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  • If you look at what's happening with the elephant population, and if you look at what's happening

    如果你看一下大象的情況,如果你看一下大象的情況。

  • with rhino, if we don't do something these things will are going to be gone within the next

    與犀牛,如果我們不做一些事情,這些東西將在未來的消失

  • 10 years. That's a fact of life.

    10年。這是生活中的一個事實。

  • When I realized that drones could possibly work and they could do something for poaching,

    當我意識到無人機有可能工作,他們可以為偷獵做一些事情。

  • we had to do it.

    我們必須這樣做。

  • It's become an obsession for me now.

    現在已經成了我的一個困擾。

  • Just seems like a natural fit to try and use technology to try to curb this in any which

    只是似乎自然而然地嘗試和使用技術來試圖遏制這種在任何。

  • way you can.

    你可以的方式。

  • And as technology evolves and we start to leverage AI and we start to leverage smaller,

    而隨著技術的發展,我們開始利用人工智能,我們開始利用小。

  • more sophisticated technology, better battery life, it's only going to get better.

    更先進的技術,更好的電池壽命,它只會變得更好。

  • The obvious thing is the ability to fly at night, the ability to fly stealthily and quiet,

    顯而易見的是夜間飛行的能力,隱身和安靜的飛行能力。

  • the ability to cover a fairly large demarcated area in a stealthy way.

    能夠以隱蔽的方式覆蓋相當大的劃定區域;

  • Anti-poaching teams walking around in the bush are not that effective.

    在叢林中走動的反偷獵隊並不是那麼有效。

  • You're in the African bush at night.

    你晚上在非洲叢林裡。

  • There are things out there that want to eat you.

    外面有一些東西想吃你。

  • If you've ever been out in a National Park like the Kruger National Park, there are a

    如果你曾經在克魯格國家公園這樣的國家公園裡出過遠門,就會發現有一個

  • lot of lions, there are a lot of leopards.

    很多獅子,有很多豹子。

  • Even although these are highly experienced trackers,

    即使這些都是經驗豐富的追蹤者。

  • it's still a daunting

    還是個難題

  • task for anybody.

    任何人的任務。

  • So typically what happens is we would integrate a drone unit with an anti-poaching unit.

    所以通常情況下,我們會把無人機部隊和反偷獵部隊整合在一起。

  • If an incursion is detected, the first thing that happens is that the drone is placed into

    如果檢測到入侵,首先會將無人機放入到

  • a holding pattern, or a loiter pattern, and we would simply loiter in the radius at an

    我們只需在半徑範圍內徘徊,並以一個固定的模式,或者說是徘徊模式。

  • altitude that keeps us working in a stealthy manner.

    的高度,讓我們以隱蔽的方式工作。

  • We would have no navigation lights turned on during this process.

    在這個過程中,我們不會開啟導航燈。

  • And we would be watching the activity of the poacher on the ground.

    而我們會在地面上觀察偷獵者的活動。

  • And at the same time, the drone team, that consists of a sensor operator and a pilot,

    而與此同時,無人機團隊,由一名傳感器操作員和一名飛行員組成。

  • would radio in and start giving coordinates to the anti-poaching unit.

    會用無線電開始向反偷獵部隊提供座標。

  • Sometimes, there can be a firefight and the poachers will return fire and there can be

    有時,可能會發生交火,偷獵者會還擊,也可能會有。

  • a gunfight and there can be fatalities.

    一場槍戰,可能會有傷亡。

  • I mean, that happens.

    我的意思是,這發生。

  • Probably 30% of the time, that's real.

    大概有30%的時間,那是真實的。

  • The best result is that the poachers are apprehended and are arrested and end up in the court case.

    最好的結果是,偷獵者被抓捕歸案,最後被法院立案。

  • And with a bit of luck, they're prosecuted for doing this.

    運氣好的話,他們會因為這樣做而被起訴。

  • There's very few poaching incidents that take place during the day.

    白天發生的偷獵事件非常少。

  • The drone that we use the most, the one called the Bat Hawk, which is a two-and-a-half meter

    我們用得最多的無人機,叫 "蝙蝠鷹",它是一種兩米半長的

  • fixed-wing aircraft is launched using a bungee cord.

    固定翼飛機是用蹦極繩發射的。

  • And from that point on it's on autonomous flight.

    而從這時起,它就開始自主飛行了。

  • We chose to use thermal cameras at night purely because it gives us the opportunity to spot

    我們選擇在夜間使用紅外熱像儀,完全是因為它能讓我們有機會觀察到

  • both humans and animals and it makes it incredibly easy for us to find those thermal signatures.

    人類和動物,這讓我們非常容易找到這些熱信號。

  • A thermal signature is really the heat that is coming off an object.

    熱信號其實就是物體上散發的熱量。

  • And it's the easiest way to find things in the bush at night.

    而這是晚上在叢林裡找東西最簡單的方法。

  • Kruger National Park has a huge issue with rhino poaching and although we don't physically

    克魯格國家公園的犀牛偷獵問題非常嚴重,雖然我們沒有在身體上

  • catch poachers that often.

    經常抓偷獵者。

  • We disrupt the whole activity altogether.

