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  • In this American English pronunciation video,

    在這集美式英語發音教學影片中

  • you're going to learn how to say the phrases: used to and supposed to.

    你將會學到如何講:used to 和 supposed to 這兩個片語

  • Hey guys, I'm making this video on vacation. So that means we have a weird wood background.

    嘿,各位,我在假期中製作這集影片。也就是說我們的就會出現奇怪的木頭背景

  • But we have the benefit of a lot of friends and family to help me make this video.

    但是我有很多的朋友和家人幫助我完成這部影片

  • I recently got a request on how to pronounce, 'supposed to' and 'used to'. Great request,

    我最近接到一個請求關於如何發「supposed to」和「used to」的音。這是很棒的問題

  • we use these phrases all the time and there's actually a couple different pronunciations.

    我們經常使用這些片語,而的確有幾個不同的發音方式

  • Let's start with 'used to'. If this phrase comes at the end of a sentence,

    我們從「used to」開始。如果這個片語在句子的最後出現

  • if it's the final thought that we want to make a real oo vowel at the end, I used to.

    如果是在我們想要表達一個句子的結束,在最後發出 oo 連母音的時候,像是 I used to

  • -Rachel do you ski? -I used to.

    -瑞秋,你有在滑雪嗎?-我之前有

  • But if it's not at the end, if we're gonna continue on with the thought,

    但若不在結尾,要繼續接下去我們的想法時

  • then we're probably going to make that last sound a schwa.

    那我們可能要以「中性元音」來發最後一個音

  • For example: I used to ski. There I'm saying use to, use to, instead of used to, used to.

    舉例:我以前會去滑雪。這裡我會唸作 used to (['jus_tә]) 而不是 used to (['jus_tu])

  • But let's go back and start at the beginning. The first syllable is stressed,

    我們從頭來一遍。第一個音節是重音

  • so it will be DA-da, used to, used to, and it begins with the EW as in FEW Diphthong.

    就變成 DA-da, used to, used to 會以一個像在 Few 中 EW 的部份的發音呈現

  • So the tongue tip is down and the front part is very close to the roof of the mouth, u-, u-, u-.

    所以舌尖是向下的,並且前端部分非常靠近嘴巴的上顎部分, u-, u-, u-

  • There's also a little holding in the throat that makesng-, -ng-, that sound, u-, u-.

    喉嚨也要稍微用力發出-ng, -ng 的音,聽起來像是 ['ju], ['ju]

  • Then the tongue comes down from the front and lifts from the back and the lips will round,

    然後舌頭從前方向下、後方抬起,配合圓形的嘴型

  • u-, u-, to make the second half of the diphthong.

    發出 ['ju], ['ju],發出雙母音的第二個部分

  • The word 'used' by its self has a Z sound and a D sound.

    used 這個字有個 Z 的音以及一個 D 的音

  • For example: I bought a used car, it's not new. But when we're connecting to the word 'to',

    舉例:我買了台二手車,不是新車。但當我們與 to 連音時

  • which begins with an unvoiced consonant, we actually unvoice the S and the D.

    是以一個不發出聲音的子音開頭,所以實際上我們不會發出字母 S 和字母 D 的音

  • So rather than a Z sound, we just make it an S sound, used to,

    我們發 S 的音而不是 Z 的音,used to

  • and we don't actually need to try to make the D in 'used', we can just drop that,

    也不會刻意發出 used 字尾的 D 的音,略過即可

  • and go straight from the S sound to the T sound. Used to, used to. So we're simplifying things here.

    就直接從 S 音連接到 T 的音就好,used to, used to 這裡發音有做些簡化

  • So after the EW Diphthong, use, we make an S.

    在 EW 雙母音之後,use,我們發 S 音出來

  • I make that with the tongue tip down and the teeth closed. Use to, to. Then we make a True T.

    舌尖向下,並且闔上牙齒。used to, to 接著發出一個 T 的音

  • Normally the tongue tip goes to the roof of the mouth to make that.

    通常會把舌尖放到口腔上顎部分發這個音

  • But since our tongue tip is down. Used t-,

    但因為我們的舌尖這個時候是往下的,used t-,

  • we can actually keep it down and still make a True T sound

    我們其實就乾脆將舌尖朝下發出一個 T 的音

  • by pressing the part of the tongue just behind the tip to the roof of the mouth.

    藉由把舌頭尖端後面一點的位置壓在口腔上顎的地方

  • Use to, use to, use to.

    use to, use to, use to

  • So if we don't lift the tongue up to the roof of the mouth

    所以我們如果不把舌頭頂到上顎

  • and then bring it back down for the vowel that simplifies things a little bit.

