字幕列表 影片播放 自動翻譯 列印所有字幕 列印翻譯字幕 列印英文字幕 The U.S.'s Central Intelligence agency - the CIA - and Israel's Mossad are 2 of the world's most 美國的中央情報局（CIA）和以色列的摩薩德是世界上最重要的兩個情報機構。 famous and most elite spy agencies with a long history of working together as allies - and, 著名的和最精銳的間諜機構，有著長期合作的盟友歷史--和。 at times, of spying on each other. Mossad versus CIA - how do they compare? 有時還互相刺探。 摩薩德與中情局--它們如何比較？ Israel and the U.S. have long professed to be allies and close friends, and politicians 以色列和美國長期以來一直宣稱自己是盟友和親密的朋友，而政治家們 in both countries have been bragging for decades about the “special relationship” 這兩個國家幾十年來一直在吹噓 "特殊關係" between the 2 nations. While this may be true, and while there have been many instances of the 這兩個國家之間的關係。雖然這可能是事實，雖然有許多例子表明 countries and their spy agencies working together to achieve mutual goals, the U.S. and Israel also 各國及其間諜機構為實現共同的目標而合作，美國和以色列還 regard each other with deep suspicion, and both countries have found themselves on the receiving 兩國都對對方抱有深深的懷疑，而且都發現自己是在接受 "不信任"。 end of each other's espionage efforts. In fact, some experts suggest that Israel launches more 終止對方的間諜活動。事實上，一些專家認為，以色列發射了更多的 aggressive espionage efforts on the U.S. than almost any other nation on earth! According to a 對美國的積極間諜活動幾乎比地球上任何其他國家都要多！"。根據一項 classified NSA document that was made public in 2014: “The Israelis are extraordinarily 2014年公開的國家安全局機密文件。"以色列人是特別的 good partners for us, but they target us to learn our positions on Middle East problems.” 我們的好夥伴，但他們以我們為目標，學習我們在中東問題上的立場。" In one of the most famous cases, U.S. Navy analyst Jonathan Pollard was sentenced to 在最著名的案件之一，美國海軍分析員喬納森-波拉德（Jonathan Pollard）被判處了 life in prison in 1987 after he was caught stealing U.S. secrets and selling them to Israel. 1987年，他在偷竊美國機密並將其出售給以色列時被抓獲，被判處終身監禁。 Given the clandestine nature of these organizations, it's hard to 鑑於這些組織的祕密性質，我們很難 get any straight answers about what exactly they do or how exactly the CIA and Mossad 準確地回答他們到底是做什麼的，或者中情局和摩薩德到底是怎麼做的？ accomplish their clandestine missions. But, thanks to declassified documents, 完成他們的祕密任務。 但是，由於解密的文件。 the revealing memoirs of former spies, and some brave whistleblowers, we can start 在前間諜和一些勇敢的告密者的露骨回憶錄中，我們可以開始 to piece together a history and profile of the CIA and Mossad to see how they compare. 我想把中情局和摩薩德的歷史和概況拼湊起來，看看它們之間的對比。 The U.S.'s Central Intelligence Agency was formed in 1947 by President Harry S. Truman, 美國的中央情報局是在1947年由哈里-杜魯門總統成立的。 largely in response to growing tensions with the former USSR after World War 2. Reporting 主要是為了應對二戰後與前蘇聯日益緊張的關係。報告 to the Director of National Intelligence, a cabinet-level official, the CIA's official role is 中情局的官方角色是向國家情報總監（內閣級官員）彙報。 to provide foreign intelligence information to the President of the United States and the Cabinet. 向美國總統和內閣提供外國情報信息。 Today, the CIA employs more than 21,000 people, though only a fraction of them work as spies. 今天，中情局僱用了21,000多人，儘管其中只有一小部分人從事間諜工作。 Although there have been female spies in the CIA since the very beginning, the agency also has a 雖然中情局從一開始就有女間諜，但該機構也有一個女間諜。 long history of sexism, and many former employees have noted that a glass ceiling has long prevented 長期以來的性別歧視，許多前僱員指出，長期以來，玻璃天花板阻礙了他們的工作。 women from rising to higher positions in the CIA. In 1992, only 10% of non-support roles 婦女在中央情報局中無法晉升到更高的職位。1992年，只有10%的非支持性角色 were held by women, versus 40% in the general workforce. The CIA has made strides forwards in 在一般的勞動力隊伍中，婦女佔40%。中情局在以下方面取得了長足進步 recent years - in 2018, Gina Haspel was sworn in as the first female director of the CIA. 