its own shape and character.

    每一個數字有專屬的形狀和特色。 every number with its own shape and character.

  • One is a flash of white light.

    1是閃爍的白光。 One is a flash of white light.

  • Six is a tiny and very sad black hole.

    6是一個憂傷微小的黑洞。 Six is a tiny and very sad black hole.

  • The sketches are in black and white here,

    呈現你們眼前的這圖只有黑色和白色, The sketches are in black and white here,

  • but in my mind they have colors.

    但在我心中,他們有顏色。 but in my mind they have colors.

  • Three is green.

    3是綠色。 Three is green.

  • Four is blue.

    4是藍色的。 Four is blue.

  • Five is yellow.

    5是黃色的。 Five is yellow.

  • I paint as well.

    我也畫畫。 I paint as well.

  • And here is one of my paintings.

    這是我的其中一個作品。 And here is one of my paintings.

  • It's a multiplication of two prime numbers.

    顯示兩個質數的乘法。 It's a multiplication of two prime numbers.

  • Three-dimensional shapes

    呈三次空間的形狀, Three-dimensional shapes

  • and the space they create in the middle

    而在兩個質數中間的空間中有 and the space they create in the middle

  • creates a new shape,

    另一個新的形狀, creates a new shape,

  • the answer to the sum.

    也就是解答。 the answer to the sum.

  • What about bigger numbers?

    那麼如果是較大的數字呢? What about bigger numbers?

  • Well you can't get much bigger than Pi,

    沒有任何數字比Pi(π,圓周率)更無限, Well you can't get much bigger than Pi,

  • the mathematical constant.

    π是數學常數。 the mathematical constant.

  • It's an infinite number --

    是一個無限的數字-- It's an infinite number --

  • literally goes on forever.

    理論上是永無止境的延伸。 literally goes on forever.

  • In this painting that I made

    在此畫中我畫出的π是 In this painting that I made

  • of the first 20 decimals of Pi,

    直到小數點後的第20位為止, of the first 20 decimals of Pi,

  • I take the colors

    我用了許多色彩, I take the colors

  • and the emotions and the textures

    情緒和質感 and the emotions and the textures

  • and I pull them all together

    一同來顯現出一種 and I pull them all together

  • into a kind of rolling numerical landscape.

    滾動的數字景觀。 into a kind of rolling numerical landscape.

  • But it's not only numbers that I see in colors.

    對我而言,不是只有數字具有顏色。 But it's not only numbers that I see in colors.

  • Words too, for me,

    對我來說,字也一樣 Words too, for me,

  • have colors and emotions

    有顏色,情感 have colors and emotions

  • and textures.

    和質感紋路。 and textures.

  • And this is an opening phrase

    納博科夫知名小說 And this is an opening phrase

  • from the novel "Lolita."

    「洛麗塔」的開場白。 from the novel "Lolita."

  • And Nabokov was himself synesthetic.

    大量利用聯感詞(用某種感覺的字眼表達另一種感覺)。 And Nabokov was himself synesthetic.

  • And you can see here

    你可以看到, And you can see here

  • how my perception of the sound L

    在這裡因我對 L發音的感覺 how my perception of the sound L

  • helps the alliteration

    有助於我瞭解 helps the alliteration

  • to jump right out.

    句中的字頭押韻, to jump right out.

  • Another example:

    另一例子: Another example:

  • a little bit more mathematical.

    牽扯到一點數學。 a little bit more mathematical.

  • And I wonder if some of you will notice

    我很好奇想知道是否在此有些人 And I wonder if some of you will notice

  • the construction of the sentence

    會注意到「大亨小傳」 the construction of the sentence

  • from "The Great Gatsby."

    中句法的結構? from "The Great Gatsby."

  • There is a procession of syllables --

    一連串有組織的音節---- There is a procession of syllables --

  • wheat, one;

    麥,1個音節; wheat, one;

  • prairies, two;

    草原,2個音節; prairies, two;

  • lost Swede towns, three --

    失城記(消失的瑞典城鎮),3個音節-- lost Swede towns, three --

  • one, two, three.

    1,2,3。 one, two, three.

  • And this effect is very pleasant on the mind,

    很有節奏,讀起來心情非常愉快, And this effect is very pleasant on the mind,

  • and it helps the sentence

    所以句子 and it helps the sentence

  • to feel right.

    很通暢恰好。 to feel right.

