Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

自動翻譯
  • You're just going about your day, with a lot  of things on your mind. You're trying to stay  

    你每天都在忙活,腦子裡有很多事情。你想保持

  • focused and get to your next destination whenwhoa! That's probably the most attractive person  

    專注,並得到你的下一個目的地時 - 哇!這可能是最有吸引力的人。

  • you've ever seen in your life, and now your  mind can only think about one thing! So much  

    你一生中見過的,現在你的腦子裡只能想一件事!這麼多

  • for focus - it's like a switch was flipped in your  mind the second you felt that surge of attraction.

    對於焦點--就像在你感受到那股吸引力的一瞬間,你心中的開關被打開了。

  • Most people have experienced  it, but few understand it.  

    大多數人都經歷過,但很少有人瞭解它。

  • What exactly happens to your  mind when you get turned on?

    當你興奮起來的時候,你的大腦到底會發生什麼?

  • Our brains are a complex combination of neurons  and chemical reactions, and every thought or  

    我們的大腦是神經元和化學反應的複雜組合,每一個想法或

  • emotion that goes through that grey matter  triggers a different combination of reactions.  

    情緒,通過該灰質引發不同的反應組合。

  • But few reactions have as much of an immediate  impact as sexual attraction, and it would be  

    但很少有反應能像性吸引那樣產生立竿見影的效果,這將是

  • very noticeable - if we were actually thinking  about the science instead of having our minds on  

    非常明顯的 - 如果我們真的在思考科學,而不是有我們的心思在。

  • only one thing. This is the process of sexual  attraction, but most people think of it more  

    只有一件事。這就是性吸引的過程,但大多數人更多的認為是

  • as gettingturned onorfeeling horny”.  It can make people act in all sorts of ways,  

    作為得到 "打開 "或 "感覺角質"。 它可以讓人們做出各種行為。

  • from stumbling over their words to blurting  out inappropriate things. But before your  

    從說話磕磕絆絆到說出不恰當的話。但在你的

  • brain gets you into trouble, understanding exactly  what's going on might just help avoid that slap.

    大腦讓你陷入困境,瞭解到底發生了什麼,可能只是幫助避免那一巴掌。

  • So what is getting turned on, anyway?

    那麼,到底是什麼被打開了呢?

  • Sexual arousal is the combination of the  physical and cognitive changes you undergo  

    性喚醒是你生理和認知變化的綜合體現

  • when your mind perceives something sexually  desirable. This can be the presence of a person,  

    當你的心靈感知到一些性慾的東西時。這可能是一個人的存在。

  • or it can be the sight of something  sexually attractive on TV,  

    或者是在電視上看到有性吸引力的東西。

  • on the computer - or even on the printed pageas many teen boys discovered when they snooped  

    在電腦上,甚至在印刷品上,許多十幾歲的男孩發現,當他們窺探

  • through dad's special box of magazines. As  soon as the brain reacts, the body responds.

    通過爸爸的特製雜誌盒。大腦一有反應,身體就會有反應。

  • What changes are you going to feel immediately?

    你會立即感受到哪些變化?

  • The body tends to be pretty subtle with physical  indications of sexual attraction. You'd be more  

    身體對性吸引的生理指標往往很微妙。你會更

  • likely to blush, your pupils may dilate, and blood  flow will speed up - especially to the genitals.  

    可能會臉紅,瞳孔可能會放大,血液流速會加快--尤其是流向生殖器。

  • The nipples may get more erect, but those  are probably kept hidden under a shirt.  

    乳頭可能會更加勃起,但這些可能會被藏在襯衫下。

  • What might not be hidden, as any guy who suddenly  didn't want to get up from the table can testify,  

    可能藏不住的東西,任何一個突然不想從桌子上站起來的傢伙都可以作證。

  • is an erection. This is when extra blood flow  heads to the penis, making it larger and harder.  

    是勃起。這時額外的血液流向陰莖,使其更大更硬。

  • While this is useful in preparing for sex, it  can also make itself very obvious and awkward.

    雖然這對準備性生活很有用,但也會讓自己變得非常明顯和尷尬。

  • These changes are nothing compared  to what's happening in the brain.

    這些變化與大腦中發生的事情相比,根本不算什麼。

  • If you asked most people what organ is most  associated with sex and love, they might say  

    如果你問大多數人什麼器官與性和愛最相關,他們可能會說

  • the heart. That's definitely what the companies  making Valentine's Day treats seem to think.  