近年來--2018年，吉娜-哈斯佩爾宣誓成為中央情報局的第一位女局長。 Mossad was formed in December 1949 to act as a central body that would coordinate 摩薩德成立於1949年12月，作為一箇中央機構，它將協調 between Israel's existing intelligence agencies, like the army's intelligence arm, 以色列現有的情報機構之間，如軍隊的情報部門。 the internal security service Shin Bet, and the foreign office. In 1951, Mossad was reorganized 內部安全局Shin Bet和外交辦公室。1951年，摩薩德被改組為 and made a part of the prime minister's office, reporting directly to the prime minister. From 併成為總理辦公室的一部分，直接向總理報告。從 their headquarters in Tel Aviv, Mossad focuses on foreign intelligence - according to their website, 摩薩德的總部設在特拉維夫，根據他們的網站，摩薩德專注於外國情報工作。 their role is to “collect information, analyse intelligence and perform special 他們的作用是 "收集資訊、分析情報和執行特殊任務"。 covert operations beyond Israel's borders.” The Mossad's ethos is summed up in their motto, 以色列境外的祕密行動"。摩薩德的精神在他們的格言中得到了總結。 taken from the bible: “By way of deception thou shalt make war.” 摘自《聖經》。"你要用欺騙的方法來打仗"。 To help them in their mission, Mossad employees nearly 7,000 people - but only about 50 of them 為了幫助他們完成任務，摩薩德僱傭了近7,000人--但其中只有約50人 are covert operatives, called Katsa. Many Katsa are women, and the agency has a pretty progressive 是祕密特工，稱為Katsa。許多Katsa是女性，該機構有一個相當進步的制度。 attitude toward their female operatives - Mossad Chief Tamir Pardo has said: “Contrary 對其女特工的態度--摩薩德局長塔米爾-帕爾多曾說。"與之相反 to stereotypes, you see that women's abilities are superior to men in terms of understanding 根據陳規定型觀念，你會發現在理解方面，女性的能力要優於男性。 the territory, reading situations, spatial awareness. When they're good, they're very good.” 領土，閱讀情況，空間意識。當他們好的時候，他們就非常好。" When it comes to achieving their objectives, flirting is fair game for female spies, but there 當涉及到實現他們的目標時，調情是女間諜的公平遊戲，但有 are hard lines that they will not cross - and that their superiors will not ask them to cross. 是他們不會越過的硬線--他們的上級也不會要求他們越過。 A former female Israeli spy told reporters that “a man who wants to gain access to a forbidden area 一位前以色列女間諜告訴記者，"一個想進入禁區的人 has less chance of being allowed in… A smiling woman has a bigger chance of success”, 被允許進入的機會較少......微笑的女人有更大的成功機會"。 but was adamant that sex is never used as a weapon. 但他堅持認為，性永遠不會被用作武器。 CIA spy training takes place at their headquarters in Langley, Virginia. To be accepted into CIA spy 中情局的間諜培訓是在他們位於弗吉尼亞州蘭利的總部進行的。要想被中情局的間諜活動所接受 training, at minimum a prospect must be over 18, have a background in science, 培訓，至少前景必須超過18歲，有科學背景。 engineering or business, and be drug-free for at least a year. Knowing a second language is 工程或商業，並至少在一年內不吸毒。懂得第二種語言是 considered an asset, as well. CIA training focuses on handling mental stress - recruits learn through 也被認為是一種資產。中情局的培訓重點是處理精神壓力--新兵們通過以下方式學習 gruelling experience how to function and focus through sleep deprivation, fatigue, discomfort 艱苦的經歷，如何在睡眠不足、疲勞、不舒服的情況下發揮作用和集中精力 and in the face of extreme danger. Recruits also receive training in firearms handling and 和麵對極端危險的情況下。新兵們還接受了槍械操作的培訓和 hand-to-hand combat, but the hallmark of CIA training is the year-long clandestine series 徒手搏鬥，但中情局培訓的特點是為期一年的祕密系列訓練。 training. According to former CIA spy Amaryllis Fox, trainees “run around DC...high on the fact 訓練。據前中情局間諜阿瑪利亞-福克斯（Amaryllis Fox）說，受訓者 "在華盛頓特區跑來跑去......對事實很興奮。 that the civilians around them are oblivious to what's happening right in front of them.” 他們周圍的平民對發生在他們面前的事情視而不見。" At “The Farm” - the nickname for their secret training facility - new recruits 在 "農場"--他們的祕密訓練設施的綽號--新招募的人員 will learn the hands-on skills they need to be a successful spy. They are trained in elicitation, 他們將學習成為一名成功間諜所需的實踐技能。