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  • right now, 55 million americans use marijuana and in Canada marijuana dispensaries are popping up everywhere, like there, Tim Hortons for weed.

    現在,5500萬美國人使用大麻 而在加拿大,大麻藥房隨處可見,就像那裡,蒂姆霍頓的大麻。

  • And I in Toronto can even order these whittled THC drinks delivered to my front door from the Canadian government.

    而我在多倫多甚至可以訂購這些被削掉的THC飲料,由加拿大政府送到我家門口。

  • Thanks.

    謝謝你

  • Justin reed is being pitched to us as kind of amazing.

    賈斯汀-裡德被投給我們的是一種驚人的。

  • Right?

    對吧?

  • Well, the recent survey found that 4.3% of americans have tried to quit marijuana at least six times and failed.

    嗯,最近的調查發現,4.3%的美國人至少有六次嘗試戒除大麻,但都失敗了。

  • Plus now withdrawal symptoms are being fully understood.

    再加上現在戒斷症狀被充分理解。

  • So today we are going to explain exactly what happens to your body when you try to quit weed, they wanted you of quitting is when withdrawal symptoms start.

    所以,今天我們要解釋到底會發生什麼你的身體,當你試圖退出雜草,他們想你的退出是當戒斷症狀開始。

  • A meta analysis of over 23,000 people found that 47% had at least three of the following withdrawal symptoms, nausea, headaches, depressed mood, difficulty getting to sleep, sweating, anger, nervousness, decreased appetite and strange dreams.

    對超過23000人的元分析發現,47%的人至少有以下三種戒斷症狀,噁心、頭痛、情緒低落、難以入睡、出汗、憤怒、緊張、食慾下降和奇怪的夢。

  • Ding.

    叮。

  • Now the risk of withdrawal symptoms is proportional to the amount of marijuana you've been consuming.

    現在,戒斷症狀的風險與你所吸食的大麻數量成正比。

  • For example, someone who consumed marijuana three times a week would likely have less withdrawal symptoms than someone who consumed marijuana every day.

    例如,每週吸食三次大麻的人,其戒斷症狀可能比每天吸食大麻的人要少。

  • Day three of quitting is an irritability and anxiety peak thankfully they begin to dissipate in the coming days.

    戒菸的第三天是一個煩躁和焦慮的高峰期,還好它們在未來幾天開始消散。

  • But on the other hand, the strange dreams and difficulty getting to sleep only begin to increase on day three.

    但另一方面,奇怪的夢和難以入睡的情況在第三天才開始增加。

  • This information has led to new research suggesting that chronic cannabis users may induce intrinsic sleep problems.

    這些資訊導致新的研究表明,慢性大麻使用者可能會誘發內在的睡眠問題。

  • Around day four of quitting is when the amazing physiological changes in your brain start to occur, marijuana contains molecules which mimic natural neurotransmitters that are already in your brain called cannabinoids.

    戒菸的第四天左右是你大腦開始發生驚人的生理變化的時候,大麻含有模擬你大腦中已有的天然神經遞質的分子,稱為大麻素。

  • At baseline cannabinoids circulate at lower quantities in your body.

    在基線狀態下,大麻素在體內循環的數量較少。

  • But when you ingest marijuana, you create an influx of cannabinoids into your system, most specifically an increase in the psychoactive component, THC A.

    但當你攝入大麻時,你會創造出大量的大麻素湧入你的系統,最特別的是精神活性成分THC A的增加。

  • K.

    K.

  • A delta nine tetrahydrocannabinol, which is what I like to call it THC is for nubes.

    三角九號四氫大麻酚,我喜歡稱它為THC是為nubes。

  • When I see someone with an edible I say how much delta nine tetrahydrocannabinol gotten there.

    當我看到有人拿著可食用的東西時,我就會說那裡有多少三角九號四氫大麻酚。

  • But the THC you've consumed while getting stone resembles the natural neurotransmitter and anandamide and creates increased neuronal activity in certain parts of your brain which cause thoughts, imagination and perception.

    但是,你在得到石頭的同時,所攝入的THC類似於天然的神經遞質和安乃近,並在大腦的某些部位產生了增加的神經元活動,從而引起思想、想象和感知。

  • To magnify the THC binding to your neurons also affects dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the body which can lead to euphoria, pain, modulation and anxiety.

    為了放大THC與神經元的結合,也會影響體內多巴胺和去甲腎上腺素的水準,從而導致欣快感、疼痛、調製和焦慮。

  • But the thing is as you continue to consume weed it becomes harder to quit.

    但問題是當你繼續吸食大麻時,就很難戒掉。

  • You start to create a desensitization and down regulation of your endo cannabinoid receptors, specifically the CB one receptor.