    心。這絕對是製作情人節點心的公司似乎認為的。

  • But while it might be more appropriate for  Halloween, it's the brain that's the star  

    不過,雖然它可能更適合萬聖節,但大腦才是明星。

  • of the show and makes sexual attraction as  powerful as it is. The chemical reactions  

    的表演,並使性吸引力變得如此強大。化學反應

  • it creates when it perceives sexual attraction  affect almost every area of the body. That's  

    當它感知到性吸引力時,它產生的影響幾乎影響到身體的每一個部位。這就是...

  • because the brain is in control of the way we  perceive the world - through our five senses.

    因為大腦控制著我們感知世界的方式--通過我們的五官。

  • The question of what happens to  your brain on sex is so complex,  

    性愛時大腦會發生什麼,這個問題太複雜了。

  • there have been studies on  it - dating back decades.

    有關於它的研究--可以追溯到幾十年前。

  • It was back in 1966 when the first major work  on the science of sex was published - and  

    早在1966年,第一部關於性科學的重要著作就已經出版了--並且

  • appropriately, it was published by a pair with  experience! William Masters and Virginia Johnson  

    恰當的是,它是由一對有經驗的人出版的!威廉-馬斯特斯和弗吉尼亞-約翰遜

  • were both scientists and a couple, and their book  “Human Sexual Responseclaimed that there was a  

    他們都是科學家,也是一對夫妻,他們的《人類的性反應》一書宣稱,有一個。

  • four-stage process of sexual response. It started  with the initial sexual attraction, where the body  

    性反應的四階段過程。首先是最初的性吸引,在這個過程中,身體

  • and mind react. Next comes a plateau phase as  the body gets ready for sex. Next is the orgasm,  

    和心靈的反應。接下來是一個平臺期,身體做好了性愛的準備。接下來就是性高潮。

  • the climax of sex where the changes are the most  heightened. Finally, it's the resolution phase  

    性愛的高潮期,在這裡,變化是最強烈的。最後,是解決階段

  • as the body returns to its baseline but many  of the changes can still be felt. While their  

    當身體恢復到基線時,但仍能感覺到許多變化。雖然他們的

  • research has been criticized for a questionable  sample size and too much reliance on the sexual  

    研究受到責備,因為樣本量有問題,而且過於依賴性生活。

  • standards of the day, the basics of how the body  and mind process sex are considered accurate.

    當今的標準,身體和心靈如何處理性的基礎知識被認為是準確的。

  • So how do each of the four stages break down?

    那麼這四個階段分別是如何分解的呢?

  • The initial arousal stage is all about getting  you ready for sex. Some have said that the brain  

    最初的喚醒階段就是讓你為性愛做好準備。有人說,大腦

  • lights up like a Lite-Brite, with multiple  parts of your brain becoming heightened.  

    點亮了像Lite-Brite一樣的燈光,你的大腦多個部位都會變得高度發達。

  • These include the amygdala, the hypothalamusand the superior and inferior parietal lobes.  

    這些包括杏仁核、下丘腦和上、下頂葉。

  • This doesn't just affect your thought, it  triggers intense emotional reactions that make  

    這不僅影響你的思想,還會引發強烈的情緒反應,使

  • you more receptive to the idea of sex and push  most other thoughts out of the mind. You'll be  

    你更容易接受性的想法,並把大多數其他的想法趕出腦海。你會

  • more suggestible, especially if the suggestion  is coming from the object of your affection.

    更容易受到暗示,特別是如果暗示來自你的感情對象。

  • Things calm down next, but  it's the calm before the storm.

    接下來事情平靜下來,但這是暴風雨前的平靜。

  • The plateau phase is where the body slows downbut maintains its state of heightened arousal.  

    高原期是指身體放慢速度,但保持高度興奮的狀態。

  • In women, this just means more of the samebut in men the brain shifts focus to making  

    對女性來說,這只是意味著更多的相同,但在男人的大腦轉移焦點,使

  • some physical changes to prepare for sex - like  contracting the muscles for urine release to  

    一些身體上的變化,為性愛做準備--比如收縮肌肉,以利於尿液的釋放,以達到性愛的目的

  • create a clean path for ejaculation. And the  body wants to make sure it gets to that point,  

    為射精創造一條幹淨的道路。而身體要確保它能達到這個點。

  • so the brain's decision-making abilities continue  to be aimed in the direction of one thing - sex.

