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  • Fifty.

    五十歲

  • Billion.

    億元。

  • Dollars.

    美元。

  • It's a huge number, but as you'll see in today's video, that was the cost of the

    這是一個巨大的數字,但正如你在今天的視頻中所看到的,這是成本的。

  • damage caused by just one computer virus.

    僅僅一個計算機病毒造成的損失。

  • Even if you don't have billions of dollars to lose, you still have to keep yourself protected

    即使你沒有幾十億的損失,也要保護好自己

  • when you're browsing online.

    當你在網上瀏覽的時候。

  • And that's why we're so happy that today's video was sponsored by Private Internet Access,

    這也是為什麼我們很高興今天的視頻是由私網通贊助的。

  • the leading no-log VPN service with over 30 million downloads.

    領先的無日誌VPN服務,下載量超過3000萬次。

  • Not only does Private Internet Access's VPN keep you safe by hiding your IP address

    Private Internet Access的VPN不僅可以通過隱藏您的IP地址來保證您的安全,而且還可以在您的電腦上使用。

  • and protecting your private information, it also helps you browse the internet in the

    和保護您的隱私資訊,它還可以幫助您在瀏覽互聯網時,在

  • way it was meant to be experienced, free of geo-restrictions or other location based blocks.

    的方式來體驗,沒有地理限制或其他基於位置的障礙。

  • I use a VPN literally every day, both to keep my information from being exposed to bad actors,

    我每天都會使用VPN,既可以防止我的資訊暴露在壞人面前。

  • the very same kind who might try to infect my machine with a devastating virus, but also

    就是那種可能會用毀滅性的病毒感染我的機器的人,但同時也是

  • to watch video from sources that are blocked in my country.

    觀看在我國被屏蔽的視頻源。

  • Private Internet Access's VPN has access to nearly 20,000 servers in 70 countries,

    Private Internet Access的VPN可以訪問70個國家的近2萬臺服務器。

  • works on virtually any device regardless of platform, a kill switch that disconnects you

    幾乎可以在任何平臺的任何設備上使用,一個可以斷開你的連接的殺傷開關。

  • from the internet if your VPN connection drops to ensure that your real IP isn't leaked,

    如果你的VPN連接中斷,你可以從互聯網上下載VPN,以確保你的真實IP不會被洩露。

  • and best of all, no logging

    最重要的是,沒有記錄... ...

  • Ever!

    從來沒有!

  • So what are you waiting for?

    那你還在等什麼?

  • Give it a try today with the link in the description and get 2 years plus 3 extra months free for

    今天就用描述中的鏈接試一試,並獲得2年加3個月的免費服務。

  • just $2.59 per month!

    每月僅需2.59美元!

  • 26th January, 2004.

    2004年1月26日。

  • It's 8 am eastern time and the sun is rising over the east coast of the United States.

    現在是東部時間上午8點,太陽正從美國東海岸升起。

  • Tens of millions of commuters make their daily drive to offices from New York to Florida,

    從紐約到佛羅里達州,每天有數以千萬計的上班族驅車前往辦公室。

  • sitting down to open their emails and get the world of American business started for

    坐下來打開他們的電子郵件,讓美國的商業世界開始為。

  • the day.

    當天。

  • Each person's inbox is unique, but a few thousand workers can't help but spot a unique email

    每個人的收件箱都是獨一無二的,但幾千名工作人員卻不能不發現一封獨特的郵件。

  • amongst the typical spam, office gossip, or family member saying hello.

    在典型的垃圾郵件、辦公室閒話或家人問候中。

  • The email's message varies- for some it's a failed delivery notification, for others

    郵件的資訊各不相同--對有些人來說是投遞失敗的通知,對有些人來說是

  • it's a simplehey!” orClick me baby, one more time”, a funny throwback to Brittney

    這是一個簡單的 "嘿!"或 "點擊我的寶貝,再一次",一個有趣的回溯到布蘭妮。

  • Spear's 1998 megahit pop song.

    斯皮爾1998年的巨星級流行歌曲。

  • Wary of unknown email addresses, most people don't open the email and assume it's spam.

    警惕不明郵件地址,大多數人不會打開郵件,以為是垃圾郵件。

  • However, a few handful of people do open the email.