他們接受了誘導訓練。 or bumps, the subtle art of extracting information and getting a mark talking. 或顛簸，是提取資訊和讓標記說話的微妙藝術。 They learn to perform dead drops and brush passes to subtly hand off information or materials. 他們學會了進行死球和刷球，以巧妙地移交資訊或材料。 They become skilled at detecting and eluding surveillance. During training, 他們在檢測和躲避監視方面變得熟練。訓練期間。 their marks are other seasoned spies. Some of them see it as their duty to share their 他們的標記是其他經驗豐富的間諜。他們中的一些人把分享他們的資訊看作是他們的責任。 hard-earned wisdom with the next generation of spies, some are just looking for an easy 在與下一代間諜合作的過程中，有些人只是在尋找一個簡單的機會。 assignment close to home, and still others are being punished for screw ups in the field. 還有一些人因為在戰場上的失誤而受到懲罰，這都是離家很近的任務。 Requirements for joining Mossad appear to be less stringent than the CIA's - according to their 加入摩薩德的要求似乎沒有中央情報局那麼嚴格--根據其 website, “all are welcome, regardless of religion, nationality or occupation.” Training takes place 網站，"歡迎所有人，不分宗教、國籍或職業"。培訓地點 at the Midrasha near the town of Herzliya, where prospective recruits are subjected to a battery of 在Herzliya鎮附近的Midrasha，未來的新兵要在那裡接受一系列的測試。 psychological and aptitude tests before starting their 3 year training program. During training, 在開始為期3年的培訓計劃之前，要進行心理和能力測試。在培訓期間。 new spies are instructed in the arts of espionage, including how to cultivate agents and avoid 新的間諜在間諜藝術方面得到了指導，包括如何培養特工和避免發生意外。 surveillance. They also receive extensive training in different methods of killing. 監視。他們還接受了關於不同殺戮方法的廣泛培訓。 How do the CIA and Mossad compare? Both organizations have similar structures and 中情局和摩薩德如何比較？兩個組織都有類似的結構和 mandates, and their recruits undergo similar training. Perhaps the best way to see how the 2 任務，他們的新兵也要接受類似的訓練。也許最好的辦法是瞭解2 agencies stack up against each other is to look at them in action. Though their work is, by nature, 觀察這些機構相互之間的關係，就是看它們的行動。雖然他們的工作在本質上是 secret, over time details have leaked out about both agencies' successes - and their failures. 祕密，隨著時間的推移，關於這兩個機構的成功--以及他們的失敗--的細節已經洩露出來。 The CIA's official focus is on gathering intel, and Operation Rubicon was one of the largest, 中情局的官方重點是收集情報，而 "盧比肯行動 "是其中最大的一項。 longest and most successful operations in CIA history. 中情局歷史上時間最長、最成功的行動。 It started out as an unofficial “gentleman's agreement” between 2 friends, NSA cryptographer 它最初是兩個朋友之間的一個非官方的 "君子協定"，國家安全局的密碼學家 William Friedman and Boris Hagelin, owner of the Swiss firm Crypto AG. Crypto AG was one 威廉-弗裡德曼和瑞士公司Crypto AG的所有者鮑里斯-哈格林。Crypto AG是一個 of the world's most reputable manufacturers of coding machines, and it counted the governments 它是世界上最有信譽的打碼機制造商之一，並將各國政府算在其中。 and militaries of over 60 countries among its clients. The 2 friends, Friedman and Hagelin, 其客戶中有60多個國家的軍隊。弗裡德曼和哈格林這兩位朋友。 agreed that Crypto AG's machines should only be sold to “friendly” countries, and throughout 同意Crypto AG的機器應該只賣給 "友好 "國家，並且在整個 the 1950s almost all of Crypto AG's machines were sold as “readable” to the United States. 20世紀50年代，幾乎所有Crypto AG的機器都作為 "可讀 "出售給美國。 The relationship between Friendman and Hagelin grew strained over the years, and by the late 多年來，弗裡德曼和哈格林之間的關係越來越緊張，到後期 60s the CIA realized that they needed to find a way to retain their access to the valuable 60年代，中情局意識到，他們需要找到一種方法來保留他們對有價值的東西的接觸。 information that Crypto AG provided. CIA agents, with help from West German intelligence officials, Crypto AG提供的資訊。中情局特工，在西德情報官員的幫助下。 orchestrated a daring and complex operation to purchase the Swiss company in June 1970. 1970年6月，他精心策劃了一個大膽而複雜的行動，收購了這家瑞士公司。 