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  • Hi, I'm Carl Azuz, it's great to have you along for today's show, which covers everything from a space splashdown to a suspended pool that's making a splash.

    大家好,我是 Carl Azuz,很高興你參與今天的節目,內容包括從太空船的海面濺落到廢棄的泳池噴濺水花。

  • We'll start in Washington, D.C., though.


  • It's traditional that after giving a state of the union speech or an annual messageas we saw last week—a US president hits the road.


  • The leader spends time at rallies and events to meet with supporters and to try to drum up support for the proposals outlined in the speech.


  • President Joe Biden is doing that now.


  • He's released two major economic plans: One is titled the American Families Plan and the other is the American Jobs Plan.

    他已經發布了兩個主要的經濟計劃:一個稱為 「美國家庭計劃」,另一個稱為 「美國就業計劃」。

  • The first would include more childcare programs, free preschool, free community college.


  • The second would include spending on roads, bridges, and new climate-centered programs.


  • Together, the two plans would cost almost 4 trillion dollars, and they've got to get through Congress first.

    這兩個計劃加起來將花費近 4 兆美元,且必須先通過國會那關。

  • This branch of government controls the purse strings.


  • And even though the President's fellow Democrats have the majority of votes in both chambers, it's a slim majority, especially in the Senate, with 50 Democrats and 50 Republicans.

    且雖然民主黨在兩院佔有多數票,但只是些微多數而已,特別是在參議院,有 50 名民主黨員和 50 名共和黨員。

  • Vice President Kamala Harris, a Democrat, would be the tie-breaking vote if there's a 50-50 Senate split.


  • At this point, it's not clear if the President's proposals have enough congressional support to pass, it's not clear if there's enough agreement on how to pay for them, and it's not clear if they'll get any support from Republicans who've released an infrastructure plan of their own.


  • One thing lawmakers might do is break up the President's large proposals to pass smaller chunks that can get support from both parties.


  • The process is expected to take months.


  • 10-second trivia: NASA's Apollo 8 mission was noteworthy for doing what?

    10 秒問答:NASA 的阿波羅 8 號計畫值得一提的地方是什麼?

  • Orbiting the Earth, orbiting the moon, the first space broadcast, or a lunar module landing.


  • In 1968, 3 astronauts became the first humans to orbit the moon.

    在 1968 年,3 名太空人成為第一批繞行月球的人類。

  • That was also the last time a spacecraft carrying astronauts made a nighttime splashdown—a landing in the oceanuntil Sunday.


  • 4 travelers aboard a SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule arrived in the Gulf of Mexico after spending 5 months on the international space station.

    在國際太空站呆了五個月後,四名搭乘 SpaceX 天龍號的太空人抵達墨西哥灣。

  • The future of the ISS is uncertain.


  • It's the most expensive object ever builtthe US spends 3 to 4 billion dollars per year to run and maintain it.

    它是有史以來建造過最昂貴的物體——美國每年花費 3 到 4 千萬進行運作及維護。

  • And NASA is looking for more partners to help with that at a time when at least one of themRussiasays it's going to leave the project in 2025.

    而 NASA 正在尋找更多的合作伙伴來幫助解決這個問題——此時至少有一個合作伙伴,就是俄羅斯表示它將在 2025 年退出這個項目。

  • But work aboard the ISS continues.


  • Space is supposed to be vast, unless you are 1 of the 11 space explorers posing elbow to elbow recently on the International Space Station.

    太空本應該是廣闊的,除非你是最近在國際太空站上肩並肩拍照的 11 名太空探險家之一。

  • For NASA and SpaceX, it's one crew starting and another one ending.

    對 NASA 及 SpaceX 來說,是一個結束也是另一個開始。

  • Add in 2 cosmonauts and a NASA astronaut who arrived on a Russian Soyuz spacecraft in April, and it was officially a full house in the floating space lab.

    再加上兩名俄羅斯太空人和一名 NASA 的太空人在 4 月乘坐俄羅斯聯盟號太空船抵達,漂浮的實驗室就這麼被擠滿了。

  • For over a week, the 11 stellar roommates bunked together in a place NASA says is the size of a six-room house.

    超過一週的時間, 11 個恆星室友擠在 Nasa 稱大概六個房間大小的空間。

  • The record number of people aboard the ISS is 13, set back in the space shuttle era.