    然而,少數人確實會打開郵件。

  • Out of them, several actually click the attached link.

    其中,有幾個人居然點擊了附件的鏈接。

  • That's all it'll take to unleash the most expensive computer virus in history.

    這就是釋放史上最昂貴的電腦病毒的代價。

  • The virus immediately scans the address book of the few fools who actually opened the included

    該病毒會立即掃描少數傻瓜的通訊錄,這些傻瓜真正打開了附帶的 "病毒"。

  • attachment, installing itself on their machines.

    附件,在他們的機器上自行安裝。

  • Then, over the course of a few seconds, the virus emails itself to every single contact

    然後,在幾秒鐘的時間裡,病毒通過電子郵件向每一個聯繫人發送自己的電子郵件。

  • in the user's address book.

    在用戶的通訊錄中。

  • This generates a new wave of infected emails- only this time coming from email addresses

    這將產生新一波受感染的電子郵件--只是這次來自於電子郵件地址

  • familiar, and safe, to hundreds of people.

    熟悉,而且安全,對數百人來說。

  • Those hundreds open their infected emails from a trusted source, immediately infecting

    這幾百個人從一個可信的來源打開他們的感染郵件,立即感染了

  • their own computers.

    他們自己的電腦。

  • Once more, the virus scans their address books and emails itself to every contact on it.

    再次,病毒會掃描他們的通訊錄,並將自己的郵件發送給上面的每個聯繫人。

  • Within the span of an hour, a single infected user has successfully spread the infection

    在一個小時的時間裡,一個受感染的用戶已經成功地傳播了病毒

  • to thousands of other users, the virus growing its web across the American east coast and

    到數千名其他用戶,病毒在美國東海岸發展其網絡和。

  • far beyond.

    遠遠超過。

  • By 9pm eastern, the virus, which originated from Russia, has begun to reach computers

    到了東部時間晚上9點,源自俄羅斯的病毒已經開始進入電腦中

  • across the world.

    世界各地的。

  • By noon, the tech world has woken up to the monster that is MyDoom.

    到了中午,科技界已經醒悟過來,發現了MyDoom這個怪物。

  • Security companies around the world race to identify the virus and work on a fix to the

    世界各地的安全公司競相識別病毒,並致力於修復該病毒。

  • infection.

    感染。

  • By lunchtime in America, the virus has spread globally, with one in ten emails being sent

    到了美國的午餐時間,病毒已經在全球範圍內蔓延,每10封郵件中就有1封被髮

  • containing the virus.

    含有病毒的。

  • Its reach is so pervasive that global internet speeds actually slow down by ten percent,

    它的影響範圍如此之廣,以至於全球網速居然慢了百分之十。

  • and loading times on the average web page increase by a whopping fifty percent.

    和平均網頁的加載時間增加了百分之五十。

  • IT experts are already working to reverse engineer the virus' code and come up with

    IT專家已經在努力對病毒的代碼進行逆向工程,並提出了。

  • a fix.

    一個修復。

  • They allow the virus to infect an isolated network so they can monitor how the virus

    他們允許病毒感染一個隔離的網絡,這樣他們就可以監控病毒的方式

  • behaves- and more importantly, what the ultimate goal is.

    行為--更重要的是,最終目標是什麼。

  • Perhaps it's just a harmless prank... with the staggering rate of infection computer

    也許這只是一個無傷大雅的惡作劇... 與驚人的感染率的電腦。

  • security companies around the world certainly hope so, but their hopes are quickly dashed.

    世界各地的安全公司當然希望如此,但他們的希望很快就會破滅。

  • The virus is preparing for stage one of an unknown nefarious purpose, with the infected

    該病毒正準備進行第一階段未知的惡毒目的,被感染的人

  • computers being roped in to create what may be the largest botnet of infected computers

    感染電腦的最大殭屍網絡。

  • in internet history.

    在互聯網歷史上。

  • But who is creating a massive global network of slave computers, and once they have it,

    但是,是誰在建立一個龐大的全球從屬計算機網絡,而一旦他們擁有了這個網絡。

  • to what end will they turn the personal computers of hundreds of thousands of users to?

    他們將數十萬用戶的個人電腦轉到什麼地方去?