The purchase was done in secret through intermediaries to deceive Swiss officials, 這次購買是通過中間人祕密進行的，以欺騙瑞士官員。 and not even Crypto AG's employees knew the real identity of the company's new owners. 甚至Crypto AG的員工也不知道公司新主人的真實身份。 Once the CIA controlled the company, they continued to sell less secure machines to 一旦中情局控制了該公司，他們就繼續將安全性較低的機器賣給 enemy countries - and probably to their allies, too - and enjoyed decades of unfiltered access 敵國--也可能是他們的盟國--享受了幾十年不受限制的訪問。 to intelligence data from all over the world during the height of the Cold War. Data collected 在冷戰的高峰期，對來自世界各地的情報數據。收集的數據 through Crypto AG machines was instrumental in countless Cold War events, including the Suez 通過Crypto AG機器在無數的冷戰事件中發揮了作用，包括蘇伊士運河。 Canal crisis in 1956, the 1978 Camp David Peace Accords, and the Iranian Hostage Crisis in 1979. 1956年的運河危機，1978年的戴維營和平協議，以及1979年的伊朗人質危機。 Like the CIA, Mossad's focus is on counter-terrorism and intel gathering. 與中央情報局一樣，摩薩德的工作重點是反恐和收集情報。 In recent years, Mossad has also branched out into venture capitalism, 近年來，摩薩德還涉足了風險資本主義。 investing in tech startups in an effort to stay on the cutting edge of cyber technologies. 投資於科技初創企業，努力保持在網絡技術的最前沿。 Mossad also aren't shy about the fact that covert 摩薩德也並不諱言，隱祕的 operations - including assassinations - are a major part of their mandate. 行動--包括暗殺--是其任務的一個主要部分。 One of Mossad's most high profile successes was the abduction of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann, 摩薩德最引人注目的成功之一是綁架了納粹戰犯阿道夫-艾希曼。 a daring escapade that seems like a plot straight out of a Hollywood spy movie. 這是一次大膽的逃亡行動，似乎是好萊塢間諜電影中的情節。 Eichmann was one of the architects of the Holocaust, personally responsible for the mass 艾希曼是大屠殺的設計者之一，他親自負責大規模的 "大屠殺"。 murder of 6 million of Europe's Jews, and after the war he escaped justice and fled to Argentina. 戰後，他逃脫了法律制裁，逃到了阿根廷。 There, he lived a quiet life with his family under the fake name of Ricardo Klement. When Eichmann's 在那裡，他以裡卡多-克萊門特（Ricardo Klement）的假名與家人過著平靜的生活。當艾希曼的 son began dating the daughter of a Jewish refugee who had spent time at Dachau concentration camp, 兒子開始與一個曾在達豪集中營呆過的猶太難民的女兒約會。 her father realized Eichmann's true identity. He alerted Israeli officials and Mossad sent 她的父親意識到艾希曼的真實身份。 他提醒了以色列官員，摩薩德派出 a highly trained “snatch team” to Argentina to capture him. Most members of the team had lost 一個訓練有素的 "抓捕小組 "前往阿根廷抓捕他。該小組的大多數成員已經失去了 their entire families in the concentration camps that Eichman had created. On May 11, 1960, Mossad 他們的整個家庭在艾希曼創建的集中營中。1960年5月11日，摩薩德 agents approached Eichmann as he was walking home from his job at a Mercedes Benz factory, 當艾希曼從他在奔馳工廠的工作崗位上走回家時，特工接近了他。 wrestled him to the ground and into a waiting car and sped away. They took him to a safe house 他們把他摔倒在地，並拖進一輛等候的汽車，然後飛快地離開。他們把他帶到了一個安全屋 where he was interrogated for days before being drugged and smuggled onto a plane to Israel. The 在那裡，他被審訊了好幾天，然後被下藥並被偷運到一架飛往以色列的飛機上。在那裡，他被審訊了好幾天，然後被下藥並偷渡到以色列。 trial that followed was the first televised trial in history, and the first time most of the world 隨後的審判是歷史上第一次電視審判，也是世界上大多數國家第一次 heard the true details of the Holocaust. Eichmann claimed that he was just following orders, 聽到大屠殺的真實細節。艾希曼聲稱，他只是在執行命令。 but the evidence showed otherwise - he was found guilty and hanged in June 1962. 但證據顯示情況並非如此--他被認定有罪並在1962年6月被絞死。 Some of Mossad and CIA's biggest successes have actually happened when the 2 agencies 摩薩德和中情局的一些最大的成功實際上發生在這兩個機構的時候 work together. During Operation Olympic Games, which started in 2006, CIA agents 一起工作。