    搭上國際太空站上的歷史記錄為 13 人,是在太空梭計畫的時代。

  • Still, French astronaut Thomas Pesquet from Crew-2 says it was a tight squeeze.

    但是,2 號機組員的法國太空人 Thomas Pesquet 仍表示非常的擠。

  • 6 sleeping spots for 11 members of the crewthat means 5 camp out.

    6 個睡覺的地方擠了 11 位機組員,表示有五個人沒地方睡。

  • There are people scattered around the entire module.


  • We try to be mindfulpeople have been trained on that.


  • Wiggle room will return to the ISS with the departure of SpaceX's crew-1.

    隨著 SpaceX 1 號機組人員的離開,國際太空站將有多出來的空間。

  • Astronaut Shannon Walker says she's proud of what her team accomplished since they arrived last November.

    太空人 Shannon Walker 表示,她對她的團隊自去年 11 月抵達以來所取得的成就感到驕傲。

  • I think about all the science that we did and the repairs that we made andwhat, did we make some good repairs on the space station?


  • We've got it rewired.


  • Crew-1's return is the first night splashdown of the US crewed spacecraft since 1968.

    1 號機組員的歸來是自 1968 年美國太空梭以來的第一次夜間海面濺落。

  • But Walker says her time aboard the Space Station is something she won't soon forget.

    但 Walker 表示,她不會很快忘記在太空站上度過的時光。

  • What really is going to remain with me is the camaraderie and the friendship and the time that we have spent together.


  • The laughing that we do over dinners, the movie nights that we have had have truly made this very special.


  • And if any returning astronauts feel a little nostalgic, they need only check out the images posted by Crew-2's Shane Kimbrough for a peek at the Earth few Earthlings get to see firsthand.

    如果任何歸來的太空人感到思念,他們只需要看看 2 號機組員 Shane Kimbrough 發佈的照片,就可以窺見地球了,很少有地球人能夠看到第一手資料。

  • Crew-1's completed mission is the first of 6 crew rotations to the ISS by NASA and SpaceX, plans that should keep the ISS a busy place for years to come.

    1 號機組員完成的任務是 NASA 和 SpaceX 計劃在 ISS 進行六名機組員輪換中的第一次,這計畫應該能讓 ISS 在未來的幾年裡成為一個繁忙的地方。

  • Michael Holmes, CNN.

    CNN 的 Michael Holme 為你進行報導。

  • Fossil fuels like coal, gas, and oil are used to produce electricity, heat our homes, and power gasoline engines.


  • But when they're burned to create energy, they release carbon dioxide into the air.


  • And it's that kind of CO2 that scientists blame for a number of environmental problems.

    科學家們將一些環境問題歸咎於這種 CO2。

  • There are several organizations working on ways to deal with CO2 emissions.


  • Some focus on switching to other forms of energy, others focus on removing existing CO2 from the atmosphereyou're about to see one.

    一些人專注於改用其他形式的能源,另一些人則專注於消除目前大氣層現有的 CO2——而你將看到其中一個。

  • There are concerns that ropes of kelp could harm marine life or passing ships, and it's not known yet what kind of impact these masses could have on the ocean floor when they're sunk down there.


  • But they are believed to be a way to capture CO2 from the air and bury it for centuries in the deep blue sea.

    但它們被認為是在空氣中吸取 CO2 並埋在海底好幾世紀的一種方式。

  • Kelp is seaweed, also called a macro algae.


  • And kelp is one of the fastest growing things in the world.


  • It pulls carbon in at the fastest rate of any species in the world.


  • Running Tide is a ocean-based climate solutions company.

    Running Tide 是以海洋為基礎的氣候解決方案公司。

  • We're trying to use kelp, which is like a natural way to pull carbon out of the atmosphere and sink it to the deep ocean.


  • Trees are fantastic, but land-based solutions for carbon removal run into some sort of spatial constraints; we don't have those in the ocean really.


  • So it's a fantastic place to pursue climate solutions.


  • The process starts on land in a hatchery in a controlled environment where you can really accelerate the propagation of the kelp seed, and then we put it out into the water.


  • We have teams working on the biodegradable buoys.