  • By the afternoon the virus has hit prime time and newscasters around the world are warning

    到了下午,病毒已經進入了黃金時間,世界各地的新聞主播都發出了警告。

  • users to update their virus protection.

    用戶更新他們的病毒防護。

  • However, it's already too late for most people, or even worse- suspicious users refuse to

    然而,對大多數人來說已經太晚了,甚至更糟糕的是--可疑的用戶不肯

  • allow their anti-virus protections to automatically download critical updates, fearing a fresh

    讓他們的反病毒保護系統自動下載關鍵更新,擔心出現新的問題。

  • infection.

    感染。

  • MyDoom continues to spread almost completely unchecked.

    MyDoom幾乎完全不受控制地繼續蔓延。

  • By the next day the FBI and Secret Service begin to investigate the origins of the worm,

    到了第二天,聯邦調查局和特勤局開始調查蠕蟲的來源。

  • and a $250,000 reward is offered for information leading to the arrest of the worm's creator.

    並懸賞25萬美元,以尋找能逮捕蠕蟲創造者的資訊。

  • As users have become more aware, the spread of MyDoom has slowed slightly, it now is only

    隨著用戶認知度的提高,MyDoom的傳播速度略有放緩,現在只是

  • in one in twelve of all emails being sent globally, still causing massive slowdowns

    在全球發送的所有電子郵件中,有十二分之一的郵件仍然會造成大規模的速度下降。

  • of the internet.

    的互聯網。

  • Even worse, a second version of the worm, MyDoom.B begins to spread.

    更糟糕的是,第二個版本的蠕蟲,MyDoom.B開始傳播。

  • Two days after the spread of MyDoom, MyDoom.B has now been officially discovered.

    在MyDoom傳播兩天後,MyDoom.B現已被正式發現。

  • This new version of the virus is even more malicious than the last, actually preventing

    這個新版本的病毒比上一個版本更加惡毒,實際上是防止了

  • users from updating their antivirus software and thus keeping their computers vulnerable

    用戶無法更新其殺毒軟件,從而使其計算機處於脆弱狀態。

  • to infection.

    感染。

  • While global security agencies have now identified Russia as the source of the attack, the massive

    雖然目前全球安全機構已經認定俄羅斯是此次攻擊的源頭,但大規模的。

  • global botnet is turned against Microsoft and internet security company SCO Group in

    全球殭屍網絡對微軟和互聯網安全公司SCO集團在

  • a Distributed Denial of Service attack meant to bring the two company's networks to a screeching

    分佈式拒絕服務攻擊,旨在使兩家公司的網絡戛然而止。

  • halt.

    停止。

  • However, the attack appears to be faulty, and it's quickly realized that the real purpose

    然而,這次的攻擊似乎有問題,很快就意識到了真正的目的

  • of MyDoom is to grant whoever unleashed it backdoor access to Microsoft and SCO Group's

    MyDoom的目的是讓釋放它的人能夠從後門進入微軟和SCO集團。

  • computers.

    計算機。

  • Despite initially slowing down, MyDoom spread has now skyrocketed, with half of all email

    儘管最初速度放緩,但MyDoom的傳播速度現在已經飛速增長,一半的電子郵件

  • traffic in the world containing the virus.

    世界上含有病毒的交通。

  • The virus now works to actively block users from the websites of over 60 internet security

    目前,該病毒的工作原理是主動屏蔽用戶的網站,60多個互聯網安全

  • companies, leaving users unable to download critical security updates and fixes.

    公司,導致用戶無法下載關鍵的安全更新和修復。

  • MyDoom.B is working to ensure that infected users remain that way, and is being shockingly

    MyDoom.B正在努力確保被感染的用戶保持這種狀態,並且正在令人震驚地。

  • successful at it.

    成功的在。

  • Also targeted are online marketing companies, including many prominent American ones.

    同時針對的還有網絡營銷公司,包括很多美國著名的公司。

  • In what may be the least annoying side-effect for infected users, MyDoom has prevented pop-up

    對於受感染的用戶來說,這可能是最不煩人的副作用,MyDoom已經防止了彈出窗口。

  • ads from DoubleClick and other advertisement companies from appearing.