  • Let's go back to the questions

    讓我們回到我 Let's go back to the questions

  • I posed you a moment ago.

    剛才提出的問題上。 I posed you a moment ago.

  • 64 multiplied by 75.

    64乘以75。 64 multiplied by 75.

  • If some of you play chess,

    如果你下國際象棋, If some of you play chess,

  • you'll know that 64

    你就會知道, you'll know that 64

  • is a square number,

    64是一個平方數, is a square number,

  • and that's why chessboards,

    這就是為什麼棋盤, and that's why chessboards,

  • eight by eight,

    八乘八, eight by eight,

  • have 64 squares.

    有64個方格。 have 64 squares.

  • So that gives us a form

    這給了我們一個 So that gives us a form

  • that we can picture, that we can perceive.

    們可以想像的模型, that we can picture, that we can perceive.

  • What about 75?

    那75呢? What about 75?

  • Well if 100,

    就用100來想像, Well if 100,

  • if we think of 100 as being like a square,

    如果我們認為100是廣場, if we think of 100 as being like a square,

  • 75 would look like this.

    75就是這樣的的大小。 75 would look like this.

  • So what we need to do now

    所以我們現在 So what we need to do now

  • is put those two pictures

    只要把那兩張照片 is put those two pictures

  • together in our mind --

    在我們的腦海中併在一起 -- together in our mind --

  • something like this.

    像這樣。 something like this.

  • 64 becomes 6,400.

    64變為6400。 64 becomes 6,400.

  • And in the right-hand corner,

    而在右下角, And in the right-hand corner,

  • you don't have to calculate anything.

    你不須要計算。 you don't have to calculate anything.

  • Four across, four up and down --

    4個格子,上下四個格子-- Four across, four up and down --

  • it's 16.

    所以是16。 it's 16.

  • So what the sum is actually asking you to do

    那麼真正須要計算的總和 So what the sum is actually asking you to do

  • is 16,

    是16, is 16,

  • 16, 16.

    16,16(3個16)。 16, 16.

  • That's a lot easier

    很簡單吧! That's a lot easier

  • than the school taught you to do math, I'm sure.

    我相信比學校教的計算方法容易多了。 than the school taught you to do math, I'm sure.

  • It's 16, 16, 16, 48,

    那16,16,16,48(3個16), It's 16, 16, 16, 48,

  • 4,800 --

    4800(48x100) 4,800 --

  • 4,000,

    -- 4800, 4,000,

  • the answer to the sum.

    就是正確答案。 the answer to the sum.

  • Easy when you know how.

    當你知道方法就很簡單! Easy when you know how.

  • (Laughter)

    (笑) (Laughter)

  • The second question was an Icelandic word.

    第二個問題是有關冰島文字。 The second question was an Icelandic word.

  • I'm assuming there are not many people here

    我推測在座沒有多少人 I'm assuming there are not many people here

  • who speak Icelandic.

    會說冰島話。 who speak Icelandic.

  • So let me narrow the choices down to two.

    因此,讓我縮小你們的選擇範圍到兩個。 So let me narrow the choices down to two.

  • Hnugginn:

    Hnugginn: Hnugginn:

  • is it a happy word,

    這是一個表示高興的字, is it a happy word,

  • or a sad word?

    或悲傷的字? or a sad word?

  • What do you say?

    你怎麼想? What do you say?

  • Okay.

    好! Okay.

  • Some people say it's happy.

    有人說是快樂的字。 Some people say it's happy.

  • Most people, a majority of people,

    但很多人,大多數的人說是 Most people, a majority of people,

  • say sad.

    悲傷的詞字。 say sad.

  • And it actually means sad.

    它實際上意味著悲哀。 And it actually means sad.

  • (Laughter)

    (笑) (Laughter)

  • Why do, statistically,

    在統計學上為什麼 Why do, statistically,

  • a majority of people

    大多數人說這一個字 a majority of people

  • say that a word is sad, in this case,

    ,在此例,是悲傷的意思, say that a word is sad, in this case,

  • heavy in other cases?

    別的例子可能指強勢? heavy in other cases?

  • In my theory, language evolves in such a way

    我的理論是:語言的發展是 In my theory, language evolves in such a way

  • that sounds match,

    與聲音相襯的方式進行, that sounds match,

  • correspond with the subjective,

    加上相對應的主觀感覺, correspond with the subjective,

  • with the personal

    及聽者個人的 with the personal

  • intuitive experience

    直覺經驗 intuitive experience

  • of the listener.

