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  • [Music]...

    [開場音樂]...

  • [Music] As an airline passager

    一般的搭機旅客

  • you may barely notice the changes

    或許不易察覺

  • taking place of the next ten years

    未來十年間 在飛行上的任何進化演變

  • to fulfil your flights.

    [航站廣播]...

  • [Terminal brocasting]...

    但你終將慶幸的

  • But you will appreciate

    是不斷提升的飛安 環保效益

  • the increased safety, environmental benefits,

    以及銳減的航班誤點...

  • and reduced delays

    因為 <新一代空運系統> (Next Generation Air Transportation System)

  • as the Next Generation Air Transportation System

    終於出現!

  • is adopted.

    [動感音樂]...

  • [Dynamic music]...

    [動感音樂] [ATC航管通信]...

  • [Dynamic music] [ATC communications]...

    ... Roger!

  • ... Roger!

    <新一代空運系統 NEXTGEN: 門戶直達>

  • 為了一探 NextGen 的過人之處

  • Best illustrate the benefits of NextGen,

    讓我們先來看看 你所搭乘的航班

  • let's first look at how your flight saves

    如何從洛杉磯到華盛頓

  • from Los Angeles to Washington

    目前一路上的實際運作

  • that is managed today.

    [引擎運轉聲]...

  • [Engines sound]...

    當機艙門關上 開始後推

  • As your plane pulls away from the gate

    準備就緒的同時

  • and gets in line,

    機上駕駛持續與 洛杉磯塔台人員對話

  • your pilot is talking to the controller

    接收重要的航管指示

  • in the LAX Tower

    [引擎加速]...

  • for the critical routing information.

    起飛之後

  • [Engines screaming]...

    由近場台人員接手 引導駕駛

  • After takeoff,

    繼續數千呎的爬昇

  • a TRACON controler steers the pilot through

    涵蓋距離 大約一百英哩

  • the maneuvers to rise a thousands of feet

    到達兩萬三千呎左右

  • while covering about a hundred ground miles

    駕駛更換到下一個 構聯單位

  • At about twenty-three thousand feet,

    洛杉磯 區管中心

  • your pilot talks through another controller,

    由其引導航機 到達最終巡航高度:

  • Los Angeles Center,

    三萬五千呎 (FL350)

  • to direct the plane to its final cruising altitude

    整個航程來看

  • of thirty-five thousand feet.

    你的班機 緊跟著前面的飛機

  • Across the country,

    好比車輛行駛在 州際公路上

  • your plane follows other planes

    行車路線都是固定的

  • like cars on the interstate highway

    和地面上情況一樣

  • as with cars the route is dictated

    飛機通過的是一連串的 雷達定位點

  • by what's on the ground.

    通常都不是筆直的路線

  • Your plane must pass the radar fixes

    而且當航機穿越不同的 管制空域

  • generally not the most direct paths.

    飛行員就必須更換不同的 通信頻率

  • And every time the plane crosses

    一路下來 高達25次之多

  • an airspace boundary,

    在飛航途中 還得不斷調整

  • your pilot changes radio frequencies

    適時地加速、減速、

  • more than twenty five times across country;

    或是 更改航向

  • and makes adjustments in the flight,

    [雷雨交加]...

  • speeding up, slowing down,

    中西部著名的 惡劣天候

  • and changing directions.

    也常迫使飛機改道 繞路遠行

  • [Thunderstorm striking]...

    也讓更多航班地停 無法升空

  • Bad weather overset in the Midwest

    導致全國連鎖性的 班機誤點

  • will force your plane into

    當航機開始朝華盛頓 緩步下降

  • inefficient flight paths,

    駕駛會分段降低高度 改平、再加速

  • and keep other planes on the ground

    但又得維持 安全隔離 避讓相關航情

  • creating delays that ripple throughout the country.

    直到降落在 杜勒斯機場跑道上

  • When your plane begins

    [引擎低吼]...

  • the slow descent to Washington,

    現在 就讓我們看看 NexGen 將如何

  • your pilot steps down,

    有效改善目前的飛航狀態

  • levels off,

    [重新倒帶]...

  • and speeds up;

    [開場音樂]...

  • but also moving aroud to safely align

    當飛機後推 許可改由指尖傳送

  • with other traffic

    場面航情管理系統 (Surface Traffic Management)

  • on the way to the runway at Dulles.

    提供了更便捷、安全、有序的操作

  • [Engines sound]...

    讓飛行員與塔台人員 雙雙受惠

  • Now, let's look at how NexGen

    [音樂] 每次 大家都減少了

  • will improve your flight...

    在無線電上的對話

  • [Tape rewinding sound]...

    進而大幅降低 言語溝通的錯誤

  • [Music]...

    透過 數位化資訊通信

  • The approvement's kicking in

    傳遞視覺指令

  • as your plane leaves the gate.

    加快航管許可的頒發

  • Surface Traffic Management on the ground

    班機離場順序 經自動化系統排列

  • makes things simpler, safer,

    避免了冗長等待 也提升飛航安全

  • and more orderly for both pilots

    當航機滑行 抵達跑道之前

  • and Tower controllers.