    所以,大腦的決策能力繼續朝著一件事的方向發展--性。

  • And the release can only  come in one way - an orgasm.

    而釋放的方式只有一個--高潮。

  • The orgasm is the release of all the  built-up sexual tension, complete with  

    高潮是所有積聚的性緊張的釋放,完成了。

  • contraction of pelvic muscles, ejaculationand uterine and vaginal contractions in women.  

    盆腔肌肉收縮、射精、女性的子宮和陰道收縮。

  • It can be triggered by intercourse  or masturbation, and the impact on  

    可由性交或手淫引發,並對

  • the body is at its most intense during these  phases. But as obvious as those changes are,  

    在這些階段,身體的變化是最強烈的。但儘管這些變化很明顯。

  • this is also the phase where the impact  on the brain is the most significant.

    這也是對大腦影響最大的階段。

  • So what's happening to your brain on sex?

    那麼你的大腦在性方面發生了什麼?

  • Researchers have been interested in this  question for a long time, and they've been able  

    研究者們對這個問題感興趣已久,他們已經能

  • to use Magnetic Resonance Imaging to get a look  inside the brain at the exact moment of orgasm.  

    利用磁共振成像技術來了解大腦內部的情況 在性高潮的確切時刻。

  • The biggest reveal is that while much  of your brain is more active during sex,  

    最大的啟示是,雖然你的大部分大腦在性生活中比較活躍。

  • there's one area that basically shuts downThat's the lateral orbitofrontal cortex - the  

    有一個區域基本上是關閉的。 那就是外側眶額葉皮層--------------------------------。

  • part of your brain that makes decisions  and value judgements based on reason.  

    你大腦的一部分,根據理性做出決定和價值判斷。

  • That means your brain is saying goodbye  to logic during sex, and much of the  

    這意味著你的大腦在性愛過程中告別了邏輯,而大部分的...

  • fear and anxiety that usually guides us is  nowhere to be found. This keeps the focus  

    通常引導我們的恐懼和焦慮無處可尋。這使我們的注意力

  • on arousal and decreases the odds that you'll  be interrupted by stray thoughts during sex.

    對喚醒,減少你在性愛中被雜念打斷的機率。

  • In fact, it seems like your entire  brain is focused on one thing.

    事實上,你的整個大腦似乎都集中在一件事上。

  • Your brain regions are usually  responsible for different functions,  

    你的大腦區域通常負責不同的功能。

  • but when your body is focused on sex, a whole  bunch of areas concentrate their efforts on  

    但當你的身體集中在性愛上時 一大堆區域都會集中精力去做

  • one thing - helping the body reach orgasmThe thalamus is one of the superheroes here,  

    一件事--幫助身體達到性高潮。 丘腦是這裡的超級英雄之一。

  • integrating all the information you might  have in your brain including memories of touch  

    整合你大腦中所有的資訊,包括觸摸的記憶。

  • and movement or any sexual fantasies  you might have stored in your brain.  

    和運動或任何性幻想,你可能已經存儲在你的大腦。

  • Your motor functions are focused on moving  properly during the act of sex, and the sensory  

    你的運動功能主要集中在性行為時的適當運動,而感覺

  • cortex that controls feeling in the genitals  is heightened and enhancing sexual pleasure.

    控制生殖器感覺的皮層增強,增強性快感。

  • But two hormones released by your brain  are doing a lot of the heavy lifting.

    但是,你的大腦釋放的兩種激素正在做很多沉重的工作。

  • Why does sex and sexual attraction feel so goodIt's all because of one hormone - dopamine. This  

    為什麼性愛和性吸引的感覺這麼好? 這都是因為一種激素--多巴胺。這種

  • hormone is one of the biggest producers of good  feelings, giving you more desire and motivation  

    荷爾蒙是好感度的最大生產者之一,讓你有更多的慾望和動力。

  • as well as a general sense of pleasureIt's formed naturally in the brain,  

    以及一般的愉悅感。 它是在大腦中自然形成的。

  • and this pleasure chemical is useful for creating  patterns in your brain. If things like food and  

    而這種快樂的化學物質對於在你的大腦中創造模式是有用的。如果像食物和

  • sex cause a release of dopamine, the body will  remember this and work to get more of them.