    你開始創造一個脫敏和下調你的內大麻素受體,特別是CB一受體。

  • Since this receptor modulates systems of short term memory, increased cannabis use means a decrease in short term memory.

    由於這種受體能調節短期記憶的系統,是以,大麻使用量的增加意味著短期記憶的減少。

  • THC also affects neurons involved in the experience of novelty.

    THC還影響參與新奇體驗的神經元。

  • When THC binds specific neurons, the influx creates an exciting sense of novelty even for mundane repetitive tasks, like washing dishes, it's why you might get stoned and walk down your same street and feel like everything is heightened.

    當THC與特定的神經元結合時,湧入的THC會產生令人興奮的新奇感,即使是平凡的重複性任務,比如洗碗,這就是為什麼你可能會被石頭砸到,走在同一條街上,感覺一切都被提高了。

  • It's like, wow is everything in bloom, It's the middle of winter.

    這就像,哇,一切都在綻放,這是冬天的中間。

  • But regular cannabis use leads to the down regulation of these same neurons, making it harder to quit and making it harder to feel the bliss of a new experience while sober after too much weed, you might go to paris for the first time and see the Eiffel Tower and be like, does it, is it a lighthouse?

    但是經常性的使用大麻會導致這些神經元的下調,使得戒菸變得更難,也更難感受到新體驗的幸福感,而在吸食了太多的大麻之後,你可能第一次去巴黎,看到埃菲爾鐵塔,就會想,這,是燈塔嗎?

  • It's pointless.

    這是毫無意義的。

  • Okay, cool.

    好吧,酷。

  • Shall we go up now?

    我們現在要上去嗎?

  • Let's not go up, We should just go home.

    我們不要上去了,我們還是回家吧。

  • But thankfully on day four of quitting marijuana, the CB one cannabinoid receptors will likely have returned to normal functioning essentially.

    但值得慶幸的是,在戒除大麻的第四天,CB一大麻素受體很可能已基本恢復正常功能。

  • It only takes around four days of quitting marijuana for the neuronal changes in your brain to go back to baseline.

    戒除大麻只需要四天左右,大腦的神經元變化就會回到基線。

  • Now, this is new research and I think it is important that we continue to study this, especially as the popularity of weed skyrockets.

    現在,這是新的研究,我認為我們繼續研究這個是很重要的,特別是隨著雜草的普及率的飆升。

  • We need lots of long term evidence about how this could be affecting our brains.

    我們需要大量的長期證據來證明這如何影響我們的大腦。

  • I am focusing on how the THC affects the systems in your body, how you get that THC into you might involve smoking and the act of smoking could have lasting effects on your lungs.

    我的重點是THC如何影響你身體的系統,你如何讓THC進入你可能涉及吸菸和吸菸行為可能對你的肺部產生持久的影響。

  • But there is actually a specific way that the THC in your system can have longer impacts on your neurology in your brain.

    但實際上有一種特殊的方式,就是你體內的THC可以對你的大腦神經系統產生較長時間的影響。

  • If you consume too much marijuana during development, such as an adolescence, you can create long term neuro physiological effects.

    如果在發育期,比如青春期,攝入過多的大麻,會造成長期的神經生理影響。

  • So yeah, I started smoking weed in grade 10, which by definition is adolescents, so whoops!

    所以,是的,我從10年級開始抽大麻,根據定義,這是青少年,所以嗚嗚!。

  • Is as a closeted gay kid in a high school with no other gay kids, I was sort of drawn to that stoner skater crowd because to be honest, they were the most fashionable.

    是作為一個封閉的同志孩子 在高中沒有其他同志的孩子, 我是那種吸引到斯托納滑板人群 因為說實話,他們是最時尚的。

  • I also always had this gay voice.

    我也一直有這種同志的聲音。

  • So when people come up to me and be like you're gay, I'd be like, actually no, I'm sort of like a quirky, cool, like skater bro, I'm at 11, but boy as a queer kid, weirdly weed was an asset for me.

    所以,當人們來找我,是像你是同志,我會說,其實不是,我有點像一個古怪的,很酷,像滑板兄弟,我在11,但男孩作為一個同志的孩子,奇怪的是大麻是我的資產。

  • But all those reasons aside, scientific evidence now suggests that I could have been doing long term damage to my neurophysiology.

    但拋開這些原因不談,現在的科學證據表明,我可能對我的神經生理造成了長期的損害。

  • So was it worth it because when it comes to marijuana's lasting neuronal effects, the age of your brain matters.