    從DoubleClick和其他廣告公司的廣告出現。

  • The financial impact however very quickly climbs into the tens of millions, both from

    然而,財政影響很快就會攀升到數千萬,無論是來自

  • lost revenue and the very quickly rising costs of technical support for users around the

    損失的收入,以及為各地用戶提供技術支持的成本迅速上升。

  • world.

    岍。

  • By the end of January, bugs in MyDoom.B's code are actually working against it, dramatically

    到1月底,MyDoom.B的代碼中的bug實際上是對它不利的,極大地。

  • slowing down the rate of infection.

    減慢感染速度;

  • However, it has already embedded itself in computers around the world, slowing down web

    然而,它已經嵌入到世界各地的計算機中,使網絡速度變慢。

  • traffic.

    交通:

  • Microsoft now matches the previous quarter million dollar reward for information leading

    微軟現在匹配了之前25萬美元的獎勵,資訊領先。

  • to the arrest of MyDoom's creator, raising the bounty to half a million dollars.

    逮捕了MyDoom的創造者,將賞金提高到50萬美元。

  • On the 1st of February, MyDoom really comes to life in a massive denial of service attack

    2月1日,MyDoom真的迎來了大規模的拒絕服務攻擊。

  • against the SCO Group, causing the company to move its website from www.sco.com to www.thescogroup.com

    針對上合集團,導致該公司將其網站從www.sco.com 轉到www.thescogroup.com。

  • in order to stay ahead of the attack, but most users are unable to reach the group's

    以便在攻擊中保持領先,但大多數用戶無法達到該集團的。

  • website.

    網站。

  • This has now become the largest electronic attack in history, as over one million computers

    這已經成為歷史上最大規模的電子攻擊,因為有超過一百萬臺計算機

  • are unleashed in a massive botnet built by MyDoom.

    被釋放在MyDoom建立的大規模殭屍網絡中。

  • While over 13% of all American computers are infected, in Russia- the virus' country of

    雖然有超過13%的美國電腦被感染,但在俄羅斯--病毒的來源國

  • origin- this figure is much lower due to better security measures taken by users.

    源--由於用戶採取了更好的安全措施,這個數字要低得多。

  • Two days later MyDoom is unleashed against Microsoft, but the company has been very well

    兩天後,MyDoom對微軟發動了攻擊,但該公司已經很好地

  • prepared for this attack.

    為這次攻擊做好了準備。

  • Microsoft has already created an alternate website for users to access via information.microsoft.com,

    微軟已經建立了一個備用網站,供用戶通過information.microsoft.com訪問。

  • which the worm fails to target.

    蠕蟲無法鎖定的目標。

  • The company has also been taking proactive measures in anticipation of the electronic

    公司也一直在採取積極的措施,以迎接電子

  • assault to come, and its IT experts are very well prepared for the attack.

    攻擊的到來,其IT專家已經為攻擊做好了非常充分的準備。

  • In fact, Microsoft is so well prepared, that the effect of the attack against the company

    事實上,微軟已經做好了充分的準備,以至於對公司的攻擊效果也是如此

  • is less than the burden of normal day-to-day software updates distributed by the company.

    是小於公司正常日常軟件更新分發的負擔。

  • The unstoppable computer virus has at last met its match, and been roundly defeated.

    勢不可擋的電腦病毒終於遇到了對手,被徹底打敗了。

  • That does not mean the nightmare is over however.

    然而,這並不意味著噩夢已經結束。

  • Despite it being known that MyDoom.B was attempting to create a backdoor into infected computers,

    儘管人們知道MyDoom.B試圖創建一個後門進入受感染的計算機。

  • many users remain unaware and on February 9th, Doomjuice is unleashed.

    許多用戶仍然不知道,2月9日,Doomjuice被釋放。

  • This worm spreads only to infected computers, using the backdoor created by MyDoom.B to

    這種蠕蟲病毒只在被感染的計算機上傳播,使用MyDoom.B創建的後門,以

  • gain access.

    獲得進入。

  • A new DdoS attack against Microsoft is launched.

    對微軟發起了新的DdoS攻擊。

  • Though the identity of the virus creators remains unknown, Russian security firm Kaspersky

    雖然病毒製造者的身份依然不明,但俄羅斯安全公司卡巴斯基。

  • Labs confirms that the virus is Russian in origin and works with authorities to track

    實驗室確認該病毒來源於俄羅斯,並與當局合作追蹤。

  • down the perpetrators.