    性導致多巴胺的釋放,身體會記住這一點,並努力獲得更多的。

  • But another hormone may  have an even bigger impact.

    但另一種激素可能有更大的影響。

  • Oxytocin is secreted by the pituitary  gland and distributed by the hypothalamus,  

    催產素由垂體分泌,由下丘腦分佈。

  • and has a powerful impact on our emotionsMore complex than a simple pleasure hormone,  

    並對我們的情緒有強大的影響。 比簡單的快樂激素更復雜。

  • it triggers feelings of closeness to  others and makes us want to show affection.  

    它能引發我們對他人的親近感,讓我們想要表達愛意。

  • It's often called the bonding hormone  because it creates a sense of attachment,  

    因為它能讓人產生依戀感,所以常被稱為結合激素。

  • and is released alongside the hormone prolactinwhich creates the sense of satisfaction that  

    並與荷爾蒙催乳素一起釋放,從而產生滿足感。

  • comes with an orgasm. For many, an orgasm  is the quickest way to get a strong hit of  

    伴隨著性高潮的到來。對很多人來說,高潮是獲得強烈衝擊的最快捷的方式。

  • these powerful hormones - but they're released one  other way. When a mother breastfeeds, she gets the  

    這些強大的荷爾蒙 - 但它們是以另一種方式釋放的。當一個母親用母乳餵養時,她得到的是

  • same release of Oxytocin as a way for biology  to encourage this life-sustaining behavior.

    同樣釋放催產素,作為生物學鼓勵這種維持生命的行為的一種方式。

  • And these hormones affect our  bodies in some unique ways.

    而這些激素會以一些獨特的方式影響我們的身體。

  • Studies show that the experience of sexual  arousal actually creates some of the same  

    研究表明,性興奮的體驗實際上也會產生一些相同的。

  • positive responses as other stimuli. The pathways  in our brain that perceive rewards are activated,  

    作為其他刺激的積極反應。我們大腦中感知獎勵的通路被激活。

  • and this is much of the same reaction  we get when we listen to a favorite song  

    這和我們聽一首喜歡的歌時的反應是一樣的

  • or enjoy food. But it's also the same positive  response we get when we engage in addictive  

    或享受食物。但這也是我們從事上癮性活動時得到的積極反應。

  • behavior like gambling or consuming alcohol or  drugs - which may explain why sex addiction is  

    賭博、酗酒或吸毒等行為--這也許可以解釋為什麼性癮是一種很常見的行為。

  • becoming a common problem for people who  seek out that positive response a little  

    成為一個常見的問題,誰尋求積極的迴應一點點的人。

  • too much. One of those reactions isdecreased sense of pain - meaning that  

    太多。其中一個反應是疼痛感降低--意味著

  • when people say that they'refeeling no pain”  while on a high, they may take that literally.

    當人們說他們 "感覺不到疼痛",而在一個高,他們可能會採取字面意思。

  • But what happens when the cooldown comes?

    但冷卻時間到了怎麼辦?

  • Thepost-sex glowyou might have heard about  is a real thing, and it's the final stage of how  

    你可能聽說過的 "性愛後的光芒 "是真實存在的,這是最後階段如何

  • the body reacts to sexual attraction. The brain  slows down a bit from its previous high during  

    身體對性吸引的反應。大腦的速度從之前的高點放慢了一些,在這期間

  • sexual arousal, but it's still active. Not only  does it keep cranking out oxytocin to enhance the  

    性興奮,但它仍然活躍。它不僅不斷地搖出催產素來增強人們的

  • feelings of attachment, but the parasympathetic  nervous system works at calming the body down.  

    眷戀的感覺,但副交感神經系統的作用是讓身體平靜下來。

  • To do that, it releases the third magic hormone  - serotonin. This is another pleasure hormone,  

    為此,它釋放出第三種神奇的荷爾蒙--血清素。這是另一種快樂激素。

  • but in a much more relaxed way. It  promotes a good mood and calmness,  

    但在更輕鬆的方式。它能促進心情的好轉和平靜。

  • which is why people often feel like  curling up for a nap after sex.