    然後再放到後方喉嚨位置來的話,會比較簡單一點

  • So we can just make that T with a part of the tongue just behind the tip

    我們就只要用舌尖後面一點的那個部分

  • and leave the tip down the whole time. Use to, use to, use to. That helps simplify things.

    並且把舌尖放在下方就可以發出 T 的音。use to, use to, use to.

  • It works also when we make the final vowel the oo vowel. Use to, use to, use to.

    就算當我們發出尾端 oo 母音的時候也適用。use to, use to, use to

  • I don't need to bring my tongue tip up for that T sound.

    我不需要把舌尖抬高來發 T 的音

  • Let's hear a few other people say this phrase.

    我們來聽聽其他人怎麼說這個片語

  • -David do you keep in touch with John? -I used to.

    大衛,你有跟約翰聯繫嗎? 我之前有

  • -Hey Dad, do you water ski? - I used to.

    嘿爸,你滑水嗎?我以前有

  • -I used to go to the theatre a lot.

    我以前常去戲院

  • -I used to like soccer.

    我以前喜歡足球

  • -I used to bike to work.

    我以前會騎腳踏車去上班

  • -Rachel do you like to work from home? -I used to. Getting a little tired of it now.

    -瑞秋,你喜歡在家工作嗎?-我曾經是。現在覺得有點厭倦了

  • - I used to like bugs but now I don't. -Okay.

    -我以前喜歡昆蟲,但現在不喜歡了 -好的

  • -I used to like spiders but now I don't. -What do you like now instead?

    -我以前喜歡蜘蛛,但現在不喜歡了 -你現在喜歡什麼?

  • -Um, science. -Oh cool.

    -恩,科學吧 -噢,酷耶

  • -David do you keep in touch with John? -I used to. I used to. I used to.

    -大衛,你有跟約翰聯絡嗎?-我之前有。我之前有。我之前有

  • -Hey Dad, do you water ski? -I used to. I used to. I used to.

    -嘿,老爸,你滑水嗎? -我以前有。我以前有。我以前有

  • -Rachel do you like to work from home? -I used to. I used to. I used to.

    -瑞秋,你喜歡在家工作嗎? -我以前喜歡。我以前喜歡。我以前喜歡

  • -I used to like soccer. I used to, I used to, I used to.

    -我以前喜歡足球 -我以前是。我以前是。我以前是

  • -I used to go to the theatre a lot. I used to, I used to, I used to.

    -我以前常去戲院 -我以前常去。我以前常去。我以前常去

  • -I used to bike to work. I used to, I used to, I used to.

    -我以前會騎腳踏車去上班 -我以前會。我以前會。我以前會

  • -I used to like bugs. I used to, I used to, I used to.

    -我以前喜歡昆蟲 -我以前是。我以前是。我以前是

  • -David do you keep in touch with John? -I used to.

    -大衛,你有跟約翰聯繫嗎? -我以前有

  • -Hey Dad, do you water ski? -I used to.

    -嘿,老爸,你滑水嗎? -我以前會

  • -I used to go to the theatre a lot.

    我以前常去戲院

  • -I used to like soccer.

    我以前喜歡足球

  • -I used to bike to work.

    我以前會騎腳踏車去上班

  • -Rachel do you like to work from home? -I used to. Getting a little tired of it now.

    -瑞秋,你喜歡在家工作嗎? -我以前喜歡。現在有點厭倦了

  • -I used to like bugs but now I don't. -Okay.

    -我以前喜歡昆蟲,但現在不喜歡了 -好的

  • -I used to like spiders but now I don't. -What do you like now instead?

    -我以前喜歡蜘蛛但現在不喜歡了 -那你現在喜歡什麼?

  • -Um, science. -Oh cool.

    -恩,科學 -是喔,好酷

  • I hope this video has simplified for you how to pronounce 'used to' and 'supposed to'.

    我希望這部影片有幫你簡化 used to 和 supposed to 的發音

  • They're really useful phrases.

    這兩個真的是很實用的片語

  • If there is a phrase you'd like to learn how to pronounce put it in the comments below,

    如果你還有其他想要學發音的片語,請在下方留言

  • and don't forget to 'Like' and 'Share' this video.

    並且別忘了按讚和分享這部影片喔

  • That's it and thanks so much for using Rachel's English.

    就到這邊,謝謝你們看瑞秋英語

In this American English pronunciation video,

在這集美式英語發音教學影片中

字幕與單字
已審核 字幕已審核

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 舌尖 發出 瑞秋 片語 上顎 發音

教你 used to 的道地發音 (How to Pronounce USED TO in American English)

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    Joeyang   發佈於 2017 年 12 月 29 日
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