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  • The average student takes notes at a rate of one-third of a word per second.

    一般的學生記筆記的速度是一秒記下三分之一個字。

  • The average teacher speaks about two to three words per second.

    而一般老師的授課速度大概是一秒講兩到三個字。

  • Bottom line, if you're trying to copy down everything your teacher is saying while he drones on about Shakespeare, you're going to fall seriously behind.

    重點是,如果你試著把老師所說關於莎士比亞的內容全記下來,你的學習進度會嚴重落後。

  • Note-taking is an important skill in and out of school.

    不論你是否還是學生,做筆記都是很重要的技巧。

  • You can make the difference between passing and failing a test, excelling at a job or even enjoying a complicated movie.

    它能左右你通過考試或被當、幫助你工作表現良好、甚至享受一部劇情複雜的電影。

  • And most of us don't do it well.

    但大部分的人都不懂如何做好筆記。

  • Welcome to WellCast! We took a viewer suggestion for this week's episodeThe art of note-taking.

    歡迎收看 WellCast!今天的主題來自觀眾的建議:做筆記的藝術。

  • We're going to give you a three-step method for taking notes that will actually help you learn.

    我們要教你做筆記的三步驟,可以真正幫助你學習。

  • Numerous studies over the years have proven what's already pretty obvious.

    近年來,很多研究證明了一個顯而易見的事實。

  • People who take notes remember the material better than those who don't.

    有做筆記的人會比沒做筆記的人記住較多事物。

  • But how much better?

    但是差多少呢?

  • A 1970s' study by developmental psychologist Michael Howe found the students were seven times more likely to remember facts one week after hearing them if they took notes.

    在 1970 年代的研究中,發展心理學家 Michael Howe 的研究顯示,有抄筆記的學生在一星期後,會比沒有抄筆記的人更容易記住事實,差別大概是七倍。

  • But here's the thing, most people don't know how to take notes.

    但是,很多人都不知道該怎麼做筆記。

  • We're taught from a very young age that when a teacher starts delivering a load of information...

    我們從很小的時候就被老師灌輸一大堆的資訊。

  • For example: "Shakespeare described Romeo and Juliet's love as star-crossed..."

    舉例來說,莎士比亞敘述羅密歐與茱麗葉是一對命運多舛的戀人。

  • That we should start writing down as much what they're saying as possible.

    我們應該盡可能地開始寫下老師所說的話。

  • Well, this is an incredibly inefficient way to take notes.

    其實,這是一個非常沒效率的做筆記方法。

  • Why? You're not actually learning anything.

    為什麼?因為你其實沒有在學任何東西。

  • You're simply acting as a human audio recorder.

    你只不過是一個人聲錄音機。

  • A recorder by the way that only picks up one out of every ten words.

    而且還是那種只能從 10 個字裡面記錄下 1 個字的錄音機。

  • And you're saving the learning for later when you'll have an even less complete lesson plan to look over.

    之後你在缺少完整資訊的情況下,才開始複習課程。

  • Note-taking should actually act as a form of learning.

    做筆記應該被當作一種學習模式。

  • Something that helps you work your way through the lesson as the teacher is giving it.

    幫助你在老師講課的同時順利學習。

  • So that when you leave the classroom (you) already understand the concepts.

    所以當你上完課時,你也已經了解基本概念了。

  • So how do you do that?

    那麼你該如何做到這樣?

  • We have a three-step method for taking the kind of notes that force you to learn the material inside the classroom and not out.

    我們有三步驟的方法來記筆記,迫使你在上課中就把該學的學起來,而不是下課後才吸收。

  • Pause and print the sheet and put it in your binder.

    先暫停一下把學習單印下來,放在你的資料夾。

  • Ready for your next class... finished? Okay let's go!

    準備下一個課程。好了嗎?那麼開始囉!

  • Step one: don't write down facts.

    步驟一:不要寫下「事實」。

  • Write down conclusions.

    要寫下「結論」。

  • Don't worry about capturing every single thing your teacher is saying.

    不要急著抄下老師說的每一個字。

  • Spend more time listening, trying to understand the lecture.

    把時間花在聆聽,試著去了解課程。

  • When you do start writing, format your notes as a series of questions posed by the teacher's lecture, (and then) fill in your own answers.