    這也是為什麼人們在性愛後常常會覺得蜷縮著睡一覺的原因。

  • So why does the brain work so hard to  make sexual attraction a great time?

    那麼,為什麼大腦會如此努力地讓性吸引變得很好呢?

  • The first reason is - well, nature wants us  to keep having children. Reproducing is the  

    第一個原因是--嗯,大自然希望我們繼續生孩子。繁殖是

  • only way for a species to continue existingand it's the most basic biological urge going  

    這是一個物種繼續存在的唯一途徑,這也是最基本的生物衝動。

  • back to the time the first creatures populated the  ancient waters of Earth. But it's also not an easy  

    回溯到最早的生物出現在地球古老的水域的時候。但這也不是一件容易的事

  • process - especially for humans, who usually only  have one offspring at a time and take nine months  

    特別是對人類來說,他們通常一次只生一個後代,需要九個月的時間。

  • to do it. So our brain rewards us for having sex  and gives us positive feedback when we get turned  

    來做這件事。所以我們的大腦會獎勵我們做愛,當我們被轉彎時,會給我們積極的反饋。

  • on - and conveniently turns off that logic center  of the brain to ensure nothing distracts us.

    開--並方便地關閉大腦的那個邏輯中心,以確保沒有任何東西能讓我們分心。

  • But that's not the only benefit  we get from sexual attraction.

    但這不是我們從性吸引中得到的唯一好處。

  • There is actually evidence that having an orgasm  provides benefits for the brain long-term.  

    其實有證據表明,有性高潮對大腦有長期的好處。

  • When having sex, the body increases blood flow to  the brain, which can help to keep things moving  

    在進行性生活時,身體會增加腦部的血流量,這樣可以幫助保持事情的進展。

  • smoothly in the brain and improve the chances for  long-term brain health. So the body and mind are  

    在大腦中順利進行,提高大腦長期健康的機會。所以,身體和心靈是

  • working together to encourage an activity that  benefits everyone involved - and feels so good  

    攜手合作,鼓勵開展有益於每個人的活動--而且感覺非常好

  • that it becomes a basic biological urge even when  reproduction isn't the first thing on the mind.

    這成為了一種基本的生理衝動,甚至當生殖不是第一件事的時候。

  • But what drives this function  more - the body or the mind?

    但是,是什麼更驅動這種功能--身體還是心靈?

  • The body reacts to external stimuli and that  can trigger an orgasm, but there is a lot of  

    身體對外界刺激的反應,可以引發性高潮,但有很多的

  • evidence that the process of sexual arousal is  actually driven as much if not more by the brain.  

    證據表明,性喚起的過程實際上是由大腦驅動的,如果不是更多。

  • In the case of people who cannot experience  genital stimulation due to injury,  

    對於因受傷而無法體驗生殖器刺激的人來說。

  • studies have shown that other parts  of the body can become more sensitive  

    研究表明,身體的其他部位會變得更加敏感。

  • and be used in a similar way to allow  the person to reach sexual arousal.  

    並以類似的方式讓人達到性興奮。

  • Areas such as the nipple or the arms become  new pathways to pleasure, bypassing the sexual  

    乳頭或手臂等部位成為新的快感途徑,繞過了性愛

  • organs. When it comes to sexual attraction, the  brain often finds a way when the body can't.

    器官。在性吸引方面,大腦往往會在身體無法找到方法的時候找到方法。

  • One thing is for sure - when the brain realizes  it's turned on, it wants you to know it.  

    有一件事是肯定的--當大腦意識到它被打開時,它希望你知道它。

  • And it's all hands on deck to send that message  to the body and get you to make that first move.

    而且是全員出動,把這個資訊傳遞給身體,讓你做出第一個動作。

  • For more on this human impulse, check outWhat  Happens To Your Body When You're Having Sex”,  

    想了解更多關於這種人類衝動的資訊,請查看《當你做愛時身體會發生什麼》。

  • or watch this video instead.

    或觀看此視頻。

You're just going about your day, with a lot  of things on your mind. You're trying to stay  

你每天都在忙活,腦子裡有很多事情。你想保持

字幕與單字
自動翻譯

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 大腦 身體 反應 性高潮 激素 釋放

當你被開啟時,你的大腦會發生什麼? (What Happens To Your Brain When You Are Turned On?)

  • 3 0
    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 19 日
影片單字