    所以值得嗎,因為說到大麻對神經元的持久影響,你的大腦年齡很重要。

  • Okay, but back today, 5 to 7 of quitting weed, a recent study found most people who tried to quit marijuana would fail on days 5 to 7 and it was hardest for people who were dependent on marijuana, marijuana dependence can be defined as someone who has consumed weed daily for 10 years and has attempted to quit numerous times, but not made it past day seven.

    好吧,不過今天回到戒菸的5到7,最近的一項研究發現,大多數試圖戒掉大麻的人都會在第5到7天失敗,而對大麻有依賴性的人最難,大麻依賴性可以定義為:一個人在10年內每天都在吸食大麻,並且多次試圖戒掉,但沒有熬過第七天。

  • It can also be defined by a continued use of marijuana despite social psychological and physical impairments.

    也可以定義為:儘管有社會心理和生理障礙,但仍繼續使用大麻。

  • It should be noted that although many scientists agree that marijuana dependence does exist, They also agree that dependence on marijuana is less severe than dependence on alcohol, cocaine or opiates.

    應該指出的是,雖然許多科學家都認為大麻依賴性確實存在,但他們也認為對大麻的依賴性比對酒精、可卡因或鴉片劑的依賴性要輕。

  • But for marijuana days 5-7 are important days to focus on when trying to quit as statistically, they are the biggest hurdle.

    但對於大麻來說,5-7天是嘗試戒菸時需要重點關注的重要日子,因為據統計,這幾天是最大的障礙。

  • I mean, I feel this.

    我的意思是,我覺得這。

  • I still consume weed.

    我還在吸食大麻。

  • Yes, it's been decades, thankfully not daily, but I do wonder if I'm dependent and it is on day 5 to 7 where I usually find myself ordering a little edible from the gulf Gove and taking my just dance skills to the next level.

    是的,已經幾十年了,幸好不是每天都有,但我確實不知道自己是否有依賴性,而且是在第5天到第7天的時候,我通常會發現自己從海灣戈夫那裡點了一點可食用的東西,並將我的正義舞蹈技能提升到一個新的水準。

  • It's also honestly because the weekend comes and I want to watch a movie stone to be honest, in my adult years, I don't know if I've ever entered a movie theater, not stoned for me.

    說實話,也是因為週末來了,想看電影石說實話,我成年後,不知道有沒有進過電影院,對我來說不是石。

  • Movie theaters represent the munchies and spending about $79,000 on their largest popcorn, also getting chocolate to pour into the popcorn, then the gummies to eat to take the popcorn out of my teeth while I'm eating the popcorn and also nachos with an extra fake cheese.

    電影院代表的是零食,花了7.9萬元左右買了他們最大的爆米花,還買了巧克力倒進爆米花裡,然後在吃爆米花的時候,吃到了把爆米花從牙縫裡拿出來的口香糖,還吃到了多了一個假奶酪的玉米片。

  • So I have enough fake cheese to kill a small horse.

    所以我有足夠的假奶酪,可以殺死一匹小馬。

  • But finally, if you make it today 28 of no, we'd all withdrawal symptoms disappear.

    但最後,如果你能做到今天28的不,我們的戒斷症狀都會消失。

  • Your affected endocannabinoid system and CB one receptors will return to baseline and you might be able to understand a movie.

    你受影響的內分泌系統和CB一受體將恢復到基線,你可能會理解一部電影。

  • So I'm not saying that you just have to go out there and quit weed right now, for example, that's not what I'm planning to do.

    所以我並不是說你現在就得出去戒掉大麻,比如說,我並不打算這麼做。

  • But I think it's really important to understand what will happen to you if you do decide to quit.

    但我認為,瞭解如果你決定戒菸會發生什麼,真的很重要。

  • Life is hard and I do think that education and learning is what allows you to make the best choices for you.

    生活是艱辛的,我確實認為,教育和學習才能讓你做出最適合自己的選擇。

  • And I think science shows us that quitting weed isn't as easy as we might think it is.

    而且我認為科學告訴我們,戒菸並不像我們想象的那麼容易。

  • You can click a link to our podcast where we discuss more about the science of quitting weed, make sure you're subscribed and we'll see you next week for a new science video piece.

    你可以點擊鏈接到我們的播客,在那裡我們討論更多關於戒除大麻的科學,請確保你訂閱,下週我們會看到你的新科學視頻作品。

right now, 55 million americans use marijuana and in Canada marijuana dispensaries are popping up everywhere, like there, Tim Hortons for weed.

現在,5500萬美國人使用大麻 而在加拿大,大麻藥房隨處可見,就像那裡,蒂姆霍頓的大麻。

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B2 中高級 中文 大麻 神經元 大腦 症狀 受體 影響

戒掉大麻後會發生什麼? (What Happens When You Quit Marijuana?)

  • 11 2
    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 20 日
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