    當你開始記筆記,把筆記寫成一系列老師提出的問題,加上你自己的答案。

  • For example, question: What is the central theme in Romeo and Juliet?

    比方來說,問題:羅密歐與朱麗葉這部劇作的中心思想是什麼?

  • Conclusion: More than being a tragic love story, Romeo and Juliet is about the consequences of deeply held grudges.

    與其說它是一個悲劇愛情故事,還不如說羅密歐與茱麗葉的結局就是個無盡的地獄。

  • This way, you're recording the importance of what the teacher is saying and not just raw facts.

    這樣下來,你記錄了老師說的重點而不是只是單純的「事實」。

  • When you do need to include data, add only the most important points under each question.

    當你真的需要寫下一些參考資料,只把最重要的那些記下來,記在每個問題底下。

  • This is the evidence for each question's answer.

    這可以佐證你寫的答案是否正確。

  • Step two: use colored pens.

    步驟二:使用有顏色的筆。

  • Yap that's right! This will help you remember your notes visually.

    沒錯!這在視覺上能幫你記住寫下來的內容。

  • Also, if you establish a set template for your notes, you'll be able to take them more efficiently.

    如果你為筆記建立一系列的規則,你便可以更有效率地抄筆記。

  • Write questions in red, definitions in blue, conclusions in green.

    用紅色寫問題,用藍色寫定義,用綠色寫結論。

  • Step three: review your notes, don't relearn them.

    步驟三:筆記是用來複習,而不是用來學習。

  • Spend at least ten minutes organizing your notes after class.

    下課後至少花十分鐘整理筆記。

  • Wanna test your comprehension?

    想知道自己吸收多少嗎?

  • Try teaching the material to a classmate.

    試著講述筆記內容給同學聽。

  • This will be a great marker to see if you've actually learned anything.

    這是測驗你是否真正學到東西的指標。

  • Note-taking is a valuable life skill that doesn't lose its utility when you graduate.

    做筆記是個很有價值的生活技能,就算你不再是學生仍然受用。

  • Find ways to integrate note-taking in your daily life.

    找機會將做筆記融合於日常生活中吧!

  • You'll soon find yourself in the exclusive and creative group of people.

    你很快會發現自己成為獨具一格又有創意的人。

  • Bring out their Moleskines at lectures, movies, and TED (Talks).

    帶著 Moleskines 筆記本去上課、看電影、聽 TED 演講的那種。

  • Alright Wellcasters, let's recap.

    好的 Wellcasters,咱們來複習一遍吧!

  • Today we learned how to take notes in a way that ensures you learn the material during class time and not after.

    今天我們學習了如何做筆記,確保你可以在課堂中學習,而不是課後。

  • First, write down your conclusions instead of a barrage of facts.

    第一,寫下你的結論而不是只是一大堆事實。

  • Second, use your questions to make connections.

    第二,用你的問題去跟教材產生聯結。

  • And third, spend 10 minutes going over these notes at the end of class.

    還有第三,在課堂最後花十分鐘來看過整個筆記。

  • And if you should choose, try going over these notes by teaching them to a classmate or friend.

    如果可以,將筆記內容講述給同學或朋友聽當作複習。

  • Who was that lady?

    這個說話的女士是誰啊?

  • Okay, did these tips help? Let us know!

    好的,這些技巧有幫助嗎?讓我們知道!

  • Or if (you) have a wellness topic that you'd like it to see covered, shoot us an email.

    如果你有更有趣的主題,想要我們製作成影片,就寄信給我們吧!

  • We'd love to see your notes! Haha... oh man.

    我們會很高興看到你的訊息!

  • Tweet us at watchwellcast, email us at watchwellcast@gmail.com, or leave a comment down belowwe'll see you next time!

    在 watchwellcast 推特給我們、寄信到 [email protected] 或在底下留言,我們下次見!

The average student takes notes at a rate of one-third of a word per second.

一般的學生記筆記的速度是一秒記下三分之一個字。

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抄筆記總是手忙腳亂?3 招教你如何做好筆記!How to Take Great Notes

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    Sunny Hsu 發佈於 2020 年 06 月 06 日
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