    下的肇事者。

  • While the world remains focused on the DdoS attacks, Kaspersky Labs warns that the true

    當全世界都在關注DdoS攻擊的時候,卡巴斯基實驗室警告說,真正的?

  • purpose of the virus may be to create massive email relays that can be sold to the spam

    該病毒的目的可能是製造大量的電子郵件中繼器,可以賣給垃圾郵件發送者。

  • industry for incredible profit.

    業,獲得不可思議的利潤。

  • The attack is so sophisticated and well-coordinated that many around the world suspect organized

    這次攻擊是如此的複雜和協調,以至於世界各地的許多人都懷疑是有組織的。

  • crime to be behind the virus, and while many are convinced criminals in Russia to be behind

    犯罪是背後的病毒,而許多人都相信俄羅斯的犯罪分子是背後的病毒。

  • the attack, others warn that the perpetrators may simply have been using domains registered

    攻擊,其他人警告說,肇事者可能只是使用註冊的域名。

  • in Russia to cover their tracks.

    在俄羅斯,以掩蓋他們的蹤跡。

  • The reward for information leading to the arrest of the perpetrators now skyrockets

    現在,提供線索逮捕犯罪者的懸賞金大幅增加。

  • to $650,000, the largest such bounty to date.

    至65萬元,是迄今為止最大的一筆此類賞金。

  • Three days later, the first version of MyDoom is programmed to stop spreading.

    三天後,MyDoom的第一個版本被編程停止傳播。

  • Despite this, the backdoor secretly installed by the malicious bug remains open, and the

    儘管如此,惡意蟲子祕密安裝的後門仍然是開放的,而且該?

  • perpetrators continue to have access to as many as over half a million computers around

    肇事者繼續可以接觸到周圍多達50多萬臺電腦。

  • the world.

    世界上。

  • By the first of March, MyDoom.B also self-terminates, but naturally the backdoor remains open.

    到了3月1日,MyDoom.B也自我終結了,但後門自然還是開著的。

  • Security experts work to undo the damage caused by MyDoom, and costs climb into the hundreds

    安全專家努力挽回MyDoom造成的損失,費用攀升至數百元。

  • of millions in lost revenue and technical assistance.

    收入和技術援助損失數百萬元。

  • The worm's slow down of the internet itself affects even businesses not targeted by the

    蠕蟲對互聯網本身的減慢甚至影響到了非目標的企業。

  • attack, causing e-commerce itself to slow down and further inflating the economic damage

    攻擊,導致電商本身的發展速度放緩,進一步擴大了經濟損失。

  • of the worm.

    的蟲子。

  • Then in the middle of the summer, another variant of MyDoom manages to bring down Google,

    然後在夏天的時候,MyDoom的另一個變種成功擊垮了谷歌。

  • while also attacking popular search engines AltaVista and Lycos.

    同時還攻擊流行的搜索引擎AltaVista和Lycos。

  • Google quickly recovers, but is down for nearly a full day, and other search engines are so

    谷歌很快就恢復了,但卻癱瘓了近一整天,其他搜索引擎也是如此。

  • badly affected that they are significantly slowed down.

    嚴重影響,以至於他們的速度明顯減慢。

  • However, knowledge of MyDoom has led to a steep reduction in infected computers, and

    然而,由於對MyDoom的瞭解,受感染的電腦數量急劇減少,而且,由於對MyDoom的瞭解,受感染的電腦數量急劇減少。

  • despite fears of a new, more powerful variant of MyDoom being on the horizon, several updated

    儘管擔心MyDoom的新的、更強大的變種會出現在地平線上,但幾款更新的

  • versions of the worm fail to gain as much traction.

    蠕蟲的版本未能獲得同樣大的吸引力。

  • By early 2005, MyDoom has been largely neutralized, and new software updates have plugged the

    到2005年初,MyDoom已經基本被中和,新的軟件更新已經堵住了。

  • vulnerabilities left behind in the virus's wake.

    病毒留下的漏洞。

  • The world breathes a sigh of relief... then in 2009, MyDoom resurfaces again.