    所有飛行員與管制員

  • [Music] For one, they spend less time

    每人都有一套 GPS導航地圖 顯示場面的即時航情

  • talking to each other on the radio,

    關鍵就在

  • this reduces communications errors

    ADS-B (自動回報監視-廣播) 以及 ASDE-X (場面偵測-強化) 系統

  • as digital data communications

    如此一來 機場安全獲得大幅提升

  • presides a visual instruction,

    透過同步畫面顯示 飛機周遭動態一覽無疑

  • expedites clearances.

    這在惡劣天候下 效果更加顯著

  • The orders of departure setup automatically

    在起飛階段

  • reducing long waits and enhancing safety.

    精確系 RNAV (區域導航) 與 RNP (導航性能需求) 程序

  • As the plane heads to the runway,

    為每條跑道 提供多重的離場路徑

  • pilots and controllers,

    也因而增加機場的吞吐容量

  • each have a real time GPS map

    這些精準的程序 讓你的班機

  • for all ground traffic

    得以迅速脫離繁忙的低空環境

  • within such tools as ADS-B and ASDE-X

    直達巡航高度 同時節省燃油消耗

  • This greatly improves airfield safety,

    At thirty-five thousand feet,

  • through a reliable shared view

    GPS-enabled RNAV, RNP and ADS-B,

  • of the planes' surroudings,

    allow the planes fly closer together

  • particularly during bad weather.

    without any losses of safety

  • During takeoff,

    which increases airspace capacities.

  • precision RNAV and RNP procedures

    Meanwhile, aircraft flies more direct paths

  • allow multiple-departure paths for each runway

    that counter wind, destination, traffic

  • which increases airport capacities.

    and weather.

  • These same precisions get your plane

    [Thunderstorm striking]...

  • quickly out of busy, lower level air sapce

    Weather which now counts for seventy percent

  • to the cruising altitute while saving fuel.

    of delays becoms the last problem

  • At thirty-five thousand feet,

    the thunderstorm over the Midwest

  • GPS-enabled RNAV, RNP and ADS-B,

    that causes so much trouble today

  • allow the planes fly closer together

    will be easily handled when shared

  • without any losses of safety

    networking-able weather information

  • which increases airspace capacities.

    is fused into decision making tools

  • Meanwhile, aircraft flies more direct paths

    through SWIM

  • that counter wind, destination, traffic

    Data communications' so useful in the airport

  • and weather.

    is also useful in the air

  • [Thunderstorm striking]...

    as it reduces radio frequency congestion,

  • Weather which now counts for seventy percent

    errors, and delays.

  • of delays becoms the last problem

    As your plane lines up

  • the thunderstorm over the Midwest

    for arrival with other planes

  • that causes so much trouble today

    it's placed in line is planned

  • will be easily handled when shared

    hunreds of miles in advance.

  • networking-able weather information

    Instead of the current step-dwon approah,

  • is fused into decision making tools

    tailored arrivals and continuous descent arrivals

  • through SWIM

    allow a smoother descent into the airport.

  • Data communications' so useful in the airport

    The more precise landing path

  • is also useful in the air

    allows a steady descent with reduced power

  • as it reduces radio frequency congestion,

    That's cuts time, fuel,

  • errors, and delays.

    noise emissions, and holding patterns.

  • As your plane lines up

    [Engines booming]...

  • for arrival with other planes

    As your plane comes in

  • it's placed in line is planned

    for landing in Dulles

  • hunreds of miles in advance.

    Data communications relays the runway,

  • Instead of the current step-dwon approah,

    exit point, assigned gate,

  • tailored arrivals and continuous descent arrivals

    and taxi routes to the pilot,

  • allow a smoother descent into the airport.

    so you'll quickly arrive at the gate doors

  • The more precise landing path

    exit the plane,

  • allows a steady descent with reduced power

    and pick up your luggage.

  • That's cuts time, fuel,

    [Music]...

  • noise, emissions, and holding patterns.

    [Music] As a NextGen passenger,

  • [Engines booming]...

    you may notice the scoop of the flight.

  • As your plane comes in

    But the really gets your attention

  • for landing in Dulles

    is being on time more often,

  • Data communications relays the runway

    you'll also know your own life is safer,

  • exit point, assigned gate,

    and more fuel-efficient.

  • and taxi routes to the pilot,

    And that's what matters

  • so you'll quickly arrive at the gate doors

    from gate to gate.

  • exit the plane,

    <新一代空運系統 NEXTGEN: 門戶直達>

  • and pick up your luggage.

    發行: <美 國 聯 邦 航 空 總 署>

  • [Music]...

    製作: <ATO 通信服務處>

  • [Music] As a NextGen passenger,

    官方網站: www.faa.gov

  • you may notice the scoop of the flight.

  • But the really gets your attention

  • is being on time more often,

  • you'll also know your own life is safer,

  • and more fuel-efficient.

  • And that's what matters

  • from gate to gate.

  • www.faa.gov

[Music]...

[開場音樂]...

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FAA NextGen Gate to Gate 新一代飛航管理系統- 門戶直達 [CC字幕] (FAA NextGen Gate to Gate 新一代飛航管理系統- 門戶直達 [CC字幕])

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    黃翊丞   發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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