  • After the kelp grows, the biodegradable buoy will dissolve and lose its buoyancy, and by then, the kelp is so heavy that it sinks to the ocean bottom, sequestering the carbon for 1,000 plus years.

    在海帶生長後,可生物降解的浮標將分解並失去浮力,到那時,海帶會非常重,沉到海底,將碳封存1000 多年。

  • Every chance we get, we like to get out on the boat and have a look.


  • Let's get a deck, too, huh?


  • Do you see the sorus tissue developing anywhere?


  • 3 months ago, we put this kelp in the water, and it's just like a single string of kelp-seeded line.


  • And 3 months later, you have, like, 1,000 pounds.

    而三個月後,你就會有大概 1000 磅重的海帶。

  • There's nothing like, you know, picking up the line and feeling, like, 1,000 pounds of weight on it and just being like, all right, like, we're doing the job, we're getting the work done.

    沒有什麼比得上拿起這些海帶繩然後去感覺這 1000 磅重的重量,這感覺就是我們這個工作成功了。

  • Wow! Whoa!


  • Growing up in a fishing family, I've always been interested in how things want to grow in the ocean, how productive the ocean can be.


  • Being a surfer, you become very aware of how powerful the ocean is.


  • So, I think that I was just aware that kelp could be a solution to the carbon crisis.


  • - How long is that, Rob? - Only 9 feet.

    - 那有多長,Rob?- 只有 9 英尺。

  • 9 feet in 3 months! Wow!


  • How do we know that growing this much kelp is not gonna disrupt the ocean ecosystems, like, that's a fantastic question.


  • It's a question we ask ourselves every day and we're working with some of the best scientists in the world to study and model out what affects this would have.


  • And if we're gonna have any, like, undue negative effects, like, we're not gonna do it, right?


  • How do we know that the Kelp is not gonna come back up?


  • Well, if you sink kelp to the bottom of the deep ocean, say, 12,000 feet, it's under 5,000 pounds of pressure, for instance, just carbon dioxide under that much pressure is actually heavier than water, so gravity works everywhere, all the time, so it stays down.

    是這樣的,如果海帶下沉到深海的底部,比如說 12000 英尺,它就有 5000 鎊重的壓力,光是二氧化碳在那麼大的壓力下其實比水更重,而重力在任何時候都會發揮作用,所以它會沉在底下。

  • You know, every industry in the world will have to change how it operates in order to reduce its carbon emissions.


  • There are a lot of really progressive companies out there that wanna minimize their carbon footprints.


  • So they'll buy what's called a carbon credit from us, and we'll go remove the carbon for them to offset the carbon they're emitting to run their business.


  • Hopefully, this turns into, like, a revenue-generating machine for us, because, you know, if we can demonstrate that we can make a profit doing this, then we can pull in more investment and grow the business bigger where we're really making an impact on the climate.


  • Well, this is a new way to think about an above-ground pool.


  • It's 115 feet above the ground, a clear plastic box that's 82 feet long and would allow people to swim between 2 apartment complexes in London.

    它距離地面 115 英尺,是一個長 82 英尺的透明塑料箱,可以讓人們在倫敦的兩棟公寓之間游泳。

  • You'll have to live in one of the buildings to enjoy the pool.


  • And the cheapest two-bedroom unit costs 1.4 million dollars.

    而最便宜的兩房要價 140 萬美元。

  • But moving through the pool that opens later this month is said to be like swimming and flying at the same time.


  • It might be private, but it ain't private; you can see right through what they're trying to do.


  • And while critics might say people there have gone off the deep end, they've still got their heads in the clouds where the air is a little more thin when they get in to swim.


  • They just can't be afraid of heights or depths to take a plunge while hopefully not taking a plunge, if you know what I'm saying.


  • Rochester Adams High School gets today's shout-out; it's in Rochester Hills, Michigan, and I'm Carl Azuz for CNN.

    羅切斯特亞當高中是今天的致敬對象,它位在密歇根州的羅切斯特山,我是 CNN 的 Carl Azuz。

Hi, I'm Carl Azuz, it's great to have you along for today's show, which covers everything from a space splashdown to a suspended pool that's making a splash.

大家好,我是 Carl Azuz,很高興你參與今天的節目,內容包括從太空船的海面濺落到廢棄的泳池噴濺水花。

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