在2006年開始的 "奧林匹克行動 "中，中情局特工 and Mossad operatives were rumored to have worked together to foil Iran's nuclear weapons program. 有傳言說，美國總統奧巴馬和摩薩德特工曾一起合作挫敗伊朗的核武器計劃。 The operatives created a sophisticated digital weapon, dubbed the Stuxnet virus, 這些特工創造了一種複雜的數字武器，被稱為Stuxnet病毒。 the first of its kind in the world. Since hackers couldn't access the plant's systems directly, 這也是世界上第一個此類事件。由於黑客無法直接進入該工廠的系統。 they coordinated a complicated operation to infect the laptops of 5 different companies believed to 他們協調了一次複雜的行動，感染了5家不同公司的筆記本電腦，據信這些公司都是在中國的。 be connected to the facility with the destructive virus. These 'patient zeros' then spread the virus 被連接到帶有破壞性病毒的設施。這些 "零號病人 "然後傳播病毒 to the plant's industrial control computers via USB drives, effectively destroying the plant's 通過USB驅動器到工廠的工業控制計算機，有效地破壞了工廠的 centrifuges and preventing Iran from enriching uranium, an important first step in creating 阻止伊朗濃縮鈾的離心機，這是為建立一個重要的第一步。 nuclear weapons. It took nearly a year for the Iranians to discover the virus in their systems, 核武器。伊朗人花了近一年時間才發現他們系統中的病毒。 and to this day, neither the U.S. or Israel have officially taken credit for the attack. 直到今天，美國和以色列都沒有正式承認這次襲擊的功勞。 When an operation is successful, the public is unlikely to hear about it for years, 當一項手術成功時，公眾不太可能在幾年內聽到它。 if at all. Failures, on the other hand, often make headline news. In recent decades, 如果有的話。另一方面，失敗往往成為頭條新聞。在最近幾十年裡。 the CIA has come under scrutiny for its perceived failure to prevent the 9/11 attacks on the 中情局因被認為未能阻止對美國的9/11襲擊而受到審查。 World Trade Center. It has faced increased scrutiny in the wake of the Wikileaks breach, 世界貿易中心。在維基解密事件發生後，它面臨著越來越多的審查。 and Americans' growing concerns about privacy. In 2015, the CIA faced lawsuits and backlash 以及美國人對隱私的日益關注。 2015年，中情局面臨訴訟和反擊 over its interrogation methods, which critics believed amounted to torture. 審訊方法的問題，批評者認為這相當於酷刑。 Mossad is not immune to criticism, either. They are frequently accused of hyper-focusing on their 摩薩德也不免受到責備。他們經常被指控過度關注他們的 neighbor and sworn enemy Palestine to such an extent that it causes them to miss important 鄰居和不共戴天的敵人巴勒斯坦，以至於使他們錯過了重要的機會。 intel elsewhere in the Middle East and around the world. They've had their share of scandals, 在中東和世界各地的其他地方提供情報。他們也有自己的醜聞。 too. In 1972, Palestinian terrorists launched a deadly attack at the 1972 Munich Olymics, 也是。1972年，巴勒斯坦恐怖分子在1972年的慕尼黑奧運會上發動了一次致命的襲擊。 killing 6 Israeli athletes and 5 of their trainers. Mossad agents hunted down many of the 6名以色列運動員和他們的5名訓練員被殺。摩薩德特工追捕了許多 terrorists behind the attack, but in 1973, they shot and killed a Moroccan-born waiter in Norway, 襲擊背後的恐怖分子，但在1973年，他們在挪威槍殺了一名摩洛哥出生的服務員。 having mistaken him for one of the terrorists. 5 Mossad officers were tried, but released, 誤認為他是恐怖分子之一。 5名摩薩德官員被審判，但被釋放。 and Mossad compensated the victims' family. 而摩薩德則對受害者的家人進行了賠償。 Mossad and the CIA are 2 of the most elite and effective spy agencies in the world, 摩薩德和中情局是世界上最精銳和最有效的兩個間諜機構。 at times acting as allies, and at others turning their considerable espionage skills on each other. 有時作為盟友，有時則將他們相當高的間諜技能轉向對方。 Mossad versus CIA - how do they compare? Only time will tell who comes out on top - though, 摩薩德與中情局--他們如何比較？只有時間會告訴我們誰會勝出--不過。 come to think of it, maybe we don't really want to find out… 仔細想想，也許我們並不真的想知道...... If you thought this video was fascinating, be sure and check out our other videos, 如果你認為這個視頻很吸引人，請務必查看我們的其他視頻。 like this one called “Who Were The Most Successful Spies of All Time?”, 比如這篇名為 "誰是最成功的間諜 "的文章。 or perhaps you'll like this other video more! 或者你會更喜歡這個其他的視頻!