    全世界都鬆了一口氣... 然後在2009年,"末日 "又出現了。

  • This time the attack is highly targeted, hitting government and financial networks in South

    這次的攻擊針對性很強,打擊的是南方的政府和金融網絡。

  • Korea and the United States.

    韓國和美國。

  • South Korea's Blue House- the equivalent of the American White House- and the actual American

    韓國的藍屋--相當於美國的白宮--也是美國實際的藍屋

  • White House are targeted, as well as the Pentagon, the South Korean National Intelligence Service,

    白宮是目標,還有五角大樓、韓國國家情報局。

  • its National Assembly, and the American New York Stock Exchange, Washington Post, NASDAQ,

    其國民大會,以及美國紐約證券交易所、華盛頓郵報、納斯達克。

  • and Amazon.

    和亞馬遜。

  • The attack is very quickly identified, and global security experts realize that it is

    攻擊很快被識別出來,全球安全專家意識到這是

  • using bits of MyDoom's code, resurrecting the dead worm as some kind of electronic Frankenstein's

    使用MyDoom的代碼復活了死蟲子,就像電子科學怪人一樣。

  • monster.

    怪物。

  • For a full week both the US and South Korea weather a storm of electronic attacks against

    整整一個星期,美國和韓國都經受著一場針對電子攻擊的風暴。

  • its government and financial networks.

    其政府和金融網絡。

  • It's believed that whoever is launching the attacks is merely attempting to disrupt services,

    據信,不管是誰發起的攻擊,都只是試圖破壞服務。

  • rather than penetrate networks and actually steal data- however, it is later discovered

    而不是穿透網絡並實際竊取數據--然而,後來發現。

  • that part of the code used in the attack was meant to destroy data and stop infected computers

    攻擊中使用的部分代碼是為了破壞數據和阻止受感染的計算機。

  • from being rebooted.

    以免被重新啟動。

  • Security experts however are unsure if this code was ever activated, or if it was ever

    不過,安全專家並不確定這個代碼是否被激活過,或者說是否曾經被

  • meant to.

    意思是:

  • Despite coordinated and ongoing attacks over the course of a full week, the overall impact

    儘管在整整一週的時間裡發生了協調和持續的攻擊,但總體影響還是很大的。

  • is low on the US and South Korea.

    是對美國和韓國的低。

  • Enough electronic commerce however has been disrupted to cause millions in financial losses.

    然而足夠的電子商務已經被破壞,造成數百萬的經濟損失。

  • North Korea is very quickly identified as the culprit of the attack by the South's intelligence

    北韓很快就被韓國情報部門認定為襲擊的罪魁禍首。

  • services, though some security experts have their doubts.

    服務,不過一些安全專家也有疑慮。

  • The timing appears to be too coincidental, as on the day of the attack North Korea also

    時間似乎太過巧合,因為在襲擊當天,北韓還

  • carried out a ballistic missile test, and intelligence reveals that North Korea had

    進行了一次彈道導彈試驗,而情報顯示,北朝鮮已經進行了兩次彈道導彈試驗。

  • ordered its cyber warriors to destroy South Korea's communications networks.

    命令其網絡戰士摧毀韓國的通信網絡。

  • However, the culprits of the original MyDoom attack remain unknown to this day.

    然而,最初的MyDoom攻擊事件的罪魁禍首至今仍然未知。

  • What is known is that the malicious attack caused anywhere between $30 and $50 billion

    目前已知的是,惡意攻擊造成的損失在300億到500億之間。

  • in damage, affecting not just American companies but companies around the world.

    的損失,不僅影響到美國公司,而且影響到全世界的公司。

  • To date it remains the most destructive virus in terms of raw economic impact, and traces

    迄今為止,就原始經濟影響而言,它仍然是破壞性最強的病毒,並有跡可循。

  • of the virus continue to infect unwary internet users around the world.

    的病毒繼續感染世界各地不小心的互聯網用戶。

  • Now go watch The Virus That Saved The World From Nuclear Iran, or click this other video

    現在去看《從伊朗核問題中拯救世界的病毒》,或者點擊其他視頻。

  • instead!

    而不是

Fifty.

五十歲

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導致500億美元損失的計算機病毒 (Computer Virus That Caused $50 Billion Damage)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 16 日
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