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  • Once again, Iraq is in complete turmoil. This time, it all centers on a

    伊拉克再度陷入混亂當中,這次人們把焦點轉移至「伊斯蘭國」

  • group called Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, commonly referred to as ISIS. But you'd have to be a scholar on Iraqi and Syria to fully understand

    全名「伊拉克沙姆伊斯蘭國」,位居伊拉克和敘利亞的新興宗教組織,但你必須是研究該兩國的學者

  • this conflict, so we can't explain everything. But we can tell you enough

    才能完全了解伊拉克和敘利亞之間的衝突,我們無法解釋事件始末

  • to contextualize all the news stories you've been hearing lately, so that the next time someone says ISIS,

    卻可以統整近來新聞報導,好讓下次有人說到「伊斯蘭國」

  • you can say, oh yeah. I know those guys. They're horrible terrorists.

    你可以回答:「對啊,我知道他們是恐怖份子。」

  • So, who is ISIS and what do they want?

    「伊斯蘭國」是誰?他們到底想幹嘛?

  • They are a Jihadist militant group with strong holds in both Iraq and Syria

    他們代表伊斯蘭聖戰組織,在伊拉克和敘利亞都擁有強大基地

  • as you can see on this map. But they are not stopping there.

    就如你在地圖上所看到,但他們的企圖不僅於此

  • Their goal is to obtain more lands, so they can create their own nation.

    他們的目標是佔領更多土地,以創立自己的國度

  • Their dream country will look something like this, and it will be called the Islamic State

    他們理想的國家看起來大概像這樣,而國家名稱將制定為

  • In Iraq and Syria or ISIS. So who are the fighting members of ISIS?

    「伊拉克沙姆伊斯蘭國」或「伊斯蘭國」,那誰是抗爭份子呢?

  • Well, that where it gets more complicated. Iraq breaks down into three major groups;

    這就是問題的癥結點了,伊拉克境內分成三大派系

  • Sunni Arabs, Shiite Arabs, and Kurds. ISIS members are Sunni Arabs, so was Saddam Huessien.

    遜尼派、什葉派和庫德族,伊斯蘭國和海珊皆隸屬遜尼派

  • His regime was Sunni backed.

    海珊在位期間有遜尼派支持

  • So does that means this is just the old guard taking back power?

    那這只是前朝老臣再度奪回政權嗎?

  • No. Saddam Huessien was a secularist.

    並非如此,海珊是世俗主義論者

  • ISIS, on the other hand, is militant Jihadists group that wants strict Sharia law.

    伊斯蘭國則是由嚴格遵守伊斯蘭教法的聖戰份子所主張

  • This was not the desire of Huessien's regime.

    這並非當初海珊在位時的政策走向

  • Although there are science that some of the Huessien's former forces are currently working with ISIS.

    然而卻有證據顯示海珊的部分屬下目前和伊斯蘭國有合作關係

  • It's complicated.

    內部情形很複雜

  • And in Syria it gets even more complicated. Syrian war-crime committing government

    敘利亞的情況更為複雜

  • is currently fighting a civil war against

    主戰派政府目前正在對抗

  • various rebel groups.

    各種叛亂組織所引發的內亂

  • ISIS is not one of those rebel groups, but ISIS does wanna take over most of Syria.

    伊斯蘭國雖然不是那些叛亂份子,但他們確實想要奪取敘利亞的大部分領土

  • So they are in some degree of arm conflict with both the Syrian government and the rebels.

    所以就某種程度而言,他們目前正與敘利亞當權政府和反叛份子敵對

  • It is pure chaos. In short, ISIS has been committing acts of violence, and terrorism

    情勢極其混亂。總之,伊斯蘭國在敘利亞和伊拉克

  • in both Syria and Iraq for a while. And only now make it the news for one simple reason.

    一直以來不斷進行暴力犯罪和恐怖組織罪。而這事件最近成為新聞的原因很簡單

  • They are winning. Militarily speaking, ISIS is the most successful Jihadist group

    伊斯蘭國目前極佔優勢,就軍事方面來說

  • the world has ever seen.

    伊斯蘭國是目前全球最成功的激進民兵組織

  • They are collecting taxes from businesses, setting up infrastructures,

    他們向企業徵稅、建立基礎設施

  • and releasing quarterly reports.

    以及公佈組織季報

  • They're gaining strength. They could be around for a long time. And they may be a bigger

    他們正在擴張勢力範圍,可以長期在該地區活動

  • threat to the surrounding areas in the long run than Al Qaeda.

    就長遠看來,伊斯蘭國甚至比蓋達組織對鄰近地區更具威脅性

  • What is now your comments and what you think about ISIS.

    現在,你對伊斯蘭國的看法為何?

  • If you'd like to learn more about the current state of Islam, check out our video on what

    如果想要了解更多伊斯蘭目前情勢,趕快點選我們的影片

  • the true meaning of the word "Jihad" is. The answer is much more positive than you might

    影片會講解何謂「伊斯蘭聖戰」。答案將比你預期的還要正面

  • think. Or click on the other box to get up to date information on the current lethal

    或是點選另一部影片來了解注射死刑爭議的最新發展

  • injection debacle. And remember we post new episodes every single day. So please, please, please subscribe. We're

    每天我們都會為大家提供最新話題,請務必訂閱我們的頻道

  • new and you could always use as support

    我們是新興頻道業者,影片內容皆可作為參考資料

Once again, Iraq is in complete turmoil. This time, it all centers on a

伊拉克再度陷入混亂當中,這次人們把焦點轉移至「伊斯蘭國」

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B1 中級 中文 英國腔 伊斯蘭國 敘利亞 伊拉克 組織 聖戰 點選

ISIS 是什麼?他們想在伊拉克做什麼? (What Is ISIS And What Do They Want In Iraq?)

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    姚易辰 發佈於 2014 年 10 月 22 日
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