    來演化。 of the listener.

  • Let's have a look at the third question.

    讓我們來看第三個問題。 Let's have a look at the third question.

  • It's a line from a poem by John Keats.

    這是約翰濟慈詩中的一句。 It's a line from a poem by John Keats.

  • Words, like numbers,

    文字就像數字一樣, Words, like numbers,

  • express fundamental relationships

    呈現對於目標,事件之間 express fundamental relationships

  • between objects

    的根本互動關係, between objects

  • and events and forces

    驅動組成 and events and forces

  • that constitute our world.

    我們的世界。 that constitute our world.

  • It stands to reason that we, existing in this world,

    這也為什麼生存在這世界的我們, It stands to reason that we, existing in this world,

  • should in the course of our lives

    理所當然的會在此過程中 should in the course of our lives

  • absorb intuitively those relationships.

    直覺地承接這些關係。 absorb intuitively those relationships.

  • And poets, like other artists,

    詩人們,像其他的藝術家一樣, And poets, like other artists,

  • play with those intuitive understandings.

    細細把玩著對直覺的理解。 play with those intuitive understandings.

  • In the case of hare,

    像這例子為什麼用野兔這詞, In the case of hare,

  • it's an ambiguous sound in English.

    野兔在英語的用法有另一個含糊不清的意義。 it's an ambiguous sound in English.

  • It can also mean the fibers that grow from a head.

    也可指長在頭上的毫毛。 It can also mean the fibers that grow from a head.

  • And if we think of that --

    那麼如果我們想像一下-- And if we think of that --

  • let me put the picture up --

    --讓我用圖像來告訴您們-- let me put the picture up --

  • the fibers represent vulnerability.

    毫毛代表脆弱。 the fibers represent vulnerability.

  • They yield to the slightest movement

    它們會被任何輕微的風吹草動 They yield to the slightest movement

  • or motion or emotion.

    或情緒所影響。 or motion or emotion.

  • So what you have is an atmosphere

    所以可以創造出 So what you have is an atmosphere

  • of vulnerability and tension.

    脆弱和緊張氣氛。 of vulnerability and tension.

  • The hare itself, the animal --

    野兔本身-- The hare itself, the animal --

  • not a cat, not a dog, a hare --

    不是貓,不是狗,而是野兔 -- not a cat, not a dog, a hare --

  • why a hare?

    為什麼用野兔這個詞? why a hare?

  • Because think of the picture,

    想像 這個情景的圖片 Because think of the picture,

  • not the word, the picture.

    而不是字,想像圖片。 not the word, the picture.

  • The overlong ears,

    過長的耳朵, The overlong ears,

  • the overlarge feet,

    超大的腳, the overlarge feet,

  • helps us to picture, to feel intuitively,

    幫助我們去想像,直觀地去感受, helps us to picture, to feel intuitively,

  • what it means to limp

    這意味著什麼: what it means to limp

  • and to tremble.

    跛腳,顫抖。 and to tremble.

  • So in these few minutes,

    我希望在這幾分鐘裡 So in these few minutes,

  • I hope I've been able to share

    我已經跟您們分享 I hope I've been able to share

  • a little bit of my vision of things,

    一些些我視野中的世界, a little bit of my vision of things,

  • and to show you

    並且讓你們知道 and to show you

  • that words can have colors and emotions,

    文字有色彩和情感, that words can have colors and emotions,

  • numbers, shapes and personalities.

    數字,形狀和個性。 numbers, shapes and personalities.

  • The world is richer,

    這世界是比我們 The world is richer,

  • vaster

    常以為的 vaster

  • than it too often seems to be.

    更富麗的,更遼闊的。 than it too often seems to be.

  • I hope that I've given you the desire

    我希望我已經挑起你們 I hope that I've given you the desire

  • to learn to see the world with new eyes.

    用新的眼光學習看世界的動機。 to learn to see the world with new eyes.

  • Thank you.

    謝謝。 Thank you.

  • (Applause)

    (鼓掌) (Applause)

I'm a savant,

我有學者症候群(一種認知障礙), I'm a savant,

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 英國腔 野兔 數字 認知 直覺 音節 世界

Daniel Tammet - 用不同的方式看世界 (中英雙字幕) (Daniel Tammet - 用不同的方式看世界 (中英雙字幕))

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    Max Lin 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字