    我們將整個活動完全打亂。

  • So if we move into an area and we start flying that area, we find that the poaching in that

    所以,如果我們進入一個地區,並開始在該地區飛行,我們發現在該地區偷獵。

  • area literally subsides within two to three days.

    區域在兩三天內就會消退。

  • We'll get the park ranger for that particular area and we'll invite him in, we'll show him

    我們會得到公園的護林員 對於那個特定的區域,我們會邀請他在, 我們會告訴他

  • how the technology works.

    該技術是如何工作的。

  • And what happens is that guy goes back and

    而發生的事情是,這傢伙回去和

  • that information goes into that local community and suddenly there's no poaching.

    這些資訊進入當地社區,突然間就沒有偷獵了。

  • It just dies down.

    它只是消亡了。

  • I love technology, so for me it's always about trying to find better ways of increasing battery

    我喜歡技術,所以對我來說,它總是試圖找到更好的方法來增加電池。

  • life, more efficient speed controllers, better camera technology.

    生活,更高效的速度控制器,更好的攝像頭技術。

  • Anything to do with a technical aspect of the drone from my side really excites me.

    任何與無人機技術方面有關的事情,從我這邊來說,我真的很興奮。

  • So the wings and the tail section

    所以翅膀和尾巴部分

  • are all made out of foam.

    都是用保麗龍做的。

  • And the reason we did that was so that it would be very easy to repair if you crash

    我們這樣做的原因是,如果你崩潰了,它將很容易修復

  • in the bush.

    在灌木叢中。

  • We use lithium polymer batteries or lithium ion batteries depending on the nature of the

    我們使用的是鋰聚合物電池或鋰離子電池,根據性質的不同,我們使用的是

  • operation and typically operating a six cell configuration at 22.2 volts.

    操作,通常工作在22.2伏的六電池配置。

  • So the big thing for us is to have moved away from a bungee-assisted launched aircraft and

    所以,我們最大的事情是已經擺脫了蹦極輔助發射的飛機,並。

  • to start looking at VTOL type aircraft, which means a standard fixed-wing airplane

    開始研究VTOL型飛機,也就是標準的固定翼飛機。

  • that takes off in a vertical orientation, transitions to forward flight, comes back

    垂直起飛,轉為前飛,再回來

  • and lands on the same spot.

    並落在同一地點。

  • The one challenge that you've always got when you're landing in the Kruger Park or any of

    當你在克魯格公園或任何一個地方著陸時,你總是會遇到一個挑戰,那就是...

  • these parks is that the pilot has got to get out of the ground control vehicle and go land

    這些公園是,飛行員必須走出地面控制車,去降落。

  • this aircraft and you've got all sorts of animals running around there.

    這架飛機和你已經得到了所有的 動物跑在那裡。

  • So it's quite daunting when you walk 100 meters away from your ground control vehicle and

    所以,當你走到離地面控制車100米遠的地方時,是相當令人生畏的。

  • you've got to now land on a road in the middle of the bush.

    你現在必須在灌木叢中的一條路上降落。

  • You don't know whether these lions are now sitting on the side of your runway in the

    你不知道這些獅子現在是否坐在你的跑道邊上,在

  • middle of the bush waiting to come and grab you.

    灌木叢中,等待著來抓住你。

  • There are many facets to this conservation thing and the poaching element.

    保護這個事情有很多方面,還有偷獵的因素。

  • The one is obviously to conserve what little wildlife is left in Africa.

    一個顯然是為了保護非洲僅存的野生動物。

  • Once rhino go, the elephant population is under even more threat.

    犀牛一走,大象的數量就會受到更大的威脅。

  • And eventually, when all of that is gone from Africa, you're going to find there's no real

    最終,當所有這些都從非洲消失時,你會發現沒有真正的

  • reason for people to go and tour countries like Kenya, Tanzania.

    人們去肯亞、坦尚尼亞等國家旅遊的理由。

  • If you look at the amount of foreign revenue that comes into those countries, it has huge

    如果你看一下進入這些國家的外國收入的數量,它有巨大的。

  • implications for those countries.

    對這些國家的影響。

  • The other side of it is that a lot of the problems that are happening in South Africa

    另一面是,南非發生的很多問題。

  • right now, or the poaching that's taking place comes out of Mozambique.

    現在,或偷獵的地方 來自莫三鼻克。

  • And that money is directly translating into funding terrorist organizations, so if you

    而這些錢直接轉化為資助恐怖組織的資金,所以如果你...

  • can stop it, you're cutting up an income source for terrorists and you're, at the same time,

    你可以阻止它,你切斷了一個收入來源 恐怖分子和你,在同一時間,

  • ensuring that wildlife tourism will remain for the foreseeable future.

    確保野生動物旅遊在可預見的未來仍然存在。

If you look at what's happening with the elephant population, and if you look at what's happening

如果你看一下大象的情況,如果你看一下大象的情況。

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B2 中高級 中文 偷獵 公園 電池 技術 犀牛 飛機

無人機如何打擊南非的偷獵行為? (How Drones Are Fighting Poaching in South Africa)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 06 日
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