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  • In this American English pronunciation video, we're going to go over the pronunciation of

    在這集美式英文發音影片中,我們要來徹底檢查「mountain(山)」和「sentence(句子)」

  • the word 'mountain', 'sentence', and other similar words.

    這兩個單字的發音,以及其它發音相近的單字。

  • I've had a few requests for words where we have the t, schwa, and n sound. For example,

    之前有人提出一些字發音的需求,我們已經談過的有「t」「schwa(中央母音)」和「n」。例如:

  • the word 'mountain', or the word 'curtain'. First, let's take a look at the word 'mountain'.

    「mountain(山)」或「curtain(窗簾)」。首先來看「mountain(山)」這個字。

  • So here, the t is coming after an n, and before a schwa. Normally, when the t is in a consonant

    這裡「t」的位置在「ə」前「n」後,一般而言,如果「t」在一群子音裡面,

  • cluster, like 'mount', we would say a true t. But often, when it follows the n, we actually

    像「mount」,我們就真的會發「t」的聲音。但是當它放在「n」後面的時候,事實上,

  • live it out altogether, like in the word 'center'. 'Center'. I say no t there.

    我們常把「t」省略,例如「center(中心)」,唸的時候沒有t。

  • But this is an exception. When we have the t sound, the schwa sound, and the n sound,

    但是這裡有一個例外。我們有 [t]、[ə] 以及 [n] 這三個發音的時候,

  • most native speakers will make that t a Stop t. So rather than 'mountain', with a True t,

    大多數以英語為母語的人會讓 t 變成一個停頓點。所以「mountain」裡的 t 發音不是 [t],

  • we get mountain, mount-n. Do you hear the stop?

    而是念成「mount-n」。你有聽到停頓的地方嗎?

  • So, to make this word, my tongue is coming to the roof of the mouth for the n,

    所以為了要讀這個字,發 n 這個聲音的時候,我的舌頭碰到了上顎。

  • mount-n. Then I just leave it there. I stop the flow of air with my throat,

    「mount-n」。然後維持發音位置不動。我用喉嚨阻止氣流,

  • to make the Stop t, mount-n, then I release and let it go again into the

    完成 t 發音的停頓,「mount-n」,接著放鬆喉嚨,引進氣流,

  • schwa-n sound.

    接到 [ə]-[n] 的發音。

  • Mountain. [3x]

    Mountain (唸三遍)

  • Let's take a look at the word 'curtain'. Now here the t comes after an r and before a vowel sound, the schwa.

    來看看「窗簾」這個字。這裡有個 t 放在 r 後面,並且在母音ə前面。

  • So normally, that would be a Flap t, like in the word 'party'.

    所以一般而言,這會形成一個拍動的 t,例如「party(派對)」。

  • But again, because we have a t-schwa-n sound, it's an exception. So, it's a Stop t. Curt-n.

    再一次,因為我們有個 t-ə-n 發音,這是個例外。它是一個停頓的 t。Curt-n.

  • Cur-tain. So, to make this word, my tongue is going from the r, pulled back, cur-,

    Cur-tain. 所以要說這個字的話,我的舌頭要從 r 往後推,cur-

  • to a position where the front part of the tongue is touching the roof of the mouth. Then again,

    讓舌尖移到上顎的位置。然後再一次,

  • I cut off the airflow here to signify the Stop t. Cur-tain. Then I don't need to move my tongue,

    我阻斷氣流形成 t 的停頓。Cur-tain. 然後我不需要移動我的舌頭,

  • it's already in position for the schwa-n sound. 'Curtain'.

    已經在 ə-n 發音位置 '窗簾'

  • The word 'sentence' doesn't end with a t-schwa-n sound, but it's the same rule.

    「sentence(句子)」這個字發音的結尾不是t-ə-n,但它的規則是一樣的。

  • Because we have those three sounds together, many people will say sen-tence, making a Stop t there.

    因為有這三個音,很多人會說「sen-tence」,在 t 那裡產生一個停頓。

  • So again, my tongue is already in the right position because it came up for the first n

    所以再一次,為了第一個 n,我的舌頭已經就定位。

  • Sen-tence. So, I just cut off the airflow, and then jump right back into the schwa-n sound.

    Sen-tence. 所以,我只是阻斷氣流,然後往後跳到 ə-n 發音。

  • One final example, the word 'cotton'. So here, the t is coming between two vowel sounds.

    最後一個例子,「cotton(棉花)」這個字。在這裡,t 夾在兩個母音中間。

  • Normally, that would be a Flap, like in the word 'cutting'. There, it's a Flap t where

    一般來說,這是一個拍動,就像「cutting(剪)」這個字一樣。在那個字裡,t 的發音像拍動,

  • the tongue just bounces agains the roof of the mouth and there's no stop of sound.

    舌頭從上顎彈起,發音沒有中斷。

  • But in the word 'cotton', it's the t-schwa-n, so we're going to make that a stop instead.

    但是在「cotton(棉花)] 這個字裡有 t-ə-n 的音,所以我們反而要停頓。

  • Cotton. So, my tongue is going up into position for the t, it's the same as the position for the n.

    「Cotton(棉花)] 。所以我的舌頭為了 t 往上移,跟 n 位置一樣。

  • I never move the tongue once it's there. I just cut off the airflow, n,

    我一次都沒有移動舌頭,我只是阻斷氣流,n,

  • and then make the n sound.

    然後製造 n 的發音。

  • Other example words with the Stop t-schwa-n sound: fountain, kitten, button, written,

    其他和t-ə-n停頓有關的的例子有:fountain(噴泉)、kitten(小貓)、button(按鈕)、written(寫作的過去分詞)、

  • Clinton, Manhattan. So don't forget: move your tongue into position for the n, stop the sound,

    Clinton(克林頓)、Manhattan(曼哈頓)。所以別忘了,為了n移動你舌頭的位置,中斷發音,

  • and then make the n sound. That's how you should pronounce t-schwa-n.

    然後發n的音,這就是你應該如何發t-ə-n的方法。

  • That's it, and thanks so much for using Rachel's English.

    就這樣,感謝收看 Rachel's English。

In this American English pronunciation video, we're going to go over the pronunciation of

在這集美式英文發音影片中,我們要來徹底檢查「mountain(山)」和「sentence(句子)」

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 發音 舌頭 氣流 拍動 上顎 棉花

發音小技巧:這些基礎單字竟然是這樣發音?(中英字幕)(How to Say MOUNTAIN and SENTENCE - American English)

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    金柏嘉   發佈於 2015 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字